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Common Lands and Commonage. 


Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 

December 4, 1899- 

«5stem jprees : 
The Salem Press Co . Salem. Mass 


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Common Lands and Commonage. 

By T. Frank Waters. 


Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 

December 4, 1899- 

Salem press: 
The Salem Press Co.. Salem, Mass. 



It was an easy matter, we imagine, for the little handful of original settlers to talk 
over their affairs and agree on measures of public policy. They might have gathered 
In a body and selected a spot for their meeting house, located the earliest roads and 
apportioned themselves home lots and tillage lauds. The simplest form of pure de- 
mocracy was adequate to all their needs; but, as their number increased, some system 
of representative government was found necessary. 

The first public official appointed was the Clerk. As the Town Record begins with 
November, 1634, the Recorder or Clerk had been chosen before that date. The "lot- 
layers" also appear at this time, a Committee to which was referred the delicate task 
of assigning lands : Henry Short, John Perkins, Robert Mussey and John Gage. The 
grants, however, were determined in open meeting, and the function of the lot-layers 
was merely to determine locations, and fix "by metes and bounds" the lot apportioned. 

"The seven men" are first mentioned under the date Feb. 20, 1636/7, but they are 
alluded to in such an incidental way, that it would seem that they were already an es- 
tablished feature of town polity. This first board of government consisted of Mr. 
John Winthrop, Mr. Bradstr<-et, Mr. Denison, Goodman Perkins, Goodman Scott, 
John Ga^e and Mr. Wade, and they were chosen to order business for the next three 
months. Mr. Denison was chosen to keep the Town Book, enter the Town orders, and 
"set a copy of them up in ye meeting house." He was to keep a record of land grants 
as well, and a fee of sixpence for every entry was granted him. 

But the sturdy democracy seems to have been suspicious of detriment to its own 
power and dignity, accruing fi'i m the new officials, and forthwith they proceeded 
to hedge in their authority by ordering that "they shall have no power to grant any 
land in that which is commonly reputed and accounted the Cow Pasture, nor above twen- 
ty acres in any other place." The older board of lot- layers was made to feel its subser- 
vience to the popular will, by the addition of Mr. Appleton, Serg. Howlett, John Perkins 
and Thos. Scott to assist them in laying out the larire grants made to "Mr. Dudley, Mr. 
Bradstreet and Mr. Salting-stall" before the 14 th of May 1G37. 

"The seven men" seem to have become "the eleven men" in January 1637/8, but 
in 1639, "the seven men" reappear, and in Feb. 1640/1, their term of office is specified 
ao six months. Mr. Hubbard, Capt. Denison, Jo: Whipple, Good. Giddings, Mark 
Symonds, John Perkins and Mr. William Payne were then chosen "for the Town's 
business for six months, provided that they give noe lands, nor meddle with dividing 
or stinting the Commons." Thus the lengthening of the term of service was balanced 
by curtailing their authority iu regard to lands. Iu 1G42, further "direction to sim- 



plify the Town business" was desired, and a committee consisting of the two magis- 
trates, the elders, Mr. Giles Firman and George Giddings was appointed "to prepare 
for the next meeting of the freemen, what they shall think meet for yearly mainte- 
nance and for the way of raysing of it." 

In Feb. 1643/4, Robert Lord was chosen by the Town, "from this time forward 
to be present at every general meeting of the Town, and of the freemen and of the 
seven men, and to record in a book what is committed to him by [ ] Moderator of 
every such meeting, and to tend in some convenient time before the end of the meet- 
ing to read over what is written, and he is to have [ ] third parts of the fines for 
not appearing at meetings, for this service." He was termed Recorder, but the du- 
ties of his ofilce were very similar to those of the Town Clerk of later days. 

Glimpses are had here of the rigor with which the body of voters directed its 
own action. In 1C48, in general Town meeting, it was ordered that all the inhabi- 
tants of the Town that shall be absent from the yearly meeting, or any other where- 
of they have lawful warning, shall forfeit a shilling. Robert Lord earned his two- 
thirds no doubt, for his duties included ringing the bell, calling the roll, and collecting 
the forfeit. Twelve freemen were soon called upon to pay a fine of 12 d a piece for 

In 1643, the tenure of office was extended to a year, and in 1650, the severs men 
were called by the familiar name of selectmen. In that year, the elective officials 
were Selectmen, two Constables, four Surveyors, and a Committee of Five " to make 
the elders' rates," or, in plainer language, to apportion the tax for the support of the 
ministry. Mr. Robert Payne had been appointed Committee or Treasurer for the 
Town in May, 1642, but it does not seem to have been an annual elective office. 

Road-surveyors were a; pointed in January, 1640/1, and the men appointed to 
that office were Mr. Hubbard, Mr. Symonds, Mr. Payne, and Robert Andrews, four 
of the most substantial citizens. The roads were hardly more than cart-paths, grass- 
grown, except in the wheel ruts. In some localities the unused portion of the public 
way was sufficiently broad to pay for its own maintenance. Thus, in 1640, "The 
haye upon Chebacco waye toward Labour-in-vain Creeke [now known as the Argilla 
road] was granted John Lee, this year only, the land itself being settled for a high- 
way, the Town intending that by like grant he shall enjoy it, he giving no cause to 
the contrary, it remaining in the Town's hand to give or not to give." 

It was also voted, that same year, that " the highway to Chebacco beneath Heart- 
break Hill forever be repay red by the benefit of the grass yearly growing upon the 
same;" and John Leigh (whose name is still associated with " Leigh's Meadow," as 
the older people among us still call the meadow land, owned by Mr. George Haskell on 
the south side of the Argilla road) was "to enjoy all profits of the highway, and all 
the common ground lying at the foot of Heart-break Hill, maintaining the highway 
from Rocky Hill [now owned by Mr. Moritz 13. Philipp], to William Lampson's lot;" 
" and if there be any ground that may conveniently be planted, he hath liberty to 
plant it and secure it for himself, he always leaving a sufficient highway for carting 
and drift." 

Within the memory of a venerable lady still living, Green Lane, as Green Street 
was then called, was a grassy lane with a number of difl'erent ruts. Travel was chiefly 


on horseback, and the heavy farm teaming was done in two-wheeled carts or tum- 
brils, drawn by oxen. Four-wheeled vehicles were almost unknown. In many spots 
the roads were wet and muddy from the outflow of springs. The present Mineral 
Street, originally Dirty Lane, was a proverbially miry thoroughfare, from its near- 
ness to the swampy lands, that are still low and wet. The deep deposit of leaf mould, 
which had accumulated for ages, made it difficult to maintain a passable road in many 
quarters, no doubt. 

To keep these primitive highways in fair condition was no mean task in itself. 
But the highway surveyor had other duties. The lines of roadway were not defined 
with any accuracy. It was easy for landholders to push out their fences and claim 
portions of the common highway, and the surveyor was bound to detect such encroach- 
ments and determine their extent. Men of the finest quality were needed for this 
and other delicate tasks, and large powers were given them, as the regulations adopted 
in J Gil indicate. 

1. " Agreed that road-ways and general ways be done first." 

2. " That people work the whole day." 

3. " That defaulters shall forfeit the value of their wages double, both carts 
and workmen : carts to have reasonable warning." 

4. " If any man hath 24 hours warning, it is sufficient, unless his excuse be 
allowed by one of the surveyors." 

5. *' All youths above 14 years of age are to work in this common business. It 
is intended such as doe comonly use to work." 

G. "That the surveyors are to take notice themselves and information of others 
of encroachment of all ways, and also of annoyances etc — and to bring the same to 
the Town to be punished." 

7. " For every day's default, the forfeit is in Summer 3 s 4 d , in Winter 2 s G d ; for 
defect of a team each day is in Summer 13 s 4 d , in Winter 10 s ." 

To execute these regulations required much discretion. That fifth article alone 
was enough to involve the unhappy surveyor in much difficulty, if he failed to recog- 
nize the dignity of some foUrteen-year-old son of a sensitive family. 

To these responsible duties were added, " making up and keeping the wall about 
the Meeting House in repair " (1G50), and " repairing the highway leading to Chcbacco 
and to Castle Neck, that is, beyond that part of the way that John Leigh hath under- 
taken " (1C50). They were instructed, in 1651, to "appoint a considerable company 
of men to fell the small wood upon the Eastern side of Jeffries Neck, to prepare it 
for sowing to hay seed;" and in 1653, Mr. Hodges, with one other surveyor calling 
John Perkins Sen. with them, were ordered to " call out 40 of the Inhabitants to goe 
to Jeffry's Neck with hoes, to hoe up weeds that spoil the Neck and sow some grass 
seeds." The surveyors have power also to call out all the Town for one day's work, 
both men and teams, " to the filling up of a wharf, and mending the street against it." 

Next to the question of roads and highways, their location, bounds and mainte- 
nance, was the great matter of the common lands, which were held by the house- 


holders in common, and used for pasturage, and supplies of fuel and timber. This 
was a relic of the ancient system of land-holding in Germany and England, and was 
reverted to naturally in the primitive colonial life from the necessities of the situa- 

In November, 1634, it was agreed that "the length of Ipswitch should extend 
westward unto" [ ] buryinge place, and Eastward unto a Cove of the River, unto the 
planting ground of John Pirkings the Elder." The cove here mentioned is that below 
the wharves, where East street touches the River; John Perkins Sen. owned land on 
the opposite side of the street. Beyond these limits, the land was held in common. 
It was further specified that " the Neck of land adjoining Mr. Robert Coles extend- 
ing unto the sea shall remayne for common use unto the Town forever." This may 
mean Manning's Neck or Jeffrey's, or even both. "The Necke of land, whereuppon 
the Great Hill standeth, w'ch is known by the name of Castle Hill," was likewise re- 
served. This vote, however, was revoked when Castle Hill was granted Mr. John 
Winthrop Jan. 13, 1637/8 "provided that he lives in the Town, and that the Town 
may have what they shall need for the building of a fort." 

To define this common land, and separate it effectually from the Town proper, a 
fence was necessary, and the Town voted in January, 1637/S " that a general fence 
shall be made from the end of the town to Egypt River, with a sufficient fence, and 
also from the East end of the Town in the way to Jeffries Neck, from the fence of 
John Perkins to the end of a creek in the marsh near land of W*f Foster, to be done 
at the charge of all those that have land within the said compass, and by them to be 
maintained." On the south side of the River, this fence was near Heart-break Hill, 
(1050) and it extended across to the present County street, near the line of the brook, 
as seems probable from ancient deeds. Liberty was granted to fell trees for this 
purpose, and it may have been built easily of logs, piled zigzag fashion, as pasture 
fences are still built in wooded regions. As early as 1639, a special Committee was 
chosen to view r this fence, the original " Fence Viewers," who are still elected at the 
March town meeting. Their function was of the highest importance. • 

The principal use of these common lands was for pasturage. Johnson, in his 
Wonder Working Providence, observes that the cattle had become so numerous in 
1646 that many hundred quarters of beef were sent to Boston from Ipswich every 
autumn. Swine and sheep had also increased rapidly. Every day these great herds 
were driven out into the commons to find rich and abundant forage in the woods, and 
along the sedgy banks of ponds and streams. The common fence was necessary to 
keep them from straying back into the cultivated fields. Any breach in it might in- 
volve great loss in growing crops, at a time when a scarce harvest was a very serious 
menace to the health and comfort of the little community. No wonder they chose 
men of the greatest sobriety and carefulness for the responsible duty of viewing 
and having charge of this rude fence. 

Their duties became even more onerous we may presume after the year 1653 when, 
in accordance with the order from the General Court, the town ordered "that all per- 
sons, concerned and living in Ipswich shall, before April 20 th have their fences in a 
good state (except farms of one hundred acres) made of pales well nailed or pinned, 
or of five rails well fitted, or of stone wall three and a half feet high at least, or with 


a ditch three or four feet wide, with a substantial bank, having two rails or a hedge, 
or some equivalent, on penalty of 5s. a rod and 2s a week for each rod while neglected." 

These herds of large and small cattle needed to be watched lest they should stray 
away into the wilderness, or be assailed by wolves. For this service, the cowherd and 
shepherd and'swine-herd were essential, and thus we find the town officials of England 
in the Middle Ages again in vogue in our midst. Prof. Edward A. Freeman in his In- 
troduction to American Institutional History - aptly observes : 

♦'The most notable tiling of all, yet surely the most natural thing of all, is that the 
New England settlers of the 17th century, largely reproduced English institutions in 
an older shape than they bore in the England of the seventeenth century. They gave 
a new life to many things, which in their older home had well nigh died out. The 
necessary smallness of scale in the original settlements was the root of the whole 
matter. It, so to speak, drove them back for several centuries. It caused them to 
reproduce in not a few points, not the England of their own day, but the England of 
a far earlier time. It led them to reproduce in many points the state of things in old 
Greece and in medieval Switzerland." 

In the earliest contract with the cowherds mentioned in our Town Records, un- 
der date of Sept. 1631), agreement was made with Wni. Fellows to keep the herd of 
rows on the south side the river, from the 20th of April to the 20th of November. He 
was bound "to drive them out to feed before the sunne be half an hour high, and not 
to bring them home before half an hour before sunset." He was to drive the cattle, 
"coming over the River, back over the River at night," and to take charge of them "as 
soon as they are put over the River in the morning;" Be was liable for all danger 
coming to the cattle, either by leaving them at night or during the day, and was to re- 
ceive 12 pence for each cow before he took them, a shilling and sixpence fourteen days 
after midsummer and the rest at the end of the term in corn or money, a total of £15. 

The cows on the north side of the river were herded by themselves in 1640, and 
Win. Fellows, Mark Quilter and Symon Tompson were the cow-keepers, receiving them 
at Mr. Norton's gate. In 16-13, the cows were gathered, "over against Mr. Robert 
Payne's house," i. e. at the corner of High and Market streets. The cowherds were 
instructed in 1647, at "the first opportunity to burn the woods, and to make a Bridge 
over the River to Wilderness Hill," 2 and all herdsmen were ordered "to winde a 
horn before their going out." The herds were driven out, partly "over Sanders", i. e. 
over Sanders's brook on the Topsfield road, and partly up High street. The owners 
of cows were bound to provide men to relieve the cowherds every other Sabbath 
day. The herdsmen warned two on Friday night for each Sabbath day and refusal 
to do the service required was punishable with a fine of three shillings for each in- 
stance of neglect. In 1649, Daniel Ringe was ordered to " attend on the green before 
Mr. Rogers house " (the South Green) and the cowherd was obliged to keep the herd 
one Sunday in four. 

The whole time and attention of the cowherd and his assistants were regulated 

1 Johns Hopkins University Studies, 1. 

* This was the name of a hill near the present line of division between Essex and Ipswich, in 
the vicinity of Ha llieM's Bridge. The name is still remembered in connection with the range* of 
hills on the east side of the Candlewood road, near Sagamore Hill. 



by law. By order of the General Court in 1642, the " prudential! " men of each town 
were instructed " to take care of such [children] as are sett to keep cattle be set to 
some other employment withal, as spinning upon the rock, 1 knitting, weaving tape, 
etc., and that boys and girls be not suffered to converse together so as may occasion 
any wanton, dishonest or immodest behaviour." Wm. Symonds needed a special 
permit in 1653, before he could cut tw r o parcels of meadow in the common, near 
Capt. Turner's Hill, while he kept the herd. 

" No great cattle, except cows and working cattle in the night," were allowed on 
the cow commons and any mares, horses or oxen found in the commons two hours 
after sunrising, might be driven to the Pound by the finder (1639). 

The cowherd's recompense varied from year to year, but was always a modest 
return for his service. Haniel Bosworth contracted in 1661 to keep the herd on the 
north side of the river for thirteen shillings a week, " a peck of corn a head at their 
going out, one pound of butter or half peck of wheat in June, and the rest of his 
pay at the end of his time, whereof half to be paid in wheat or malt; the pay to be 
brought to his house within six days after demanded or else to forfeit 6d a head 
more." " Agreed with Henry Osborn to join Bosworth to keep the cows on the same 
terms. One of them to take the cows in Scott's lane aud to blow a horn at the meet- 
ing-house green in the morning." In 1670, the town voted that every cow of the 
herd should wear a bell and the early morning air was full of rural music, with low- 
ing cows, tinkling bells and the sounding blasts upon the cowherd's horn. 

Swine caused more trouble than the great cattle. Certain sections of the com- 
mon lands were set apart for their special use. In 1639 it was agreed with Robert 
Wallis and Thomas Manning to keep four score hogs upon Plum Island from the '10ih 
of April " until harvest be got in ;" " and that one of them shall be constantly there 
night and day, all the tyme, and they are to carry them and bring them home, pro- 
vided those that own them send each of them a man to help catch them, and they are 
to make troughs to water them in, for all which payues and care they are to have 12 
penc a hogg, at the entrance, 2 shillings a hogg at mid summer, for so many as are 
then living, and 2 shillings a hogg for each hogg they shall deliver at the end of har- 
vest." A herd of swine is alluded to in 1640 on Castle Neck and on Hogg Island. 

But many of the inhabitants preferred to keep their hogs nearer home, and as the 
idea .of confining them in pens about the premises had not been conceived, they were 
driven out into the commons to graze. A good two miles was to separate them from 
the town, and for any big pigs found within that limit the owners were liable to pay 
a forfeit of five shillings apiece ; but it was "provided that such small pigs as are 
pigged after 1 st of February shall have liberty to be about the Town, not being liable 
to pay any damage in house lots or gardens, but if any hurt be done in house lots and 
gardens, the owner of the fence through which they came shall pay the damage. 
The pigges have liberty until 16 August next." 

41 The pigges" used their liberty injudiciously, and brought upon themselves the 
severer edict of 1645, that no hogs should run in the streets or commons without 

iMrs. Alice Morse Earle in " Home Life in Colonial Days," page 178, says that the hand distaff, 
upon which thread was spun, was called a " rock." 





eing yoked and ringed. Finally the town undertook the care of the hogs on the 
line basis as the cows. Contract was made with Win. Clark in 1652 to keep a herd of 
ogs from the 2Gth of April to the last of October, "to drive them out to their feed 
l the Commons, being all ringed, between seven or eight of the clock, to have 12 
hillings per week, six pence for every head." Hogs were to be brought to Mr. 
•ayne's corner, and the owners were ordered " to find for every six hogs one to help 
eep them till they be wanted." 

The next year, Abraham Warr and the son of Goodman Symmes were the swine 
erds, and they were expected to take them at the Meeting House Green and drive one 
erd through the street by Mr. P . . . (probably High St.), the other out at Scott's Lane 
the present Washington St.). Robert Whitman also was commissioned to keep a herd 
f hogs on the north side, " he and his boy to keep out with them until 4 o'clock in the 
Jfternoon, to drive them out presently after the cows, — his boy has liberty to leave 
he hogs atone o'clock." This swine-herd, Whitman, is mentioned in the record of 
G44 as the keeper of the goat herd on the north side. 

Sheep were kept on Jeffries Neck, and liberty was given sheep owners in 1G5G to 
1 fence in about half an acre of ground there for a year to keep their sheep in nights," 
(&d it was also ordered that " one able person out of every family shall work one day 
ft May or June as they shall be ordered, to help clear the commons for the better 
{reping of sheep, upon a day's warning." Robert Roberts was the shepherd on Jef- 
fries Neck in 1GG1 from April 8th till the end of October and his wages were £13. 
tobert Whitman was paid 10 shillings a week to keep another flock on the north side 
f the river. In 1GG2 there w r ere three shepherds and the commons on the south side 
rere so burdened that one hundred sheep were transferred to the north side. By 
ote of 1702 the shepherds were required to have cottages adjoining the sheep-walks 
o as to be near their flocks. Felt says that it was the custom for each shepherd to 
>tit his flock in the pen every Friday afternoon, that the owners might take what they 
teeded for family use and for market. 

Another public functionary of no small dignity was the Town Crier, whose task 
t was to proclaim with loud voice any announcement of public importance. The first 
Mlusion to this official occurs in the year 1G40, when it was voted that " Ralph Varn- 
lam, for ringing the bell, keeping clean the meeting house and publishing such things 
.s the town shall appoint shall have for his paynes, of every man for the year past 
Vhose estate is rated under 100£ 6 d , from 100 to 500£ 12 d , and upward 18 d ; the like 
or this year to come." Hencefonvard the Town Crier was elected annually. 

Commendable care for the neat and tidy appearance of the public thoroughfares 
ras manifested in the vote of March, 1G45, that Robert Lord "keep the streets clear of 
rood and timber under penalty 12 d the load and as proportionable for more or less for 
ring or standing above three days in any of the streets or lanes," and in 1G5'J the town 

" Ordered, that all dung-hills lying in the streets shall be removed by the 20 th of 
)ctober and from that time noe dung hills to be layed in the streets under the penalty 
•f 10 V' A stringent prohibition of felling any shade trees in the streets or high- 
vays, under penalty of 20 s for every offence was enacted in 16GG. 

A Committee to provide a building for the town school was appointed in Jan., 
65 1/2 and studious effort to secure the best educational advantages is manifest in 


the annual provision for the public school and frequent contributions to Harvard 

As various industries assumed prominence, special inspectors were appointed, gen- 
erally in compliance with some edict of the General Court. Thus, John Knowlton 
was appointed to " search and seale leather" in 1G52, that no unmarketable leathei 
might be sold by any tanner of hides, and the sealer is a regular official henceforth. 
The Common Packer, whose function was to secure the proper packing of fish or 
meat in barrels, I presume, came into existence in 1658. " Pounders," for the care of 
stray animals shut up in the public pounds and the collection of tines, were chosen 
in 1674, but some provision must have been made long before this as the pounds had 
been built some years. Tithing men were chosen first in 1677, and in 16S0 there is 
mention of a Clerk of the Market Place. " Gagers of casgue " were chosen in 172C. 
The poor had been provided for always at the public expense, but the first men- 
tion of an overseer of the poor, of which I am aware, occurs in 1734. Capt. Thos. 
Wade was then elected to that office. Col. John Choate was chosen surveyor of flax 
and hemp # in 1735. 

By the middle of the century, deer began to be scarce in the forests, and to pre- 
vent their extinction and to regulate their destruction for food " deer reeves " were 
established and the first election was made in 1743. They were elected annually for 
many years, but as the office had been discontinued in 1797, it is probable that the 
deer had wholly disappeared. 

Thus the government of the town was systematized gradually. Every industry 
seems to have been supervised by some public functionary and the climax of petty 
officialdom might well have been reached in 1797, when the list of officers chosen at 
the Town meeting included Selectmen, Overseers, Town Clerk and Treasurer, Tithing- 
men,Road Surveyors, Fish Committee, Clerk of the Market, Fence Viewers, Hay- 
wards, Surveyors of Lumber, Cullers of Fish, Sealers of Leather, Hog-reeves, 
Gaugers of Cask, Sealers of Weights, Measurers of Grain, Corders of Wood, Fire- 
wards, Packer of Pork, and Cullers of Brick. Surely the thirst for public office, 
which afflicts every American citizen, was easily gratified. The Ipswich of a cen- 
tury ago must have been a paradise for politicians. 


Ownership of a house and land within the town bounds carried with it the right 
of pasturage, in the wide domain beyond the Common Fence. This right was definitely 
recognized, and could be bought or sold. But the privilege of cutting wood in the 
dense forests, which were included in these commons, was retained by the town. 

Singularly enough the town claimed proprietorship even in the trees standing on 
the houselots granted to individuals, and graciously granted permission in 1634, to the 
grantees to have such trees on "paying a valuable consideration for thefallinge of 
them." In 1635, the Town ordered that "no man shall sell, lend, give or couvey, or 
cause to be conveyed or sent out of the Town, any timber sawn or unsawn, riven or un- 
riven upon pain of forfeiting their sum or price." The "consent of the Town" was 

'W=KiW?<K<*^ ' ' ' ' 


necessary before any timber or clapboards could be carried beyond her bounds. 
The enactment of 1631) was even more stringent. 

"Noe man shall fell any timber upon the Common to make sale of, neither Shall 
liny man fell any tree for fuel "without leave from the Constable under penalty of x* 
for such tree felled for timber or firewood, and if any man shall fell timber for their 
own use, and remove it not from off the Commons, or cleave it or saw it not within 
one year after the felling of it, it shall be lawful for any man to make use of- the same." 
According to the vote of 1643, a special license from the Town or Seven Men was 
necessary before a white oak could be felled, and Mr. Gardiner was to give a written 
Certificate that such license is tit. The felling of timber on "Jeffry's Neck, Castle Neck, 
Hog Island," etc., was prohibited in 1050, but some clearings had been accomplished, as 
provision was made in 1*151 for Jeffries Neck and other common lands to be "broken 
jp and planted for English." Special privilege was granted the inhabitants of the 
Town in 1652, to fell for firewood the swamp between Timber Hill and Bush Hill, 
•provided no man -may take above 2 rods in breadth, and to fell all and clear as they 
£o across the Swamp." By the order of 1605, oaks or walnuts might not be cut with- 

&ril permission, but the maltsters, Capt. Apple-ton, Cornet Whipple and Thomas L 

Rrrc granted liberty to fell some walnuts for their kilns in 1G67, and permit was given 
\\w tanners in 1071 "to fell for there supply for Barke for there tanning, being as 
|<km! Husbands for the Town as they can." 

Neither did the right of commonage involve any privilege of cultivating any por- 
tion of tiie commons. In 1659, twelve citizens petitioned for the privilege of plant- 
«g two acres apiece in Jeffries Neck, and they agreed to sow four bushels of hay- 
teed per acre with the last crop. Their petition was allowed and seveu others were 
granted like privilege "if the land holds out." 

This use of the common land sprang into instant favor. The next year, fifteen 
nen agreed to cultivate two acres apiece on Jeffries Neck for four years, and -with 
he fifth crop plant four bushels of hayseed, and leave it to the use of the Town for 
Common feed as before. Twenty-four men agree to clear, and then cultivate Bush 
Itll and Turkey Hill for six years, on the same terms, with the added proviso, that they 
''shall keep up fence one year after to let the grass get ahead." Redroot'Hill was 
[ranted to eight for six years, Scott's Hill to nine, a parcel of land at Cowkeepers 
lock to six, land between Hatfield's and Wilderness Hill to Giddings and John An- 

By the time the first of these tillage rights had expired, the idea of permanent in- 
ividual ownership had gained general acceptance. So, in 1604, the town voted that 
lum Island, Hogg Island and Castle Neck be divided to such as have the right to 
>mmonage according to law, according to the proportion of four, six and eight. 
hose who did not pay more than 6 s 8 d in personal & property tax in a single country 
ite were to form the first division. All that did not exceed 16 s were to form the 
Jcond. All that exceeded 16 s "together with our Magistrates, Elders, Mr. John 
ogers, and Mr. Thomas Andrews" (the school-master), "were to constitute the high- 

The Committee to which the task was assigned, reported in April, 1665, that there 
ere 203 inhabitants who had right of commonage, that 28 were entitled to a double 




share, 70 were entitled to a share and a half, 105 were entitled to a single share, 226 
single shares in all. They reported as well that there were 800 acres of marsh and 
upland "beside beaches and gall'd hills," and that each single share would contain 
three acres. These shares were laid out, first a double share, next two one and a half 
shares, then three single shares beginning at the end of Plum Island towards Rowley, 
then on Castle Neck, including "the Pines" and Wigwam Hill. The commoners then took 
their shares by lot, and Cornet Whipple, Robert Lord, John Leighton and Thomas 
Lovel went with them to show where their land was. A full list of the shareholders 
was recorded, and this large section of the public domain was withdrawn fnm com- 
monage forever. Large tracts of common land remained however and the right of 
■commonage was granted to five men in 1668 and to Thomas Giddings in 1674 by vote. 
Fishermen were allowed to cut wood from the commons fpr needed building and 
fuel, and each boat's crew had leave to feed one cow on the Common (1070). Yet 
further privilege Avas granted them in 1696, when Mr. John Appleton, Mr. Andrew 
Dyamond, and Mr. Francis Wainwright, were "appointed and empowered a Committee 
to lay out the several lots that shall be desired by persons to carry on the fishing de- 
sign at Jerlery's Neck, for flake-room and erecting stage or stages, the said lotts to 
Tun up and down the hill fronting to ye River on ye Southside." Traces of these lots 
are visible in the rows of stones, on the slope of Great Neck near Little Neck. Less 
favor had been shown other use of common lands in 1682, when the question, 
*' whether any commoner or inhabitant may take up and inclose land upon the com- 
mon or highways, as he or they shall see good, for Tobacco yards and other uses," 
was decided in the negative. 

Finally, in the beginning of the next century, 1709, it was voted, that all the 
common lands be divided into "eight parts," except what is hereafter to accommo- 
date ancient and new commoners. These votes, we have mentioned, were all votes 
of the town in regularly warned town meetings. Provision was made for the carry- 
ing out of the several votes by the selectmen, the town constable and other public 
officials. It might appear that the town in its corporate capacity had supreme control. 

Nevertheless, from the very beginning, the commoners, or those who had the 
right of commonage, met in commoners' meeting, had their own records, and legis- 
lated with reference to all the duties and privileges of commoners. In fact, it has 
been affirmed by a careful student, that in the town of Manchester, land grants made 
by the town were really made by the commoners acting in their capacity of com- 
moners. 1 In our own town, the line of distinction seems to have been drawn more 
-definitely, yet the commoners claimed and exercised very important rights. As early 
as 1644, the Town Records allude to a gift by the commoners : " a plot of the Cow 
Common on the north side of the River containing by estimation 3244 acres, was pre- 
sented unto the freemen of the town. The freemen doth give and grant unto the In- 
habitants of the Town with themselves, their heirs and successors forever [viz. all 
such as have right to commonage] all the aforesaid Common to be improved as afore- 

In 1702, they divided the common lands into large sheep pastures. " The Great 

J State Doc. " Inhabitants of the Town of Manchester versus Andrew C. Slater," p. 18. 



Keck by some cal d Jefleries Neck, now named ye Ram Pasture being part of y 
sheep -walks on y e northerly side of the River," was to be included in the " sheep 
walk," on the north side of the River; "and on y e South syde of ye Mill River, ex- 
cluding y e bounds of y c flock cal d Whipple's (Job's Hill) flock, extending from 
Isaack Foster's in Chebacco to James Gittings his house; and from thenc to y« vally 
betwixt Long Hill and Wilderness Hill, and thenc in y e valley betwext Red Root Hill 1 
and Sagamore Hill and thence on a line to Mile Brook ag st .... land." 

These " stinted sheep walks" having been defined for each flock, the commoners 
voted that there should be nine flocks : 

1 st "y e Ram Pasture flock" 

2. "y e Bush Hill " " 

3. "Turners Hill " " 

4. "Turkey Plill " " 

5. "Bull Brook " " 

6. " ye Town flock, alias Windmill Hill flock as far as the Bridge below Win 

Purges & as sd Rivilet runs by Henry Gold's to Choates land." 

7. "Red Root Hill or Brags & Kinsmans flock." 

8. "ye Farmers flock next Wenham called Whipples flock, alias Jobs Hill flock.' 

9. the Chebacco flock. 
It was further ordered 

" Every sheppard shall keep his flock in the limits prescribed to the particular flock 
y l he takes charge and care of, & not suffer them to stragle into other Flocks limits, 
on penalty of paying as a fine of two shillings and six for each time he is convicted of 

such his neglect: " Each shepherd was to have a cottage near his flock, and a 

fold in which he was to put them at sunset, " and put them out at sun half an hour 
high in y e morne day by day.". Mr. Samuel Appleton & others were to have a flock 
in the Thick Woods and Pigeon Hill. 

In 1707, a division of wood, timber, etc., at Chebacco ponds, Knights farm, etc., 
was made into four parts. In 1709, the final division of the common lands was made 
by a Committee of the Commoners and a Committee of the Town. The town voted 
on January 11, 1708/9, " That wood-land at Chebacco Ponds, that thatch banks and 
land above Baker's Pond, and Samuel Perley's, Jeffrey's Neck and Paine's Hill, be 
divided into three-fifths and two-fifths shares." 

Voted, "That any commoner who has one or more rights and has built one or 
more new houses in the place of old ones, shall have only the right for a new house, 
which belonged to the old one." 

The list of old and new commoners, and old and new Jeffries Neck commoners 
was agreed on, and then the common lands were divided into eight parts. 

1. " Convenient for Chebacco, about Chebacco pond," about 873 acres. 

2. " Convenient for the inhabitants of the Hamblett," about 470 acres. 

3. " From Chebacco Pond running northwesterly, taking all the Comon lands 
between the two lines to Cowkeepers Rock, and all that piece of Common up to the 
highway by Tanner Norton's, and by the fence'to the Gate by Appleton's Mill," about 
1181 acres. 

*Now called Redwood Hill. 


4. " Thick Woods & Pigeon Hill." 

5. " Beginning at Kimball's corner . . . Warner's or Day's gate ..." about 
94G acres. 

6. "From Goodhue's corner to Day's corner, by the River, etc," about 578 
acres (5 and 6 including Bush Hill and Turner's Hill). 

7. Turkey -Hill and land about Egypt river, 954 acres. 

8. Toward Rowley line, 850 acres. 

The Committee proceeded to assign the commoners to their proper eighths, and 
each man's right was decided as accurately as possible. 

Some title to Castle Neck still remained in the possession of the commoners, as 
appears from the vote of 21 Mar., 1720, instructing the Treasurer to execute a deed 
of sale or conveyance of their whole right and title in the " wood that now is, or that 
shall hereafter be standing, lying, or growing on any part of Castle Neck so called 
beyond Wigwam Hill," to Symonds Epes, Esq., for ten pounds sterling. The com- 
moners relinquished their " right att Rocky Hill unto James Fuller, Ebenezer Fuller and 
Jabcz Treadwell, they paying the sum of sixty pounds old Tenor, for ye Com use." 
Aug., 1745. (This is the hill now occupied by Mr. Moritz B. Philipp.) 

Unappropriated thatch banks were let each year to the highest bidder, only com- 
moners having the right to bid. Rights and privileges in the "Gravill Pit and Clay pitts " 
were reserved by the commoners for their use and profit. The beaches belonged to the 
Commoners, and in 1757 they voted that " Capt. Jonathan Fellows of Cape Ann, have 
the liberty of all the sands lying in the Town of Ipswich for the space of one year for 
the sum of 2£ 13s. 4d." 

Their authority reached also to the flats and the clams that dwelt therein, and in 
1703 the vexed question of the control of the shell fishery led to the first regulation 
of which I am aware. The commoners voted, on July 4th, " That the Committee take 
care of all ye flats & clams therein, belonging to ye proprietors of ye Common lands 
in Ipswich & that no person or persons be allowed to digg any more clams than for 
their own use, & to be expended in ye Town, & that all owners of fishing vessels 
and Boats shall apply to one of sd. Committee for liberty to digg clams for their vessels 
use fare by fare, & no owners of vessel or vessels, boat or boats, shall digg more 
clams than shall be allowed by one or more of sd. Committee on penalty of prosecution ; 
said Committee are to allow one Bar 1 of clams to each man of every vessel going to the 
Banks every fare, & so also in propr. to boats fishing in the Bay, and a majority of 
said Com. are impowered to prosecute all offenders." 

The income accruing from these sales and leases was expended for various pub- 
lic uses. In 1771, a hundred pounds was voted " for the use of building a work house 
in the Town of Ipswich," provided the town build within eighteen months. In 1772, 
£20 was voted to Wm. Dodge and others "to erect sutable land marks for the benefit 
of vessels outward and inward bound," and 6s. to Anthony Loney for ringing the bell 
from Feb. 1771 to Feb. 1772. In 1773, £50 was voted for reading and writing schools, 
provided the town raise £40. Finally, in 1788, the majority of the commoners voted, 
though vigorous opposition was made by the minority, to resign all their interests in 



The objects of the Society are the gathering and recording of knowledge of the 
history of Ipswich and of individuals and families connected with said Ipswich; the 
collection and preservation of printed and written manuscripts, pamphlets, and other 
matters of historic interest, and the collection of articles of historical and antiquarian 
interest, and the preservation of and furnishing in colonial style of one of the an- 
cient dwelling houses of said Ipswich. 


The annual meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the first Monday 
in December of each year, and meetings for literary and social purposes shall be held 
on the first Monday of February, May and October. All meetings shall be called by 
the directors by a warrant under their hands, addressed to the clerk of the corpora- 
tion, directing him to give notice of such meeting by sending a notice to each mem- 
ber of the corporation by mail four days at least before the time of holding such 
meeting; which notice shall contain the substance of the matter named in said war- 
rant to be acted upon at such meeting. Said warrant shall state all the business to be 
acted upon at such meeting, and no other business shall be transacted at such meeting. 

Special meetings may be called by the directors in the same manner as other 


Any member of the corporation may present the name of any person for mem- 
bership to the clerk, who shall announce at the next meeting of the corporation there- 
after the name of said person so proposed for membership; and said corporation 
may vote to admit said person to membership of the corporation at the next meeting 
of said corporation held after the clerk has announced the name for membership. 


Every member shall pay an annual fee of two dollars which shall be due on the 
first day of December, and failure to pay this fee for two years shall forfeit mem- 
bership unless said corporation otherwise direct. 


The officers of the corporation shall be a president, two vice presidents, treas- 
urer, clerk, corresponding secretary, librarian and three directors. 

These officers shall be elected by ballot at the annual meeting and their term of 
office shall be for one year from the date of that meeting and until their successors 

KY-LAWS. 17 

are chosen. Vacancies in any of these offices shall be filled by the directors for the 
unexpired term. • 

The directors shall determine the use to be made of the income and funds of the 
Society; shall endeavor to promote the special objects of the Society in such -ways ns 
may seem most appropriate, shall appoint such committees as may seem expedient 
and shall have charge and custody of all property and collections of the Society. 

These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting on recommendation of 
the directors by vote of two-thirds of the members present, provided that due notice 
has been given of the proposed change at a previous meeting. 


The second annual meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society was held on Mon- 
day, December 4, 189!), at the house. 

The following officers were elected by ballot : 

President — T. Frank Waters. 

Vice Presidents — John B. Brown, John Heard. 

Clerk — John W. Goodhue. 

Treasurer — Joseph I. Horton. 

Directors — Charles A. Say ward, John H. Cogswell, Everard H. Martin. 

Corresponding Secretary — John H. Cogswell. 

Librarian — John J. Sullivan. 

The Reports of the President and the Treasurer were read and accepted. 

■ (18) 

Read by the President, Rev. T. F. Waters, at the Annual Meeting. 

The annals of the past twelve months are pleasant reading, we may presume, for 
the members of the Society and its friends. When we met in this House at our la<t 
annual meeting, the work on the four great rooms had been substnntially completed, 
the furnishings of the lower floor were fairly well in place, and a beginning had been 
made in fitting up the west chamber as a typical sleeping room of the olden time. 
The rear portion of the building was as yet untouched. 

Work was continued vigorously during the month of December, and by the New 
Year a very commodious tenement had been evolved from the unprepossessing leanto. 
New wood work and plaster, paint and paper were the rule here, and when the low- 
studded rooms on the first floor, and the quaint little sleeping chambers under the 
great slant roof had been completed, the question of a tenant was easily settled. 
Some doubt had been expressed whether a desirable tenant or family could be found. 
But the idea of dwelling in the venerable old house proved alluring to a number of 
worthy folk, and long before the rooms were ready for occupancy, an ideal occupant 
was planning to take up her abode. Miss Alice A. Gray, a lineal descendant of the Ips- 
wich Howards of two centuries ago, after twenty-three years of service at the Fine 
Art Museum in Boston, felt the charm of our ancient mansion so powerfully that she 
relinquished in a large measure her work in the Fine Art Museum and became the cus- 
todian of our house. 

She brought to her new position not only the devotion of an antiquary, the skill 
in arrangement learned by long experience, and exquisite taste, but a great store of 
ancient furniture as well, and many decorative adornments. Uuder her deft hand, 
the two chambers were made wonderfully attractive and the whole house was put in 
admirable order. In all this, her friend and companion Miss Julia Gutberlett was a 
zealous co-worker, and an invaluable helper, and she has proved a very gracious host- 
ess to our visitors during Miss Gray's absence. 

About the first of July, the House was opened to the public. Hours were fixed, 
from two to half-past six every afternoon except Sunday, and it was decided to charge 
an admission fee of fifteen cents for all visitors except members of the Society and 
their households. An influx of visitors began at once and continued well through the 
month of September. 1148 names were recorded in our Visitors' Book, but a consid- 
erable proportion especially of our towns-people failed to register. In round nunfbers, 
"t is a fair estimate that 1G00 people have been through the rooms. 




They represented twenty-four States besides Massachusetts, and foreij 

:u laud 
I append a list of States represented, and the number of visitors accredited to eacli 

I owa 
Illinois . 

Florida . 
Virginia . 
Georgia . 
Pennsylvania . 
New York 
New Hampshire 













Wisconsin . 
Texas . 
Louisiana . 
Maryland . 
Dist. Columbia 
Rhode Island 
New Jersey 
Maine . 




Sandwich Islands 
Nova Scotia . 
England . 

2 Cuba . 

2 New Brunswick 

1 Scotland 




All have been surprised and delighted. The most expert and critical have ex- 
pressed the most enthusiastic appreciation of the House, and the manner of its resto- 
ration. Architects have come to photograph and take exact measurements and study 
details, and have pronounced it the most massive and wonderful specimen of seven- 
teenth century architecture they have seen. 

Lovers of old houses, familiar with the best of the earliest period in many old 
towns, have acknowledged without reserve that this was the most unique and satisfy- 
ing. A number of cultured English gentlemen have told us that they knew of no old 
dwelling in England that is so striking, and characteristic of the olden times. Another 
very gratifying recognition of its value has recently come to our knowledge. In connec- 
tion with the observance of the 250th anniversary of the Second church in Boston, an 
antique exhibition was given in Copley Hall. Its principal feature was an old Boston 
street, with exact reproductions on a small scale of Benjamin Franklin's house, the old 
church and other buildings. Two ladies had charge of the construction of the Frank- 
lin house under the direction of an expert architect. They applied to a gentleman, 
deemed capable to advise, and he suggested that they should see this House. An ap- 
peal to a second friend for suggestions, elicited the opinion that the old house in Ips- 
wich was the best guide. Inquiring for helpful literature at the Boston Public Library, 
they were told that they must go to Ipswich, if they would find the best illustration 
of ancient architecture. Nothing was left but to make their pilgrimage. They spent 
a whole day under our roof , and returned, bearing a few articles loaned for their i*x- 


hibit. and feeling bettor prepared for their responsible task. The borrowed wooden 
latch and string and candle-mould attracted great attention. ' 

By invitation of Miss Gray, Mr. W. II. Downs of the Boston Transcript spent n 
Saturday half holiday as her guest. He was greatly interested especially with our Li- 
brary, which is of far greater value than is commonly supposed, and evinced his ap- 
preciation by writing a very admirable summary of the contents, and the history of 
the House, for the Boston Transcript, which has had wide notice and has brought the 
House very effectively to the attention of a large circle of readers. 

While this steady current of visitors from abroad has been flowing through these 
rooms, very few of our towns-people have been drawn hither. Occasionally when a 
guest is being entertained, a visit is made here as a means of diversion, but our citi- 
zens come rarely, and many members have never availed themselves of their privilege. 
This is a matter of profound regret. The Society can attain its rightful place and ac- 
complish its best work only as it has the intelligent and sympathetic support and co- 
operation of the community. We rely upon our citizens to furnish funds, and addi- 
tions, by loan or gift, to our collections. Our House is so well furnished already that 
many think our needs are all supplied. We need many things, particularly an eight- 
day clock, chairs of ancient pattern, a court-cupboard, old china and pewter, wearing 
apparel, books, manuscripts, and Indian implements of every kind. A visit to the 
House may often result in very material help. 

More than all else, we solicit a large active membership. We exact no conditions 
of membership, and impose no duties beyond the payment of two dollars annually. 
We give a copy of our regular publications and the free use of the House. Any per- 
son is eligible, and names may be sent to any member or to the clerk or president. 
Any name will be acted upon at the first business meeting after the name has been for- 
mally proposed. We should have a membership of several hundred in our own town. 
The annual revenue from such a constituency would enable us to pay our mortgage 
in a few years, and set aside a goodly sum annually for the publication of original 
material, and valuable old records. During the year, 5G new members have been 
elected, bringing the total active membership to 133. 

A goodly number of additions to our cabinet collections and general furnishings 
has been made. Mr. 1). F. Appleton has contributed a fine copy of the old Puritan 
family Bible of the edition known as the "Breeches Bible," published in London in 
1615. Mr. J. B. Brown lias deposited with us a notable file of ancient deeds of the 
Argilla farm. Miss H. Augusta Dodge of Hamilton has given the rosewood writing 
desk, presented to her sister, (Jail Hamilton, by her pupils in the Ipswich Female Sem- 
inary. It still contains her diploma and letters of rare interest. Miss Ellen A. Stone 
has sent a fine collection of antiques from her marvellous old home in East Lexington. 
A braided mat of noble proportions is the handiwork of Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown. 
Mr. Kalph W. Burnham has loaned a valuable collection of old china. 

To these we must add two gifts of notable value from friends not resident in our 

Among the guests at a quiet five o'clock tea in midsummer, was a daughter of the 
late Amos Adams Lawrence. During his business visits to the Mill of the Lawrence 
Corporation near by, he often came into this House, and frequently expressed a wish 



that it might be repaired and preserved. She expressed great, interest in the work al- 
ready done. She was much impressed with the need of more land than we then owned, 
and especially with the desirability of securing the corner then occupied by a dilapi- 
dated house, so well remembered, and using the spot for ornamental purposes. Her 
interest found practical expression in the splendid gift of 81800 for the purchase of 
the corner, as a memorial of her honored father. The property was secured at once, 
and also a small strip, six feet wide, adjoining our land on the west. The work of 
clearing the corner of buildings, tilling and grading, has been carried on steadily. 
It was incumbent on the Society to improve the spot in accordance with the wish of 
the donor, as a garden. Accordingly a line of stone posts has been erected on onr 
whole frontage, lawns and walks have been laid out, and our whole property graded 
and beautified. Incidentally, permanent receptacles for sewage have been constructed, 
some slight changes in the exterior of the house have been made, and modern improve- 
ments have been added in the rooms occupied by Miss Gray. This has involved con- 
siderable expenditure, of which some SoOO remains unpaid. It seemed the wisest way 
to complete the work on the house and grounds in durable and permanent fashion be- 
fore winter set in, and thus avoid the necessity of a resumption of the work in the 
Spring. The town authorities have cooperated with us very generously, by rebuilding 
the terrace on the front, changing the location of the fire hydrant, and setting agranite 
curbing on the corner. 

In response to a suggestion that the life of John Winthrop, Jr. , the Founder of our 
town, deserved more careful consideration in its relation to Ipswich, than it had re- 
' ived, Mr. Eobert 0. Winthrop, Jr., of Boston, very kindly consented to read the 
manuscript that I had prepared, and supplement it with such new material as he might 
find. He gave much time to the careful examination of the Winthrop papers, ap- 
pended much new matter, assumed entire charge of the illustrations and the printing, 
and bore the whole expense of publication. He lias distributed copies very generous- 
ly to a multitude of historical societies and public libraries, and to the great libraries 
of the English and German universities including Trinity College, Dublin, where young 
Winthrop studied, and representative institutions in other lands, as far as Australia 
and Japan. 

Our society has been brought thus into a very conspicuous place, and already re- 
quests for our publications have come from foreign lands as well as from many libra- 
ries in our own country. The Society is debarred by the express wish of both these 
generous donors from any formal acknowledgment, but we claim the privilege of grate- 
ful mention of such noteworthy benefactions. These large gifts from friends of the 
Society who are not resident among us, and who are interested only remotely, it might 
be thought, in its prosperity, should stimulate the generosity of its members and friends, 
who are directly conversant with its aims and needs. We have accomplished our orig- 
inal design, in securing aud furnishing our House, and providing attractive surround- 
ings. Onr work however is only begun. We have passed from the stage of small 
things. We need large gifts. We face great enterprises. The floating debt with 
which we end the year should be provided for at once, for we need all the income ac- 
cruing from membership and admission fees for the work of the Society. The mort- 
gage of §1,600, which encumbers our property, should be cleared. Before another 


Winter a proper steam or hot water plant should be installed for heating all the rooms. 
The unsightly barn that remains our neighbor should be removed. Our grounds must 
Include the whole of the original lot. We need room at once for the erection of a log 
house, with thatched roof, wooden chimney daubed with clay, and oiled paper windows, 
as a counterpart of the humble cabins of many of the Puritan settlers. In a few years 
we shall need more room to house and display our expanding collections and for general 
use. A modern, fire-proof Memorial Building will be a necessity. In it a large and 
systematic collection of Indian implements, worthy of old Agawam, of costumes of the 
Colonial and Revolutionary periods, of ancient fabrics, table furnishings and heirlooms 
of every sort might be exhibited. Our Library would be safe and would have room for 

A hall for the meetings of the Society would be provided and its w r alls might be 
emblazoned with the flags of the several periods of our national history, and adorned 
with tablets recording the glorious events of our town history, and names of those 
whose lives have illumined our annals. 

The land adjoining our own is unimproved at present. The owner is willing to 
sell. It affords an ideal site for this building that is to be. It should be secured with- 
out delay. Who is to be the donor? Who will make the first gift, looking towards 
the realization of these aims? If no immediate gift is available, who will provide by 
will for a generous bequest ? 

Old Ipswich was renowned for the quality of her first settlers, Winthrop, Denison, 
Saltonstall, Symonds, Ward and Norton. She was at the front in King Philip's war 
with her Appleton and his brave men. She raised her voice against the Andros tax. She 
sent her sons to every battlefield in the Revolution, and Hodgkins' memory lingers in 
these rooms, where he spent his declining years and died. Ann Bradstreet dared to 
claim new honor for her sex, Zilpah Grant and Mary Lyon toiled and planned here, and 
ushered in the dawn of a higher education for women. 

It remains for the Ipswich Historical Society to glorify the history of old Ipswich 
becomingly. She has a wide and inviting opportunity. The inspiration springing 
from successful endeavor urges her on. The obligation of progress, of comprehensive 
And ambitious effort in the future, is imperative. She must aim to be the most unique 
and conspicuous of the great multitude of Societies, that is coming into being. Only 
money is needed. Surely so trifling a lack will be easily supplied! 


J. I. Horton in accou 


To Fees and Subscrip. 

" Proceeds of Supper, 
Dec. 24 

" Proceeds *of Social, 
Jan. 21 

" Proceeds Entertain- 
ment by Daughters 

nt with the Ipswich Historical Society : 

Construction acct 
S. F. Canney 
J. E. Kimball & Bro. 
J. W. Goodhue, on acct 
Benj. Fewkes 
A. H. Plonff . 
Wall paper, etc. . 

$944 41 

25 00 

11 80 


of Revolution 

13 00 

Sale of old material 

28 00 

$1022 21 

Admittance fees to 

House . 

137 92 

Sale of Books at 

House . 

1G 00 

^153 9° 

Amos Adams Law- 

rence memorial 


$1800 00 

, $2976 13 

Balance in Treasury 

Dec, 1898 . 

194 63 

$3170 76 

Labor acct. 
Austin L. Lord 
James Thibedeau . 
Leander Goditt 
Sain. J. Goodhue . 
Booster Russell 
J. Howard Lakeman 

Work on Corner 
Tearing down old House 
Filling, grading, etc 
Stone work acct. 


Rent on Rooms in Odd 
Fellows' building . 

Furnishings, work, etc. 
Stamps, Stationery 
Recording Deed, Charter 















3e 30 


. 102 




9 05 

$405 57 

$207 68 

$167 11 

43 50 












7 85 

Water Bill . 

6 00 


8 95 


20 00 

Miss Gray 

50 00 


10 00 

A. Damon, china 

24 50 

$203 76 

Purchase of corner . 1050 00 

Cash on hand 

81 64 

63170 70 

Bills clue : 
Edward Choate 
John S. Glover 
Aug. H. Plouff 
Austin L. Lord 
Winfleld S. Johnson 
J. I. Horton, stove 
Francis IT. Wade . 
J. W. Goodhue . 
Michael Judge 
S. F. Canney 

Cash on hand 

70 G3 
15 00 
87 06 
21 42 
10 15 
9 00 
10 00 
64 90 
36 00 
60 94 

385 19 
81 64 




Frederick J. Alley- 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley 
Dr. Charles E. Ames 
Daniel Fuller Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton 
Mrs. Francis K. Appleton 
James W. Appleton 
Randolph M. Appleton 
Mrs. Helen Appleton 
Dr. G. Guy Bailey 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey 
Charles W. Bamforcl 
John A. Blake 
John E. Blakemore 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer 
James W. Bond 
Warren Boyntou 
Charles W. Brown 
Edward F. Brown 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown 
Henry Brown 
John B. Brown 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown 
Daniel S. Burnham 
Ralph W. Burnham 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell 
Miss Lydia A. Caldwell 
Charles A. Campbell 
Philip E. Clark 
Miss Lucy C. Coburn 
John H. Cogswell 
Theodore F. Cogswell 
Miss Harriet D. Condon 
Rev. Edward Constant 

Charles S. Curnmings 
Arthur C. Damon 
Mrs. Carrie Damon 
Mrs. Annie K. Damon 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon 
Harry K. Damon 
George G. Dexter 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson 
Harry K. Dodge 
Rev. John M. Donovan 
Arthur W. Dow 
Rev. George F. Durgiu 
George Fall 
Miss Emeline C. Farley 
Joseph K. Farley 
Rev. Milo H. Gates 
Mrs. Pauline Gates 
Dr. Guy W. Gilbert 
Mrs. Florence Gilbert 
John S. Glover 
Frank T. Goodhue 
John W. Goodhue 
Rev. Arthur H. Gordon 
James Graflum 
f Mrs. Eliza H. Green 
Miss Lucy Hamlin 
Mrs. Lois Hardy 
George PI. W. Hayes 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard 
Miss Alice Heard 
John Heard 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon 
Joseph I. Horton 
Lewis R. Hovey 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey 

Gerald L. Hoyt 

Miss Lucy S. Jewett 

John A. Johnson 

Miss Ellen M. Jordan 

Edward Kavanagh 

Charles M. Kelly 

I'red A. Kimball 

Rev. John C. Kimball 

Aaron Kinsman 

Miss Bethiah D. Kinsman 

Miss Caroline L. Lakeinan 

Curtis E. Lakeinan 

G. Frank Langdon 

Austin L. Lord 

George A. Lord 

Miss Lucy Slade Lord 

Thomas II. Lord 

Dr. George E. MacArthnr 

Mrs. Isabelle G. MacArthur 

James F. Mann 

John P. Marston 

Everard H. Martin 

Mrs. Marietta K. Martin 

Miss Heloise Meyer 

Mrs. Amanda Nichols 

John W. Nourse 

Charles H. Noyes 

Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes 

Mrs. Anna Osgood 

Rev. Robert B. Parker 

Martin V. B. Perley 

Moritz B. Philipp 

Augustine H. Plouff 

Ernest Reynolds 

James E. Richardson 



Miss Anna W. Ross 

Fred G. Ross 

Joseph Ross 

Joseph F. Ross 

])r. William H. Russell 

William S. Russell 

Angus Savory 

Charles A. Say ward 

Mrs. Henrietta W. Say ward 

George A. Schotield 

I'd ward A. Smith 

Henry P. Smith 

Mrs. Harriette A. Smith 

Rev. R. Cotton Smith 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spauldim 
Dr. Frank II. Stockwell 
Mrs. Alice L. Story 
John J. Sullivan 
Arthur L. Sweetser 
Rev. William H. Thayer 
John E. Tenney 
Mrs. Annie T. Tenney 
Miss Ellen Trask 
Bayard Tuckerman 
Charles S. Tuckerman 
Francis II. Wade 

Miss Martha B. Wade 
Miss Nellie F. Wade 
William F. Wade 
Luther Wait 
Miss Anna L. Warner 
Mrs. Caroline L. Warner 
Henry C. Warner 
Rev. T. Frank Waters 
Frederic Willcomb 
Wallace P. Willett 
Chalmers Wood 


John Albree, Jr., Swampscott 
William Sumner Appleton, Boston 
Lamont G. Burnham, Boston 
Eben Caldwell, Elizabeth, N. J. 
Luther Caldwell, Washington, D. C. 
Stephen Caldwell, Avoca, Iowa 
Mrs. Edward Cordis, Jamaica Plain 
Charles W. Darling, Utica, N. Y. 
Elisha P. Dodge, Newburyport 
Miss Caroline Farley, Cambridge 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton, Cambridge 
Jesse F'ewkes, Newton 
Reginald Foster, Boston 
Augustus P. Gardner, Hamilton 
Charles L. Goodhue, Springfield 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray 
Arthur W. Hale, Winchester 
Albert "Farley Heard, 2d, Boston 

Otis Kimball, Boston 
Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston 
Miss Caroline T. Leeds, Boston 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring, Boston 
Miss Adeline Manning, Boston 
Henry S. Manning, New York 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning, New York 
George L. von Meyer, Hamilton 
Mrs. Mary S. V C. Peabody 
Frederic II. Ringe, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Mrs. Henry M. Saltonstall, Boston 
Richard W. Saltonstall, Boston 
Denison R. Slade, Center Harbor, N. 
Joseph Spiller, Boston. 
Miss Ellen A. Stone, East Lexington 
Harry W. Tyler, Boston 
George Willcomb, Boston 
Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Boston 



Rev. W. P. Alcott. Ancient book. 

Mr. Daniel Fuller Appleton. Norton's Evangelist, London, 1G57. New England 
Weekly Journal, April 8, 1728. A Continental bill, dated February 2G, 1777. A 
"Breeches Bible," in the original binding, London, 1G15. 

Mrs. Bartlett. Small glazed jug. 

Miss Erneline Bishop, Rowley. Dial of an old clock. Fair of buckram stays. 
Reed for loom. 

Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer. A mirror with inlaid frame. Bellows, warming pan, 
autographs, textiles, books, etc. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown. Set of caudle moulds, brass s"kimmer, leather box, 
large braided mat. "Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul," Philip Doddridge, 1772. 
"Letters of Fletcher of Macleley." 

Mr. John B. Brown. Stone pestle, Deeds of Argilla Farm. 

Mrs. E. Newton Brown. A saddle cloth used by the Ipswich troop, about 1824: 

Mr. Ralph W. Burnham(loan). A collection of pottery, about sixty pieces, most- 
ly early English, slip and lustre ware. 

Miss Joanna Caldwell. Fringe loom. 

■Col. Luther Caldwell. "Life of Ann Bradstreet." 

Mr. Philip E. Clark. Pair of scales, brass skimmer and ladle, tin kitchen. 

Colby College, Water ville, Me. " Personal Recollections of Baptist History and 

Connecticut Historical Society. Connecticut Records, 177G-177S. 

Dedham, Mass. "The Dedication of the Norfolk County Court House." 

Miss H. Augusta Dodge. A writing desk given to Mary Abigail Dodge (Gail Ham- 
ilton) by her pupils in the Ipswich Seminary in 1854, with her diploma from the Sem- 
inary and autograph letter. 

Essex Institute, Salem. Annual Report, 1S99. 

Edward F. Everett, Cambridge. Record of the family of John Fuller of Ipswich, 

Miss Anna Giddings. Printed matter, pamphlets, etc. 

Mr. George Haskell. Old books. 

Mr. Theodore C. Howe. A cotton coat worn by an officer of the Spanish Navy 
at the time of the battle of Manila Bay, May, 1898. A brass projectile fired from the 
'* Olympia" at that time, and a glass plate with log cabin impressed, about 1841. 


Mr. Daniel Kimball. Sampler with pedigree of Whipple Family. 

Knowlton Family Association. "The Knowlton ancestry." 

Mr. William T. Lambert, Hamilton. A petition from Rowley men in Col. Picr- 
>on's Regiment, for land grant in compensation of service in Indian Avar, doted May 
•JO, 1756. Copy of lease of lands of 1 st Parish Apr. 20, 1784. 

Mr. Frederick Lamson, Salem. Photograph of a Royal Commission dated 17';.",. 

Mr. Daniel Bolles Lord, Salem. Ancient account book. 

Miss Emeline Mansfield, Lynn. Framed sampler worked by Abigail Glazier, 

Worthington Mansfield. U. S. cent, 1798. 

Mr. Eben Monlton. Ancient brass scales. 

Mr. Ernest Perkins. Washington button. 

Mr. A. II. Plouff. An iron pot. 

New York, University of State of. Report of the State Historian. Colonial 
Series, 1897 arid two pamphlets. 

Mr. Timothy Ross. Certilicate of Kossnth fund. 

Mrs. A. M. Russell. Braided mat. 

Dr. W. E. Russell. File Ipswich Register and other papers. 

Mr. W. S. Russell. A damask table cloth and plate with picture of Whipple 

Miss Eunice K. Smith. Parasol. "Punkin " hood. 

Miss Anna M. Smith, Rowley. Two pieces of early English pottery, a glass bot- 
tle made before 1799, spectacles, Hebrew Bible, 1838. 

Miss Sarah E. Smitli, Salem. A piece of damask from the Tracy House, New- 
buryport, bed-curtains, under which Washington slept, Oct. 31, 1789, and Lafayette, 
Aug: 01, 1824. 

Henry Spanieling (loan). Fractional currency issued by Ipswich Union store. 

Miss Ellen A. Stone. Furniture, bedding, homespun linen, costumes, textiles, 
pottery and glass, kitchen utensils, carpenter and farm tools, etc., from the home- 
stead of Stephen Bobbins of East Lexington. 

Mr. Daniel Stone. Candlesticks. 

Mr. J. J. Sullivan. Two century plants for the lawn. 

•Mrs. John F. Todd, Waldo, Florida. An Oxford Bible, 1789. Two miniature 
portraits, oven shovel, pair of wrought iron pipe tongs, candle moulds. Snuff box, 
fctc, from the John F. Todd house, Rowley, Mass. 

Topsfield Historical Society. Report of 1898. 

Mrs. Charles S. Tuckerman (loan). Umbrella. 

Mr. Daniel Treadwell Wade, New York. The Year Hook of the Sons of the 
devolution •' in the State of New York, 1899." 

Miss Sarah II. Wade. Old map of Louisiana. 

Mrs. George W. Wales, Boston. 29 pieces of pottery and porcelain, etc 

Mr. Wallace P. Willett. East Orange, N. J. Pewter and china. 


or Tine 


I. The Gratiot! by liev. Washington Choate and the Poem by Rev. 

Edgar F. Davis, on the 200th Anniversary of the Resistance to 
the Andros Tax, 1887. Price 25 cents. 

II. The President's Address and other Proceedings at the Dedica- 

tion of their new room, Feb. 3. 189(5. Out of print. 

\ ILL Unveiling of the Memorial Tablets at the South Common and 
( IV. Proceedings at Annual Meeting, Dec. 7, 1896. Price 25 


V. The Early Homes of the Puritans and Some Old Ipswich Houses, 

with Proceedings at Annual Meeting, 1897. Price 50 cents. 

VI. Order of Exercises at the Dedication of i-lse Ancient House with 

a History of the House, and Proceedings at Annual Meeting. 
1898. Price 25 cents. 

VII. A Sketch of the Life of John Winthrop the Younger.- with 

portrait and valuable reproductions of ancient documents 
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13 cents. 

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An attempt has been made in the following pages to bring to- 
gether in compact form a history of the land ownership, and inci- 
dentally a brief sketch of the people who have owned the land 
or made their homes alonar the Argilla Road. 

To facilitate more minute research in regard to land titles, if 
anyone wishes to make original investigation, a series of foot- 
notes is appended. Reference is made to the five volumes, which 
were written in our own Town, and which contain the earliest 
record of land transfers, under the name, Ipswich Deeds. These 
volumes are deposited in the Registry of Deeds in Salem. The 
regular file of County Records is referred to as Essex County 

Ipswich, November, 1900. 



Governor Winthrop's Journal records that, in March 1633, John 
Winthrop, his eldest son, headed a little company of thirteen men 
in making a formal settlement at Agawani. But there had been 
squatter settlers, who were ordered away by the General Court 
on Sept. 7, 1630, ] and they may have made their homes in our 
neighborhood for a number of years, and have made some strong 
impression on the raw edge of wilderness life. Certain it is, that 
when the first pages of our Town Record were written in 1634, 
allusion is made to many localities as already well known and bear- 
ing definite names. " The highway to Cheboky " or Juboque, is 
one of these, and it is easily identified as the later " road to Ar- 
gilla " or " the Argilla Farm." 

The majestic hill, whose base is skirted by the ancient road, is 
" commonly known as Hart break Hill." The tidal creek that in- 
tersects it is alluded to, as known by the name of Labour-in- 
vayne, and the other small river or creek that Hows up from Essex 
River is mentioned as Chebacco Creek, and " commonly known *' 
by that name. Sagamore Hill and Castle Hill also find place in 
the Records. 

These names are of .romantic interest. Heart-break is suggest- 
ive of the loneliiiess and homesickness w T hich may have come to 
some primitive settler, looking off over the blue ocean toward the 
English home. I know that certain deeds of a century ago allude 
to it as Hard-brick Hill, and so it is named on a Town-map of 
1-S30 ; but a century of uniform allusion to it as Heart-break, pre- 
cedes this matter-of-fact epoch, and Heart-break it shall still be, an 
enduring memorial of the sadness of many of our Puritan ances- 
tors. Labour-in-vain bears wituess to the fruitless toil of some 
unknown pioneer, in thrusting his heavy canoe against its swift 

1 Mas<. Bay Records. 



current, and reminds us as well of the severe labor which was char- 
acteristic of the earliest times. 

Chebacco, or Cheboko, or Jeboke, was the best the English 
tongue could do toward preserving the name, by which the Indians 
had called the pleasant region, stretching from the creek to the 
beach ; and Sagamore Hill is a monumental memorial of Mascon- 
noramet, who made formal sale of the territory occupied by the 
town, and who once held undisputed sway over a large area. 
Here, for ages no doubt, the red men dwelt, but they have left no 
trace save their stone weapons, their shell heaps and the blackened 
stones that reveal the site of their wigwams, and an occasional 
skeleton. Castle Hill may have been named by some emigrant, 
who was glad to find on these shores some likeness of the stately 
English castles ; and Wigwam Hill was the summer home of gen- 
erations of Indians. 

Emerging from the period of mystery and romance the old road 
speedily took on historic defmiteness. Planting lots, pastures and 
great farms were apportioned, and houses began to be built. The 
names of settlers began to be associated with definite localities. 
Families sprang into being and struck their roots so deep and 
flourished so well, that nine generations have continued to till their 
acres, and spend their quiet lives hard by the ancestral home. 

The phenomenal interest which attaches to many localities along 
its whole length is manifest at the beginning. Turning from 
County Road the land on the left corner, reaching beyond the Til- 
ton barn, and extending through to Poplar Street was known for 
nearly two centuries as the "School Orchard." Mr. Robert 
Payne purchased this lot, estimated as containing two acres with 
a house, of Richard Coy, attorney to Samuel Heifer in 1652. In 
the succeeding year, 1653, he, " att his own proper cost and charge, 
built an edifice for a grammar school," upon part of the land thus 
purchased, and in October 1653, he executed a deed of the whole 
propert3 T to feoffees, who were to hold it in perpetual trust for the 
use and benefit of the Grammar School. 1 The famous Ezekiel 
Cheever was duly installed in the house, and he began his prepa- 
ration of the Ipswich boys for Harvard College in the new school- 
house, which, as we infer from certain old deeds, was on the cor- 
ner diagonally opposite from the meeting-house of the South 
Church. Other gifts of Little Neck and the great School Farm in 

1 Ipswich Deeds, v : '269, 270. 



the Chebacco parish gave an unusual endowment, and the Ipswich 
School sprang at once into conspicuous notice. 

The school was kept for many years on the spot first selected. 
During the 18th century, its location is somewhat uncertain, but 
at the beginning of the 19th century, it was housed in the square 
hipped-roof school-house, which occupied the corner of the lot, on 
the County Road and the road to Argilla. Men of the finest 
character, Cheever and Andrews, Benjamin Crocker, Thomas Nor- 
ton, Daniel Dana, Joseph McKean, Major Burnham and a host of 
others labored faithfully in the discharge of their high duties. 
Many young men went from its humble rooms to college, and 
out into high places in the world. 

Down to the year 1835, the "School orchard " was leased to 
responsible parties for tillage land, but in that year, the old school- 
house was moved to its present location, and the land was di- 
vided into house lots. Payne Street was laid out, and all the land 
was sold. A number of the substantial farmers of the South 
Parish, Abner Day, Josiah Brown, Ephraim Brown, Joseph Brown 
Jr., Joshua Giddings, John B. Brown, Winthrop Boardman, and 
Aaron Kinsman Jr., 1 secured a lot on the southwest corner of 
Payne Street, and built a row of horse sheds for Sunday shelter, 
in place of an older row opposite the Gushing house. The school- 
house continued to be used until 1874. Thus the interests of edu- 
cation and of religion were long subserved by this two-acre lot. 

How the unknown Samuel Heifer came into possession of this 
land is not recorded ; but in a schedule of his estate, which the 
, Deputy Governor Samuel Symonds filed with the officials of the 
town, there is indubitable allusion to it in the item : 

' a parcel of ground, containing one and a half acres, abutting 
on the P>ast side thereof upon the lower end of Mr. W m Hubbard's 
close before his town-house, and the rest of the said parcel is sur- 
rounded with highways, which said parcel was part of Mr. John 
Winthrop's six acre lot there, granted him by the freemen of the 
Town " — granted by Winthrop to Symonds by deed date Oct. 24, 

This deed perforins double service. It connects this location with 
Winthrop and Symonds, and reveals that Mr. William Hubbard 
owned and occupied as his town residence the adjoining prop- 
erty, now owned by Mr. Gustavus Kinsman. No other allusion 

* Essex 'o. Records, 2S1 : 213. 

- Ipswich Deeds, 1 :45. Pub. ot' Ilistor. Society, v : 65. 



to this estate occurs until 1674, June 3d, when an Indenture was 
made between Rev. Win. Hubbard and John Richards, a merchant 
of Boston, of his dwelling house and homestead, and Other lands. 1 
This was followed by a mortgage deed of Mr. Hubbard to Rich- 
ards, as agent for Major Robert Tompson of London, in 1677, a 
and by a deed of sale, dated March o, 1684, to the same -party, 
of his u Messuage or Tenement • ■ ■ with the Orchard, Garden 
and pasture behind the same, and Cornefield before the same, con- 
tayneing by Estimation Heaven acres, with other lands," for £480. 

A century later, June 16, 1788, Robert Thompson of Elsham, 
■Great Britain, sold Mr. John Heard, " eight acres, adjoining land 
belonging to the Grammar School, beginning at the East corner 
by the road leading to Capt. Jabez Tread well's, then by the road 
leading to Isaac Burnham's, thence back in the same to the land 
first described." 3 

Mary, the daughter of John Heard, sold to Augustine Heard 
an undivided half of the land, with a barn, called the " Pinckin 
close " containing seven acres, 4 and Augustine Heard sold the lot 
u commonly called the Pynchem lot," to Ebenezer Caldwell on 
Nov. 1, 1851. 5 Captain Caldwell erected the spacious buildings, 
and. at the decease of his widow, the estate was sold to Mr. Gus- 
tavus Kinsman. 

This fine property, still substantially of the same size as the 
original grant, derives intense interest from the Hubbard owner- 
ship. Mr. William Hubbard was a citizen of the finest character. 
His son, William, was a member of the first class which was grad- 
uated from Harvard College, in 1642. Entering the ministry, he 
w r as invited to become colleague with Mr. Cobbet, the Pastor of 
the Church, in 1656. He married Margaret, the daughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel Rogers, took up his abode in the homestead, and in due 
time became its owner. He continued in the ministry until 1703, 
when infirmity compelled his retirement, and he died the following 
year, aged eighty-three. He attained especial eminence as an 
historian, and his History of New England, for which the Legis- 
lature voted him £f>0, was subsequently published, and is still a 
work of recognized value. But his financial troubles are best re- 

He had no thrift in the handling of his affairs, and was contin- 

1 Ipswich Deeds, 1:10. s Essex Co. Deeds, 140: 20fi. 

2 Ipswich Deeds, 4 :1S2. 4 Essex Co. Deeds, 329: J.i: 1 .. 

« Essex Co. Deeds, 4:>2:104. 



ually beset by his creditors. His misfortunes culminated, as ire 
have seen, in the loss of his paternal estate. Felt says that be 
resided on Turkey Shore. It is known that he married the widow 
Peirce for a second wife, and her house was probably on the site 
of the present residence of Mrs. Henry Lake man, as an old cellar. 
which was probably the Peirce cellar, was discovered when this 
was built. 80 the old minister may have left his sightly location, 
with its waving cornfield before the house, and the orchard behind, 
and spent his last years in the humbler abode by the river side. 

Singularly enough the Hubbard homestead was known many 
years ago as the " Pinchon close," and his pasture in Old Eng- 
land is alluded to as the " Pinchon Pasture." The origin of this 
title is unknown, but it may have come from John Pynchon of 
Springfield, who married Margaret, daughter of Mr. Hubbard, and 
granddaughter of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers. 

One grotesque remembrance of Mr. Hubbard, in his better 
days, is revealed by the Records of the old Ipswich Court. The 
good man seems to have been the prey of his servants and their 
friends, but their peculations came at last to naught. On the 25th 
March, 1673, they were brought to the bar of the Court. Peter 
Leycross, Jonas Gregory and Symon Wood, "for stealing and use- 
ing five gallons of wine from Mr. Hubbard's," were judged to pay 
him £5. Peter Leycross and Symon Wood were also arraigned 
for stealing one gallon of wine from Mr. Plubbard, and Peter 
Leycross, again, for stealing three quarts. Peter and Jonas were 
also convicted of stealing a sheep and selling it, and Jonas alone 
was called to account for ki a fatt weather " stolen from the minis- 
ter's flock. These were all sentenced to be whipped unless they 
•paid their fines. Nathaniel Kmerson and Richard Pasmere were 
convicted of being at Jonas Gregory's, and having part in the 
revels over the stolen Wine. 

Poor Mr. Hubbard was little profited by these sentences, for 
Peter was his own servant, and on the 5th of May, in the follow- 
ing year, the Court ordered, 

u Whereas, Mr. William Hubbard hath disbursed £8 for his 
servant Peter Laycross, in satisfaction of the sentence of Court 
for his thefts," it is ordered that said Peter shall serve him two 
years for it after his time is out. 

The other side of our old road is of less interest. The corner 
was occupied in 1828 by a hipped-roof store kept by one Wade 



Cogswell, who sold to Mr. David Giddings, 1 who in his turn en- 
larged the store and made it serve as store and dwelling. The 
land was part of the estate of Dr. Nathaniel Cogswell of Rowley, 
who was grandson of Jonathan Wade, and inherited much land 
in this vicinity from him. Samuel Wade was the owner of all the 
land from the Wade-Cogswell corner to the Burnham estate, as I 
am informed by an old resident, and he received it by inheritance 
I presume. The brothers, Jonathan and Thomas Wade, two cen- 
turies ago, seem to have owned nearly the whole tract from the 
Argilla road to the other road to Chebacco, known now as Essex 
road . 


The sightly residence ofMr.Moritz B. Phillipp crowns the bluff 
eminence known in Mr. Hubbard's day and from the earliest times 
as Rocky Hill. The earliest name perhaps, that is associated with 
this hill, is that of Humphrey Griffin. He was a man of humble 
birth seemingly, and with small store of worldly goods, when he 
knocked at the door of the little settlement. He found little favor, 
as the matter of his coming was debated in the town meeting in 
1639, and the result was, ,w the Town doth refuse to receive Hum- 
phrey Griffin as an Inhabitant, to provide for him as inhabitants 
formerly received, the Town being full." Nevertheless Griffin 
macle his home here, and built his first dwelling on the summit of 
the hill, I surmise, near the house occupied by Mr. Albert Jodrey, 
where sundry remains of an old dwelling have been turned up by 
the plough. He prospered at his trade as a butcher, and bought 
Mr. Denison's house near the House of the Historical Society, but 
he was often the victim of contrary circumstances. In 1647, the 
Grand Jury list reveals the infelicity of his married life. 

" We present Widdow Andrews . . for cursing and reviling her 
son-in-law Humphrey Griffin." 

"We present Humphrey Griffin for reviling his wive's mother. *' 

He was so indiscreet as to work on the Sabbath and he was sen- 
tenced to pay a fine of ten shillings for unloading barley on the 
Sabbath day, before sunset, in the year 1657 ; and so unfortunate 
as to be fined another ten shillings, the next year, for his daugh- 
ter's violation of the law in wearing a silk scarf. Our sympathies 
are roused for the self-made man, and we are glad to learn that 

» Essex Co. Deeds, 259: 229. 


he eventually owned some fifty acres on Heart-break as well as his 
modest homestead on Rocky Hill. One Simon Tompson, a rope- 
maker, bought Griffin's house and land, three acres more or less, 
and sold it to his son-in-law, Abraham Fitt, 1 whom he had per- 
suaded to leave his home in Salisbury and settle here, in August 
1658. It was inherited by Abraham Fitts's son, Abraham, and later 
by William Baker, son-in-law of Abraham, second of the name, 
who sold it to Francis Crompton, the inn keeper, 2 Mar. 20, 1711. 

Crompton's heirs sold to John Fitts, leather dresser, and Jabez 
Treadwell, cooper, in 1741, 3 and it continued in the Tread well 
family for several generations. The remainder of the rugged hill 
belonged, for the most part, to generations of Fullers, who owned 
it for many years. The slopes which are filled with rocky ledges 
remained a part of the Common-lands until 1755, when it was 
sold to Jabez Treadwell, Ebenezer Fuller and Samuel Lakeman, 
one of the heirs of James Fuller, who received an acre apiece. 4 

The gently sloping field below the ledges, bordering on Wood's 
Lane, as the way to Old England was called, and the road now 
Rocky Hill Road, M r as sold by the administrators of Samuel Lake- 
mau to Ephraim Fellows, in 1S1 1 , 5 and it included the acre bought 
from the Committee of Proprietors of Common-lands and 6/7 part 
of the house lot formerly James Fuller's adjoining. Mention is 
made in the deed of this committee to Samuel Lakeman of the 
clay pits, " reserving liberty to the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Ipswich always to dig clay at the end of the Hill." Nathaniel 
Fuller sold James Fuller Junior, his title in a dwelling house and 
land, which came to Nathaniel by the death of his brother Thomas, 
on the hill called Rocky Hill, in 1699. G An old cellar was remem- 
bered by the late Ephraim Fellows near the well in the corner, 
which probably belonged to the James Fuller house. John Fuller 
seems to have been living in the vicinity of Mr. J. Howard Burn- 
ham's residence in 1658 7 . His son James sold his interest in his 
father's house and land to his brothers Thomas and Joseph, 1679. 8 
Ebenezer Fuller sold five acres with the buildings to Isaac Burn- 
ham in 1768. 9 Later it was owned by Aaron Burnham and Theo- 
dore Andrews. 

1 Ipswieh Deeds, 1. 6 Essex Co. Deeds, 206: 9fi. 

- Essex Co. Deeds, '25: 82. * Essex Co. Deeds, 17: 119. 

8 Essex Co. Deeds, 83: 11. 7 Ipswieh Deeds, 1 : 568. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, 119: 136. 8 Ipswieh Deeds, 5: 82. 

a Essex Co. Deeds, 151 : 253. 





A little beyond Rocky Hill the majestic slope of Heart Break 
confronts. us, smooth and symmetrical, in striking contrast with 
the rugged sides of its lesser neighbor, and capable of being used 
as tillage ground to its very summit. This broad domain Was 
carefully apportioned by the town into tillage lots Of moderate size 
and granted to the settlers. This was in accordance with the policy 
of the times, which refused any large grants near the village to 
individuals, and divided the large areas on Town Hill, Sagamore 
and Heart Break among a large number of citizens. The reason 
of this preference of hillside lands to level and more easily culti- 
vated fields, may be found in part in Captain John Smith's re- 
mark, incidental to his visit to Agawam in 1614. 

" Here are many rising hills, and on their tops and descents are 
many corne fields and delightful! groves." 1 

The settlers may have naturally availed themselves of the hill 
clearings made by the Indians. But old-time farmers, within this 
century, had a strong conviction that the best land lay on the hills, 
and refusing the lower levels, they cultivated the high lands at 
great outlay of heavy labor. The original tillers of the soil may 
have had this belief. 

The record of land grants enables us to trace with reasonable 
accuracy the various lots on the sunny southern side of the great 
hill. East of William Fuller, Denison had four acres, and then 
proceeding down the road, were Allen Perlie's four acre-lot, Rob- 
ert Kinsman's six acres, Richard Hatfield's four acres, Humphrey 
Wyeth's six acres and Alexander Knight's four-acre lot, each front- 
ing on the road and running back up and over the crest. Other 
parts of the hill were owned by Jojm Proctor, Thomas Wells, who 
exchanged his six-acre lot with John Seaborne, Mr. Dudley, who 
sold to William White and he to Thomas Tread well as early as 
1638, Mr. John Tuttle, who sold to Reginald Foster in 1638, and 
whose eight acres are described as bounded by a little swamp north 
and south. 

The original grantees seem to have disposed of their holdings at 
an early date. William Fuller removed to Hampton, and sold his 
grant to his brother John. His lot was bounded by the Simon 
Tompson lot on the north and may be identified ^v i t li the location 

1 History of Virginia. 

the old argilla road. 13 

now occupied by Mr. J. Howard Burnham. The bulk of the hill 
came eventually into the bauds of Simon Tompson, who at his 
death bequeathed some fifty acres to his grandchildren, Abraham 
Fitts and Sarah Fitts, wife of William Baker, children of his son 
Abraham. 1 Generations of Fittses continued to own this land. 
Aaron Fitts sold sixteen acres to Nathaniel Heard in 175)4.- A 
portion of this land fronting on the Argilla Road was sold by 
Heard to Jabez Treadwell in 17 ( JG, : * and the remainder to Josiah 
Burnham in 18 2 1. 4 

Treadwell had previously purchased a four-acre lot of Daniel 
Fitts in 1755, on the west of this lot. 5 The heirs of Jabez Tread- 
well sold to Win. Jenyss, in 1807,° and Jenyss sold Robert Baker 
4£ acres called "the old field," and 8 acres called " Fitts Pas- 
ture" in 1809. 7 » The old field" was sold by Baker to Joseph 
Kinsman in 1818, 8 and still remains in the Kinsman family. It is 
directly opposite the residence of Mr. J. Farley Kinsman. John 
Baker, the son of Robert, sold twelve acres to George Haskell, in 
1850, March 9. 9 Mr. Haskell enlarged his domain by five acres, 
bought of Nathan Brown in May, 10 and in 1852 he purchased twelve 
acres of Aaron F. Brown, 11 who had just bought of John Baker. 12 
By this purchase he came to own on all three sides of a six-acre 
lot which Ebenezer Fuller had sold to John Appleton in 1770, 1:! 
the same presumably Daniel Hovey had sold to Joseph Fuller in 
1689. 14 John Appleton bequeathed it to his son John in 1793, 15 and 
in the division of the latter' s estate in 1798, this field fell to his 
daughter Elizabeth Treadwell. 10 She married a Sutton, and Win. 
and Ebenezer Sutton sold it to Mr. Haskell in 1855. 1T On this 
lot Mr. Haskell built his mansion ; but, for many years before he 
made his home here, he had devoted himself enthusiastically to 
fruit culture, especially experimenting with the grape to produce 
if possible a hardy variety that would be valuable for wine. He 
never attained this, but originated several valuable table varieties. 
All his land on this side of the road as we have seen was included 
in the early Simon Tompson estate. 

1 Probate Records, 25 .Tunc, it>75. 9 Essex Co. Deeds, 425 : 193. 

- Essex Co. Deeds, 158 : 270. '° Essex Co. Deeds, 429 : 289. 

:1 Essex Co. Deeds, 172: ll!». " Essex Co. Deeds, 464 : 2i>9. 

•Essex Co. Deeds, 307: 1B8. "Essex Co. Deeds, 45<: 125. 

» Essex Co. Deeds, 110: 119. « Essex Co. Deeds, 127 : 133. 

« Essex Co. Deeds, ISO: 266. M Ipswich Deeds, 5: 3C6. 

7 Essex Co. Deeds, 187 : 80. l5 Probate Records, 863: 110. 

b Essex Co. Deeds, 216: ::03. * 6 Probate Records, 306 : 242. 
17 Essex Co. Deeds, 52S:S7. 




The finely wooded slope, recently purchased of I\J 1 . John Gal- 
braith by Mr. Geo. A. Barnard, was owned previously by Mr. 
Frederic Bray, who bought an orchard l 'so called" about six 
acres in March, 1850, of James Manning of Rockport. 1 It came 
to him from John Manning, who bought in 1841 of John B. Brown, 
Joseph Kinsman and others, . . . 2 and these I presume were the 
heirs of Thomas Bnrnham, in whose family the title had resided 
for generations. The fine open fields beyond the old orchard wen- 
included in the ancient Simon Tompson property, and when that 
estate was divided, they fell to William Baker, who had married 
Sarah Fitts, daughter of Abraham Fitts and grauddaugther of 
Tompson. 3 Baker enlarged his holding April 1, 1697, by the pur- 
chase of a small lot, measuring one and a quarter acres, of Jona- 
than Wade, and it is stated in the deed that it was on the northeast 
side of the highway that separated it from other land of Wade. 4 
Baker sold to Robert Fitts in 1714 "that island of upland and 
meadow, which I bought of Mr. Thos. Wade . . . about one acre," 
also u one half acre out of ye ten acres lying on the side of said 
Island, always reserving a highway sufficient for carting through 
said Island and half acre." 5 

On Nov. 22, 1731, 6 Robert Fitts sold to Abraham Fitts, his half 
part of 56 acres, " in which is included all the land which I and 
my said brother Abraham, bought of our uncle Baker," and the 
land which came " partly by inheritance from father Abraham, 
and partly from Win, Baker." It is specified in this deed that th-e 
sale included " my dwelling house and barn in said premises." 
Fitts sold this house and barn with three-quarters of an acre to 
Jacob Boardman in 1734, 7 and in 1747, Boardman sold to Richard 
•Maiming, gunsmith. 8 

No mention is made of the house and it may have disappeared. 
But the location of this ancient dwelling is undoubtedly preserved 
by the remembered location of an old cellar, near the road, and a 
little way from the barred gateway, which used to be known as 
the iC old cellar bars." The house was built evidently by Robert 
Fitts, a little later than 1714. 

The heirs of Wm. Baker, John Waite, John Baker and others, 
sold their interest in an adjoining nine-acre field to Joseph Abbe 

i Essex Co. Deeds, 425:7. 6 Essex Co. Deeds, '29: 92. 

'Essex Co. Deeds, 331: 6. * Essex Co. Deeds, 5'j: ISO. 


» Essex Co. Deeds, 9: "273, 1693. 7 Essex Co. Deeds 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, 12: 16. 8 Essex Co. Deeds, 88:282. 



in 1744. l Abbe sold to John Appleton in 1748,- who also ac- 
quired an adjoining tract of upland and marsh, bordering on Labor- 
in-vain Creek, in 1753, 3 from Rev. Nathaniel Rogers. This prop- 
erty had passed from father to son, from the first minister of the 
name, and had been in the Rogers family for more than a century. 
At Mr. Appleton's death, he bequeathed to his son William, -'all 
the land I bought of Nathaniel Rogers and Joseph Ashby," 4 
1793. 5 When Wm. Appleton's estate was divided, the Abbe and 
Rogers lot fell to his daughter Mary Bowditch, 1809/' Wm. A. 
Bowditeh and others, heirs of their mother, Mary Bowditch, sold 
k4 Abbey's lot " to Joseph Kinsman in 1834, 7 and his grandson, 
Gustavus Kinsman, has recently sold to Mr. Geo. A. Barnard. 

These prosaic facts may well be supplemented by Celia Thax- 
ter's well-known poem, totally unhistoric, but a very pleasing 
idyll, devised to explain the name. 

In Ipswich town, not far from the sea, 

Rises a hill which the people call 
Heart-break Hill, and its history 

Is an old, old legend known to all. 

It "was a sailor who won the heart 

Of an Indian maiden, lithe and young; 
And she saw him over the sea depart, 

While sweet in her ear his promise rung; 

For lie cried, as he kissed her wet eyes dry, 

" I'll come back, sweet-heart ; keep your faith ! " 

She said, " I will watch while the moons go by." 
Her love was stronger than life or death. 

So this poor dusk Ariadne kept 

Her watch £rom the hill-top rugged and steep ; 
Slowly the empty moments crept 

While she studied the changing face of the deep, 

Fastening her eyes on every speck 

That crossed the ocean within her ken; 
Might not her lover be walking the deck, 

Surely and swiftly returning again? 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, £9: 129. 4 Error for Abbe. 

5 Essex Co. Deeds, 93: 30. 6 Probate Records, 36:?: 110. 

3 Essex Co. Deeds, 93: 151. 6 Probate Records, 37-3: 101; 37S: 181. 

7 Essex Co. Deeds, 280: 32. 


The Isles of Shoals, loomed lonely and dim, 
In the north-east distance far and gray, 

And on the horizon s uttermost rim 
The low rock heap of Boone Island lay. 


Oh, but the weary, merciless days, 
With the sun above, with the sea afar, 

No change in her fixed and wistful gaze, 
From the morning red to the evening star ! 

Like a slender statue carved of stone, 
She sat, with hardly motion or breath, 

She wept no tears and she made no moan, 
But her love was stronger than life or death. 

He never came back! Yet, faithful still, 
She watched from the hill-top her life away, 

And the townsfolk christened it Heart-break Hill, 
And it bears the name to this very day. 


Mention is made in the deed of Bowditeh to Kinsman in 1S34 
of the Bath Spring. This is still seen by the roadside, though I 
have been told by an old resident that in early days it bubbled up 
near the center of the present highway, and that it was led by a 
pipe to its present location. The name Bath Spring is interesting 
as connecting it with other well-known springs or wells. The first 
thus specified is mentioned in a deed by Matthias Button to 
Thomas Wells in 1644, of twelve acres upland and meadow, which 
alludes to Goodman Ilovey's Island and " the spring well that 
is in" this Island. 1 A later deed of the u Startf ord Farm and 
Ilovey's Island or Bath Island," from Beamsley Perkins to Thomas 
Choate, makes exception of "the Bath and house thereon, situate 
in said Bath Island with liberty to re-edify the house over the bath 
or build another of same dimensions, which is reserved." July, 
1719. 2 

A well, now filled to the curb, may still be found there, but as 
no evidence of any dwelling is found, it perplexes us to know why 
such value should have attached to the water of this spring or well, 
that it was housed in, and reserved by the owner, when he sold all 
the adjoining land. A second spring, highly valued as a bath, is still 

i Ipswich Deeds, 1 : 435. 2 F^sex Co. Deeds, 37: 28. 



-- - 


covered by the brick building on Spring Street, and is used by the 
County for a source of water supply for the House of Correction. 
In 1772, Dr. Berry petitioned the town in regard to it as follows : 

U A petition of Doctor Thomas Berry, shewing as it has been 
found by Experience that a cold bath is of great service to man- 
kind, and there being a suitable and convenient place to erect one 
at the upper end of the spring in Hogg Lane so called, nigli the 
house of John Grow, praying that the town would please to make 
a grant to him and his heirs of twenty feet of ground, below the 
bank at the foot of the upper spring, to erect an edifice for the use 
aforesaid, the Town reserving to themselves the whole benefit of 
the Lower great Spring which is no ways to be diverted." 1 

This was granted, and the bath house was probably erected, 
but whether, for his family alone or for public use is not declared. 
I incline to believe that the name Bath Spring, still attaching to 
this spot, indicates that it may have been enclosed in a similar 
structure' for this purpose, and it may have been of special value 
to Robert Fitts and the other dwellers in the house that once stood 
near it. 


Retracing our steps to the dwellings and farms on the southern 
side of our old highway, we consider first of all the ancient 
dwelling, once picturesque with great chimney stack and project- 
ing second story, now through remodelling, prosaic and common- 
place in outward appearance. It used to be said that John Win- 
throp owned the land and built the house, but records and deeds 
are stubborn witnesses, and their testimony is invariably against 
this tradition. The Town Record, under the year 1635, inform* 
us that a grant had been made to George Giddings of " one hun- 
dred acres of Land at Chebocky" (now the town of Essex), and 
tc likewise about sixteen acres of meaddow and upland, havinge 
the highway to Cheboky on the north-east," and a house lot as 
well on the south side of the river. This very ambiguous location 
becomes more definite when we find in the deed of sale 9 from 

Giddings to Thomas Burnam of " my dwelling house wherein said 
Thomas now dwelleth and twelve acres of land, bounded by the land of 
Mr. Jonathan Wade toward the North, and land of Mr. Nathaniel Kogers 
toward the West and South, the Highway leading to Chebacco, East." 
June 3, 1667. 

1 Town Records. a Essex Deeds, 1 : 217. 


The Rogers land may be identified with the meadow on the turn 
of the road, between the Ordway property and the land about the 
old house, which continued in that family for several generations. 
The Burnham title continued through generations of sons bearing 
the good old names of Thomas, Isaac, Aaron, Josiah, and one of 
finer parts, Doctor Joshua, down to the year when Mrs. Sally, 
widow of the last Josiah, sold it to the present owner. It would 
appear from the deed that Burnham was living on this spot at the 
time, and it might be thought possible that the present well-pre- 
served building is the original house. But the style of the house 
in its original form and its general appearance, led Dr. Lyon of 
Hartford, an expert in olden architecture, to locate it about the 
beginning of the next century. 

George Giddings, it is believed, came over the ocean in the ship 
Planter, and an old shipping document 1 is of interest. 

2 April, 1C35. 

Theis underwritten are to be transported to New England, imbarqued 

in the Planter, Nicholas Frarice, M r bound thither, the parties have 

brought certificates from the Minister of St. Albans in Hertfordshire, 

and attestacon from the Justices of peace according to the Lord's order. 

George Giddins, husbandman, 25 years. 
Jane Giddins, 20 years. 

Thomas Carter 25 j 

Michael Willinson 30 > Servants of George Giddins. 

Elizabeth Morrison 12 J 

People of the poorer sort frequently bound themselves to ser- 
vice in the families of well-to-do emigrants, and thus secured free 
transportation to the New World. Michael Williamson, whom we 
may identify with Michael Willinson, above, accompanied Mr. 
Giddings to this town, and received a grant of land on Heart] 
"break, and another on Sagamore Hill. 

We have remarked on the early residence of the Fullers on the 
•other side of the road. On the occasion of a dispute as to the 
bounds of the highway, old William Fuller was summoned as a 
witness. His testimony is explicit, and suggestive of neighbor- 
hood bitternesses of the period. 

» Dec. 13, 1681. William Fuller, seventy-three years of age of 
Hampton, testified that about forty-one years ago, the highway to 

i From "Our Early Emigrant Ancestors," edited by John C. Holten quoted in "The 
Olddlngs Family." 



Chebbacco was laid out by the lot-layers, and myself being pres- 
ent, four rods wide between my four acre lot at the West end of 
Heart-break Hill, between my lot and Goodman Giddinge bouse 
lot which is now Ensign Burnham's or which was when I was last 
in Ipswich. I was displeased they took so much. I sold to my 
brother John." 

John Fuller, son of William, testified to the same effect, and 
added that there was no land inclosed between his father and 
Goodman Burnham's. He was thirty-eight years old. 

lee's meadow. 

Boundary lines were fixed by blaze marks on trees, by stakes 
and small heaps of stones, and such convenient natural objects as 
brooks and water-courses. As an inevitable result, boundaries 
were always in dispute, and committees on encroachment on the 
public domain found ample ground for their existence. The road 
to Chebacco was four rods wide by the location of the lot layers, 
but practically it was only a narrow winding wheel- rut, with no 
fence or wall to mark its course. This superfluous width was 
turned to good advantage by the thrifty town's folk. On Feb. 10, 
1640/1, the Town voted that '* the hay upon Chebacco waye to- 
ward Labour-in-vain Creek be granted to John Lee this year only," 

"the land itself being settled for a highway, the Town 
intending that by like grant, he shall enjoy it, he giving 
no cause to the contrary, it remaining in Town's hand 
to give or not to give." 

Having thus affirmed that John Lee shall have no ground for 
any possible future claim to ownership of this four rod strip be- 
cause of his privileges therein, the town proceeded most com- 
placently, and with much of serene satisfaction with this novel 
scheme for highway repair, to vote that the highway to Chebacco 
beneath Heart-break Hill " shall forever be repayred by the 
benefit of the grass yearly growing upon the same." Evidently 
John Lee paid due heed to keeping the highway in usable condi- 
tion, presumably finding the arrangement profitable, for the town 
voted repeatedly that he should enjoy all the profits of the high- 
way and "all the common ground lyeing at the foot of Heart-break 
Hill," maintaining the highway from Rocky Hill to William Lamp- 
son's lot " and if there be any ground that may conveniently be 



planted lie hath liberty to plant it and secure it for himself be al- 
ways leaving a sufficient highway for carting and drift." 

He continued his care of the way ten years at least, as the vote 
of Oct. 31, 1G50, ordering the surveyors to repair the highways 
leading to Chebacco and to Castle Neck, makes exception of "that 
part of the highway that John Leigh hath undertaken." No one 
could do this work at greater advantage. His dwelling was on 
the Turkey Shore road, on the site of the houses lately built by 
the Atkinson Brothers, 1 and he owned the broad stretch of meadow 
on the south side of the old road, still known by the older people 
as " Lee's meadow," stretching from Low's lane, now Heart Break 
Road, or thereabout, toward the Galbraith farm, and a small tract 
of upland on the hillside. 

In March, 1654, " being about seventy years old," Lee was 
released from ordinary training, but he lived until 1671. His in- 
ventory recorded that year mentions a 

" pasture by the gate by Sergeant Burnam's, £20-0-0." 

Further allusion to that gate is found in the Ipswich Court Record, 
which has preserved to his posterity that Joseph Lee, son of John, 
was summoned before the Court in 3 681, 

" for cumbering the gate at Kocky Hill near Ensign Bantam's." 

We may dismiss so trifling an offence forthwith, but the allusion 
to the gate is an item of interest. The natural inference is that 
he obstructed some gate through which there was a public way and 
we may venture a step farther and imagine that this was a gate 
or place of passing through the " common fence " as it was called, 
which encircled the town. 

As early as 1637, it was voted that " a general fence shall be 
made from the end of the Town to Egypt River, also from the 
east end of the Town, in the way to Jeffries Neck," and liberty 
was granted to fell any trees that may be needed for this purpose. 

It was provided in 1639 that, " in all common passages, and in 
such ways as lead to particular men's lands, sufficient gates shall 
be set up at the charge of those benefitted." A general or common 
fence of this kind, crossed the Old England road, as appears from 
a division of land between Leigh's sons, passed over Heart-break 

1 The author of "The Descendants of John Lee of Agawam," p. SO, is in error in 
locating his residence on the Heart-break Hill land. 



Hill and came down over the Chebaeco way, thence across the fields, 
over County Road near the brook and on to the river. Its location 
was not quite agreeable to Thomas Burnam and John Fuller, and 
they presumed to move it, whereupon the Town sternly ordered, in 
the year 1650, that they should "remove that part of the Common 
fence at the entering of the field at Heart-break Hill, to the place 
where it stood before." 

The Lee or Leigh ownership lends a piquant flavor to this ancient 
meadow. In his young manhood, he was of a turbulent and unruly 
temper. In The Mass. Colonial Records, we find " April 1 st , 1634. 
It is ordered that John Lee shall be whipt and ffined for calling 
Mr. Ludlowe false-hearted knave, & hard heart knave, heavy 
friend &c." 

His vicious tongue and unseemly behavior involved him in fresh 
difficulties with the magistrates. In October of the same year, 
'* It was ordered that 

" John Lee shall be fined XL S for speaking rpclif ully of 
the Gov'r, saying he was but a lawyers clerke, & what 
understanding had hee more than hiniselfe ; also taxing 
the court for makeing laws to pticke mens purses, as 
also for abuseing a mayde of the Gov'rs, pretending love 
in the way of marriage when himself professes he had 
none." 1 

Neither Judge nor Governor was safe from his revilings, and 
his humbler neighbor fared even worse at his hands. In 1641, 
■" .John Lee of Ipswich was accused of stealing the widow Hatfield's 
bible : was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to pay the widow 15 s 
for her bible, and 10^ for lying about it." He was fined for rail- 
ing speeches in May, 1660, and in March, 1665, he was fined for 
■contempt by non-appearance at Court ; and in his old age, in 
March 27, 1667, he was "brought before court to answer for 
working in his swamp on Sunday, but brought witnesses to prove 
he was putting out a fire, and so was discharged." 

We may well fear that many a by-passer felt the sting of his 
tongue, and that his neighbors found him a sad trial, but the re- 
membrance of his waywardness is mellowed with time, and he still 
remains a picturesque figure in the broad meadow. 

Thomas Burnham enlarged his property by the purchase of a ten 
4icre lot, of John Emery of Newburyport (which was sometime 

1 Masa. Col. Record, Oct. 1634. 



John Webster's), bounded by Leigh's land on the east, and hU 
own west, with land of John Fuller between it and the highway, 
in 1653 (Jan. 13), » and three acres of William Fuller which 

lay between his own land and that of John Lee, lately deceased 
when the deed was drawn in 1671, 2 and at his death owned about 
twenty-five acres, 3 which was divided between his sons James 
and Thomas, the latter receiving the house and land adjoining. 4 

John Lee left two sons, as well, John and Joseph. John sold 
his brother all his interest in the lands owned by their father. 
He had previously bought three acres of William Fuller, adjoin- 
ing Thomas Burnham's. lie removed to Concord, and sold thirty 
acres of meadow and upland to Major Francis Wainwright, Dec. 
24. 1695. 6 At this time is evident that there was no highway 
leaving the Argilla road where the present Lowe's lane or Heart 
Break Road is, but the Burnhams aud Lees owned the whole tract 

The first mention of this lane at this northern end occurs in the 
deed of Samuel Kinsman to George Creighton of Gloucester, of the 
dwelling, house, barn and four acres of land, the property now 
owned and occupied by Mr. J. Farley Kinsman, on July 14, 1777. 7 
Samuel was the son of John Kinsman, who bought much of the 
estate of James Burnham, who received it from his father. James. 
Creighton sold to Michael Kinsman, April 21, 1795, 8 and his heirs 
sold to Joseph Kinsman, grandfather of the present owner, Jan. 
31, 1821. 9 The old barn by the roadside bears the date 1822, 
and was built, evidently, in the year following his purchase. The 
present house w T as built near the same date. Joseph Kinsman 
enlarged his modest property in 1835, by purchasing the six acre 
field on the corner of the lane of Geo. W. Heard. It is called 
"Lee's Meadow" in the deed, 10 which further recites that the east- 
ern bound is on land formerly of Nathaniel Cogswell. 

Nineteen acres of the original Lee's Meadow were owned by 
Jonathan Wade at his death about 1749. 11 His grandson. Dr. 
Nathaniel Cogswell of Rowley, inherited most of his estate, and 
his son, Northend Cogswell, of South Berwick, sold the meadow, 

i Essex Co. Deeds, 5: 11. • Essex Co. Deeds, 2: 51. 

2 Ipswich Deeds, IV. 7 Essex Co. Deeds, 144: '210. 

3 Essex Co. Deeds, 9 : 166. • Essex Co. Deeds, 159 :161. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, 9:161,165, 16S, Nov. 28, 1693. ■ Essex Co. Deeds, 227 : 24. 

* Ipswich Deeds, i : 495, Sept. 27, 16S1. 10 Essex Co. Deeds, 283 : 27. 

» Probate Record, SU) : 4:15. 


estimated as containing sixteen acres, to John Heard in 1828. 1 
Increase H.Brown, of Marblehead, bought it of Thomas Brown 
and sold it to George Haskell in 1854.- 


The farm, now owned and occupied by Mr. John Galbraith, was 
owned by Mr. Frederic Bray, and previously by Dr. John Man- 
ning, who bought twenty-five acres here of Dr. Joseph Manning 
of Salem, in 1834, 3 and erected the buildings. The deed recites 
that it was part of the estate of John Appleton, deceased. John 
Appleton acquired some thirty acres by a succession of small pur- 
chases from John Boardmau, Jacob Boardman, John Kinsman and 
Natk. Cogswell, and it is specified in several of the transfers that 
the lots were part of the "forty acres so called," a designation 
which is still remembered by the old people. 

Samuel Rogers, son of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, received as 
part of his share of the parental estate, "forty acres, adjoining 
Mr. Wade, Mr. Saltinstall and Joseph Lee, 1684, " 4 I think this is 
the same property, as Mr. Wade owned the land on the east in 
1G97, 3 and Mr. Nathaniel Rogers owned laud immediately oppo- 
site. Mr. Rogers was probably the original owner. 


The laud and marsh on the east side of the Labour-in-vain Creek, 
extending as far as the road known as the "North gate road," 
were John Winthrop's three hundred acre farm, granted him in 
1C34. His title to the farm was beyond dispute and it redounds 
to his credit that he subsequently made terms with the Indian saga- 
more, whose dominions had been invaded by the I^uglish. The 
original document, by which the Indian transferred the land to 
Winthrop is reproduced in a Sketch of John Winthropthe Younger. 6 

" This doth testify that I Maskonomet did give to M r John 
Winthrop all that ground that is betweene the creeke comoly called 
Labour in Vaine creeke & the creeke called Chybacko Creeke, for 
w ch I doe acknowledge to have received full satisfaction in warn- 
pampeage & other things : and 1 doe heerby also for the sume of 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, 274 : 99. * Ipswich Deeds. 5: 14G. 

- Essex Co. Deeds, 490: 94. 8 Essex Co. Deeds, 12: 1G. 

• Ehsex Co. Deeds, 189:14. c Publications of Ipswich Histor. Society, vil. 


twenty pounds to be paid unto me by the said .John Winthrop, I 
doe fully resigne up all my right of the whole towne of Ipe* 
farre as the bounds thereof shall goe, all the woods, meadowes, 
pastures & broken up grounds, unto the said John Winthro] 

the name of the rest of the English there planted, and 1 doe bind 
my selfe to make it cleere from the claimes of any other Indians 

Maskonomett — his marke 
Witnesses to this : 
Gyles Ffyrm in 
Adam Winthrop 
Hugh Billiard 

his marke 
Deane Winthrop 

A subsequent deed dated 28 June, 1638, states that the money 
Lad been paid. In 1637, he conveyed it to Samuel Symonds, 
who became Deputy-Governor of the Colony, and was an eminent 
Judge and man of affairs. When Mr. Symonds bought it there 
were no buildings, and his first care was to erect a house for him- 
self. He gave such minute directions to Mr. Winthrop. who as- 
sumed charge of the building, and tiie letter is so characteristic 
of the man and the times, that 1 append a considerable portion 
of it. 

To John Winthrop Jr. 

To the Right Worshipfull his much honored brother, John Wenthrop 
of Ipswich, Esqr. Speed this I pray. 
Good Sir: 

I have received your lettre, I thanke you for it, it hath bin my earnest 
desire to have had an oportunityllonge ere this to have bene with you 
agaiiie, but was hindered by the weather .... 

Concerneinge thebargaine that I have made with you for Argilla. my 
wife is well content, & it seems that my father Peter 1 hath imparted it to 
the Governor, who (he tells me) approves of it very well, alsoe soe I hopt- 
I shall now meete with noe rub in that businesse ; but go on comfortablely 
accordeing as I have & daily doe dispose my aliaires for Ipswich. 

Concerneiuge the frame of the howse, I thanke you kindely for your 
love & care to further my busines. I could be well content to leave much 
of the contrivance to your owne liberty vpon what we have talked to- 
gether about it already. 

1 Rev. Hugh Peter of Salem, who married Elizabeth, widow of Edmund Reade, and 
mother of Martha, the second wife of Symonds. 



I am indifcrent whether it be 30 foote or 35 foote longe, 16 or is foote 
broade. I would have wood chimnyes at each end, the frames of the 
chimnyes to be stronger then ordinary to beare good heavy load of clay 
for security against fire. You may let the chiranyes be all the breadth of 
the howse if you thinke good; the 2 lower dores to be in the middle of 
the howse one opposite to the other. Be sure that all the dorewaiea in 
every place be soe high that any man may goe vpright under. The staiers 
I thinke had best be placed close by the dore. It makes no great matter 
though there be noeparticion vpon the first floore; if there be, make one 
faiger then the other. For windowes let them not be over large in any 
rooine, & as few as conveniently may be: let all have current shutting 
<iraw-windowes, having respect both to present & future vse. 

I think to make it a girt howse will make it more chargeable then neede : 
however the side bearers for the second story being to be loaden with 
corne etc. must not be pinned on, but rather eyther sett into the studds 
or borne vp with false studds & soe tenanted in at the ends. I leave it to 
you and the carpenters. In this story over the first, I would have a 
particion, whether in the middest or over the particion vnder, I leave it. 
In the garrctt no particion but let there be one or two lucome windowes, 
if two both on one side. I desire to have the sparrs reach downe pretty 
•deep at the eves to preserve the walls the better from the wether. I 
would have it sellered all over, and soe the frame of the howse accorde- 
ingly from the bottom. I would have the howse stronge in timber 
though plaine and well brased. I would have it covered with very good 
oake-hart inch board, for the present to be tacked on onely for the pres- 
ent, as you tould me. Let the frame begin from the bottom of the seller, 
& soe in the ordinary way upright for I can hereafter (to save the tim- 
ber within grounde) run vp a thin brick work without. I think it best 
to have the walls without to be all clap boarded besides the clay walls. 
It were not arnisse to leave a doreway or two. within the seller, that soe 
hereafter one may make comings in from without, & let them be both 
• vpon that side which the lucome window or windows be. I desire to 
have the howse in your bargaineing to be as compleatly mentioned in 
particulars as may be, at least so far as you bargaine for, & as speedily 
done alsoe as you can. I thinke it not best to have too much timber felled 
near the ho%vse place westward etc. Here are as many remembrances as 
come to minde. I desire you to be in my stead herein, & what euer you 
doe shall please me. 

I desire you would talke with Mr. Boreman & with his helpe buy for 
rae a matter of 40 bushells of good Indian corne of him or of some hon- 
est man to be paidd for now in ready money & to be deliuered at any time 
in the sumer as I please to vse it. I would deale with such a man as will 
not repent if corne rise, as I will not if it fall. Thus acknowledging my 
bouldness, I desire to present our respectfull love to you, my sister, & 
your little one, not forgetting my daughter, I cease, committing you to 
him that is mercy & wisdome it selfe & soe rest. 

Yours— ever 

S. Svmonds. 



A lengthy postscript is appended which is omitted here. The 
letter bears no date, but was written, evidently, soon a Iter tl,, 
purchase of the Atgilla farm, as it was called even in Wiuthrop'a 
time, sometime before the spring of 1G38. 1 Its quaint and labored 
phrasing does not obscure the meaning. We can see the Btoul 
farm house, with its overhanging eaves, and small oblong win- 
dows, with clapboarded sides, and roof of inch oak boards, and 
huge chimneys, one at either end, built with wooden splints well 
daubed with clay, standing in a clearing, which is bounded by 
the natural forest on the west, only a little way from the door. 
Exceptional interest attaches to his remark about " the side bear- 
ers " as he expresses it, being '• let in to the studs " or supported 
with extra studs, and not simply pinned on to the studs. This is 
precisely the style of architecture of the ancient Whipple House, 
lately restored by the Historical Society, in the most ancient part, 
which has proved a puzzle to architects, who have examined it. 
The studs reach from sill to plate and the girths are let in to the 
studs on the inner side and pinned to them. This may indicate 
that this portion of the house may have been built not far from 
the time of the Argilla farm house. . 

It indicates as well that the earliest houses had two chimneys, 
which is confirmed by other incidental allusions 1 have seen, with 
regard to other houses, and that the single chimney-stack of huge 
proportions was probably resorted to, when building could be done 
with more leisure and greater facility. In this case, however, 
bricks are alluded to, and they were evidently in use at this early 

Here, in the wilderness, sat this lonely farm house, the only 
dwelling probably in this whole region. Its exact site is uncer- 
tain. An ancient cellar is known to have been located on a knoll 
beyond the causeway, southeast of the present house, and several 
hundred feet away. Another house once stood a little to the east 
of the present dwelling. But this was of later date. 

Here the good magistrate and Deputy Governor spent many 
restful days, when he could escape the burdensome toil of his offi- 
cial life. He had a town house with three acres of land, where 
the old Seminary building and adjoining residences stand to-day ; 
but he loved his farm and farm life, as his letter reveals. There 
were times when Indian assault was feared, and in October 1675, 

i The origin of the name, Argilla, is unknown. Gradually it was extended to the 
whole vieiuity, and the road has been called by tiie same name for generations. 




the General Court voted that a guard of two soldiers should be 
stationed here at public expense, to guard his house, because it 
was so remote from neighbors, and he was so much in the coun- 
try's service. 

In his old age, the Deputy Governor sold a piece of his farm to 
Edward Bragg. The deed ! was drawn, April 21, 1C7G, and de- 
scribes a nine-acre lot, with a barn and other buildings, which 
4k abutteth toward the east and South upon my farmc called Ar- 
gilla, & upon Mr. Kaltonstall's meadow toward the East, upon the 
ground of Mr. Samuel Rogers toward the North, and upon the 
ground of the sayd Mr. Rogers and of the said Edward Bragg 
toward the West." Also k ' all that parcel of land (four acres and 
a half) lying between the farme of the sayd Samuell t and the pres- 
ent common ground of Ipswich, y l abutteth upon an orchard of 
the sayd Edward Bragg's toward the north and upon part of my 
farm towards the South ; and it is the full meaning of both parties 
that the'way leading to and from the farm aforesayd called Argilla 
& my house erected thereupon, through Edward Bragg's yard be 
continued free forever ..... that way is not intended by the 
word free as a common highway for all men, but particularly be- 
longing to Argilla." 

It appears from this that he sold Bragg, land that lay between 
the main farm and the highway, reserving a way to his house 
across it. In old deeds of division of a century ago, frequent 
allusion is made to a lane, then called Caldwell's lane, which was 
forty-five rods from the bridge over the creek. This makes it co- 
incident with an old road, that leaves the road on the west side of 
Mr. Alden Story's residence, and leads over the old causeway to the 
knoll, where the ancient cellar has been filled. In all probability 
this was the way Mr. Symonds reserved, and his house stood over 
this old cellar, on the knoll, beyond the causeway. 

He died on October, 1678, while in Boston, and was buried 
there. He left a widow and sons, Harlakendine and William, and 
six married daughters. The farm was divided among them, but 
in 1695 Thos. Baker of Topsfield, Avho had married Priscilla, one 
of Mr. Symonds' daughters, began to buy from the other heirs. 
A series of these deeds, supplemented with later partitions and 
agreements, and covering a century of the Baker ownership, with 
a multiplicity of signatures and seals, has been preserved, and has 

' Ipswich Deeds, 4 : 39. 



lately been given by Mr. John B. Brown to the Historical Society. 
Baker bought the interest of Symonds Epes, Jan. 10, 1694 5, 
that of Harlakenden Symonds, Feb. 4, 1695-6. The heirs of 
William Symonds gave a quitclaim on July 25, 1717. .John 
Baker, son of Thomas, succeeded to the ownership. Joseph, 
Jacob and Philip Fowler quitclaimed to him, March 2, 1720. 
Timothy Bragg sold seven acres and ninety rods of the land, pre- 
viously within the farm, Feb. 1, 1723-4, and Thomas Berry, 
attorney for the Saltonstall heirs, sold him a tract of upland and 
salt-marsh, abutting on Labour-in-vaiii-Creek, Dec. 12: 1730. 

The whole western portion of the original Argilla farm serine 
thus to have come into the possession of John Baker. Colonel 
Baker died Aug. 1, 1734, aged forty-four, and left the farm to his 
son John. The latter became a man of large influence and great 
public usefulness. He was Town Clerk for many years, one of 
the Committee of Correspondence and Inspection during the Rev- 
olution, Colonel of a regiment, feoffee of the Grammar School, 
and Justice of the Sessions Court, and not least of all, father of 
twelve children. His town residence was the substantial dwelling 
on the Heard property, facing the South Green, now occupied by 
Mr. Charles M. Kelly. 

In the partition of the estate in 1786, the widow received " the 
southwest end of the mansion in town," and two acres near the 
house, k * from the house-block southwest by the street, etc," with 
the southwest end of the house at the farm with 33 rods of land 
bounding on Caldwell's lane four rods and twenty liuks, and other 
lands. John received twenty-five and one half acres in -'the great 
pasture," bounded by " the highway to the Town " and " the high- 
way leading from Cape Ann to Castle Hill," with other lands, in- 
cluding Eagle Nest Island. Allen Baker received fifteen acres 
fronting on the highway, about forty-live rods from Labour-in-vain 
Bridge to Caldwell's lane, with the northeast end of the farm house 
and the new barn, with other land. 

After their mother's death in 1797 John received ' ; one acre at 
the North corner of the close, so called, beginning at the north 
corner of John's new dwelling house," and Allen, the west end of 
the old dwelling house, etc., "with all the privilidges to sd lane 
(Caldwell's) which belong to sd. Argilla farm." The 4i new dwel- 
ling house," of John Baker is now owned and occupied by Mr. 
Alden Story. Allen Baker built the substantial hip-roofed farm 


house near by early in the present century. The Allen Baker 
farm house was purchased by Mr. Kphraim Brown and inherited 
by his son Thomas, whose widow and son own and occupy the his- 
toric spot to-day. 


The next farm in the earliest period was Jonathan Wade's. He 
received a grant in 1 G34 1 of ki two hundred acres at Cheboko, 
haveing Mr. Winthrop's farm on the northwest, Mr. Samuel Dud- 
ley's northeast, and a creeke called Chebacco Creeke on the South- 
east." On April 1, 1654, he made an " indenture" to Henry Ben- 
net of u his farm called and known by the name of said Wade, his 
farm, and given him by ye town of Ipswich." It was bounded 
by land of Mr. Samuel Symonds on the north, the land of Mr. Sal- 
tonstall on the east, and of Mr. Rogers on the west, and a creek 
on the south containing about two hundred acres with houses, etc. 9 

Henry Bennet sold the farm, now called Bennet's farm, to Col. 
John Wainwright for £800 in 1697, March 14. 3 Its bounds are- 
as before except that it is specified that Major Saltiugstall's farm 
is "now in ye tenure of Isaack Fellows," two hundred acres with 
dwelling houses, barns, etc. 

The Wainwrights were of an illustrious family. The first of 
the name, Francis, was a soldier in the Pequot war and afterward 
a wealthy merchant. He bought thirty acres of the John Lee 
grant, as has been mentioned. His son John, who bought the 
Bennet farm, was a prosperous merchant, a colonel of a regiment, 
and justice of the Sessions Court. He died in 170S, in his 60th 
year, and his sons John and Francis received the farm. John at- 
tained wealth, honor and influence. He was representative from 
1720 to 1738, Clerk of the House eight years, and was always a 
conspicuous figure in public affairs. He was Town Clerk, Justice 
and Colonel as his father had been before him. 

In 1753 4 (Feb. 1), Colonel John Wainwright, Mary his wife, 
and his mother, Christian, sold sixty-five acres, "reaching to the 
Great Creek," to Pelatiah Kinsman. In March, 1754, 5 Mr. Kins- 
man bought forty-three acres more, with a dwelling house and 
barn, bounded by John Day's land and Francis Wainwright's. 

1 Town Records. 8 Essex Co. Deeds, 12 : 157. 

* Ipswich Deeds, 1 : 2*28. 4 Essex Co. Deeds, 101 : 28. 

« Essex Co. Deeds, 181 : 25. 


.He extended his domain yet farther in 17G3 l by the purcha 
another tract, "beginning near the North Gate by the road," also 
u a piece of orcharding containing three-quarters of an acn 
bounded at John Day's line, westerly about nine rods, etc," in al 
containing seventy-eight acres. The Wainwrights all had res 
dences on East Street, and their farm properties were occupie 
by their tenants. But Pelatiah Kinsman was a true son of the 
soil, a direct descendant of the famous Quartermaster Robert, 
who figured so grandly with Rev. John Wise and the others in re- 
sisting the Andros tax. His son, Aaron, succeeded and his 
Aaron, hale and hearty, in his 97th year, has lived and toiled all 
his long life on this broad and sightly domain. 


When Jonathan Wade's farm was granted in 1634, the fain: 
that bounded his on the northeast was owned by Mr. Samuel 
Dudley. When he sold to Bennett in 1654, it was owned by 
Richard Saltonstall, though occupied by Isaac and William Fel- 
lows. Mr. Saltonstall was the foremost citizen of his time in 
many respects, of noble birth, of great wealth, of preeminent 
distinction in political affairs, but his residence in our town was 
short and the majority of his best years was spent in England. 
On the occasion of the marriage of his son Nathaniel, then resid- 
ing in Haverhill, with Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John Ward of 
Haverhill, and granddaughter of Rev. Nathaniel Ward of Ips- 
wich, in 1664, he conveyed to his son, with other lands, the farm 
at Chebacco, containing about one hundred and fifty acres. 2 On 
April 6, 1731, 3 Thomas Berry, attorney for the heirs of Nathan- 
iel Saltonstall, sold to Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, the farm commonly 
known as Day's farm, occupied by John Day, in Little Chebacco, 
for £1850. 

Mr. Rogers was the pastor of the Ipswich Church, the son of 
Reverend John Rogers, who was also pastor of the church all his 
life, grandson of Rev. John Rogers, President of Harvard College, 
and great-grandson of the first emigrant, Nathaniel, pastor from 
1638. He turned his bargain to excellent advantage, by dividing 
the original farm into two, making the highway to Castle Hill, the 

i Essex Co. Deeds, 113 : 35. 2 Ipswich Deeds, n. 

s Essex Co. Deeds, 79:203. 




dividing Hue. In earlier times, it is evident that this was only a 
■cartway through the farms, with gates and bars at the dividing 
walls or fences of each farm ; and in the following century, remem- 
brance remains of the great grandmother of the late Manasseh 
Brown going to town from the Argilla Farm, when the road was 
only a dim track through the woods. She used to say that she 
could cover with her apron, the sapling oak, which still survives 
by the Bath Spring, a gnarled and misshapen wreck. Fifty years 
ago the owner of the land it occupied resolved to cut it down, and 
it was saved by an appeal to the County Commissioners to change 
the line of the road to include it in the public domain. 

The eighty-four acre tract on the southeast side of the road with 
the dwelling and barn, the worthy minister sold to John Day, the 
occupant, for £169G-l0s. on April 9, 1733. The deed ] mentions 
a cartway reserved, through the upland, and " the gravelly nole 
near where the school-house now stands." He kept the other part 
nine years and then sold it for £1250, to Stephen Smith, 2 except- 
ing the way from Colonel Denison's farm to the road or way lead- 
ing to Castle Hill. John Day bequeathed his farm to his sons. 
Nathaniel sold his half to Abner, Jr.,. a worthy man, Deacon for 
many years of the South Church, 3 and he deeded 4 to his son John, 
in 1814, one undivided half of three undivided quarters of the 
farm, " that my grandfather purchased of Rev. Nath. Rogers." 
It was owned later by Asa Stone, and is still the property of his 
heirs. The old farm house stood very near the site of the pres- 
ent dwelling. 

denison's farm. 

- The pedigree of the breezy hill top farm, now occupied by Mr. 
Herman H. Story, begins with the grant of 150 acres to Daniel 
Denison, the soldier, -of the town, whose skill in military affairs 
was so great that he became the commander-in-chief of the colo- 
nial forces. His townsmen had such supreme appreciation of his 
value as a leader in the stormy times, when Indian assaults were 
always dreaded, that £24-7s. w r as raised by popular subscription 
annually for many years. A most pretentious man, withal, very 
proud of his dignity as civil magistrate and local aristocrat. 
Record remains of a most unseemly dispute between the pompons 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, 89: 46. s Essex Co. Deeds, 147 : 2S5. 

5 Essex Co. Deeds 107 : 226. 4 Essex Co. Deeds, 204 : 266, June 25, 1814. 


soldier and the gentle Deputy Governor, regarding a boundary 
between their lauds. It culminated in an open quarrel over a load 
of hay, and the common people enjoyed the delectable sight of a 
suit-at-law between the two foremost men, which was settled in a 
kindly grant of the Town to Mr. Symonds to make good what In- 
relinquished to pacify his overbearing neighbor. 

It continued in the Denison family a hundred years and more. 
John Denison sold in 1743 1 (Sept. 21), to Francis Cogswell, Tan- 
ner, " the full two-thirds part of ye farm called Dennison's farm, 
whereon I said Francis now live, containing about one hundred 
and thirty-eight acres — bounded northeast by Jacob Smith's land, 
south by Stephen Smith's land," etc. 

Francis Cogswell bequeathed his wife Elizabeth the use and im- 
provement of one-half his real estate, but gave all his real estate 
to his son Francis.- His inventory 3 includes u a f ustin coat, 4s, pair 
of velvet britches 16s, silver watch 106s, 8d. 

blue jacket, 6s, 8d. 2 wiggs, 5s. 

a negro boy called Cato £3 6 -5s. 4d. 

the schooner Deborah & boat & all appurtenances, £80-0-0-0. 

the old schooner Dolphin & boat & all appurtenances, £66-13-4." 

The stately Francis with wig and watch, blue jacket and velvet 
britches represents one extreme of the social scale. of that day, 
the black slave boy Cato, the other. The old Denison farm con- 
tinues to be occupied by people that interest us, but no figure at- 
tracts us more to-day than the humble chattel, clattering down 
from Town horseback and up through the lane to the hilltop farm. 

The second Francis 4 remembered his wife Elizabeth with 4 'a 
suit of suitable mourning after my decease," and his sons Francis 
and Joseph with his real estate. The third Francis 5 left a wife 
Anstice and' two sons Francis and Joseph, to whom his estate was 
divided in 1793, and Joseph 6 died in 1791, and his half of the es- 
tate continued to his heirs, Ebenezer and Joseph. The brothers, 
Ebenezer and Joseph, succeeded, and Ebenezer's sons Ebenezer 
and Joseph owned and occupied the estate for many years. 


The Denison farm on the hill-top was bounded by Mr. Ward's 

Essex Co. Deeds, SS : 17. * Probate Records, 351 : 645, June 6, 1772. 

» Probate Records, 333 : 440, Feb. 25, 1755. * Probate Records, 362 : 533, June 20, JTs.'.. 
3 Probate Records, 334 : 424. « Probate Records, 361 : 4SS, Pec. 6, 1791. 

r H 


land on the northeast. We may regret that the location is so 
vague, and allusion to it so rare, for Mr. Ward was a grand 
figure in the early days. Rev. Nathaniel Ward, as he is better 
known, was the first Pastor of the struggling church, a man who 
had tasted hardship in common with his Puritan brethren in 
England, who found poverty and sickness and trouble in the new 
life here, but who did grand work in foundation laying for the 
new commonwealth. One very affecting incident iu his history is 
the letter he wrote to John Winthrop, Jr., about the year 1635. 
In the postscript, he writes, 

" I heare Mr. Coddington hath the sale & disposall of 
much provision come in this shipp. I intreate you to do 
so much as to speake to him in my name to reserve some 
meale & malt & what victuals els he thinks meete, till 
our River be open ; our Church will pay him duely for it. 
I am very destitute, I have not above 6 bushells corne 
left & other things answerable." 

I incline to identify the Ward farm with the northern part of 
the Charles Smith or John Lowe farm, though it may be included 
in the farm, known as the Randall Andrews farm. What pathetic 
interest attaches to the land, which was planted and watched with 
anxious care, from early springtime to the glad harvest by the 
poverty-stricken minister, who prayed and toiled that his harvest 
might be ample to secure him against another experience of such 
pinching want ! 


The land now included in the Charles Smith and adjoining farms 
Was owned at a very early date by Thomas Bishop, who sold 80 
acres upland and meadow- to Thomas Wells in 1644. 1 Matthias 
Button sold Wells 13 acres upland and meadow, bounded by 
widow Lumpkin's farm at Sagamore Hill, in the same year. 2 Dea.. 
Symond Stone of Watertown, who had taken Sarah, Richard Lum- 
kyn's widow, to wife, sold Mr. Wells forty acres more in 1G54. 3 

Sagamore Hill was originally apportioned in small tillage lots to 
a considerable number of owners, as we have seen already in the 
case of Heart-break Hill. No record of sale remains, but it is 
evident that in a few years they were absorbed into the Lumkyn 
and adjoining farms. 

1 Ipswich Deeds, 1:419. "Ipswich Deeds, 1 : 435. 

3 Ipswich Deeds, 2. 



' Thomas Wells left two sons, Thomas and Nathaniel. Thomas 
quitclaimed his portion to his brother, in 1GC9, 1 and the deed 
gives the south and southeast bound on land of Samuel Rogers. 
This Rogers' land is located by the deed of sale of Daniel Eppa 
to Mr. Samuel Rogers, for £240, of his house, barns, out-houses 
etc., and fifty acres of land " at a place comonly called Chebacko, 
the land of Mr. John Rogers & Thomas Wells toward north & 
north-west, lands of Major Denison and Mr. Saltonstall's farm 
toward the west, other land of said Samuel and a great creek 
toward the south and east" (Jan. 24, 1664), 2 

This may be identified with probable accuracy with the fields on 
the south side of the highway, nearly opposite the dwelling of Mrs. 
Charles Smith, where an old cellar and well, and traces of other 
buildings are still visible, and indicate the spot where, we may pre- 
sume, the ancient farm buildings stood. Mrs. Martha Rogers, 
widow of Mr. John Rogers, sold a property for £246 to Nathaniel 
Wells in 1695, a house, barn and forty acres, which is bounded 
-substantially as the preceding and may be identified with it. 3 

Thomas Wells sold Abraham Tilton Jr., his farm, described as 
-*' part of ye farme which my brother bought of ye relict of Mr. 
.John Rogers, & part of ye farm of aforesaid father Nathaniel 
iYells, deceased," sixty acres, in 1706, 4 and Nathaniel Wells sold 
Tilton some sixteen acres more in 1709. 5 Abraham Tilton gave 
ihis son, Daniel, a three-acre lot, on which Daniel had his residence, 
tin 1729, 6 which Daniel sold back to his father in 1737. 7 

Part of the Wells farm continued in the Wells line until 1809, 
•when Nathaniel Wells sold to Oliver Cogswell, 8 who built the house, 
now standing, about 1815. It was purchased and occupied for 
years by Mr. Manasseh Brown, owned later by the late Alvin 
Story, and now by Dr. J. L. Goodale. The remainder of the farm 
passed into other hands. Abraham Tilton conveyed one half his 
farm to his son Abraham, the northeast part, including the three 
acres in 1737 ; 9 and in 1741, 10 Daniel Tilton and others sold Jacob 
Smith about one hundred acres, with buildings, " lately owned 
and possessed by our Hon d . Father, Mr. Ab m . Tilton Gentleman," 
including land on both sides the road, ''only excepting and reserv- 

i Ipswich Deeds, 3. 

9 Essex Co. Deeds, 3: S5. 

» Essex Co. Deeds, 12: 10. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, 20: 19. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, 24 : 4. 

« Essex Co. Deeds, 53: 78. 

7 Essex Co. Deeds, 73: 61. 

8 Essex Co. Deeds, 188: 101. 

9 Essex Co. Deeds, 73:41. 
™ Essex Co. Deeds, S3 : 102. 



ing the road leading to Castle Hill, the road or way leading to Em- 
erson farm 1 (so called) now owned by John Choate, Esq., also 
a way or privilege of passing over the south side of said farm, 
heretofore reserved by Mr. John Rogers and after by Mr. Thos. 
Wells, deceased." , • •. 

It is interesting to note that, in the middle of the last century, 
the highway to Castle Hill was so ill denned that there was need 
of reserving to the public their right of way, in this deed. 

Moses Wells sold Smith several lots in 1773. 2 Jacob Smith 
bequeathed his large estate to the three sons of his kinsman, 
Adam Smith, Joshua, Asa and Bemsley. 3 It included "two man- 
sion houses,", with barn, etc. 4 ' 

Joshua received the farm which he bequeathed in turn to his 
son Joshua, and he to his son Charles, whose widow r and family 
still retain it. Asa Smith, came into possession of the part now 
owned and occupied by Mr. John Burnham. He sold Hepzibah 
Day, wife of John Day Jr., twenty acres, " at the corner of a stone 
wall and road or way leading to Cogswell's farm, near thesoutherly 
end of the house lately the property of Adam Smith, deceased." 5 
This establishes the pedigree of the old house, still standing 
under its rugged old tree, now owned by Mr. Asa R. Brown. It 
was built by Stephen Smith, who bought the land in 1742, and 
was bequeathed to his sons, Adam and Zebulon. 6 The house it- 
self with a small piece of laud was sold to John Day Jr. by Asa 
Smith, by a deed of the same date as above. 7 The eastern or 
northeastern part of the old Tilton farm, which was sold to Daniel, 
came into the possession of David Tilton, and at his decease, Ab- 
ner Day bought the interest of several heirs. . 

The deed of Zebulon and Asa Smith to. Abner Day of one 
undivided fourth part of the widow's thirds of the estate of David 
Tilton describes the Westerly ,end of the dwelling house, with the 
close or orchard before the barn, the forefield containing three and 
three-fourths acres, " also the herbage in the lane leading to Fox 
Point lane, from the road to the house," Nov. 5, 1802. 8 

1 The Randall Andrews farm, so called, now owned by Mr. Gardiner A. Brown. 

2 Essex Co. Deeds, 133:231. .. . 

3 Essex Co. Probate Records, 360 : 122. 

4 Essex Co. Probate Records, 360:405. 
•Essex Co. Deeds, 220:74. 

8 Essex Co. Probate Records, 342:362. 
7 Essex Co. Deeds, 220 : 75. 
■ Essex Co. Deeds, 171:59. 



Back of the Caverly farm house is a lane with stone wall on 
each side, which terminates at a level and sightly spot on the hill- 
side. An immense willow tree stands near an ancient cellar. Here 
stood, within the remembrance of Mr. Aaron Kinsman, a venera- 
ble house, known in his boyhood as the Tilton house. It was the 
old home of the Tiltons, of whom we have been writing. The 
Caverly property then owned by the heirs of Samuel Wainwright, 
son of John Wainwright, was conveyed to John Patch by John 
Winthrop, given by him to Capt. Tristram Brown, who built the 
present house, bought by Mr. David Story, and then by Mr. 
Caverly. It is said that Daniel Webster frequently came to this 
house for his lodging, while he enjoyed the gunning on beach 
and marshes. 

A little way beyond the by-road to the Sagamore cottages on 
the slope of Sagamore Hill, a bridge crosses the ancient canal. As 
earl} 7 as 1652 a move was made toward cutting a passage way for 
boats through the marshes, from Ipswich River to the River of 
Chebacco, to avoid the long and sometimes dangerous passage 
by the mouth of the river. In that year the town voted : — 

" Granted Thomas Clark and lleginal Foster, that 
when they shall have cut through a passage from this 
river into Chebacco river, of ten feet wide and soe deepe 
as a lighter may pass through laden, and to make a ford 
and foot-bridge over, that then the town have given unto 
them £10 towards said passage." 

Evidently the canal was not completed, as in 1682 it was 
44 Granted to any one of the inhabitants to perfect cutting 
the cut, that comes up to Mr. Eppes' bridge, if they will 
submit to the selectmen yearly the setling of the toll for 
those who pass through and who do not help cut it." 

But still ,, the work was incomplete, and in 1694 it was 
•■ Granted that such persons of Ipswich as will may have 
liberty to cut the cut through on the hither side of Castle 
Neck; and if any pass through, who do not help do it, 
they shall pay for a passage as the selectmen set the 

44 Whoever will cut the cut through the marsh by Mr. 
Eppes sufficient for boats to pass through laden, shall 
have liberty. Such as pay about 5 s towards doing it shall 
pass free. Such as pay nothing shall be charged 3d in 
money for a cord of wood or load of hay, or ton of other 



Despite these liberal terms no one seems to have had enterprise 
or capital to complete the work, and it was not till 1820 that a 
stock company was formed, which dug a navigable canal from Fox 
Creek to Chebacco or Essex River. Felt says that SU00 was 
expended, but the tolls on traffic were sufficient to pay nearly six 
per cent on the investment. Much ship timber was brought down 
the Merrimac, through Parker river and the canal for the Essex 
ship yards. 

Felt records the tariff rates : [ " Oak timber seventeen cents and 
pine fourteen cents a ton. Oak sawn stuff of an inch thick, forty 
cents M., and of other thicknesses in proportion. Pine sawn stuff 
of one inch thick, thirty cents M. ; hard wood thirty cents and 
pine twenty cents a cord. Hogshead staves seventy-five cents, 
and barrel staves forty cents M. Hogshead hoop-poles one dollar, 
and barrel hoop- poles seventy-five cents M". Clapboards, forty 
cents, and shingles ten cents M. Each light gondola five cents, 
and every ton of loading fifteen cents." 

The ancient cooperage industry and the commerce with the 
West Indies, which made business for the old canal, have long 
since disappeared, and the railroad furnishes more expeditious 
means of transport for building material. Only an occasional 
gondola laden with salt hay now floats up the canal with the tide. 

Crossing the bridge we stand on Castle Neck, a broad expanse 
of hills, islands and beaches, picturesque with its sand dunes and 
marshes, in the early times well wooded, a choice and coveted re- 
gion from the earliest times. 

" At a meetinge houlden the 5 day of January 1G34 ytt 
was ordered 

" That the Neck of Land wheareuppon the great Hill 
standeth, wch is known by the name of the Castle Hill, 
lyeinge on the other side of this River towards the Sea, 
shall remayne unto the comon use of the Towne forever."" 2 

A few years later there were sundry disquieting rumors to the 
effect that John Winthrop, Jr., was meditating a change of resi- 
dence, and it may have been intended as a lure to keep him loyal 
to the town he had founded that, in 1637 (Jan. 13th), there was 
" granted to Mr. John Winthorpe Castle Hill and all the meadow 
and marsh lying within the creeke, provided y he lives in the 
Towne, and that the Towne may have what they shall need for the 
building of a Fort." 

» History of Ipswich, p. 54. 3 Town Records. 


Nevertheless, he removed his residence about 1G39 apparently 
to Salem, and sold Mr. Samuel Symonds, who had already inn- 
chased the Argilla farm, one hundred acres of the Castle Hill farm 
in 1644, and in August, 1G45, the remainder. 1 The town con- 
tested the validity of the title before the Court, but Mr. Symonds 
retained possession. He sold in turn to his son-in-law, Daniel 
Epps or Eppes, the whole of Castle Neck, with its (t Hands" and 
marshes, some 300 acres, in 1660, Jan. 23d. 2 Capt. Daniel Epes 
left no will, and his estate was divided between his sons, Daniel 
the elder, who afterwards removed to Salem and was master of 
the Grammar School and chaplain in the expedition against For 
Royal in 1707, and Major Symonds Epes/ 

Daniel received the homestead called Castle Hill and about 230 
acres of land wt with ye dwelling house, out-housing, orchard, 
ffences, trees, etc. This was a double share, as he was the first 
born. His brother Symonds, " in consideration of his single share 
of sd Estate and for ye two hundred and sixteen pounds allowed 
him and due from ye estate for nine years service thereon," re- 
ceived "the whole Islands, containing about one hundred acres, 
more or less," 3 and part of Castle Neck and Wigwam Hill, Feb. 
7, 1693. 

No house was included in the purchase when Capt. Epps bought 
the farm, and the old tradition as to Winthrop's residence in the 
ancient house that is yet well remembered must 'be dismissed as 
unhistoric. Capt. Eppes undoubtedly built the dwelling and made 
his home on the slope of the great Hill. The inventory of his 
estate reveals a well-stocked farm : 

"Neat cattell w th hay to wintei them - £104—0—0 
Horses, mares and colts - - - - 20 — — 

Sheep - 10— 0—0 

Swine 12—10-0 

Also Two negroes (one a Creeple) - 30 — — " 

Daniel P^pes sold his share of the great farm to his brother, 
Major Symonds Epes, July 15, 1701, for £600. 4 Major Epes was 
a prominent citizen, colonel of a regiment, Justice of the General 
Sessions Court, and a member of the Governor's Council from 
1724 to 1734. In his fifty-fourth year he married Mary Whipple, 
a maid of only 16 years. He died in 1741, in his seventy-ninth 

i Ipswich Deeds, 1 : 27. 3 Trolmte Rec, 303 : 216. 

a Ipswich Deeds, 2; 260. 4 Essex Co. Deeds, 14:1S7. 



year, at the Hamlet, where he seems to have made his residence 
leaving two minor children, Samuel and Elizabeth. His widow 
became the third wife of President Holyoke of Harvard College, 
and died at Cambridge in her ninety-second year, March, 1790. l 
The whole farm at Castle Neck was bequeathed to his son Samuel. 
He was a young man of brilliant promise. He had graduated 
from Harvard College at the age of seventeen, and was elected a 
representative when but twenty-five. He had become a major as 
well in the colonial militia. But he was the victim of consump- 
tion and died at Cambridge in July, 1760, after a lingering sick- 
ness. He bequeathed £20 to the South Church for communion 
plate, and two of the cups bear his name. 2 

In the year before his death he sold the ancestral estate, which 
had been in the possession of the Epes family for three genera- 
tions, and only six years short of a century, to John Patch the 
third. 3 He was a worthy successor of the illustrious owners of 
the goodly farm, — a man of large wealth, of great public spirit, a 
devoted patriot and father of a goodly family of thirteen, but one 
of whom was a son. Felt records that he left at his death twelve 
children, seventy-eight grandchildren and twenty-four great-graud- 
children. The patriarchal head of this great family died on Dec. 
18, 1799, in his 79th year, and his venerable widow survived 
until her ninetieth year, dying on Feb. 8, 181 2. 4 

Mr* Patch enlarged the great estate by the purchase of seven 
acres at Sagamore Hill, of Thomas Burnham in 1784, and in 1785 
forty acres on Sagamore Hill from John Winthrop, who held the 
property owned by Samuel TVainwright, and inherited by him. 5 

Several provisions of his will are of especial interest. To his 
beloved wife Abigail, he gave the improvement of the dwelling he 
occupied during the time she should remain his widow. ;i I also 
give to my said wife- all my household furniture, my horse and 
chaise and one cow, and all the Provisions which shall be in my 
house at the time of my decease. I also give my said wife the 
use of all my silver plate during the term above said, and further, 
I give my said wife ten cords of wood, uinety pounds of cheese, 

1 Felt's Hist, of Ipswich, p. ITS. 
- Felt, Mist, of Ipswich, p. ISO. 

3 Essex Co. Deeds, 10S.-272. 

4 Kelt, Hist, of Ipswich, p. 1S5. 
8 Essex Co. Deeds, 143:115. 

* The house now owned and occupied by Air. George H. Green. 


fifty pounds of butter, ten bushels of winter apples, four ban. 
of cycler, two hundred pounds of pork, two hundred pound 
beef, fifteen bushels of Indian corn, six bushels of rye, and sixty 
dollars in Cash year by & every year daring the Time she shall 
remain my widow (in lieu of her dower in my estate)." 

It was the fashion of the time thus to condition the inheritance 
while the widow remained unmarried, but it was a most unjust and 
unbecoming exercise of authority over a faithful and beloved wife 
in any case, and singularly exasperating in this, when the wife of 
his youth and the mother of his great family had already attained 
the 76th year of her age when his will was drawn. 

To his son Nehemiah, Mr. Patch gave that part of the farm 
called the Island, with the buildings. This estate passed to his i 
son John, and his son John in turn, then into the possession of I 
Mr. Aaron Kinsman, by whom it was sold to Dr. E. A. Crockett. I 

To his daughter, Mary Lakeman, he gave " the lower farm, for- 
merly called AVigwam Hill," and it remains in the hands of her 
heirs still, and has been for many years a famous abiding place i 
for summer guests. The Castle Hill farm was apportioned to his i 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Stephen Choate Jr., to whom he gave ', 
Pine Island as well. His grandson, Tristram Brown, received the ; 
Wainwright property, and he built the farm buildings now owned 
and occupied by Mr. J. B. Caverly. Four distinct farms were i 
thus carved out of the " Governor " Patch estate. 

During the Patch ownership, the exciting period of the Revolu- 
tionary War occurred. Realizing the likelihood of an attack by 
sea, a guard of two men was stationed by the Town on the Hill in 
May 1775. A flagstaff was erected, and a beacon, and in case 
of the appearance of the en^my, a flag was to be displayed by 
day and a fire, built of tar and other inflammable material to be 
kindled by night. This precaution may have been due to the Great 
Ipswich Fright of the 21st of April, 1775. which John G. AVhittier 
depicts very graphically in his kt Miscellanies." A rumor spread 
through the Town that the British were landing on the beach. As 
the able bodied men had not returned from Lexington, and most 
alarming reports of the cruelty of the British regulars in that en- 
gagement had been noised abroad, the people were panio-struck 
and hurried from their homes in wild disorder. The alarm spread 
from town to town, and the whole country-side as far as Haverhill 
and the New Hampshire border betook itself to flight. Happily 



there was no foundation for the rumor. "Governor" Patch was 
a privateersman and captured many rich prizes. His son, Nehe- 
miah,was at Ticonderoga, and his descendants still cherish an old 
Queen's arm which he picked up on the battlefield. 

Mr. John Patch, the last of the name, in his sketch of the old 
farm in the Antiquarian Papers, 1 writes that he saw the old Brit- 
ish man-of-war La Hague, which lay outside Ipswich bar for 
nearly a week during the war of 1812. He preserved a four 
pound shot which was tired at the house of his grandfather, and 
other cannon balls, which have been ploughed up in the vicinity, 
may have been fired from the same ship. His father " drove his 
cattle to Ring's Island to conceal them, and carried his silver ware 
to his brother's in Hamilton, expecting every day .the British 
would land and pillage the place. They did land on Plum Island, 
and were capturing an ox for a suppl} 7 of fresh beef, when Bob 
Pitman, a simple-minded fellows houted, " More a coming, more 
a coming' ! Capt. Sutton," and they left the ox upon the shore 
and fled to their boats." 

^Stephen Clioate Jr., and his wife Elizabeth, sold Castle Hill to 
John Patch Choate, 2 in 1811, and he transferred it two months 
afterwards to Asa Baker and others. 3 George Baker, heir of 
Asa, aud the other owners, Oliver Appleton, John Choate and 
Asa Andrews, sold to James Magee of Boston in 1813. 4 Capt. 
Magee, as Mr. Patch remembers, made a large and disastrous 
venture in sheep raising, and - after mortgaging the property 
heavily, sold to Widow Margaret Magee of Roxbury, in 1814, ? 
who sold in turn to James Baker, in 1.S15. 6 His heirs sold to 
John Baker 3 d , in 1831-1832. 7 In 1843, Mr. Baker sold to 
Manasseh Brown, 8 and his son, Mr. John Burnham Brown, is the 
present proprietor. 

Mr. Brown has made a large outlay with conspicuous taste, 
upon the buildings and the roads upon his estate. Fine land- 
scape effects have been secured by the planting of trees and shrub- 
bery, and the view of land and sea from the summit of Castle Hill 
4s impressive and beautiful. The lighthouse, built in 1837, is 
near at hand, and the white beach. Broad lines of breakers dash 

1 Vol. Ill, No. XLIII. * Essex Co. Deeds, 205:58. 

» Essex Co. Deeds, 191 : 305. 6 Essex Co. Deeds, 205 : 202. 

8 Essex Co. Deeds, 193 : 53. 7 Essex Co. Deeds, 275 : 197. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, 204 : 134 ; 201 : 133. 8 Essex Co. Deeds, 373 : 82. 


upon the bar and the sandy shoals, upon which many a stout v. -. 
sel has been wrecked, with precious lives of sailors. Plum [slai 
stretches away to the north, where Mt. Againenticus and the bol 
Boar's Head and the dim Isles of Shoals lie, blue and faint upoi 
the horizon. The hills of old Newbury rise beyond the broad 
pause of Great Neck. At our feet, Ipswich River flows out to 
meet the ocean. 

Our survey of the history of this ancient and beautiful road 
reveals a striking permanence of tenure of these goodly farms, 
through the whole length. Generations of the same family have 
spent their lives in honest toil upon the same broad acres. The 
Burnhams, near Rocky Hill, passed their lands from father to son 
for more than two centuries. Mr. J. Farley Kinsman and Mr. 
Horace Brown are of the third generation of successive occupants 
of their farms. Mr. Pelatiah Kinsman bought of the Wain- 
wrights in 1753, and Mr. Aaron Kinsman, his grandson, still occu- 
pies the farm where he was born, ninety-six years ago. Nine 
generations of this line have dwelt in this neighborhood, or in the 
near vicinity. Jacob Smith settled here in 1741 and his descend- 
ants still abide on the same spot, in a substantial dwelling built, 
it is believed, in 175G. The Lakemans have owned their Beach 
Farm on old Wigwam Hill for a full century. Days, Wellses, 
Epeses, Cogswells, Bakers, Tiltons, Patches, and Wainwrights 
tarried here for scores of years. These families were bouud to- 
gether by frequent intermarriages, and formed a compact neigh- 
borhood of New England Puritans. 

For a century and a half, they have been identified almost with- 
out exception, with the South Parish. " A pew in Dr. Dana's 
meeting-house," is a frequent item in the inventories of their 
estates. Sunday after Sunday, in the good old times, with their 
buxom sons and daughters, a numerous and sturdy brood, they 
filled the square pews in the bare, cold meeting-house. No car- 
riage was big enough to carry such families as these. We seem 
to see a motley procession winding its way up the long road, 
some on horseback with good wives riding on the pillions behind, 
some in ancient chaises, or rumbling farm wagons, and not a few, 
young and active, trudging afoot. 

All shared the same round of endless toil. . On the smooth 
fields, there were prodigies of strength and skill, where the ranks 
of mowers flung their scythes and pressed their leader hard. With- 

r 'J 


in the low-roofed dwellings, spinning wheels hummed and heavy 
looms boomed, and by and by, long webs of fine linen lay bleach- 
ing on the grass, or rolls of heavy woolen were ready to be 
fashioned into warm suits and heavy coats. There was much nice 
dairy work and not a few forgotten industries. The same thrifty 
economy was practised, for there were times, which the oldest 
remember, when a load of hay was bartered for a barrel of flour. 
Holidays were few. Training days summoned the young men to 
the ranks of the militia in the spring, and the whole admiring 
population greeted them on the Training-fields, and a half day on 
the Fourth of July broke the hot round of summer toil. Yet there 
were neighborhood frolics, no doubt, apple-bees and corn huskings 
and all manner of ancient merry-makings, wherewith old-fashioned 
boys and girls, and young men and maidens beguiled themselves, 
and generous Thanksgiving feasts, when the great families gath- 
ered and the air was redolent with savory odors escaping from 
the great farm kitchens. The raising of a new house or barn was 
an occasion of great good cheer. The good wives quilted the 
cunningly contrived patch-work in company, and went helpfully 
to each other's houses in time of sickness or death, or in any 
family emergency. A wedding day, or birth or funeral was an 
event of great magnitude, in which all had common interest. 

This simple, sturdy, kindly life hallows these old dwellings, and 
these farms, older than the present dwellings. The less vivid 
but more august memories of the old Argilla men are interwoven 
with the later and simpler remembrances, and lend much dignity. 
We are reminded, as we pass up and down, of Winthrop, alert 
and enterprising, of Symonds, so genial and gentle in his love for 
the, Indians that he wrote he "could go singing to his grave," if 
they could only be won to Christ, — a large and saintly figure of 
the olden time — of Saltonstall, conscious of his dignity and hon- 
ored of all; of Denison, the military leader of the Colony, always 
fussy and important ; of Mr. Ward, sober and troubled with many 
cares ; of Mr. Rogers, prosperous and well favored in worldly 
things; and Mr. Hubbard, scholarly but unpractical, harassed by 
creditors and pecked at by servants. 

Thus our old road serves not only as a useful and pleasant 
thoroughfare, but affords much food for thought, and inspiring re- 
membrances of an honorable past as we wend our way. 






By Sylvester Baxter 



By W. H. Downes 

Salem Prces: 

The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 


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By Sylvester Baxter, 



By W. H. Downes. 


The History of the House 


Salem press: 

The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 




The extraordinary production and huge circulation of 
the historical novel is but one of the consequences of the 
remarkable growth of the "patriotic societies" in this 
country in the past few years — societies like those of the 
Sons and the Daughters of the Revolution, the Colonial 
Dames, and the like. One of the most admirable results 
of the movement is the widespread interest in the estab- 
lishment of local historical societies, particularly in the 
old towns of New England. These historical societies 
have a very interesting and even fascinating work before 
them : the collection and preservation of all manner of 
local records, the looking-up of spots of historical interest, 
the preservation of interesting old buildings, and the 
marking of historic sites with commemorative tablets, 
besides the study and discussion of both local and general 
history. In the average New England town the soil 
proves gratifyingly fertile in these fields and the delving 
therein bears rich fruit in the development of interest in 
and love for the community, the heightening of civic feel- 
ing, the encouragement of local improvements, and a care 
for the future of the town as well as an interest in the 
town's past. 

In not a few places the local historical society has done 
a most excellent thing by taking some fine or quaint old 
house for its headquarters, fitting it up after old fashions, 
and adorning it with attractive historical collections. Such 

Reprinted bv the kind permission of the Publishers, from ''The Georgian 
Period," Part vil, issued by the " American Architect & Building New*" Co., 
Boston, 1900. 



a collection on a large scale is that of the Bostonian Society, 
to which the city long ago gave the free use of the pictur- 
esque Old State-house, above the ground-floor, and has 
converted the old-time halls of legislation in the carefully 
restored building into a rich museum of all manner of 
antiquities relating to the history of Boston. Medford is 
a fine Colonial town with a goodly number of stately old 
dwellings. One of these, the Cradock House, built in 
the year 1632 for Governor Cradock of the Massachusetts 
Bay Colony — who never came over from England to oc- 
cupy it — is reputed to be the oldest dwelling in the orig- 
inal portion of the United States. Singular enough, this 
has very lately been established to be not the picturesque 
brick house that has long gone by that name and which is a 
very close reproduction of a typical English farm-house, hut 
is identical with what is known as the "Garrison House," 
in the centre of the city, still occupied as a very comfort- 
able and prosperous looking dwelling. The highly active 
Medford Historical Society — a member of which un- 
earthed in London the map and other documents that 
attested this important fact — had once endeavored to 
secure for its headquarters the fine old ltoyall House with 
its extensive grounds, a particularly imposing mansion of 
pre-Revolutionary days, but the owners would not part 
with it. Its use, however, was secured as the scene of a 
notable historical festival given by the Society, a few 
years ago. The Society thereupon contented itself with 
more modest quarters, but most attractively and appro- 
priately fitted up, in the shape of the old-fashioned house 
that has an historical interest in American literature, and 
in the anti-slavery movement, as the birthplace of Lydia 
Maria Child. 

In certain respects, however, the most notable accom- 
plishment in this direction is the work of the Ipswich His- 
torical Society in the restoration of an ancient dwelling 
to its primitive condition as it existed in the primal days 
of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This work has been 
done with, such fidelity, such fine appreciation and under- 
standing, and the house, with its collections, is intrinsi- 
cally so full of interest, that it deserves wide celebrity, 
both as an example of what might be accomplished in not 


a few other places, and as one of the most interesting 
sights for visitors lo New England. 

For the latter, the quaint old town of Ipswich is in it- 
self well worth going far to see. Although one of the 
most travelled lines of railway on the continent passes 
through it, the beautiful old town has preserved its ancient 
charms in a sort of isolation amidst the wide levels of the 
vast saltmarshes that spread before it. The clear Ipswich 
River rambles gently down from the inland hills, and 
here, in the heart of the town, tumbles in falls down to 
the tidal level, thence meandering through the marshes 
to the sea, whence vessels come and go at the wharves 
that were once the scenes of a lively commerce in the days 
when all the coast-ports were havens for maritime adven- 
turings. Skirting the river are the quiet winding streets, 
shaded by great elms and bordered by many tine old 
houses. Just over the town there rises the noble drum! in 
shape of Heartbreak Hill like a gigantic billow — celebrated 
in a poem by the late Celia Thaxter — that tenderly records 
the legend of the Indian maiden who, from its summit, 
daily looked in vain for the coming of her lover. It is 
true that, upon a last-century map of the town, the desig- 
nation of " Hard Brick Hill " is inscribed. But good au- 
thority declares this to be a prosaic and ignorant corrup- 
tion of the original name. 

The charms of the town itself and the loveliness of the 
environing landscape make Ipswich a favorite resort for 
artists through the summer. The scenery is that which 
Mr. J. Appleton Brown loves to paint, pastoral and idyl- 
lic, with its rolling uplands, its tranquil waters and its 
placid marshes that enter in among the hills in mysterious 
tree-fringed bays and coves. Artists come hither by the 
score to feast upon the beauty of the countryside. And 
Ipswich is the home of two painters of national repute, 
Mr. Arthur \\ r . Dow, whose birthplace it is and who has 
found here many of his strikingly original themes; and 
Mr. Theodore Wendell, whose wife is a daughter of the 

It would be difficult to arrange a more delightful excur- 
sion for a summer-day, than to start out early in the morn- 
ing from Boston on a trolley-trip to Ipswich by way of 


Lynn and Salem; and through the diversified scenery of 
Essex County, arriving in time to inspect the old Whipple 
House, and then, after luncheon, taking the little steam- 
boat that plies between Ipswich and Newburyport twice a 
day upon a fascinating voyage down the river and by the 
inside route through Plum Island Sound, whose quiet 
waters, shallow and variegated with delicate shadings of 
green and blue, are sheltered from the tossing Atlantic by 
the long and narrow insular barrier of sand-dunes. From 
Newburyport a train will bring one back to Boston in an 
hour or so. Or, one ma}' extend the dav's pleasuring by 
taking another steamer up the Merrimac, Whittier's beau- 
tiful river, and there find a train for Boston. 

The Hotel Cluny, as all know, is a magnificent old 
French chateau preserved exactly as in the ancient days, 
and filled with a priceless collection of objects representa- 
tive of the life of its da} r . Jt sets an example of what may 
wisely be done with fine old buildings elsewhere — though 
the example may more wisely be bettered by a better ar- 
rangement and classification of the collections shown there- 
in than has been effected at the Hotel Cluny. It is a far 
cry, of course, from the superb Parisian chateau, and the 
splendors for which it stands, to the austere Puritan age 
and land when our mighty country was all one frontier, 
facing the ocean on one side and the savage wilderness on 
the other, with a meagre fringe of settlements - . But the 
Whipple House, of Ipswich, like the Hotel Cluny, of 
Paris, represents the best of its day, and it stands as, 
probably, the most faithful reproduction yet achieved of 
the home environment of the primitive Colonial life of 
New England in the days when our ancestors, with their 
stern beliefs, their harsh moralities, their appalling super- 
stitions, might be regarded as little more than barbarians, 
when measured by the standards of to-day. 

The visitor to Ipswich by train finds the Whipple House 
just across the way from the station, towards which its 
low walled back is turned in accordance with the ancient 
rule that faced all houses to the south when standing de- 
tached. Venerably homely, in the truest sense of the 
word, and restored to its original aspect as carefully as 
the most scholarly research and the most scrupulous 


adherence to ascertained facts can make it possible, it is 
certainly one of the most notable old houses in the United 
States. The simple beauty of its setting is in striking 
harmony with its character. This environment, indeed, 
is doubtless less austere than that of the house in its prim- 
itive days. But in its quaint charm it reproduces the ef- 
fect of the grounds of the Colonial mansion at their best, 
a century later; grounds such as this house may then well 
have possessed. And a work of this character and public 
importance, truly monumental in intention, demands sur- 
roundings that betoken the esteem in which it is held. 

When the work was undertaken it seemed an heroic 
task to effect creditable results from the conditions into 
which the house and its vicinage had fallen from their once 
high estate. The structure was shabby and dilapidated 
with misuse, and mutilated by various successive recon- 
structions, while its surroundings were of the depressingly 
squalid character that so frequently obtains in the neigh- 
borhood of a railway, even in a good old rural town. But 
intelligence and energy soon radically changed the face 

of things. The head and front of the Ipswich Historical 
Society is its president, the Rev. T. Frank Waters, pastor 
of the South Congregational Church, and throwing him- 
self into the work with heart and soul, the ancient house 
seemed to resume its proper guise as if under the touch 
of magic. As the investigations necessary to the required 
repairs proceeded, the original state and shape of the 
building were gradually revealed sufficiently to afford a 
s*ure guidance in the work of restoration. This work, 
however, could not possibly have been so complete, had 
not the mechanics employed given themselves to the work 
with an enthusiastic devotion. And the existence among 
these of names like Sullivan and Thibedeau, besides names 
savoring of the soil, like Choate, Goditt and Lord, show 
how completely the late-coming elements assimilate them- 
selves to the New England spirit of the best old commu- 
nities. Mr. Thibedeau, for instance, though employed as 
a carpenter, was specially commended by the committee 
in charge for his wonderful patience and persistence in 
giving weeks of hard and painstaking toil to scraping and 
scrubbing the woodwork, always standing in perfect read- 




iness to do anything however far removed from his natural 
province. It is particularly gratifying to note these facts, 
testifying to the persistence of the old spirit of the artisan 
who finds pleasure in his work, when so much is said now- 
adays about the decline of the modern mechanic and his 
departure from old-time standards. But in this instance, 
with the good old New England ff faculty " guiding the 
work, from the highest to the lowest, and practically the 
whole community showing the deepest interest, the ends 
were achieved with astonishing economy and completeness. 
The sum of $1,650 purchased the place, and an expendi- 
ture of only a little more than a thousand dollars accom- 
plished this commendable work of restoration and created 
one of the finest historical monuments in the country, a 
perfect specimen of the seventeenth-century architecture 
of 'New England. 

In the course of restoration all the decayed spots were 
cut out of the ancient beams and new wood w T as skilfully 
inserted, the exterior was newly clapboarded and shingled 
— clapboards, it seems, preceded shingles as a covering 
for outside walls ; diamond-paned windows, low and broad, 
replaced the perpendicular and narrow ones that an ugly 
later fashion had given the house, and a coat of dark stain 
restored the exterior fully to its old-time aspect. 

Within, comparatively modern changes had much sub- 
divided the four great rooms into which the main part of 
the house was originally divided. All the partitions w r ere 
removed and the rooms were restored to their old shape. 
When the plaster ceilings were torn away the original 
floor-joists of hewn oak were revealed, with the original 
plastering between them. The big beams and the joists 
were carefully scraped and oiled, and the contrast between 
their rich brown hue and the white of the plaster between 
them gave to the large rooms with their very low ceilings 
— which a person of average height can easily touch with 
his hand — an appearance that is picturesque, and at the 
same time is dignified with the air of old-time stateliness. 
As the president said in his report at the first annual meet- 
ing of the Society, celebrating the achievement of one of 
its prime declared objects in " the preservation of and 
finishing in Colonial style of one of the ancient dwelling- 


houses of said Ipswich " : " the size and quality of these 
superb oak-beams, their finely-finished moulded edges, the 
substantial oak floor joists, the great posts, with their es- 
cutcheons so laboriously wrought, the noble size of these 
four great rooms, proclaim that this was a home of wealth 
and refinement, and make it easy for us to believe that it 
was the finest mansion of the town." 

The work of restoration required patience, thoroughness 
and delicacy. All the woodwork had to be laboriously 
and carefully scoured to remove the grime and whitewash 
with which it was coated in layer after layer. The proc- 
ess of reconstruction was fascinating to follow in its rev- 
elation of the peculiarities of ancient methods of house- 
building. The spaces between the studs, from sill to plate, 
were found filled-in with brickwork, and this was pre- 
served so far as possible. In one of the chambers, the 
manner of this construction is exhibited by means of a 
plate of glass set into the wall and framed with the care 
that might be shown for a treasured old master. The places 
where the handsome old windows were were shown with 
exactness, and their restoration proved one of the most 
effective features of the house, bringing it closer into rela- 
tion with its models across the sea, where the same form 
of window is to-day in common use. It was of course easy 
to disclose the fireplaces that had been shut in to allow the 
substitution of the ugly and economical stove. But these 
were small fireplaces of comparatively modern date, nest- 
ing within the enormous originals — the latter so well pre- 
served that it was an easy matter to restore them in all 
their completeness, Much of the old plastering was so 
perfect that it did not have to be touched. And, by way 
of experiment, for a deal of the new work made necessary 
to replace the old plastering, the ancient fashion of mak- 
ing a compound of clay, sand and salt hay was tried with 
entire success. 

Exactly how old the house is has not yet been ascer- 
tained. But it certainly dates back to the middle of the 
seventeenth century, and possibly a house that stood on 

1 the place when its sale to Mr. John Whipple, an eminent 

man of Ipswich, was completed by a quitclaim deed from 
John Fawne in the year 1650, may have formed a portion 




of it. Mr. John Whipple had been living on the spot since 
1642 at least. 

The Whipple House in its present shape is a growth 
formed by successive enlargements made in the course of 
a considerable number of years. In its original shape it 
apparently consisted of what is now the western half of the 
main portion. First the house was doubled in size and 
then two successive additions were made in the rear, <i\\ r - 
ing it the long sloping roof on the north side so charac- 
teristic of many old farmhouses. In its present shape, 
therefore, the house in its very old portion comprises four 
remarkably large rooms, two on the ground-floor and two 
above, each with a fireplace big enough to contain great 
logs of wood. In the adaptation of the house to the uses 
of the Historical Society, and its conversion into what 
may be called a museum of the ancient New England 
home, each of these four rooms, with its collections, has 
been given a typical character. 

First and chief of these comes the "hall" in the great 
east room. This is by no means the hall of the eighteenth- 
centuiy Colonial mansion — the spacious entrance-room, 
with its stately staircase, running through the centre of 
the house. Here the front door is likewise in the middle, 
but a tall man must stoop to enter, and keep stooping 
while in the diminutive entry, where a steep and narrow 
flight of stairs twists itself upward besides the gigantic 
chimney-stack that shows how its original size was doubled 
when the house was. In New England, as in Old, the hall 
was the common gathering-place of the family — the place 
where the meals were cooked and eaten, where the spin- 
ning and weaving were done, where the household came 
together to enjoy the heat and the light of the enormous 
fire on the hearth beneath a chimney which, as Mr. Waters 
tells us, was ample enough to allow boys on mischief bent 
to drop a live calf from the roof, as they did one night 
into poor old Mark Quilter's kitchen. It was often a 
scene of much jollity, we may believe, for the Puritans 
could not always and universally have maintained their, 
traditional austerity. And the room was so spacious that 
we may be sure that it invited to no little frolicsomeness 
among the young folks, and we may even fancy that at 





times the floor was cleared for a bouncing good dance. 
So the place was a "hall" in the amplest sense of the 
word. It was not until a much later date that the room 
became exclusively a kitchen. And our Irish fellow-citi- 
zen, even though he may have rolled up wealth in city 
contracts, is but perpetuating the traditions of the baro- 
nial hall when he insists on spending his home hours sit- 
ting by the kitchen-stove in his shirt-sleeves, with clay- 
pipe in mouth. 

The beautiful old hall of the Whipple house is a fasci- 
nating gallery of the quaint utensils of domestic and indus- 
trial use in the old-time New England home — everything 
that entered into kitchen-service, barn-service, field-ser- 
vice, spinning, weaving, etc., beside various other things 
whose purposes the most patient research, the most ingen- 
ious conjecture, have not yet been able to discover. Wo 
laugh at the clumsiness of certain of these utensils, but 
we are compelled to admire the simple way in which many 
others met the needs of the time. Clever examples of 
Yankee, or pre- Yankee, ingenuity are some of these 
things: for instance, the " cradle-churn," where the milk 
was contained in a long, trough-like receptacle mounted 
lengthwise on rockers. As the house-wife and others 
went about their domestic tasks they would give it a touch 
in passing. This was sufficient to keep it going, and so 
the butter was made without any appreciable effort. 

In the corner of the large west room there remained a 
fine o]d buffet as a relic of the olden days. This sug- 
gested the wainscoting of the room with some handsome 
panelling taken from an old house in the town, the Rogers 
Manse, built in 1728, and given to the Historical Society 
by the owner. Over the mantle a quaint painted panel, 
representing a panoramic view of Ipswich town from the 
river, with Jeffries Neck in the background, and the 
water enlivened with old-fashioned shipping, was inserted. 
The woodwork was painted white, making a typical eight- 
eenth-century room of it. This is appropriately used for 
the exhibition of old china and crockery, silver, etc., old- 
fashioned musical instruments, a collection of rare old 
books, pamphlets and manuscripts, and many other inter- 
esting things. 


The east chamber has been fitted up after I lie fashion 
of an old-style "best room," enriched with many beautiful 
old curios of historic value. The interest taken in the old 
house brought to the collections in these three rooms iin 
extraordinary number of antiquities, given or loaned not 
only by the people of Ipswich, but by friends throughout 
Essex County and in many other parts of the country. 

The west chamber was made the room ol* the resident 
care-taker. It was a piece of good fortune for the Society 
to secure for this responsible position a lady of the expe- 
rience and capacity of Miss Alice A. Gray, curator of the 
Department of Textiles in the Boston Museum of Fine 
Arts, and a niece of the famous botanist, the late Prof. 
Asa Gray. It was equally a pleasure for Miss Gray to 
make her home in an ideal old-fashioned house and to su- 
pervise the arrangement of its fascinating collections. 
This chamber has been fitted up as a typical old-style 
"best chamber" — a special addition to the attractions of 
the house. The rear portion of the house was, moreover, 
converted into a charming apartment for herself and her 
housekeeper; a cosy suite with a delightful air of old- 
fashioned comfort unobtrusively reinforced by the modern 
conveniences without which life in a house of the kind 
would be a pastime that a child of the nineteenth century 
would soon weary of. An attractive feature of this suite 
is the row of snug little chambers with slant ceilings 
under the roof on the second iloor. 

A sort of thorn in the ilesh for the Historical Society, 
after the completion of its task, was the uncomfortable 
proximity of a most disreputable-looking old tenement- 
house on the' rear side, between the ancient mansion and 
the rail way- track. But one day Miss Gray had a visit 
from a Boston friend, a lady whose means enable her to 
follow her natural inclination to do all sorts of good deeds. 
The visitor was thoroughly delighted with what had been 
accomplished, and within a few days Miss Gray received 
from her a check for $1800 to enable the Society to com- 
plete its work by giving its home a suitable environ- 
ment through getting rid of the adjacent eyesore. With 
this money the tenement house was purchased and demol- 
ished, and a new old-fashioned garden was laid out on its 

_ , . : T „ 



.."' " "•'■-* 






"S' .' / 


rti .... 


site, and about the ancient dwelling : a gay multitude of 
the blooms cherished by our mothers, our grandmothers, 
our great grandmothers, and losing no favor in the eyes 
of ourselves or our children, assemble their gladsome mot- 
ley before the sober gray of the ancient walls ; a box-bor- 
dered walk leading up to the caretaker's door past a hand- 
some sun-dial of stone; a well with its old-time sweep at 
the side of the house. These touches made the whole 




(In The Boston Evening Transcript, Saturday, October 7, 18990 

The old house bought by the Ipswich Historical Society 
about a year ago is the best surviving example in New 
England of the earliest seventeenth-century colonial archi- 
tecture. There are several liner and grander specimens 
of the domestic architecture of later periods in Essex 
County, but in all the category of colonial houses there is 
no such perfectly preserved and authentic type of the 
domestic architecture of the middle of the seventeenth 
centuiy. The exact date of its erection is unknown, but 
all the valid evidence available, in the absence of documen- 
tary records bearing directly on this point, indicates that 
it was built as early as 1650, and there are architects who 
believe that it was erected still earlier. The extreme 
rarity of houses dating from that remote period, so soon 
after the settlement of Massachusetts, is due primarily to 
the limited longevity of wooden building, and secondarily 
to the fact that the colonists were at first obliged by the 
paucity of proper building materials to erect only tempo- 
rary cabins of logs, which were subsequently abandoned 
and neglected, after more comfortable dwellings were 
made possible b> r the establishment of saw-mills and 
forges and roads. Ipswich was settled in 1633. The 
first saw-mill in the town was established in 1649. The 
great posts and girders, with other surviving timbers of 
the frame of the old house in question, bear no marks of 
the axe or the adze, and it would be a fair inference that 
they were sawed, though not necessarily by water power, 
for we know that some extensive sawing was done by 
hand in sawpits. . . . 



. . There are three or four successive parts or chapters 
in the serial story of the old house. The west end of the 
main structure was built first ; of this there is evidence in 
the material, the workmanship, the age of the woodwork, 
and in indirect, but convincing written evidence. The 
main beams of the frame — the posts, sills, girders, joists, 
rafters, etc. — in this wing are of American larch or 
tamarack, a soft wood, which, however, has shown aston- 
ishing durability in every part except where it has been 
exposed to moisture. The east part of the main structure, 
the second chapter, was possibly added in the time of the 
affluent and pious Captain John Whipple, the second of 
that name, who, in 1G83, was estimated to t>a "worth" 
$16,570. In this part of the house the main beams are 
of oak, and the posts and girders are carved with some 
attempt at elegance of finish. Later a lean-to was added, 
the rafters on the north (rear) side of the roof being sup- 
plemented by a new set of rafters at an easier angle, 
carrying the roof at one point almost to the ground. 
Whether the lean-to was entirely built at one time, or in 
two sections, is unknown and is not of importance. The 
lean-to is a relatively modern part, and the original pro- 
file of the exterior must have been very angular and high- 
shouldered in proportion to its ground area. 

Now, here are the more interesting dimensions of the 
building, as it stands. Length, on the ground, fifty feet ; 
width, thirty-six feet. Great east room, ground floor, 
twenty-four by seventeen and one-half feet ; height seven 
leet. Fireplace in this room, seven feet and three inches 
wide ; two feet, nine inches deep. Dimensions of oak 
girders, fourteen by fourteen inches. Windows, diamond 
panes, and hung on hinges, five feet, three inches wide, 
and two feet, six inches high ; three sashes each ; should 
be leaded glass. East chamber, same measurements as 
east room below. Fireplace in this room, six feet two 
inches wide, and two feet two inches deep. These figures 
may mean but little to the layman, but they are full of 
significance to the architect, the builder, and the antiqua- 
rian. The exterior of the Whipple house has nothing in 
its aspect that would serve to draw especial attention to 
it; but the interior possesses these two distinct points of 
architectural merit, remarkable massiveness of construe- 



tion, and fine, dignified proportions. The two main 
rooms on the ground iloor are in fact superb for then- 
simplicity, size and solidity. The beautiful rich brown 
tone of the old oak posts, girders and joists gives the key 
of color. There is a white plastered ceiling between the 
joists, the plaster being put directly on the floor-boards of 
the second story. . . . 

One thing is evident, to any visitor who stands in the 
great east room, and contemplates the stately propor- 
tions of the interior; that is, that the Whipples must 
have been great swells in their day „ to possess such a 
mansion. Indeed, no further proof of their status, so far 
as means are concerned, is needed than is furnished by 
the entertaining inventory of Captain John Whipple's 
estate in 1683, with its painful particularity, itemizing 
each separate article of household use, apparel, tools, 
edibles, beverages, and even "Lawrence ye Indian," who 
was valued at four pounds, a sum which seems inexpen- 
sive, even where the supply of Indians exceeded the 
demand. It is enough to make collectors' mouths water 
to run over this list of old furniture, silverware, pewter, 
china, arms, andirons, brasses, coppers, gallipots, buc- 
kles and buttons, "kittles," warming-pans, trenchers, 
candlesticks, "tin lanthorns," beakers, flagons, "basons," 
piggins, "sully bub" pots, spinning wheels, and a score 
of other things, more or less phonetically spelled, after 
the excellent fashion of the epoch, w r hen, as George Eliot 
remarks, spelling was mostly a matter of taste. 

The first John Whipple, whose estate was inventoried 
in 1669, was not nearly so well off as his son afterwards 
became, though he had a farm of about 360 acres of land, 
worth $750, and houses and lands in the town, worth 
$1250, with $45 worth of "apparell," $35 worth of 
"fleather beds," $6.75 worth of "chayres," and $12 worth 
of "bookes." 

Speaking of books, the Ipswich Historical Society has 
in its custody, in the west room of the old house, the 
most unmitigatedly pious lot of old books I ever saw. 
They come from the Religious Society in Ipswich, and 
the visitor may while away long hours in reading such 
lio-ht literature as Jonathan Edwards' " Sinners in the 
Hands of an Angry God" (Salem, 1786), Increase 


Mather's n Angelagraphia" (Boston, 1696), or "The Lov- 
ing Invitation of Christ to the Aged, Middle-Aged, Youth 
and Children, from the mouth of" Elizabeth Osborn, only 
Three Years and Nine Months Old." The collection of 
books, manuscripts, autographs, etc., displayed in this • 
room embraces a copy of the Breeches Bible (1615) ; an 
autograph letter from John Winthrop, Jr., founder of 
Ipswich (1G34) ; an inventory of the household goods in 
Winthrop's house in Ipswich ; several old petitions, 
deeds, wills, and other Colonial and Revolutionary docu- 
ments of interest. On rainy days, when the outside 
world is dark and dismal, and the time hangs heavy on 
one's hands, it will be consoling for the people who like 
that sort of thing to sit down and run through Owen's 
work on "Indwelling Sin," Baxter's "Call to the Uncon- 
verted," Woodward's " Fair Warning," Crawford's "Dying 
Shots," the account of " Count Struensee's Conversion," 
Cooper on "Predestination," Edwards on "Original Sin," 
Shepard's " Sound Believer," Lamrdon on " The Revela- 
tion," Coleman's "Parable of the Ten Virgins," Webb's 
"Direction for Conversion," Bellamy's "Glory of the 
Gospel," Ditton on "The Resurrection," Doddridge on 
"Regeneration," or Stoddard's "Safety of Appearing in 
ye Righteousness of Christ." But, though the theology 
of these stalwart Calvinists may seem a bit inflexible and 
unlovely to modern eyes, what they did not know about 
setting up a title-page was not worth knowing. As 
religionists they were of their day, took their creeds 
straight and hot, and their rum ditto ; but they were first- 
rate printers ! 

The house is a veritable museum of seventeenth- and 
eighteenth-century relics and curios. There is a bullet 
full of old china in the west room which contains some 
very rare and choice pieces. The andirons in this room 
are cast-iron figures of Hessians, in grenadier caps, picked 
out with gilt. The iron fire-back is dated 1693. The 
andirons in the east room are dated 1596. The great 
east room is fitted up as a kitchen. The fire burns on the 
hearth as of yore, and the spacious fireplace is fully 
equipped with ancient cooking utensils. Huge pewter 
platters and obsolete fire-arms adorn the walls. The 
spinning wheels, cheese press and churns are in their 


places. Here we find the yarn reels, the great winnow- 
ing fan, the old cradle, foot-stove, candle-mould, candle- 
sticks, nice pieces of old needlework, samplers, old lamps, 
pewter porringers, tinder-boxes, trivets, lanthorns, tram- 
mels, tin kitchens with spits, etc., and a highly interesting 
collection of old furniture. In the west room are the cabi- 
net of old china, sundry heirlooms, an ancient piano, 
antique chairs and pictures. The paintings comprise a 
smoky old panel depicting the harbor of J pswich, in which 
the vessels fly the British flag, showing that it was painted 
prior to the revolution, and a life-size bust portrait of 
Whitefield, anonymous, and somewhat queer about the 
eyes. Whitefield preached in Ipswich, and he did so to 
such good effect that Satan fled through the meeting- 
house window, leaving on the window-ledge the print of 
his cloven hoof. Mr. Waters may not believe this, but 
it is just as true as some other local traditions. 

. . . " The old mansion," says President Waters, in a 
passage of retrospect which shows how sympathetic is his 
vein of fancy, "is a constant reminder of all the glorious 
names which hallow and illumine the early years of our 
town life, — Saltonstall and Winthrop, Symonds and 
Denison, Ward and Norton and Hubbard and all the rest. 
They were all friends of the Elder. Every one of them 
may have crossed our threshold. As we sit here in the 
flickering firelight we seem to see them sitting, as of old, 
and conversing on the 'great themes. . . . The old 
pavement in the dooryard rings again with the hoofbeats 
of Captain Whipple's horse hurrying to lead his troopers 
on a swift ride to Andover to repel an Indian assault. 
John Appleton and Thomas French are talking in this 
very room of their imprisonment and trial for advocating 
resistance to the royal governor's edict and demanding 
representation before they would submit to taxation. 
Colonel Hodgkins and Colonel Wade and Major Burnham 
smoke and sip their steaming cups and chat of Bunker 
Hill and Yorktown, of Burgoyne and Cornwallis, Wash- 
ington and Lafayette." And he evokes a vision of the 
ancient life, its feasts, weddings, funerals, departures and 
home-comings, its daily toil, and all the lights and shad- 
ows of the remote Puritan home life, that revives the far- 
off days with a singular and touching reality. 

_, t-.,-^— , ■„ y^^r- 




A}. t 

^. i 



{Reprinted from Number VI of the Publications of the Ipswich 
Historical Society.) 

At the annual meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society 
on December 6, 1897, the President's Report called the 
attention of the Society to the ancient house near the 
depot, commonly known as the Saltonstall house, as an 
interesting local relic of the remote past, an admirable 
type of an early style of architecture, too valuable to be 
allowed to fall into utter ruin, and an ideal home for the 
Society. A committee of inspection was appointed, and 
a thorough examination of the house was made. It was 
found that notwithstanding the decayed condition of the 
exterior, the interior was well preserved, and of such 
phenomenal attractiveness that the work of repair and res- 
toration, w r hile extensive and costly-, was well worth un- 
dertaking. The owner, Mr. James W. Bond, was willing 
to sell, and the committee reported favorably to the project. 

In May, 1898, after some preliminary canvass for funds 
had been made, the Society voted to purchase the property, 
and a committee of five w f as appointed to repair and re- 
store the house, as it seemed best to them. The work; 
wasbesun as soon as the transfer of the title to the desij*;- 
nated trustees was accomplished, and was pushed as 
rapidly as possible through the summer. On Wednesday, 
Oct. 19, the work of repairing and restoration being well 
completed, the Society dedicated its new home. 

As a specimen of seventeenth-century architecture, this 
house is an object of just pride. The size and quality of 
these superb oak beams, their finely finished moulded, 
edges, the substantial oak floor joists, the great posts with 

* (17) 


their escutcheons so laboriously wrought, the noble size 
of these four great rooms, proclaim that this was a home 
of wealth and refinement, and make it easy for us to be- 
lieve that it was the finest mansion of the town. Many 
ancient houses have disappeared, but the most tenacious 
memory of the oldest inhabitant cannot recall such 
strength and elaborate finish as we find here. So fur as 
I am familiar with the oldest houses now remaining, none 
can compare with this for a moment. 

The question of its age is constantly raised, by town- 
folk and stranger alike. The other question of its owner- 
ship is still vigorously argued. 1 think I can do no better 
service at this time than tell the story as I have been able 
to discover it, by long and careful and repeated research. 

Many remember Mr. Abraham Bond, the father of Mr. 
Jas. TV* Bond, from whom our Society purchased the 
property. He bought the house and about an acre of 
land of Caleb K. Moore, October 7, 1841 (Essex Co. 
Deeds, 327 :157) and made his home here for the remain- 
der of his life. Mr. James W. Bond remembers that hi 
his boyhood, the floor joists were exposed as we see them 
now, but fashion decreed that a more modern style was 
to be preferred, and vandal hands chipped and hacked the 
venerable timbers, nailed laths upon them, and covered 
them from sight with very commonplace plastering. The 
old fireplace in the kitchen in the leanto was bricked up 
within his remembrance, and the latest addition on the 
northwest corner was built. 

Mr. Moore had purchased the house with an acre and 
eleven rods of land from Mr. Nathaniel Wade and others, 
heirs of the estate of Col. Joseph Hodgkins, in 1833, 
October 31st(Essex Co. Deeds, 271 :164). This was only 
half of the Hodgkins estate, however, and on Aug. 11, 
1841, the heirs sold the balance of the property, measur- 
ing an acre and eleven rods, to James Estes. As the deed 
describes it, this piece of land extended down Winter 
street, to the barn and land of Joseph Farley, now occu- 
pied by the buildings of the Ipswich Mill, followed the 
line of* the Farley land to the river, extended along the 
river bank to the Samuel Wade property, and followed 
.this line to Moore's boundary line. The Hodgkins prop- 


erty thus extended from the main road to Topsfield to the 
river, and measured two acres and twenty-two rods 
(Essex Co. Deeds, 326 :215). 

Colonel Hodgkius had married for his third wife, Mrs. 
Lydia Treadwell, relict of Elisha Treadwell and daughter 
of 13ea. John Crocker. Her brother, Joseph, at his death 
owned and occupied the house, and the other heirs sold 
their interest to her husband. The original deed of sale, 
bearing date of May 16, 1813, is before me as I write, 
conveying to Colonel Hodgkius five-sixths of the estate for 
$750. One chamber was reserved to the unmarried sister, 
Elizabeth Crocker, who occupied it by the express pro- 
vision of her father's will drawn in 1804. The deed still 
reserves to Elizabeth " the great chamber in the west end 
of the house, with the privilege of going in and out at 
the front door, and a right to use the entry way and stairs 
in common, and a right to bake in the oven in the north- 
easterly room, to go to and from the well, and a privilege 
in the cellar to put and keep so much cider, vegetables 
and other necessaries sufficient for her own use, also lib- 
erty to pass and repass to and from the yard at the south- 
west end of said house, and to keep therein the wood for 
her own use, said reservations to continue so long as she 
shall remain single and unmarried, as expressed in the 
last will and testament of said John Crocker deceased." 
Miss Sarah Wade, the granddaughter of Colonel Hodgkius, 
is very sure that he did not take up his residence in the 
old mansion until 1818, and she tells me that her father 
built on the pantry, which now serves as the hallway of 
the caretaker's tenement, in that year, to increase the con- 
venience of that portion of the house. Miss Wade, then 
a smart slip of a nine-year-old girl, was often at the house 
and has vivid recollection of her honored grandfather and 
his home. He was then 75 years old, with thin hair 
which was gathered into a queue, a very tall man with 
strongly marked Roman nose. How the venerable soldier 
must have bowed himself under these low doorways ! 
His residence gives much character to our mansion. He 
had served as lieutenant in the Ipswich Company of Min- 
ute Men at Bunker Hill, and had fought at the battles on 
Long Island, at Harlem Heights, White Plains and 


Princeton, and was at Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga. 
To his last days, he would have his pewter plate, which 
was kept with the platters on a high shelf in the kitchen. 
The dark passage-way from the kitchen to the bed room 
served as a cheese room. The room we have occupied as 
our kitchen was the parlor, and the only carpet in the 
house covered the floor. Some roundabout chairs, and a 
pair of great brass andirons were included in the parlor 
furnishings, and a quaint colored English print of the 
Countess of Suffolk's house near Twickenham, published 
in 1749, hung on the wall, and is now owned by Miss 
Wade. The west room was the family sitting room, and 
in this room the old Revolutionary soldier died, lying in 
an old press bed in the centre of the room on Sept. 25, 

Upstairs Miss Polly Crafts made her home in the East 
chamber, and worked at her loom, weaving. Through 
these rooms, the lively young Sarah roamed, turning over 
the hourglasses, peering into the great fireplaces and look- 
ing up their black throats to see the stars, and scamper- 
ing down across the garden to the old malt-house, on the 
site of the mill storehouse, to pick the wild roses that 
bloomed there in profusion. She slept in the little bed- 
room that opened from the West Lower Room, the night 
her grandfather died : and she remembers distinctly that 
the window in that room was diamond paned and opened 
like a door. Her brother, Mr. Francis H. Wade, remem- 
bers a window of the same style in the front gable end. 
Following this clew, we have made all our windows with 
diamond glass.- 

Mrs. Hodgkins, as was said, was the daughter of Dea. 
John Crocker. That excellent man disposed of his 
worldly goods in his will as follows : 

In the name of God Amen. I John Crocker of Ipswich in the 

County of Essex as to my -worldly goods and estate, [I] 

give, demise and dispose of the same as follows — viz 

Imprimis. I give and devise to my son Joseph his heirs & assigns 
forever, my malt house and about one acre ofland adjoining with the 

well and drane leading to said malt house, also a desk that 

his mother brought to me when we were married. 

Item. I give" and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth, the great 
Chamber in the west end of my dwelling house so long as she shall 
remain single and unmarried. * I also give her a case of drawers and 


a chest with two drawers, which was her mother's. I also give and 
bequeath to my said daughter, Eliz. one cow and two sheep, such as 
she shall choose, to be winterd and summerd for her by my son 
John, and also sixty dollars in money. Item. I give and bequeath to 
my daughter Mehitabel Appleton, sixty dollars in money. Item. I. 
give to my son-in-law Thomas Appleton a note of hand I have against 
him dated April 28, 1795. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Lydia Tread well, sixty 
dollars in money. Item. I give to my grandson Thomas Wade and 
Samuel Wade thirty dollars each. Item. I give and bequeath to my 
grand daughters Mary Waldron and Abigail Waldron, thirty dollars 
each. I give and bequeath to my son-in-law, Edward Waldron, at my 
decease, my great Bible. Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter 
Elizabeth, one feather bed and bedding which her mother brought to 
me, when I married her. Item. I give and bequeath to my three 
daughters and to my grand-children, children of my Daughters, Mary 
and Hannah, deceased, the whole of my household goods (excepting 
my silver tankard) to be equally divided between them. 

I give to my daughters aforenamed and my aforesaid grandchildren, 
at my decease, all my books to be divided in same manner as I have 
ordered my household goods to be divided. Item. I give and devise 
to my son Joseph and to my daughter Elizabeth, and to their heirs and 
assigns in equal shares, my Few in the South Meeting House in this 
town. Item. I give to my sons John and Joseph all my wearing 
apparel and farming utensils to be equally divided between them. 
Item. I give and devise to my son John and to his heirs and assigns 
forever all my buildings and lauds, excepting such parts of my build- 
ings and lands as I have before given to my son Joseph and my daugh- 
ter Elizabeth. I give aud bequeath to my said son, all my stock of 
cattle and sheep, all my notes of hand, my silver Tankard, and all the 
rest aud residue of my estate. 

May 3, 1804. 

(Essex Co. Probate Records 374 : 9 : 10.) 

An inventory and appraisement of the estate of Deacon John Crocker 
late of Ipswich (Probate Records 374 : 81). 

In the West lower room 
aclock$lG 1 looks glass $8 one desk $5 29.00 

a settee $3 black walnut table 4 foot, $2.50 5.50 

writing desk §1 small round table $1, light stand 30 cts 

stand* candlestk 1.25 3.55 

one great chair and 6 small ditto viol back $3.50 1 rouud 

table $1.25 4.75 

one small chair turkev worked 33cts hand iron, shovel & 

tongs $2.50 2.83 

one feather bed, bolster and pillows $23, bedstead sacking 

bottom $2 25.00 

curtains $1.50 3 blankets $4.50 calico quilt $2 8.00 

tea salver $1.25 great Bible 84 other books & paphts $6.00 11.25 
2 pair small scales & weights 80 cts hearth brush 25c 1.05 

Westerly bed room. 1 bed, bolster & pillows $27 under 

bed & bedstead $2.75 29.75 

2 blankets S2 2 do $3 1 bed quilt $2 1 coverlet $2 13 pr 

sheets $22.75 31.76 

10 pair pillow cases $3.07 table cloths $4.75 12 napkins 



East room. 3 leathd chairs §1.60 round chair & cushion 

& 1 2.50 
four old chairs 67cts, small looking glass $1 1.C7 
pair small handirons 50 ct small table 12 ct .62 
East bed room, underbed, bedstead & cord $1.25 3 cover- 
lets $3.75 • .-,.00 
two blankets §2 1 pair sheets 62 linen wheel & reel $1 5.00 
tinpail 33cts scales & weights 50cts wearing apparel §25 25.83 
32 ounces silver plate §32.42 half dozen tea spoons §2.50 34.92 
1 pair shoe & knee buckles §3 set gold buttons 83.50 (5.50 
West chamber. 1 case drawers $1.50 one ditto faneerd §7 8.50 
six lcath'd chairs §2.50 one great ditto §3, small cane 

backd §1 6.50 

bed, bolster & pillows §22 under bed, bedstead & cord $3 25.00 

curtains & valions §3 one pair sheets §2.50 5.50 


one blanket §1.50 coverlet §1 bed quilt $2.00 4.50 
small pair hand irons 50 ct. 1 maple table §1 small looking 

glass .25 1.75 

In the East chamber. . 1 bed, bolster, & 1 pillow §25, under 

bed, bed std & cord §2.50 27.50 

3 blankets §3.25 three bed quilts §4 7.25 

square oak table 50cts. old chest and fire screen 75ct 1.25 

fiaxcomb §1. iron-jack 75c 1.75 

In the kitchen 1 brass kettle §3 one brass pan §2 5.00 

Pewter §9, handirons §2.50 shovel & tongs §1 12.50 

gridiron 50 cts candlesticks 50 toasting iron 50 1.50 

1 pr brass candlesticks §1 iron and tin ware §G 7.00 

bell metal skillet 30cts brass skillet §1 1.30 

tin ware §1.75 warming pan $1.00 pr bellows 25ct 3.00 

earthen ware & glass bottles $2 case with bottles §1.50 3.50 

crockery ware & glass ditto $3 3 tables §1.75 4.75 

a mortar 2 coffee mills ilesh fork, skimer and skewers 2.00 

3 iron bread pans §1 3 chests §1.50 meal chest 50 . 3.00 

kitchen chairs $1.50 old cask & tubs §2.50 50 lb. salt pork §8 12.00 

cheese press §1.25 two spits §1.25 pails §1 3.50 

John Crocker disposed of this property to his brother 
Joseph (though I find no record of the transaction), who 
seems to have owned little of this world's goods, apart from 

the ancestral mansion. The inventory of his estate is brief: 

Inventory of the estate of Joseph Crocker, malster : 

House and barn and malt-house, with other buildings & laud 900.00 
1 blue coat §3.00 1 blue surtout coat .$2.50 1 blue grate 

coat $3.50 9-00 
1 black waist coat $1 2 green waist coats §1 2 pair small 

cloths woolen and drawers $2 4.00 
1 pair kersey nicer small cloths 50 cts 1 pair nankin jacket 

and breeches $1 1 -50 
1 pair cotton and linen trowsers $1. S shirts $6.50 8 pair 

of hose §3.50 11-00 


1 pr leather gloves 12 cts. 2 silk and one linen handkerchief 

$1-75 1.87 

3 pr. old trowsers 75 cts 2 frocks $1. 2 pair of boots $3.75 

2 pair of shoes 81.50 7.00 

2 felt hats GO cts. 1 gun, bayonet & snap sack and cartridge 

box §5 5. CO 

1 gun & cartridge box, and 2 powder horns $2 live hare 

cleaned 60 cts 2. CO 

In the return of the administrator of Joseph Crocker, 
in March 1814, we find the items 

five sixths of dwelling house and land sold to Joseph Hodg- 

kins Esq. 750.00 

to paid John Crocker 621.38 

Deacon John received the estate by inheritance from 
his father, Benjamin Crocker, a man of excellent quality. 
He was graduated from Harvard College in 1713, was 
Representative in 1726, 1734, 1736, taught the Grammar 
School many years, and often preached. He made his 
will after the pious fashion of his day and devised his 
property as follows : 


In the name of God, Amen, xlpril 9, 1766. 

I Benjamin Crocker, of Ipswich in County of Essex, in New Eng- 
land, being in Health of Body and Mind & Memory (thro the Favour 
of Almighty God,) & calling to Mind the Uncertainty of Life and Cer- 
tainty of Death, Do make and Ordain this my last Will and Testament, 
and Principally and above all I recommend my Soul into the Hands of 
God, Thro Jesus Christ, hoping for his sake and Righteousness to find 
acceptance with God at the great Day of his Appearing; and my Body 
to decent Christian Burial : and touching such worldly Estate as God 
bean pleased to bestow upon me, 1 give and dispose of the same in 
Manner following, viz. — 

Imprimis. I give to my w T ell beloved wife Elizabeth fourteen 
pounds, and all that estate which she brought with her to me upon 
our Marriage; provided and on Condition she shall acquit all her 
Right or Claim and Interest in & to all the rest of my estate. 

Item. I give to my daughter, Mary Gunnison, the two best silver 
spoons, which, with what I gave her at her Marriage, together with 
what she held of land, which she had of land which she and her 
Brother sold to Charles Tuttle after her Marriage, which I account of 
a sufficient Part of my Estate. (The particulars of which I have set 
down in a Pocket Book in my Desk.) 

Item. I give all the rest of my Estate both real and personal of 
what Nature soever to my son John Crocker, after my Debts and 
funeral Charges are paid by my said Son. Benjamin Ckockek. 

(.Probate Records 343 :48I.) 

Mary Crocker, the first wife of Benjamin, received the 
property from her father, Major John Whipple. Xo 


record of sale, gift or inheritance from her remains, but 
the identity of the property U indisputable as will appear 
from our subsequent study of adjoining estates. 

The will of Major John Whipple, Crocker's father-in- 
law, is of much interest and I append it in full. 


In the name of God Amen. The thirtieth day of August 1722. I 
John Whipple, of Ipswich, In the County of Essex in New England, 
being sick & weak of Body but of perfect Mind & Memory, Thanks be 
Given to God therefore, Calling to Mind y e Mortality of my Body ,v 
knowing y* Is Appointed for all' Men Once to Dye Doe make and Or- 
daine This my Last Will & Testament; that Is to say principally & 
.first of all I Give and recommend my Soul Into the hands of God that 
Gave it, and my Body I Recomend to ye Earth to be buryed in a Decent 
& Christian Buriall att ye Discretion of my Exec, nothing Doubting 
but att ye Genii Insurrection I shall receive the same againe by ye 
Almighty power of God; aud as touching such Worldly Estate where- 
with It hath pleased God to bless in This Life, I Give, Demise & Dis- 
pose of the same in the following Manner or Forme. 

Impr. I give to my Daughter Mary Crocker & To the Heirs of her 
Body Lawfully begotten my now Dwelling House & Homestead with 
all the building upon the same. Also I give to my Daughter Crocker 
all ye furniture both of the parlour and Parlour chamber also one Bed 
More such as shee shall Chuse with all ye furniture to ye same belong- 
ing, also Three pair of Sheets, Two Large Table Cloths & Two Smaller 
Ones & Two Dozen of Napkins, also I give unto ray Daughter Crocker 
all the utensills of y e Kitchen & Leantoe & also my two Neb oxen & 
all my utensills for husbandry, also One old Common Right & my 
Negro Man & Two Cowes. 

Item. I give to ray son-in-law Benj. Crocker ray and foul- 
ing piece. 

Item. I give to my Grandson, W m Brown, my pistolls and holsters. 

It. I give to my Granddaughter, Martha Brown, forty pounds. 

It. I give to Daughter Rogers my Negroe Woman Hannah. 

It. I give to my Grandson, John Rogers, twenty pounds and after 
all my Lawful debts and all y e above Legacies & my f unerall Charges 
are all payd, the whole of my Estate which shall then remaine Both 
real and personal, Bills, Bonds, Whatsoever to be honestly apprized 
& Equally Divided between my Three daughters, Martha, Mary & 
Susannah. [Probate Records 313 : 458.] 

inventory. [313 : 555] 

Wareing apperell £30 Book 80s Bills and Bonds £182- 

14-6 horse & mare etc £112 328 14 6 

cows, steers, heffers & calves £47 9s Household stuff in 

y c Hall £16 14s 64 3 

Household goods in y e bedroom below £2 5s in y e bed 

room above 90s 6 15 

In the Kitchen Chamber £7 8s Sheets, Billow beers, 

Napkins, Table cloths, Towells 196s 17 4 


12 yds Linnin Cloth 40s 12 yds Druggt 40s 20 yds Cot- 
ton & Linnin 40s old Curtain 6s 6 6 

2 blankets, 2 Coverlids, 1 Rugg, 60s 1 Heel 10s Linnin 

& Worsted yarn 38s 5 8 

•wool 10s Cotton wooll 30s bottles 20s 2 sadles 96s 12 

bar ells 24s 2. tubbs 6s 9 6 

5 swine 100s Calash & Tackling 40s Slay 18s 7 18 

an old saw mill standing on Ipswich River with y e apnr- 
tenances belonging to y e mill without y c priviledge 
of y e streem 15 o 

An addition of the Parsonall Estate of John Whipple Esq. taken 

April 17th, 1723, 

One silver headed Cain 35s one walnut stall" with silver 

head 13s 2 8 

one old Desk 3s pr Cards Is 4d 1 Knife and fork 2s 

about 50 Gro. buttons old 6s 12 4 

1 pr sheers 6d 1 old press? 18s 1 pine chest 4s 1 Table 

4s 1 Do 2s 2 old Chairs Is 1 pr stillards 5s 14 6 

When the Rev. John Rogers receipted for his son's leg- 
acy, as his guardian, it is recorded that it was in accord- 
ance with the will of" Major John Whipple." It is im- 
portant that every clew however slight to the successive 
generations of Whipples he noted, as we enter now a be- 
wildering maze of John Whipple, Captain John, Major 
John, Cornet John, Elder John, John Senior, etc., through 
which it is very difficult to thread our way. 

This will of Major Whipple drawn in 1722 contains one 
item of note in determining the age of different portions 
of the house. It mentions the " kitchen & Leanto." One 
addition, at least, had been made prior to this date; but 
whether it was the very small leanto that seems to have 
been built on the northeast corner, or the larger and later 
addition that provided a new kitchen, we cannot deter- 
mine. I incline to the former hypothesis, as there is men- 
tion of only four rooms in the will and inventory. Two 
slaves are included in his estate, a negro man, who was 
given to Dame Crocker, and Hannah, who became the 
property of the minister's wife, Mrs. John Rogers. We 
are glad that she was a person of sufficient note to be men- 
tioned by name. The humble black man, who was sand- 
wiched in between " an old common right " and K Two 
Cowes," is mentioned only as a chattel. 

Major John Whipple was the eldest son of Captain John 
Whipple Senior, who made his will in 1683. The will is 
of value, and is inserted in full. The inventory, which 


follows, is minute and is published in a very slighth 
abridged form. 


I, John Whipple Sen of Ipswich, having not settled my estate be- 
fore in case of death do thus order the estate which God hath gra- 
ciously given me. Inprimis my will is yt Elizabeth, my well beloved 
wife, shall enjoy one halfe of my dwelling house so long as shee shall 
see cause to live therein, and if my execut rs shall provide her y e going 
of a cow or two, with y e use of an horse for her occasions during y 
time : And my will further is yt my exe'cnt™ shall pay or cause to be 
paid unto her fifteen pounds by y e year, besides w* is already men- 
tioned during y e time of her naturali Life. Item, my will is yt ruy 
daughf Susan Lane shall have y e portion w ch she hath already Ke- 
ceived (which I judge to be about seaventy pound) made up an hun- 
dred and fifty pounds, in like specie as before. I will also that my sd 
daughter shall have y e remainder of her portion paid her within three 
years after my decease, my will likewise is. that my youm;e>t 
daughter Sarah Whipple shall be brought up with her mother (if shee 
be willing thereunto) and my executors to allow her w* maintenance 
is necessary thereunto, & to have likewise an hundred and fifty 
pounds for her portion at the time of her marriage, or when she 
comes to one and twenty years of age. Concerning my three sons, it 
was my intent y f if my estate were divided into five parts y* my eldest 
son should enjoy two fifth parts thereof, y e other three to be left for 
y e other three viz. Matthew, Joseph & Sarah. But apprehending that 
I am not like to escape this sicknesse, I thus dispose concerninir the 
same, viz. I will that my son John and my son Matthew shall be 
execut" of this my last will & testament for y e present £ y f my son 
Joseph shall be joyned as an execut r w th them two, as soon as ever he 
comes to be of age. And then my Will is that if my son John enjoys 
all y e Lands, houses, buildings & appurtenances, and Privi ledges 
thereunto belonging where he now lives together with y c Laud in y* 
hands of Arthur Abbot to be Added thereunto: And that my son 
Matthew enjoyes y e Lands, houses, where he now lives, the appurte- 
nances &priviledges w th y e saw mill & y e Land in y c tenure of Fennell 
Ross, y t then my son Joseph when he comes of Ago shall enjoy y e houses, 
buildings, Malting ofiice, w th y e other Lands, pasture, Arabic <S meadow 
where f now live as his right of Inheritance & portion, to him and his 
heires forever, provided y l my son John do help him to order & man- 
age y e same till he himselfe comes of Age. And also my will is that 
then he pay au hundred pound out of his estate to his sister Sarah. 
and y e rest of her and her sister Susan's portion to be paid out of y* 
Debts and other chattels which are found belonging to my estate. 
But if my two elder sons be not satistied with this Distribution of my 
Reall estate, my will is y 4 my whole estate (with what is in my son 
John's and Matthew's hands already of houses and lands) both reall 
and personal be equally divided by indi.Tere.nt Apprizall into live part^. 
and if then my eldest son shall have two fifths thereof, my son Mat- 
thew another fifth, and if Joseph shall have another fifth and y* y e last 
fifth shall be improved to pay debts and other Legacies and y* w c ever 
land falls to any of my three sous shall be to them and their Heires 



forever. In witness whereof I have set to my hand & seale this second 
of August 1G83. 

John Whipple. 
my will also is y l if my two sons, John & Mat- 
thew choose to enjoy y e f amies y l then J n0 shall - 
also have y° ten acres of marsh by Quilters & JOHN WHIPPLE 
Matthew as much of my marsh in y c Hundreds 
to them and their Heires forever excepting y e 
marsh in y e Island w ch may be sold to pay debts. 

signed, sealed & Delivered in presence of us 

William Hubbard 
Samuel Phillips 
Daniel Epps 
[Probate Kecords 304 : 10.] 

An Inventory of the Estate of Captaine John Whipple of Ipswich, 
taken by us whose names are underwritten the tenth of Septemb r 
lmpr 8 His, wearing Apparell, Woollen & Linnen prized at 

£27 18s 
It. A feather Bed & Bolste r £5 curt ns vallins, coverl d all 

of searge £12 
It. A Diaper tablecloth at £2 5s a shorter Diaper table 

cloth £1 2s 6d 
It. An old cupboard cloeth 2s Lesser cupboard cloeth 5s 

tow ells 4 s 
| It. Three Pillow Beeres 9s 9 Diaper napkins 13s 6d 8 

napkins 7s 
It. Turkey worke for chairs & fringe & cloeth to make 

them £3 5s 
It. Linsy woolsey cloeth 12s 3d a Remnant of Broad 

cloth 6s a yd Kersey 8s 
It. Pine cloth to bottom chairs £3 13s cushions 9s a 

chest of drawers £2 15s 
\ • It. Two cushion stooles at Gs a great chaire 5s Brass 

cob irons £1 5s 
It. A looking glass 10s two wicker baskets 5s gloves 

3s four chairs £1 12s 
It'. Two bolsters £1 5s coverlid £1 a blanket & sheet £1 
It. A Bedstead & cover 16s 6 fine wrought chairs £2 8s 
It. Three Leather chairs 9s fring chaire 6s a great 

chair 6s 

It. Pine Stool fringe 6s cushions 4s (covered) 

It. A fine wrought form & stoole 7s brass fire pan tongs 
• & snuffers , 

It. Two pair of iron tongs & a warming pan 12s a case 

of knives 5s 
It. Pistolls, holsters & Belt £2 15s one cushen and mat 

It. Brush & Broomes 2s 3 Pictures 3s a Book of 

Maps 5s 
It. Thirteen napkins & towells 10s a course table cloth 

f It. Two old table-cloths two towells & two cheese cloth 






7 6 



9 6 




6 3 




















It. Three sheets 18s one sheet 8s one pair of sheets lGs 2 2 

It. One pair of fine sheets £1 5s an old pair Gs old 

Books 2s 1 13 

It. Two course pillow beers 3s three bolster cases 7s 3 

pillow beers 1 sheet l 5 , \ 

It. One sheet 12s Gd old sheet 4s another 4s one 

sheet 8s 1 g »;. 

It. A sheet & Bolster case 3s 6d a Pillow case & drawers 

2s 5 g 

It. A yellow silk scarfe 12s an old yellow scarf 10s 1 2 

It. A yard i fine holand 15s llemu ts of hol" ds 3s yarns, 

thread tape 7s 15 

It. One chest Gs a Rapeyer & Belt £1 13s a cutlas 15s 

a Rapeyer 10s 3 4 : 

It. Files and sawes 3s chissells, gouges, gimblets 3s 8d C 8 

It. Three pair of sheares 4s Cd two locks 2s one 

auger Is 7 G 

It. One auger Is a span shackle & pin 2s old Iron & 

stirrup irons Gs 9 

It. Two old Bills Is whissells 3s Basket & Gloves 3s 7 

It. A Basket & yarnc 3s scales & lead weights 12s 15 

It. A compas 2s a file Is A Razor & hone 3s Box & 

old iron 2s Gd 8 6 

It. A great Bible 16s in Books £5 8s 9d 5 Bottles of 

syrrup of clove gilly fl 7 8 9 

It. Three bottles of Rosewater Gs two Bottles of mint 

water 3s 9 

It. A Glass Bottle of Port wine 2s Angelica water sir- 

rup of gilli fl wrs strawberry water 3 Bottles 4s 3 

pint Bottles a great Glass 4s 10 

It. Three greate Gaily Pots w th w* was in them 4s 2 

earthen chamber pots, etc 10 

It. A Box Drawers, two peicesof twine £1 2s a bag 

with sugar Is Gd 1 3 C 

It. Spurs and wyer Is Gd 2 caynes 2s croaper and a 

girdle Is 3d • 4 9 

It. A Bedstead and cover above and below curtains and 

vallance £2 Gd 2 C 

It. A cupboard with small things in it £2 3d A deske 

and drawers 12s 2 15 

It. A small Box Is a brush and a stock to do limmes Is 

6d 2 6 

It. Seaven dishes of white earthen ware one Bason and 

a sully bub pot 16s 16 

It. One glass slick stone earthen porrenger and pot 3s 

2 flower pots Is 4 

It. eight cushens £1 10s table 10s great chair 4s 3 

small chaires 6s 2 10 

It. To a great chaire 4s window curtain Is 6d part of 

a Burling cloth 8s 13 6 

It. Forty cheeses £5 an apple trough 6s two powder- 
ing tubs 6s Gd Lether 2s 5 14 6 
It. Three beer Barrells 8s a great glass Is a powder- 
ing tub 5s and old tubs 4s 18 
It. Two andirons 14s churn 4s firkin w th 4 lb of butter 

£1 5s— 2 3 


It. Two earthen pots 2s 4 pound candles 2s 8d a hand 

jack Is 2d 2 p r scales gaily pot 10 5 

3t. The best pewter 77 lb £7 14s 10 lb more of pewter 

£1 old pewter 151b £1 candlesticks £1 10 14 

St. a Bed pan 9s two basons 8s four old candlesticks 
j 9s 5 salt sellers 5s one more 2s 1 13 

it. Two Basons & 4 Fottingers one beaker 9s 6 new 

pottingers 7s 6d a pottinger 4s 10 6 

Lit. Two pint pots 6s flagon lis 2 quart pots 6s 16 

[It. Two old chamb r pots 10s 4 lb old pewter & a 3 qt 

bason 9s cop r pot 6s tin-ware 6s tin? 1 11 

;'It. Plate one bowle? £3 three spoons £1 10s silvercup 

10s pair buttons 2s 6d three pair buttons 3s one 

buckle Is a pair of shoe buckles 6s 3 dozen of plate 

buttons £1 6 12 6 

|It. a still with In strum ts belonging £1 10s tinlanthorn 

Is beams for scales & weights 2 10 

Jt. a Box iron 4s a smoothing iron Is a brass copp er 

£7 a great Brass pan £2 14s 9 19 

It. Two small brass pans £1 12s 6cl old copper kittle 15s 
\ a brass kittle £1 5s 3 12 6 

I It. Two small brass skillets 6s 2 small brass Ladles & 

one skimmer 4s 6d 10 6 

; It. A brass bason 4 s skillet 5s a little brass kettle 7s 

skillet 4s 10 

It. Wool combs w th belongs to them 16s a brass chafeing 

dish 3s 19 

It. Two bell mettle pots one £2 5s y e other £1 5s an 

iron kettle 8s & lit 1 iron pot 4 4 

It. Two dozen of trenchers Is 6d one tray 6 old dishe3 

w th other dishes 3s 4d two piggins Is 6d 16 4 

It. Three chceshoopes Is earthen Pitcher 3d one payle, 

one piggin & strainer 3s 9d 5 

It. An iron pot & pot-hooks 9s 6d Two tramels w th irons 

to hang upon 12s 116 

It. a pair of bellows, meat forke, augar & gridiron 4s a 

trammel with hooks to it 12s 16 

It. a 'fowliug piece £1 10s two carbines £2 a jack, 
1 weight & a spit £2 10 6 

: It. a salt box & salt Is tw r o old bibles Is 4 old chairs & 

old joynt stoole 4s ■• 60 

; It. a meale trough 6s sires 3s 6d shreding knife Is 

frying pan and marking iron 4s 14 6 

tit. a cushion 3s cap&fardingalls Is a kettle & skillet 9 s 13 

It. a bed & bedding 15s old spinning wheel 3s an old 

chest os 110 

; It. The Homestead at towne, dwelling house, kilne& other 
I houses 330 

It. a great saddle bridle & breast plate, crouper w th a 
: cover at £3 10s 

It. Pistols, holsters, breastplate crooper & simiter £2 5s 
It. a tramel & slice 6s 
It. two keelers 4s 

It. Lawrence y e Indian at £4 3 yds crape at 6s 
It. The farme Landes, Arthur Abbots housing & land 
It. Fennel Rosses housing & land 












fortune from his father, John Whipple, the elder of the 
church. His will and inventory made in the year 1669, 
and indorsed upon the outside M Elder John Whipple " 
are as follows : 


[Filed, not recorded.] 
In the name of God, Amen. I, John Whipple Senior of Ipswich iu 
New England, being in this present time of perfect understanding 


It. The saw-mill w th all implements belonging to it 40 

It. John's house & barn & kilne at 140 140 

It. Matthew's house & barn 140 
The total appraisal was £3314. 

It will be noticed that the homestead was apportioned 
to Joseph in the will, but in the final division as it is re- 
corded under date of Oct. 31, 1684, John received "the 
mansion house his father deceased in wth Barn, outhouses, 
Kilne, orchards & homestead wth commonage & privileges 
in and upon Two acres & a half of land be it more or less, 
called ye Homestead in Ipswich Towne " (Book 305 : 
folio 135). 

. Captain Whipple's farm lands included the present 
Gardner estate, I judge, in Hamilton. His wealth was 
very unusual in his day, and the appraised value of the 
'house with its modest house lot is phenomenal. It was 
valued at £330. 

General Denison's property was inventoried the year 
before, 1682, and his dwelling house was appraised at 
£160 (Ipswich Records 4 :506). He was a man of wealth 
(£2105), and his house had been built but a few years, 
as his earlier residence had been burned, yet this tine res- 
idence as we may imagine it to have been, was reckoned 
worth less than half as much as Captain Whipple's man- 

Deputy Governor Samuel Symonds died on Oct. 13, 
1678, five years before, leaving an estate of 2534 pounds 
sterling, but his house and about two acres in town, in the 
very centre, were estimated worth only one hundred and 
fifty pounds. 

These valuations confirm me in the belief that Captain 
Whipple's mansion was the grandest in the town or in 
the larger neighborhood. He inherited a comfortable 


and memory, though weake in body, committing my soule into the 
hands of Almighty God, and my body to decent buryall, in hope of 
Resurrection unto Eternal! life by the Merit and power of Jesus 
Christ, my most mercyfull Saviour and Redeemer, doe thus dispose of 
the temporall Estate -\v ch God hath graciousely given mee. 
Imprimis. I give unto Susanna Worth of Newfoery my eldest daugh-. 

ter thirty pounds and a silver beer bowle and a silver wine cup. 
Item. I give unto my daughter Mary Stone twenty pounds and one 

silver wine cup, and a silver dramme cup. 
Item. I give unto my daughter Sarah Goodhue twenty pounds. And 
all the rest of my household goods my will is that they be equally 
divided betwixt my three daughters afore sayd. But for their 
other Legacy es my will is that they should be payd them wi th ic 
two yeares after my decease : and if it should so fall out y l any of 
my daughters above sayd should be taken away by death before 
this time Of payment be come, my will is that the Respective Leg- 
acyes be payd to their Heyres when they come of age. Likewise 
I give unto Antony Potter, my son-in-law sometime, fourty shil- 

Moreover I give unto Jennett my beloved Wife ten pounds which 
my will is y c it should be payd her besides the fourteen pound, 
and y e annuity of six pounds a yeare engaged unto her in the Ar- 
ticles of Agreement before our Marryage. Concerning the four- 
score pound, which is to be Returned backe to her after my de- 
cease, my will is y* it should be payed (both for time and manner 
of Pay) according to y e sayd Agreement, viz : one third part in 
wheat, Mault and Indian Corne in equall proportions, the other 
two thirds in neat Cattle under seaven yea re old. Further my will 
is y* no debt should be charged upon my said wife as touching any 
of her daughters, until it be first proved to arise from the account 
of Mercy, Sarah or Mary. 

I do appynt my loving friends, M r "William Hubbard and Mr. John 
Rogers of Ipswich, the overseers of this my last will and Testa- 
ment, and I doe hereby give them power to determine any differ- 
ence y l may arise betwixt my executor, and any of the Legatees, 
aforesayd, about y e payments aforesayd. Lastly I ordayn and Ap- 
poynt my son John Whipple the sole executor of this my last will 
**■ and Testament. To whom I. give all the rest of my estate, both 
houses, lands, cattle, Debts from whomsoever due and to his 
heyres forever. 

In confirmation whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seale 
this 10th day of May, 1G69. In the presence of 

William Hubbard The marke of 

i Robert Day 

The marke of j | | Edward Lummas John 7J Whipple 

"This will was presented in court held at Ipswich 28 of 
September, 1669, by the oath of* Mr. Wry Hubbard and 
Robert Day to be the last will and testament of Elder 
John \V hippie deceased to the best of their knowledge. 
As attest, Robert Lord, cleric." 

"An inventory of the estate of Mr. John Whipple de- 
ceased the 30 of June, 1669/' 


Impr. The farme contayning about three hundred and 

sixty acres 150 

It. The houses and lands in ye Towne contayning about 

one hundred acres 
It. In apparell 
It. Inlinnen 

It. A fieather bed with appurtenances 
It. In Plate 
It. In Pewter 
It. In Brasse 

It. In chayres, cushions, & other small thiugs 
It. A still 
It. Two flock Beds 
It. Two Tables 

It. One musquet, one pr of mustard quernes 
It. Andirons, firepan & tongs 
It. Two mortars, two spitts 
It. In Bookes 

Ipswich July 15th, 'G9 
Kiciiakd Hubbard 
John Appleton 

(The originals are endorsed "Elder John Whipple.") 
" The inventory was delivered in court held at Ipswich 
the 28 of September, 1669, upon the oath of cornett John 
Whipple to be a full & true inventory of the estate of his 
ffather, deceased, to the best of his knowledge and if more 
appears afterward it should be added. As attest, 

Robert Lord, Cleric." 

The Elder's estate included the large 360 acre farm 
which had been divided into several by the prosperous 
Cornet and Captain, and other property, entered as 
w houses and lands in ye Towne contayning about one hun- 
dred acres," valued at £250. The two acre homelot and 
homestead were contained in this beyond a doubt, but we 
cannot be sure how much else is included. It does not 
seem possible that Captain Whipple's mansion should 
have been identical with the Elder's house. The great 
increase in value within the short period of fourteen years, 
1669-1683, indicates at least a substantial enlargement or 
rebuilding. This supposition harmonizes perfectly with 
the fact, apparent to every observer, that the eastern half 
of the present edifice was added to the western portion, 
and the elaborate and costly style of the newer work 























presupposes such ample wealth as Captain Whipple pos- 

A very interesting parallel to such an enlargement is 
[found in the old Howard or Ringe house, as it is called, 
inear the Stone Bridge on Turkey Shore. In William 
! Howard's will dated July 23, 1709, he says : 

" Item, I give unto my loving and well-beloved wife the use both of 
I the old end of my house mansion and of the new end, so far as she 
■ shall have occasion for during her natural life. 

"Item. I give to my two sons John and Samuel Howard, viz. to 
i my son John, the new end of my house mansion which is not y<jt fully 
> finished, with half the stack of chimneys built in said new end, which 
I will best serve for the use thereof. 

"Item. I give to my son Samuel my old mansion house and also 
I one-half of the stack of chimneys built in the new end of said house, 
which will beat suit for the accommodation of said mansion house." 

Evidently a considerable change in the chimney of the 
old house was involved, and in our house, it is evident 
that the chimney stack was enlarged when this new por- 
j tion was added. The Western half of our house was 
I probably therefore Elder Whipple's home, and as the 
[ fashion of houses was in those days, it was a very good 
I and comfortable house, much larger and better than many 
which were built in that period. He acquired the property 
from John Fawne, by a deed recorded in the old Ipswich 
• books (1 :89), which reads as follows: 


Md. that I, John Fawne, gent, do by these presents, allow, certifie 
& confirme, unto Mr. John Whipple his heires and assigns forever, a 
certaine bargaine & jale of an house & house lott in Ipswich containing 
by estimation two acres & a halfe, more or lesse, formerly sould unto the 

| said John Whipple by John Jolly, Samuell Appleton, John Cogswell, 
Kobert Muzzcy, & Humphrey Broadstreete & doe hereby release all my 

I right and title thereunto, as witness my hand & seale, this 10th d;iy of 
October, 1650 John Fawne. 

The original deed is not to be found, and this quit claim 
deed only perfects the title to the property, which was 
purchased by Whipple from six well-known citizens acting 
in some collective capacity, not yet discoverable. But it 
is of great value as proving Fawne's original ownership. 
I But John Whipple was living on this spot in 1642, for in 
that year the town ordered that John Whipple " should 
cause the fence to be made between the house late Cap- 
tain Denison's and the sayd John Whipple, namely on the 


side next Capt. Denison's." But Fawne's occupancy of 
this location had ceased in 1638, inasmuch as in our Town 
Record, it was recorded in ] 638, that eight acres had been 
" granted to Samuel Appleton above the Mill, .the Town 
River on the South East, the house lot formerly John 
Fawne's North East, and the highway leading into the 
Common, North west." Whipple may have been living 
there at that early period. 

It is not beyond the bounds of possibility that this 
western end of the old mansion may have been erected by 
Mr. Fawne prior to this early date. 

By a singular coincidence, Deputy Governor Symonds, 
who had lately purchased the Argilla Farm, wrote Mr. 
Winthrop in 1637 full instructions as to the kind of a 
house, he wished to'be built. 

"I think to make it a girt howse will make it more 
chargeable than neede ; however the side bearers for the 
second story being to be loaden with corne etc. must not 
be pinned on, but rather eyther sett into the studds or 
borne up with false studds & soe tenanted in at the ends." 

The studs of this part of the house extend from the 
sill to the plate, and the "side-bearers" or supports for 
the floor joists are oak planks, some six inches wide* and 
two inches thick, let into the studs and fastened with oak 
pins, after the fashion of the modern "balloon-frame." 

This similarity in construction, coupled with the fact 
that the farm house was to be a substantial two story 
building with garret, "30 or 35 foote long, 16 or 18 
foote broade," encourages the belief that this part of our 
House w T as one of the earliest houses, of the better sort, 
built by the first settlers. 

These ancient grants afford us the first links in the chain 
of collateral evidence which confirms our identification of 
the property mentioned in these various wills with our 
mansion and lot. 

Our Town Record mentions that Mr. Faw r ne had a 
houselot adjoining to Mr. Appleton, six acres near the 

Daniel Denison had a house lot, next Mr. Fawne's " to 
come to the scirt of the hill next the swamp." Denison's 
lot is again described as "near the mill,. containing about 


two acres, which he bath paled in and built an house upon 
it, having Mr. Fawne's house lot on the South west." 

Denison's property included the tract bounded by Mar- 
ket, Winter and Union streets. The Appleton lot was on 
both sides of the Topsfield road, beyond the present rail- 
way crossing. Fawne's land lay between them. As he 
sold only two and a half acres to Whipple the balance of 
his original grant had been sold apparently to Mr. Apple- 
ton as he always appears as the abutter on the western 

The grant to Denison originally included a lot that 
bounded the Whipple land on the southeast, i. e. toward 
the Kiver. This was owned afterwards by John Burnham 
and Anthony Potter. A portion of this original Denison 
grant was owned by Jeremiah Belcher. 

On the occasion of his marriage with Mary Lockwood, 
Belcher conveyed to Mr. Robert Paine, Richard Brown 
of Newbury and Robert Lord of Ipswich, "in behalf of 
the sayd Mary etc." "his now dwelling house with out- 
houses, orchards, yards, gardens & all other the appurte- 
nances and priviledges thereunto belonging, which house 
is scituate, lying & being in Ipswich aforesayd, neare the 
mill on the north side the river, having the said river to- 
ward the southeast, and the land of John Whipple toward 
thenorwest." 30 :7 :1652(Ipswich Deeds, 1 :239). Twelve 
years later, Jeremiah Belcher mortgaged his farm and 
town property to Capt. Geo. Corwin. The dwelling and 
land' about it are described as follows : " On the West side 
of the Mill River, having the River on the East side there- 
of, the land of Elder Whipple on the west, and on the 
north, the Towne and mill & bordering southward upon 
the land of Elder Whipple" (Essex Deeds, 2 :92). 

On the 8th of April, 1672, Anthony Potter sold Samuel 
Belcher (son of Jeremiah) a small piece of land, " joyne- 
ing to the houselott of Jeremiah Belcher and bounded 
therewith and with the river on the South and Southwest 
syde, and with the houselott of John Whipple on the 
Northwest and with the highway on the North East, all 
which piece of land I had of John Burnham" (Ipswich 
Deeds, 3:223). 

On April 20, 1672, the Rev. Samuel Belcher, Pastor on 


the Isle of Shoals, sold to Edward Lumase, in behalf of 
Richard Saltonstall, Esq. 

"A parcell of ground near unto the mill, for to sett a 
house upon for the miller, that shall keepe the mills from 
tyme to time, to live and dwell in while he or they shall 
keepe the sayd mills," " conteineing about six rodds of 
land bounded by a fence of pales toward the West, the 
barne of Jeremiah Belcher toward the South, downe to a 
rocke near the end of the sd. barne toward the East, & 
comon land or highway, where gravell hath beene digged 
towards the North" (Ipswich Deeds*, 3 :329). 

This is the only deed which contains the name of Sal- 
tonstall. Before remarking on it, let me add two others. 
Mary Belcher, the widow of Jeremiah, set over to her son 
Samuel, who then resided in Ipswich, "all that houselott 
given & made over to me by way of Jointure on Marriage, 

bounded by y e grist mill in Ipswich easterly, Mr. 

John Appleton's land Southerly, Mr. John Whipple's 
land Northerly, the other part bounded by the way to sd 
Land or lott, and partly by land granted to Major Den- 
nison, now possessed and built on by Samuel Belcher.'' 
Novem. 11 :1672 (Essex Deeds 49 :251). 

In 1713, Sept. 25, Mr. Samuel Belcher sold this prop- 
erty to Capt. John Whipple " one halfe acre of Land be 
ye same more or less with y e house, barn and orchard 

standing thereon bounded northeasterly by a highway 

Leading to y e mill, Southeasterly by Ipswich River, South- 
westerly by Land of Col. John Apple-ton, Northwesterly 
by Land of y e above sd Capt. John Whipple." 

(Essex Deeds, 29:61.) 

Comparing these deeds it will be seen at once that the 
bit of land sold to Mr. Saltonstall for the miller's house, 
was only a part of Samuel Belcher's land, and that the 
whole Belcher property was bounded then, as it had been 
for many years by the Whipple estate. Apart from that 
a six rod lot is rather small for a mansion like this, though 
it were then only half its present length. 

The old Jeremiah Belcher lot reappears in the " Brack- 
anbury lot " which William Brackenbury, of North Caro- 
lina, planter, then in Ipswich, sold to Nath. Farley about 
3 acre, which is bounded by John Crocker, the River and 


other land of Farley's. On April 30, 1771 (Essex Deeds 
129 :112), when the heirs of Joseph Crocker sold to Col- 
onel Hodgkins, the lot was bounded by land of Enoch 
Pearson and Joseph Farley, the river, etc. 

Not a link of any importance is lacking. The direct 
pedigree of the land is through Fawne, the Whipples, and 
the Crockers to Colonel Hodgkins. The abutting estates 
are always bounded by these owners. Mr. Saltonstall never 
owned an inch of land on this site. The estate always in- 
cludes two or two and a half acres. I dwell on this only 
in the interest of exact historic truth. We cannot call our 
house by the name of Saltonstall. If an}' name is given 
it, that of Whipple has first claim. 

To my mind the particular name we give this house is 
of small moment. The old mansion itself is a constant 
reminder of all the glorious names which hallow and il- 
lumine the early years of our town life, Saltonstall and 
Winthrop, Symonds and Denison, Ward and Norton and 
Hubbard and all the rest. They were all friends of the 
Elder. Every one of them may have crossed our thresh- 
old. As we sit here in the flickering firelight we seem 
to see them sitting as of old, and conversing on the great 
themes, matters of public safety, affairs of church and 
state, and the momentous events that were happening in 
the dear old England, which were much in their minds. 
The old pavement in the door yard rings again with the 
Jioof-beats of Capt. Whipple's horse hurrying to lead his 
troopers on a swift ride to Andover to repel an Indian 
assault. John Appleton and Thomas French are talking 
in this very room of their imprisonment and trial for ad- 
vocating resistance to the royal governor's edict, and de- 
manding representation before they would submit to taxa- 
tion. Colonel Hodgkins and Colonel Wade and Major 
Burnham smoke and sip their steaming cups and chat of 
Bunker Hill and Yorktown, of Burgoyne and Cornwallis, 
Washington and Lafayette. 

The rumble of Polly Crafts' loom overhead, the wdiirr 
of spinning wheels, the beat of the churn, the roar of great 
winter fires, the hissing of meats on the long spits, the 
voices of children at their play, or demurely reciting the 
catechism, the goodwife's chat with neighboring gossips, 


the loud laughter of the slaves, the tale of love, the sol- 
emn declaration of the last Will and Testament, the weep- 
ing of mourners blend strangely together in these low 
vaulted rooms. We sec visions as we sit and dream of 
Thanksgiving feast days, when the long tables groaned 
under their weight of delicacies, of weddings and funerals, 
of home-comings and leave-takings. 

Thus the life of the ancient times revives again, the his- 
tory of other days becomes a living reality, and the sombre 
old mansion is made a living, speaking witness to the 
naturalness, the simplicity, the sturdiness, the refinement, 
the devotion of the old Puritan home life. It remains for 
us, catching the inspiration of this hour, to make this 
house a worthy memorial of the Past. 


The Annual Meeting of the Ipswieh Historical Society 
was held on Monday, December 3, 1900, at eight o'clock 
p. m., at the House of the Society. 

Officers were elected for the ensuing year, as follows : 

President — T. Frank Waters. 

rr . r, . 7 , ( John B. Brown, 
Vice-Presidents — s t i rr i 
I John Heard. 

Clerk — John W. Goodhue. 

Treasurer — T. Frank Waters. 

( Charles A. Say ward, 
Directors — < John H. Cogswell, 

/ Edward Kavanaoh. 
Corresponding Secretary. — John H. Cogswell. 
Librarian. — John J. Sullivan. 

The reports of the President and Treasurer were read. 
. It was voted that a committee of three be appointed to 
consider the erection of suitable markers at points of his- 
toric interest. The President appointed, John B. Brown, 
Charles A. Say ward and Edward Constant. It was voted 
that the President be added to this committee. 

Annual Report of the President. 

Ten years ago, on the 14th of April, 1900, our Histori- 
cal Society was organized. Six years of dreamy existence, 
without an abiding place and with only occasional mani- 
festations of life, followed. On Feb. 3, 1896, a distinct 
evidence of more vigorous purpose was given. On that 
date, the room in the old Probate Building was dedicated, 
and the collection of antiques w T as begun. The 19th of 
October, 1898, witnessed the formal exercises of dedica- 
tion of this House, and the inauguration of a new and 
more ambitious method. The completion of our tenth 
year finds that vigor unimpaired, and gratifying evidence 



that our Society has entered upon a career of established 
prosperity and usefulness. 

As our house is our unique and most precious posses- 
sion, its widely increasing fame is a matter of great satis- 
faction. The large number of visitors who find their way 
to our doors during the summer months is, in itself, suffi- 
cient proof that our work of restoration and furnishing has 
been recognized as a valuable contribution to the historical 
material of our times. During the winter months, from 
December to April, one hundred and twenty-seven names 
were recorded in the Visitors Book. April brought fifty 
more. In May, there were one hundred and seven. June 
saw two hundred and six. During the month of July, a 
textile exhibition was arranged. A valuable collection 
of foreign textiles was secured by Miss Gray from the Art 
Museum and from friends. Our members and friends of 
the Society loaned their own treasures readily. An 
ancient loom was erected in the attic, and a web of rag 
carpet was woven by a skilled weaver, whom we dis- 
covered in our neighborhood. This exhibition was adver- 
tised extensively, and came into very favorable notice. 
Owing in fact, no doubt to this, the July list of visitors 
rose to three hundred and seven, and the August total 
was five hundred and fifty-two. The admittance fee was 
raised to twenty-five cents, and there were few who did 
not feel that it was a very reasonable figure. The Sep- 
tember visitors were two hundred and seven, and since 
then there have been one hundred and twenty-five. 

The goodly total of 1681 visitors for the year is an item 
of notable significance. As was remarked in the Report 
of last year, a Surprisingly small percentage of this large 
number is drawn from our own community, and a sur- 
prisingly large proportion of our visitors are from remote 
sections of our land and from foreign lands. A consecutive 
series of twenty names recorded in the first week of October 
reveals residents of Toledo, Ohio ; Amsterdam, Holland ; 
Frankfort, Germany; Oakland, California; Honolulu, 
Hawaii; Kaloa Kauai, Hawaii; Birmingham, Alabama; 
London, England, and three of our Ipswich folk. We 
may not presume that these travellers from afar came be- 
cause they wished to see for themselves, as the Queen of 
Sheba journeyed to Solomon's court, but we may be sure 


that they were interested to turn aside from the beaten 
round of holiday travel and spend a little while under our 

The quality of our visitors, as well, is interesting. 
Many are people of finest culture, and wide acquaintance 
with history and the work of Historical Societies. Their 
appreciation of our house and its contents is always spon- 
taneous and enthusiastic. One gentleman from London 
remarked on the particular value of many pieces of fur- 
niture. Doubleday, Page and Co., of New York, sent 
recently an expert photographer, Mr. R. F. Turnbull of 
New York, to photograph a list of articles for a work on 
colonial furniture by Miss Singleton. Mr. Halliday of 
Boston, the publisher of a series of photographs of ancient 
and historic buildings, came to spend an hour and tarried 
nearly a day, and made some beautiful exterior views. 

The contributions to our collections have been numer- 
ous, and some are of notable value. A complete list is 
appended, but attention maybe called here to a few of ex- 
ceptional interest. Mr. Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., has 
sent a letter written by Elizabeth Chute, the wife of James 
Chute, son of the ancient schoolmaster, Lionel Chute, I 
presume, addressed in the stately form of that period : 
To har honored and much 
respected friend M r John 
Wintrup at Mr. Adam 
Wintrup's house at 
Boston this 
and signed 

Your lo : 'kins worn on 
In what I can 
Elizabeth Chute 
From Toswich, this 
10 th of Oct: 1653. 

The letter is full of anxious solicitude for her little son, 
then in delicate health, and requests Mr. Winthrop to 
prescribe for his and her own ailments. Its tone is most 
tender and delicate. 

A second contribution to our manuscripts is an ancient 


deed of Nathaniel Kinsman of Gloucester to Jonathan 
Burley of Norwich, Conn., of "one mollatto Servant named 
Silas of the age of Sixteen years," for his " Proper Service, 
Use and Benefit and Behoof for and during the naturall 
Life of the said Mollatto servant " " in consideration of 
the sum of three hundred and fifty Pounds in Bills of 
public Credit of the old Tenor." This pathetic reminder 
of slavery in our midst bears the date, August 23, 1749. 
It was contributed by Mr. Frederic J. Kingsbury of Water- 
bury, Conn., who has also made a generous donation to 
the treasury. 

Col. Luther Caldwell very generously contributed nine 
volumes in cloth and ten in white vellum of his " Life of 
Anne Bradstreet," the proceeds of the sale to be used for 
the benefit of the Society. 

' Mr. Francis R. Appleton has given the beautifully 
framed portrait of Rev. Joseph McKean, D.D., which 
now adorns our Cabinet Room. Dr. McKean was the son 
of William and Sarah Cogswell McKean, daughter of Dr. 
Joseph Manning. He became Professor of Rhetoric and 
Oratory in Harvard College. Fie married Amy, daughter 
of Major Joseph Swasey, and died at the early age of 42 
in Havana, Cuba, on the 17 th March, 1818. May we not 
hope that in due time the portraits of Daniel Dana, Daniel 
Treadwell and Joseph Green Cogswell, Ipswich men of the 
finest intellectual attainments, may be given by generous 
and appreciative friends ! 

Col. Nathaniel Shatswell has honored us with the gift 
of a flag of the United States, which was made in our 
town for the first company raised here to serve in the Civil 
War. Mr. Joseph D. Dodge of Lynn surprised us re- 
cently with the gift of two bronze lustre pitchers, used by 
the judges of the Ipswich Court for thirty years from 
1820 to 1850, in perfect preservation, and the bell used 
by the Town Crier, Aaron Jewett his grandfather, for 
years. Mr. Jewett was janitor of the Court House for 
maivy years. It is said he used to "cry" the Court, in 
doggerel fashion : 

"Run, rogues, run, 
The Court's begun 
Stand before the Justice 
And tell whut 3 T ou've done." 


The pitchers came into his possession. Upon his death 
in 1850, his widow took them with her to Hamilton where 
she lived until the death of her son, Mr. Dodge's father, 
in 1868. She then removed to Rowley, and the pitchers 
and the bell went with her and found place on the library , 
mantel of the ancestral farmhouse. There they remained 
for thiity-two years, until they were taken down and 
brought to this House. 

The financial status of our Society is rapidly becoming 
stable and prosperous. Though no large gifts have come 
to us this year, our receipts have been more than suffi- 
cient to meet our current needs. We began this financial 
} r ear with a loan of three hundred dollars to pay the final 
construction bills. As the Treasurer's Eeport shows, 
more than four hundred dollars were spent in settling 
these accounts. A hedge of Japan Quince was set in the 
spring at an expense of $44.50. Our interest account 
required $70.70, $100 was expended for work of various 
kinds within and without the house, and other necessary 
expenditures brought our total expense to $905.88. 

A balance of $81.64 remained from last year. Gifts 
and membership fees netted $514.15. Our House itself, 
from admittance fees, and the sale of our publications and 
photographs brought us $282.87. A balance very nearly 
sufficient to pay the loan remains in the Treasury. If the 
same income can be secured during the year we now be- 
•gin, it may be possible for us to make some approach to 
a fit remuneration to Miss Alice A. Gray, our devoted and 
invaluable Curator. Her services have been rendered 
from the beginning, .freely and enthusiastically, and her 
delicate taste, her rare knowledge of antiques and her 
own personal collection are the principal factors in the at- 
tractive interior arrangement and furnishing of the House. 
Her assistant, Miss Julia Gutberlett, has been a cheery and 
winsome housekeeper, and chaperone of visitors during 
Miss Gray's absence. 

Regaid for the comfort of the Curator will require us 
at an early day to make suitable provision for heating the 
rear rooms by steam or hot water. Funds are needed also 
for reprinting several numbers of our annual reports. The 
sale of our pamphlets has been surprisingly good, and 


while the first expense of reprinting would be considera- 
ble, the sales during a few years would return a good 
profit on the investment. 

The Society is indebted to the generosity of Mr. John 
B. Brown for the entire expense of publishing the ninth 
issue in our Historical Series, which is just passing through 
the press. 

I would make fresh appeal to friends of the Society, 
and all interested in its advancement, to provide funds 
for an immediate extension of our work. We need more 
land, and means for constructing a log-house, as an illus- 
tration of the primitive homes in the wilderness. Other 
large schemes have already been outlined, and await real- 

One line of work should be begun at once, the marking 
of spots of historic interest in our town. Meeting House 
Hill, with its successive meeting-houses, its fort, prison, 
stocks and whipping-post, the site of John Winthrop's and 
Anne Bradstreet's houses, the Argilla farm, and other loca- 
tions, need appropriate markers. It would be a happy 
inauguration of the new century, if provision could he 
made, not for a simple tablet, but for an appropriate and 
impressive memorial of the resistance to the Andros tax 
in 1687, the largest and most enduring historic event in 
our history. 



• Report of the Treasurer. 

The Ipswich Historical Society 

in account with T. F. Waters, acting- Treasurer. 


"To Balance in Treasury, December 1899, $ 81.64 

Loan from Ipswich Savings Bank, 300.00 

Membership Fees and Gifts, 514.15 

Receipts from house admittance fees, sale 


of books and pictures, 




By Construction account 

Edward VV. Choate, .... $70.63 

Augustine H. Plouff, 


Michael J. Judge, 


John W. Goodhue, 


Austin L. Lord, . 


Win field L. Johnson, 


William H. Bird, 


S. Franklin Canney, 


John S. Glover, 




Hedge and setting, 44.50 

Interest on debt, 


Printing, . 


v Labor, 


Postage and envelopes, 


Water bills, 




Lawrence Memorial Tablet, 


Miss Gray, . . 


Incidental house expense, 



Balance in Treasury, 






Frederick J. Alley, 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley, 
Dr. Charles E. Ames, 
Daniel Fuller Appleton, 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton, 
Francis R. Appleton, 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 
James \V. Appleton, 
Randolph M. Appleton, 
Mrs. Helen Appleton, 
Dr. G. Guy Bailey, 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth II. Baker, 
Charles W. Bamford, 
Miss Mary D. Bates, 
John A. Blake, 
John E. Blakemore, 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer, 
James W Bond, 
Warren Boynton, 
Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 
Charles W. Brown, 
Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Carrie R. Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
Henry Brown, 
Miss Isabel G. Brown, 
John B. Brown, 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown, 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell, 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell, 
Miss Lydia A. Caldwell, 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 
Charles A. Campbell, 
Edward W. Choate, 
Philip E. Clark, 
E. Harry Clegg, 
Miss Lucy C. Coburu, 
John II. Cogswell, 
Tneodore F. Cogswell, 
Miss Harriet 1). Condon, 
Rev. Edward Constant, 
Charles S. Cummings, 
Arthur C. Damon, 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 


Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 

Harry K. Damon, 

George G. Dexter, 

Miss C. Bertha Dobson, 

Joseph D. Dodge, 

Harry K. Dodge, 

Mrs. Edith S. Dole, 

Rev. John M. Donovan, 

Arthur \V. Dow, 

Mrs Charles G. Dyer, 

George Fall, 

Miss Emeline C. Farley, 

Miss Lucy R. Farley, 

Joseph K. Farley, 

John S. Glover, 

Frank T. Goodhue, 

John W. Goodhue, 

Rev. Arthur H. Gordon, 

John J. Gould, 

James Grafium, 

Mrs. Eliza II . Green, 

Miss Lucy Hamlin, 

Mrs. Lois Hardy, 

Miss Margaret A. Harris, 

Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, • 

George II. W. Hayes, 

Mrs. Alice L. Heard, 

Miss Alice Heard, 

John Heard, 

Miss Mary A. Hodgdon, 

Joseph I. Horton, 

Lewis R. Hovey, 

Miss Ruth A. Hovey, 

Gerald L. Hoyt, 

Miss Lucy S. Jewett, 

John A. Johnson, 

Miss Ellen M. Jordan, 

Edward Kavanagh, 

Charles M. Kelly, 

Fred A. Kimball, 

Rev. John C. Kimball, 

Aaron Kinsman, 

Miss Bethiah D. Kinsman, 

Miss Caroline L. Lakemau, 

Curtis E. Lakeman, 

Mrs. Frances C. Lakemau, 



G. Frank Langdon, 
Austin L. Lord, 
George A. Lord, 
Miss Lucy Sladc Lord, 
Thomas If. Lord, 
Mrs. Lucretia S. Lord, 
Dr. George E. Mac Arthur, 
Mrs. Isabelle G. Mac Arthur, 
Rev. Frank J. Mc Connell, 
Mrs. Mary B. Main, 
James F. Mann, 
John P. Marston, 
Everard IT. Martin, 
Mrs. Marietta K. Martin. 
Miss Heloise Meyer, 
Miss Abby L. Newman, 
Mrs. Amanda Nichols, 
John W. Nourse, 
Charles H. Noyes, 
Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes, 
Mrs. Anna Osgood, 
Rev. Robert B. Parker, 
Rev. Reginald Pearce, 
Martin V. B. Perley, 
Moritz B. Philipp, 
Augustine H. Plouft*, 
James E. Richardson, 
Miss Anna W. Ross, 
Fred. G. Ross, 
Joseph Ross, 
Joseph F. Ross, 
Dr. William H. Russell, 
William S. Russell, 
Angus Savory, 
Charles A. Sayward, 
Mrs. Henrietta W. Sayward, 

George A. Schofield, 
Dexter M. Smith, 
Edward A. Smith, 
Miss Elizabeth P. Smith, 
Mrs. Hiirriette A. Smith, 
Henry P. Smith, 
Rev. R. Cotton Smith, 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spanlding, 
Dr. Frank H. Stockwell, 
Mrs. Alice L. Story, 
John J. Sullivan, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 
Arthur L. Sweetser, 
Rev. William H. Thayer, 
John E. 'Penney, 
Mrs. Annie T. Tenney, 
Miss Ellen R. Trask, 
Bayard Tuckerman, 
Charles S. Tuckerman, 
Francis H. Wade, 
Miss Martha E. Wade, 
Miss Nellie F. Wade, 
William F. Wade, 
Luther Wait, 
Miss Annie L. Warner, 
Mrs. 'Caroline L. Warner, 
Henry C. Warner, 
Rev. T. Frank Waters, 
Miss Susan C. Whipple, 
Mrs. Marianna Whittier, 
Miss Eva Adams Willcorab, 
Frederic Willcomb, 
Wallace P. Willett, 
Robert D. Winthrop, 
Chalmers Wood. 


John Albree, Jr., Swampscott, 
William Sumner Appleton, Bos- 
Lamont G. Burnham, Boston, 
Eben Caldwell, Elizabeth, N. J., 
Luther Caldwell, Washington, 

D. C, 
Mrs. Edward Cordis, Jamaica 

Charles W. Darling, Utica, N.Y. 
Elisha P. Dodge, Newburyport, 
Miss Caroline Farley, Cam- 
Frank C. Farley, So. Manches- 
ter, Conn., 
Miss Katharine S. Farley, So. 
Manchester, Conn., 

Mrs. Eunice W. Felton, Cam- 
Jesse Fewkes, Newton, 
Reginald Foster, Boston, 
Augustus P. Gardner, Hamilton, 
Charles L. Goodhue, Springfield, 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray, 
Miss Emilv R. Gray, Sauquoit, 

N. Y., 
Arthur W. Hale, Winchester. 
Albert Farley Heard, 2d, Bos- 
Otis Kimball, Boston, 
Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston, 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball, Salem, 
Frederick J. Kingsbury, Water- 
bury, Conn., 



Miss Caroline T. Leeds, Boston, 
Miss Katharine P. Loring, Bos- 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring, Boston, 
Mrs.Elizabeth R. Lyman, Brook- 
Josiah H. Mann, Memphis, Tenn. 
Miss Adeline Manning, Boston, 
Henry S. Manning, New York, 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning, New 

York. " a 
•George L, von Meyer, Rome, 

Miss Esther Parmenter, Revere, 
Mrs. Mary S^C. Peabody, 
Frederic H. Ringe, Los Angeles, 
. Cal., 

Mrs. Henry M. Saltonstall, Bos- 

Richard W. Saltonstall, Boston. 

Denison R. Slade, Center Har- 
bor, N. H., 

Joseph Spiller, Boston, 

Miss Ellen A. Stone, East Lex- 

Miss Ann II. Treadwell, Jamaica 

Harry W. Tyler, Boston, 

Mrs. George W. Wales, Boston. 

George Willcomb, Boston, 

Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Bos- 


William F. Abbot, Worcester, Mass. A photograph 
portrait of Nathan Dane, founder of the Harvard Law 
School, a native of Ipswich, with an autograph. 

Francis R. Appleton. An oil painting. Enlarged copy of 
a portrait of the Rev. Joseph McKean, D.D., LL.D., 
of Harvard College, born in Ipswich in 1776. 

Mrs. Martha Bird. A quilling wheel; a tin sconce; a 
pitcher of English pottery ; an early English hand 
sewing machine.; wooden stretchers used in John 
Birch's stocking factory, and a bag made of stocki- 

The Misses Brooks, Salem, Mass. Two miniatures 
painted on ivory, and nine bed quilts. Made by the 
grandmother and mother of Mrs. Henry M. Brooks. 

Mrs. George C. Bossox, Reading, Mass. A photo- 
graph, portrait of Mrs. Fitz, wife of Rev. Daniel 
Fitz, of Ipswich. 

Mrs. William G. Brown. Fifteen pieces of pottery and 
porcelain, English ; two pieces of pewter; a leather 
covered money box ; a sword or knife, brass mounted ; 
a bureau, chair and table of early date, and a candle- 

Mrs. D. Bryant. A toy skillet, and a night lamp. 

Col. Luther Caldwell, Lynn, Mass. An engraved 
portrait of Commodore John Paul Jones, and eigh- 
teen copies of " The Life of Anne Bradstreet," sold 
for the benefit of the Society. 

J. D. Dodge, Lynn, Mass. Two pitchers of copper lustre 
ware, English, once owned by Aaron Jewett, jani- 
tor of the Court House in Ipswich, 1820-1850, and 
used by the Judges of the Courts during that time, 
and a town-crier's bell, used by Aaron Jewett while 
acting as crier in Ipswich previous to 1834. 

I * (49) 


Mrs. Mary S. Farley. A "fly-flap," Chinese. 

A. P. Foster, Waterbury, Vt. A spinning-wheel head, 
of early type. 

Francis T. Goodhue. A mahogany silk reel, and two 
leather-bound money boxes from the house of Miss 
Elizabeth D. Goodhue of Salem. 

Miss Frances L. Goodrich, Stackhouse, North Carolina. 
A piece of Coverlid weaving, done by women in 
North Carolina at the present time. 

Mrs. Lois Hardy. A rapier, made in Amsterdam Hol- 

Joseph I. Horton. A collection of Natural History 
specimens from the region about Ipswich ; a mahog- 
any case with glass doors, once owned by Dr. 
Thoma3 Maiming, and the working plans for the Ips- 
wich water works. 

Mrs. Joseph I. Horton. A spice mill, brass and 
wrought iron, German, of about 1700. 

Miss S. E. Lakeman. Four pieces of paper money, 
issued by Richard Russell of the Union Store, in Ips- 
wich, Feb. 2, 1863. 

James F. Mann. A child's chair. Used by the father 
of Mr. Mark Newman when a child, and a large table 
with tops of Dutch tiles, reproductions of the old 
" bible-set " for a border. 

Thomas S. Nickerson, Newbury port, Mass. A pottery 
jar, reproduction of an old piece, made at the Ce- 
ramic works in Newburyport. 

Miss Esther Parmenter, Revere, Mass. A Dutch chop- 
ping knife.. 

Miss Hannah M. Peatfield. Bobbins and thread used 
in the Ipswich lace factory, and a piece of paper cur- 
rency dated August 18, 1775. 

M. V. B. Perley, Portsmouth, N. H. A photograph, 
portrait of General William Whipple, born in Kit- 
tery, Maine, in 1785. 

Augustine H. Plouff. A leather tire bucket marked 
"Ipswich Fire Society." 

Miss Leonora Pope, Boston. A parasol of about 1840. 

Edward J. Ready. An epaulet, brass, found in the 
walls of his house, and other small objects. 


Miss MaryT. Saunders, Salem, Mass. A piece of early 

English furniture calico. 
Angus Savory. A pair of names. 
Colonel Nathaniel Shatswell. A United States flag. 

Made in Ipswich for the first company raised in the 

town for service in the civil war. 
Miss Lucy Smith. A curtain of early English furniture 

calico, called "India Cotton," bought in 1798 for 

hangings of an Ipswich bed room. 
Miss Eunice K. Smith. Two pieces of pottery and 

porcelain ; a piece of glass, and a tea traj^. t 
W. S. Spinney. Photograph of the memorial marking 

the birthplace of Mary Lyon. 
Edward H. Stevens, Ossipee, N. EL A loom, complete, 

with warping bars, etc., etc., and a specimen of a 

band- woven coverlid. 
The Peabody Academy of Science, Salem. A quan- 
tity of printed labels for use in the rooms of the So- 
Rev. T. F. Waters. Three paintings on velvet, from 

the house of Miss Elizabeth D : Goodhue of Salem. 
Mrs. Wm. C. West, Salem, Mass. A pair of brocade 

slippers, worn at the wedding of Miss Wise, in 

Frederick Willcomb. A child's " standing-stool." 
W. P. Willett, East Orange, N. J. Two pieces of 

pewter, two of Britannia, and a pair of scales for weigh- 
ing coin. 
Mrs. Lucretia Whipple. A sampler worked by Me- 

hitable Mackintire of Reading, Mass., in 1807, and 

two pieces of English pottery. 
Maynard Whittier. A Rowley enrollment record, and 

tools used by wheelwrights early in this century. 

donations or books and pamphlets. 

Abbot Public Library, Marblehead, Mass. The 22nd 
Annual Report. 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. Pro- 
ceedings, 1900. 


Daniel Fuller Appleton. A sermon preached at the 
funeral of Mrs. Mary Buckminster, June, 1805, by ! 
the Rev. Jesse Appleton ; The " Bradford History of 
the Plymouth Plantation ; " Chronological History of 
New England," from 1602-1720, by Thomas Prince, 
Boston, 1736; "Norton's Evangelist," by John Nor- 
ton, teacher of the Church at Ipswich, New England, 
London edition, 1654; "A Short Catechism, drawn 
out of the word of God," by Samuel Stone, minister 
of the word at Hartford in Connecticut, 1684 ; reprint 
by the Acorn Club. 

Mrs. Martha Bird. Forty-three volumes of old books. 

Bridgeport Public Library. Annual Report, 1900. 

Mr. Brown. A volume : "The Massachusetts Register and 
Calendar, etc.," 1836. 

Cambridge Public Library. Annual Report, 1899. 

William Everett. "Patriotism:" An oration delivered 
before the Phi Beta Kappa Society, June, 1900. 

N. P. Greenlaw, Boston. A volume : " History and De- 
scription of Ipswich, England." 

Rev. F. L. Goodspeed. "Pilgrim and Puritan." 

Grand R. A. Chapter, District of Columbia. Report, 

1899. ! 

Historical and Philosophical Society or Ohio. An- 
nual Report, 1899. ) 

Rev. Horace C. Hovey, Newburvport, Mass. A vol- 
ume : "The Old South " (First Presbyterian Church, 
Newburyport), and a pamphlet : "Daniel Hovey, of 

" Report of the Town Officers of Ipswich, Mass., the two 
hundred and sixty-ninth year of the Town's Incorpo- 
ration, 1900," and vol. 5, " Historical' Collections." 

F. W. Lamb, Manchester, N. H. " Records of the Lamb, 
Savory and Harriman families." 

William Little, Newbury, Mass. "A Contribution to 
the History of Byfield Parish." 

Nahant Public Library. Noteworthy Descriptions of 
the Town." 

Nantucket Historical Society. Sixth Annual Report, 

donations. 53 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 
Vol. 32, No. 2, April 1900. 

John W. Nourse. An Address delivered before the 
"Nurse family Association at Dan. vers, July 29, 

Miss Hannah M. Peatfield. Five volumes of old books. 

Mrs. Edward Plouff. Nine volumes of old books. 

Reynolds Library. Rochester, N. Y. The Reference 
Catalogue, 1898. 

Somerville Historical Society. " The Historic Fes- 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Seven vol- 
umes of Publications of the State Archives, "The 
Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of theRevolution- 
ary War." 

The University of the State of New York, Albany. 
A Volume : "New York in the Revolution as Colony 
and State;" "Public Papers of George Clinton," in 
two volumes, and a pamphlet : "Slavery in New York." 

Topsfield Historical Society. " History of Topsfield 

Trinity College, Durham, N. C. Historical Papers, 
Series iv. 

Rev. T. F. Waters. A Collection of Old School Books, 
Songs, Newspapers, etc. 

Dp. J. L. M. Willis, Eliot, Maine. Vol. in, No. xi, 
"Old Eliot." 

Gifts of Plants and Shrubs for the Garden by James 
F. Mann, Francis H. Wade, Benjamin Fewkes, Mrs. 
T. F. Waters, The Botanic Garden, Cambridge, 
Mass., Miss Katherine P. Loring, Beverly Farms, 
Prof. Charles L. Jackson, Beverly Farms, George 
von L. Meyer, Hamilton. 


E. A. Smith, Salem, Mass. A piece of embroidery, 
wrought by Priscilla Symonds, who was born in 
1648, and died in 1734. She was a daughter of Sam- 
uel Symonds, first Deputy Governor of the Colony 
of Massachusetts. 




I. The Oration by Rev. Washington Choate and toe Poera by Rev. 

'Edgar F. Davis, on the 200th Anniversary of the Resistance to 
the Andres Tax, 1887. Price 25 cents. 

II. The President's Address and other Proceedings at the Dedica- 

tion of their new room, Feb. 3, 1896. Price 10 cents. 

fll [. Unveiling of the Memorial Tablets at the South Common and 
(V. Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, Dec. 7, 1896. Price 25 

Y. The Early Homes of the Puritans and Some Old Ipswich Houses, 
with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 1897. Price 50 cents. 
(Out of print.) 

VI. Exercises at the Dedication of the Ancient House with a History 
of the House, and Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 1898. 
Out of print, but the History of the House is reprinted in Num- 
ber X. 

YIL A Sketch of the Life of John Winthrop the Younger, with 
portrait and valuable reproductions of ancient documents 
and autographs, by T. Frank Waters. Price .$2.50. Postage 
13 cents. 

VIII. "The Development of our Town Government" and "Com- 

mon Lands and Commonage," with the Proceedings at the 
Annual Meeting, 1899. Price 25 cents. 

IX. A History of the Old Argilla Road in Ipswich, Massachusetts, 

by T. Frank Waters. Price 25 cents. 

X. " The Hotel Cluny of a New England Village," by Sylvester Bax- 

ter, and the History of the Ancient House, with Proceedings 
'• at the Annual Meeting, 1900. Price 25 cents. 








MEETING, DEC. 2, 1901 

Salem press: 

The Salem Press Co.. Saleav Mass. 


*W#i' / : 

*1 ; llllltS 



! J 

-,:4 ■ 




I ■ 

i i 









MEETING, DEC. 2, 1901 

By T. Frank Waters 

Salem iPress: 

The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 



later allusion of Edward Johnson is of interest. "Their 
meeting-house is a very good prospect to a great part of 
the Town and beautifully built."* This harmonizes with 
the location on the hill-top, and has no point, when applied 
to the tradition of the other site. 

Of the building itself, we know nothing. It was 
hurriedly built, no doubt, and may have been a structure 
of logs with a thatched roof, or a cheap frame building. 
As early as October, 1643, an intimation of insufficient 
room for worshippers occurs. f "There is ljberty granted 
to such young men and youth as shal [ ] approved of by 
the Deacons to sett up a gallery at their owne charges, and 
the gallery to be built or approved for the manner by the 
Deacons, Goodman Andrews, and Mr. Gardiur." 

feut, humble as the building may have been, it was 
the meeting place of great souls. Nathaniel Ward and 
John Norton were ministers of the highest repute. Nathan- 
iel Rogers also was a preacher of excellent quality. John 
Winthrop Jr., Thomas Dudley and Simon Bradstreet, be- 
came famous Governors. Daniel Denison was renowned 
as the military leader of the Colony and as a magistrate. 
Samuel Symonds was magistrate and Deputy Governor. 
Richard Saltonstall, Doctor Giles Firmin, the Appletons, 
and many others, were men of grand character. Their 
wives were refined gentlewomen. Such names as these hal- 
low the lowliest building, and make the hiil-top forever 

This primitive meeting-house was soon outworn or out- 
grown, and on the 4th day of the 11th month, 1646, it was 
sold to Thomas Firman for fifty shillings, "and he is to 
remove it by the 29 th of 7 th month next, which will be in 
the year 1647. "J The extreme cheapness of the price 
confirms our surmise that the building, which was not 
more than thirteen years old, was a rude structure. The 
direction as to removal suggests that the spot it occu- 
pied was needed for the new edifice. Work on the new 
meeting-house seems to have been pushed, and hints of its 
completion and occupancy are found in the Town Record 
of "the 11 th of (11) 1647." 

* Wonder Working Providence, pub. in 1654. 
t Town Records, 1643. 
^Tovrn Records. 


" Voted that the Deacons shall have power to agree with 
a man, whome they shall thinke fittto keepe the meeting- 
house clean, and to ring the Bell, and what they shall 
agree with him shall be paid out of the Town rate." 

Finishing touches remained to be made, however, as- it 
was voted in 1653,* "to make a sheete for the turret 
window and cover for upper scuttle hole," and two years 
later, some repairs were in order, as a bill of £10, 14s. 4d. 
was approved for " mending the windows, new banding, 
soldering and new glass. "f This building was probably 
of the hip-roof order, with a " turret " for the bell at the 
apex, resembling general^ the "Old Ship Church" of 
Hingham, with diamond paned glass set in lead sashes. It 
was surrounded by a fort. The earlier meeting-house was 
very likely protected in similar fashion, as the Pequot 
War broke out in 1637 and, for a half century after, the 
settlers were never free from fear of Indian attacks. Often 
the soldiers marched away at the call to arms, and when 
the horrors of King Philip's war burst upon the Colony, 
Ipswich men under Major Samuel Appleton bore a valiant 
part. Men brought their arms with them to public wor- 
ship and sentinels paced their beat without during the time 
of service. The meeting-house was a place of deposit for 
ammunition. Four swords of the common stock were kept 
there in 1647, and in 1681, there was a "magazine in the 
meeting-house."* In case of attack, as it was the largest 
building in the town, and the one best adapted for de- 
fence, the people would naturally have hurried thither. 
Hence the value and need of the fortification which was 
erected around it. . 

In 1650, it was voted by the Town, "The wall about 
the meeting-house shall be made up and kept in repair." 
The implication of the final clause "kept in repair," is that 
this work was in the nature of a rebuilding of the wall, 
that may have fallen into disrepair, and not the original 
erection. Again, in 1672, a few years before King Philip's 
War, the Constable was ordered to " pay John Brewer 
20s. for charge he is out about building the fort,"f and on 
August 20, 1696, when the Indians were assailing the 
Maine colonists, the Town Treasurer was instructed " to 

* Town Records. Town Records, 1655. 


hire laborers at the Town charge to repair the fort about 
the meeting-house."* 

No record of the style or size of this ancient fort has 
been preserved, but there was a similar one in Topsfield, 
built in 1673, five or six feet high and "three foote brod 
at the botom." On the south side of the meeting-house, 
it was twelve feet, and on the other throe sides, ten feet 
distant, and at the southeast corner, within the wall a 
watch-house ten feot square was built, which was called 
"the old Meeting-House fort" at the beginning of the 
eighteenth century. j Happily no occasion for defence 
ever arose, and a few years after the hist Indian outbreak 
the Town voted in 1702, that the " rocks at the old meet- 
ing house " should be sold and the proceeds used towards 
buying a town clock. 

As to the new meeting-house, the third on the Green, 
the vote of Jan. 26, 1699, J directed that the foundation 
should be laid ft as near the old meeting-house as the 
Committee shall appoint," and the Committee was in- 
structed to w levell the place for the floor of ye said new 
Meeting-House." The old house was turned over to the 
Committee, but it was stipulated that they should " suffer 
the Inhabitants to meet in it until the new Meeting House 
is finished " and " provided they remove the old meeting- 
house in six months," " provided also they bank up with 
stones and gravel against the sides of the new meeting- 
house, the Town allowing stones to do it out of ye Fort."§ 

The new house was a stately structure, sixty-six feet 
long, sixty feet wide, and twenty-six feet stud. It had a 
"turret" or belfry for the bell, and in 1702 provision was 
made for a town-clock, with a dial. The sexton, Simon 
Pinder, was instructed in 1716 to ring the bell daily at 
five o'clock in the morning. The old meeting-house was 

♦Town Records. 

t History of Boxford, by Sidney Terley. 

X Felt inclines to believe that the third meeting-house was erected some year? 
before this. In 1667, it was " agreed with Ezekiel Woodward and Freegraee Nor. 
ton to gett and hew the timbers for the meeting house roof." In 1671 an appro- 
priation was made for ten days' work for raising the frame. These items refer 
rather to enlargements or repairs of the existing building. It is worth noting that 
a Committee to repair the meetiug house was chosen in 1663, only about fifteen 
years after it was built. The use of green timber, and the difficulty of keeping 
the roof tight, often alluded to, may explain the frequency of repair. 
• § Town Kecords, 1699. 



sold back to the town by the building committee in 1701, 
and in 1703 the town voted to sell it to anybody for £20. 
No purchaser was forthcoming, and a dreary suggestion of 
the ruinous and melancholy condition into which the ven- 
: erable building fell, and the wanton appropriation of it by 
piecemeal, is contained in the vote of March 16, 1703/4. 
" Voted that the Selectmen do inquire and make search of 
all p'sns y* have disorderly taken away out of ye old 
Meeting-house and converted ye same to y r own use, shall 
prosecute them at law, unless they will comply and make 

The most decisive note as to the location of the new 
house is afforded by a very curious map, made in the year 
1717, of the north side of Main street. It locates " Pot- 
ter's House," on the corner of Loney's lane, and there is a 
quaint remark in the margin : 

" Had there been but a little more room on this side the meeting- 
house should have been set down." 

"The meeting-house is but little more than 4 rods from Potter's 

Measuring a radius of seventy-five feet from this corner 
brings us to the terrace north of the present building, 
and on this the third meeting house probably was built. 

The fourth building was erected in 1749. It was sixty- 
three feet long, forty-seven feet wide, and was twenty- 
six feet stud. It was admirably built and was used for a 
century. Its location is well remembered, on the precise 
spot occupied by the present edifice, which was erected in 
1846-1847, but the tall steeple was at the northern end, 
and the building stood with its broad side facing down the 
hill. The pulpit and sounding board were famous works 
of handicraft, and are preserved in the steeple-room of 
the present edifice, in a much abridged form. 

At the southeast corner of the Green, on the spot now 
occupied by the chapel of the First Church, the town 
pound was built, a fenced inclosure into which stray cattle 
were driven and kept confined. Much annoyance and no 
small damage were often caused by the straying of cattle, 
horses or swine into the tilled fields or gardens. Conse- 
quently stringent regulations were adopted by the town to 
prevent the breach of the laws, with reference to pastur- 


age. Thus it is recorded under date, 13 January, 1639 •• 
" agreed that whosoever shall find mares, horses or oxen 
in the cow common two hours after sunrising and bring 
same either to the Pound or to the owner of the same, the 
said owner shall give to such a p'ty double recompense 
for his pains. • The forfeits of 10s. are to goe half to the 
Towne, and halfe to him that shall impound such tres- 
passing cattell." Swine were to be impounded by an 
order of the year 1643, and in the same year, it was voted : 

" The Common Pounder or any other party shall have 
ii d a peece for all piggs, or any other Cattell, that they 
shall impound, out of any Comon-field or fenced ground, 
except house lotts and gardens." A discolored and dimly- 
written old document, preserved in the Court Records in 
Salem, has a very interesting association with this old 
pound, and the method of enforcing the laws, which gov- 
erned its use. It appears that John Leigh had driven 
five cows belonging to his neighbor, Simon Tompson of 
Rocky Hill, to the pound. To secure their release, Tomp- 
son was obliged to petition the august magistrate, Gen- 
eral Denison, who issued the following writ to Theophilus 
Wilson, the constable, with his autograph in his familiar 

To the Constable of Ipswich 

You are required to replevin five Cowes of Simon Tomp- 
son's now impounded by John Leigh, and to deliver them 
to the sd Simon, provided he give bond to the value of 
fifety shillings w th sufficient sureties to prosecute his Re- 
plevin, at the next Court, holden at Ipswich & so from 
Court to Court till the Cause be ended & to pay such 
costs and damage as the sd John Leigh shal by law recover 
ag st him and so make a true return hereof under your hand 
Dated 9 th of August, 1654. 

Daniel Denison. 

This bears the endorsement, which is scarcely legible 
from the scrawling hand : 

9 th of August, 1654. I replevined 5 cowes of Simon 
Tompson and took bond of hym accordingly. 

by me 
Theophilus T\ T ilson 


* Town Records. 


Every time the pound gato closed upon a stray animal, 
this formal proceeding was necessary before it could be 
recovered by the owner. This custom continued for many 
years, and " field-drivers," whose theoretical function it is 
to drive stray cattle to pound, are still elected annually. 
The spot thus used w T as sold to Mr. George Heard, on be- 
half of subscribers for a vestry or chapel for the First 
Parish in 1831, and the present building was erected 
upon it. 

Allusion has already been made to a small watch-house, 
\ ten feet square, built at Topsfield in 1673, within the 
meeting-house fort. The Ipswich watch-house was built 
many years before this, and was near the pound, as will 
appear from subsequent records. As early as 1636, the 
. General Court ordered that every town should provide a 
sufficient watch-house " before the last of the 5 th month 
next"* (1637). But our town seems to have proceeded 
very leisurely in the matter. On Dec. 4, 1643, "two loads 
of wood for the watch-house," perhaps timber foi its con- 
struction, had been delivered. In 1645 "There was pay'd 
to. Goodman Cartwright, Thomas Burnam, towards the 
building the watch-house, two and forty shillings by Mr. 
Bradstreete, and for a dayes work of a team to draw timber 
by Rich. Kimball for Mr. Bradstreete, 0-8-0. "f Still the 
building was unfinished, for, in September, 1647, the town 
was "presented " by the Quarter Sessions Court for want 
of a watch-house,:!; and in response to this summons, the 
seVen men contracted with Philip Fowler, in the February 
following, to build a chimney at the watch-house and clap- 
board it.f 

This building is a vivid reminder of the perils of the 
time. A constant watch was maintained by the constables 
from the beginning to guard against any disorder by night, 
and in time of danger from Indian assault, special precau- 
tions were taken. Every adult male of each family above 
the age of eighteen, including "sons, servants and sojourn- 
ers," was liable to this service. From the last of March 
to the last of September the streets and all exposed local- 

* Mass. Bay Colony Records. t Town Records. 

| Papers in Ct. Records. 


ities were patrolled from half an hour after sunset to half 
an hour before sunrise. All who were abroad after ten 
o'clock were likely to be challenged by the watch, and 
summoned to explain where they were going and what 
their business was, and if they failed to satisfy the inquis- 
itive night-guard, they were liable to arrest and detention 
at the watch-house or "courte of guard " till morning. 

When there was special fear of Indians, military offi- 
cers were ordered to keep watch and ward day and night, 
and it was prescribed that public alarm should be given 
by distinctly discharging three muskets, or the continued 
beat of the drum at night, or firing the beacon, or dis- 
charging a piece of ordnance at night. All sentinels were 
to go immediately to all houses in their neighborhood, 
crying, Arm ! Arm ! and all women and children, and old 
and infirm, were to hurry within the fort, where the am- 
munition was to be guarded. In 1645, a double mili- 
tary watch armed with pike and musket was ordered and 
a daily scout at the outskirt of each town.* 

In all these dark and perilous times, the watch-house, 
with its comfortable fire, was a convenient rendezvous for 
the watch, and a place of detention for any suspicious 
characters. Many a timid youth, afraid of his own shadow, 
went with trembling from its safe shelter to keep his vigil 
in the dark streets or on the outskirts of the town, and 
right glad was he to return, when his watch was finished, 
and report to his superior. It was dull work at best, and 
we are not surprised that watchmen sometimes napped. 
John Grant was called to account before the Ipswich Court 
in 1647 "for sleeping in a barn," and Mark Quilter and 
Thomas Willson, "for going into a barn to sleep " while 
on their watch, were reprimanded. In 1692, Hezekiah 
Hodgkins presumed to bring a pack of cards into the 
watch-house to while away the night hours, and was sen- 
tenced to pay a fine of £5.f 

Near the watch-house, another building of frowning 
aspect was erected in 1652, the couuty prison, which was 
ordered by the Court, as the prison in Boston was not 
sufficient for the colony. The vote of the town was very 

* Mass. Bay Colony Records, 1642, 1645, 1647, 1652, 1667. 
t Quarter Sessions Court Records. 


comprehensive, and we are indebted to its minuteness of 
specification for a very valuable description of the "prison- 
house," as it was called. It was to be twenty feet long 
and sixteen feet wide and the contract required, "3 floors 
of Joyce thick set and well boarded, with partitions above 
and below, the sides and ends studs and stud space, and 
to clapboard the house round, and to shingle it, and to 
daub it whole wall and all but the gable ends, and to 
underpin the house, and make dores and stayers, and hang 
the dores, and sett in locks." It was specified also that it 
should be built "adjoining tothe watch-house, to beequall in 
height and wydness with the watch-house." Forty pounds 
sterling were appropriated for the expense of erection. 
Theophilus Wilson, whose residence was near the present 
Farley house, was appointed to keep the prison until fur- 
ther notice,* and in 1657 the Court ordered that he should 
have " £3 for the year, and for every person committed 
into the prison 5 s and all pris. before they be released 
shall discharge their charges for food and attendance, and 
such as are not able to provide for themselves, shall be 
allowed only bread and water. "f In 1659, Mr. Wilson 
" is apoynted to gett locks to secure the prison & what is 
wanting else to make y e doors & prison strong. "J 

But locks and bars were not sufficient to make it secure. 
On the morning of the 30th of March, 1662, the worthy 
constable and jailer and the community generally were 
astonished to find that a prisoner had escaped, by jail 
breaking, " the first offence of this nature committed in the 
country." The jailer deposed to the Court, that he " put 
him in prison and lockt the dore fast, and put the hasp 
on to the staple in the outsyde of the dore, which none 
within can unhasp, and left no tooles or meanes of light in 
the prison. "§ Another prisoner escaped, and when rear- 
rested, he explained that he was very cold in the jail, and 
took up some of the floor boards and departed. As there 
is no mention of a chimney in the contract, confinement 
in cold weather must have been particularly cheerless. 

* Quarter Sessions Court Records, 27-7-1653. 
t Quarter Sessions Court Records, March, 1657. 
t Quarter Sessions Court Records, 9mo., 1059. 
§ Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1C62. 


Evidently some one came and unhasped the door and 
helped the prisoner out in the former case. The Court 
proceeded to enact rigid rules to prevent such offences. 

"Forasmuch as several escapes have been made out of 
prison by the prisoners with the ayd and assistance ot 
some ill affected persons, yt is ordered that noepson shall 
presume hereafter to come within the prison yard nor 
within 20 foote of the prison on the west syde thereof, 
where there is noe fence, upon any pretence whatsoever, 
without particular leave from the keeper while any pris- 
oners are in the prison, upon paine & penaltye to be pro- 
ceeded against as contentious of authority, and abettors 
of malefactors."* 

The old Court Records reveal many secrets of the olden 
time. The Court held its sessions probably in John Sparks's 
inn, on or near the spot now occupied by the Baker house, 
so called, now owned and occupied by Miss Lucy Slade 
Lord. Frequent items of payment "to the house "occur, 
and the Court order in 1680, that the officers of the Court 
were not to be paid until "the debts due to the ordinaries 
for the entertainment of the Court be discharged," seems 
to point to this conclusion. It is certain that a court- 
house was not built before the following century. Mr. 
Symon Bradstrect, Mr. Samuel Symonds, Major General 
Denison and Maj. William Hathorne were usually the 

Many disturbers of the peace and offenders against the 
dignity of the law were arraigned and sentenced, and 
many a man and woman went from the court room to the 
gloomy jail. For the ordinary poor debtors, thieves and 
lawbreakers of the common sort, we feel slight concern, 
but we are moved to pity for one Hemy Spenser, who 
ran away from his master, took sundry valuables of his, 
stole a horse and saddle at Andover, and completed his 
course by breaking prison, at Ipswich, who was sentenced 
to be severely whipped and branded in the forehead with 
a letter B and pay a line of £5.f And we feel great com- . 
passion for Samuel Shattuck, Nicolas Phelps, and Joshua 
Buffum, Quakers, who had been absent a Sunday or two 

* Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1664. 
t Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1665. 


from public worship in Salem, and bad been apprehended 
by the constable at the Quakers' meeting, who were all 
sentenced to be fined, "and for persisting still in their 
course, & opinion as Quakers the sentence of the Courtis 
they shall be committed to the House of Correction, there 
to be kept untill they give security to renounce their 
opinion or remove themselves out of the jurisdiction."* 
They were led across the Green to the prison, or house of 
i correction as it was sometimes styled, as it served for both 
purposes, and then as the law required they were whipped, 
fed on bread and water and compelled to work on hemp 
and flax and no one was allowed to speak to *them.f 
They languished in prison several weeks at least and then 
came the edict of the General Court (Oct.. 19, 1658) :J 
"Itt is ordered that the Quakers in prison at Ipswich be 
forthwith sent for, Samuel Shattocke, Lawrenc South- 
I wick & Cassandra Southwicke his wife, Nicho Phelps, 
Joshua Buffum & Josiah Southwicke, enjoined at their 
peril to depart out of this jurisdic. before the first day of 
the Ct. of Election next, which, if they neglect or refuse 
! to do, they shall be banished under payn of death." 
j Whittier's muse has made their names immortal in " The 
King's Missive," "Cassandra South wick"and other poems. 
The whipping post and stocks were the grim accessories 
of the prison as instruments of punishment. The site of 
the last whipping post was identified by tradition with a 
certain hollow in the Green, a few rods from the meeting- 
house. It was proposed that the spot should be marked 
by- a tree, and when the hole was dug, the stump of the 
old post was discovered. The elm that was planted by 
Mr. Aaron Cogswell and his son, Mr. John H. Cogswell, 
is now well grown. It is the tree nearest the meeting-house 
on the southeast. The stocks were a wooden frame, in 
which the feet of evil doers were fixed and held fast. 
Imprisonment in them involved some discomfort but little 
pain, probably, and exposed the culprit to public ridicule. 
This penalty w r as reserved for minor offences. Thus, 
Joseph Fowler, a roystering young fellow, who was always 

* Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1G5S. 
t Mass. Bay Colony Records, 1G5G. 
X Mass. Bay Colony Records. 


in mischief, was bound to good behaviour, and to sit four 
hours in the stocks, and Benjamin Muzzy for bartering a 
gun to Indians was sentenced to sit four hours in the stocks, 
and pay the Indian his beavers again. John Broadstreet, 
for his misdemeanor in assaulting the Court, was to sit 
one hour.* Daniel Black and his wife were both sentenced 
to the stocks, and were instructed not to miscall each 
other, while so confined. f The precise location of the 
stocks is unknown, but it must have been near by. For 
the whipping, there was an officer appointed annually. 
Francis Jordan was the first incumbent of that position, 
of whom we have record, and he was allowed twenty 
shillings a year. J Jeffrey Skelling was whipped in 1650 
"for divers lyes." Henry Salter, for running away twice 
and stealing, was sentenced to be whipped and "weare a 
lock on his legg, and pay treble damages. "§ Women 
guilty of unchastity felt the lash as well as men, and it 
was generally inflicted together with fines and inprison- 
ment for the grosser offences. 

That old " goal " was the scene of many sad experiences. 
Murderers were imprisoned there until the day of their 
doom delivered them. On the Lecture-day before they 
were hanged, they were taken in their chains to the public 
service of worship. Judge Sewall mentions in his Diary a 
Newbury woman, Esther Rogers, who was thus dealt with. 
On January 16, 1700-1, "Mr. Rogers prai'd for the 
prisoner of death." The sermon on that occasion, he ob- 
serves, was the last preached in the old meeting-house. 
Those under suspicion of witchcraft were guarded there, 
and Giles Corey, who was pressed to death in Salem 
because he refused to plead to the charge of witchcraft, 
made his will within its walls. || Whittier's poem, "The 
Changeling," recounts the late of Goody Cole of Hampton, 
confined there under sentence of death for being a witch, 
and of the hurried coming of Goodman Ezra Dalton, with 
Justice Se wall's warrant for her release. 

* Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1651. 
f Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1664. 
% Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1650. 
§ Quarter Sessions Court Records, 1673. 
|| SewalPs Diary. 


11 Then through the night the hoof -beats 
Went sounding like a flail 
And Goody Cole at cock crow 
Came forth from Ipswich jail." 

It continued to serve its purpose until 1750 when it was 
reputed to be in such a ruinous condition, "and utterly 
insufficient " that the Court ordered it should be used no 
longer.* But a longer lease of life was in store for the 
ancient prison. It was decided subsequently to repair it 
and make it fit for further use. Col. John Choate offered 
an order which was adopted by the Court, and prescribed 
the exact work to be done. 

" Ordered that the House in Ipswich Heretofore im- 
proved as a Prison be forthwith Repaired by a suitable 
Trench filled with stones round the outside thereof & on 
those Stones a teire of Timber of five or six inches thick 
Raised near the top of the upper lofts of the house at 12 
or 14 inches distance from it well surported by dovetail 
thereto & the space between the House & Timber fill with 
suitable stone with windows through the same for light 
and air to each Room."f 

It was farther ordered "that the Prison Frame adjoin- 
ing to the house aforesaid (except the inside of the West 
end) be . . . duly finished as soon as may be with a suit- 
able Cellar under the same." Andrew Burley, Esq., was 
appointed a committee to secure these repairs and £40 
were appropriated. He reported, Sept. 26, 1752, that 
the two lower rooms had been sufficiently repaired and 
\ strengthened and it was ordered that these rooms might 
again be used as a " common Goal," and that " the garret 
floor be lined underneath with two inch oak Plank." 
Again on July 10, 1753, he informed the Court that he 
had built a fence around the prison, and the keeper's 
house adjoining. It was ordered then that " the two 
lower rooms be plastered overhead" and that " the North 
chamber be finished so as to Accommodate such Prisoners 
as may have the benefit of being under bond to Remain 
within the limits of sd Prison." It was specified that "the 

* General Sessions Court Records, July 10, 1750. 
t General Sessions Court Records, July 9, 1751. 

* General Sessions Court Records, 
t Town Records. 


house adjoining .... with the yard inclosed by the fence 
aforesaid be the lirnitts of said Prison."* 

Mr. Bnrley's son, Andrew, informed the Court on 
Christmas day, 1753, that his father was dead and the 
repairs were still incomplete. He was instructed to carry 
the work forward, and in the following July, the final 
accounts were settled. It is a noteworthy instance in the 
olden time of the expensiveness of public undertakings. 
Forty pounds sterling were appropriated originally. The 
total cost proved to be two hundred and sixty-eight. 

Singularly enough, after such prolonged and expensive 
repairs, the sheriff reported in 1769 that the Goal was 
very defective and out of repair, and on December 25, 
1770, plans for a new building with keeper's house were 
presented and approved, and a building committee was 
appointed to proceed forthwith. This plan has been pre- 
served in the Court Files. The committee was instructed 
to negotiate with the town for a proper site. The town 
voted that it would provide a suitable place for the new 
prison on the west end of the coumVv-house, provided that 
the County would relinquish its right in the land on the 
east side of the old house, for building a workhouse. 
Widow Elizabeth Hunt was instructed to remove the house 
she occupied, and clear the ground where the house stands, 
and the shoemaker's shop of Joseph Hodgkins was also or- 
dered away.f These buildings were on the town land. 

The County and Town agreed to "set the Goal at the west 
end of the County House and the Committee of the Town 
of Ipswich have agreed to set off for that purpose at the 
west end of said County House six square rods of land 
bounded beginning at Robert Perkins land, so running 
southwest by the end of said County House three rods, 
thence northwest two rods, northeast three rods, then 
southeast two rods to first bounds, Provided the County 
relinquish their right to the land the old Goal now stands. "f 

This exchange of land was made, additional land was 
purchased of Robert Perkins, who owned and lived on the 
spot now occupied by Mr. John H. Cogswell's residence, 
and the prison was built at once. On March 31, 1772, 


the Justices viewed and approved the building, and 
ordered that " the two lower rooms and the two chambers 
be henceforth made use of as his Majesty's Goal in this 
County, and that the upper apartment be for a House of 
Correction." ■ The plan shows that the prison was a two- • 
story building with gambrel roof, and that the rooms 
under the roof were used for the House of Correction. 

In October of the same year, the County bought of 
Robert Perkins, to enlarge the yard of the new Goal and 
County House, " a certain piece of land containing 31 
rods which is bounded southwest on land whereon the 
said new Goal . . . now stands, and land belonging to 
said Town of Ipswich, six rods, fifteen and a half feet, 
southeast on land belonging to Nathaniel Hovey, four 
rods, fourteen feet, northeast on land of widow Sarah 
Pulcifer six rods two and a half feet, northwest on said 
Bobert Perkins land four rods one foot, with one other 
small piece thereto contiguous at the westerly corner 
thereof and containing 232 square feet, extending twenty- 
four feet westerly from the afore mentioned in length, and 
ten feet in breadth rearward from said first mentioned line 
continued on westward twenty-four feet as aforesaid."* 

The County found the small attic rooms insufficient for 
the County House and bought the Dummer Jewettf prop- 
erty on the South side and erected a new building for 
prison use in 1790 and 1791. Land on Green street was 
bought and a new jail built of stone, near the present' 
House of Correction, in 1806, and in 1808, the old Goal 
site, with its yard, was sold to Rev. David Tenney Kim- 
ball. The deed gives the bounds as follows : 

" beginning at the East corner by land of Daniel Hol- 
land southwest on land of heirs of Nath. Kinsman deed. 
80 feet to land of Inhabitants of Ipswich, northwest 78 
feet 3 in., thence on land belonging to said inhabitants 
running south west to the training Held or Common, thence 
running north west, 63 ft. 4 in. on said Common, thence 
running north east on said Common and land of David 
Pulsifer to the corner of the old goal yard by his land, 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 130, leaf 247. 

t The ancient house on the Edward Wildes estate. The prison was on the site 
of the adjoining house. 


thence south east on said Pulsifer's land 24 feet, thence 
north east 51 feet, on said Pulsifer's land to land of sahl 
Daniel Holland, thence running south east 101 feet 6 in. 
on said Holland's land to bounds first mentioned," the 
goal reserved to be taken away Jan. 1, 1808.* 

Mr. Kimball enlarged his lot in the following year 1>\ 
purchasing of the town a small piece bounded on two 
sides by his own land and on the third by the Common 
and the pound. f 

These details enable us to locate the ancient and tip- 
more modern prisons with much accuracy. The present 
dividing line, between the Kimball estate and Mr. John 
H. Cogswell's, turns at a right angle about sixty-six feet 
from the front line, and after running twenty feet south- 
east, resumes its former course and extends fifty-eight 
feet to the rear corner of the Kimball land. Mrs. J. Q. 
Peabody remembers that her father, to accommodate Mr. 
John Howe Boardman, the owner of the Cogswell property, 
set his fence some four or five feet back from the li in- 
specified by his deed. If a line, parallel to the present 
line, and five feet nearer Mr. Cogswell's residence, bo 
prolonged into the Green, we have the northwest limit of 
the jail premises of 1770, and a parallel line, two rods to 
the southeast, indicates the northwest bound of the ancient 
prison lot, while the lot on the northeast side of the 
Chapel was undoubtedly part of the old prison yard, which 
was surrendered to the town by the agreement made in 
1771. The watch-house w r as adjacent to the old prison. 
The prison of 1770 occupied in part, at least, the site of the 
Kimball homestead, and the ancient prison of 1652 was 
very near it. A large flat rock some fifteen feet in front of 
the Kimball fence covers the well of the prison of 1771. 
and it may have provided water for the original Goal. 
With the keeper's house and the enclosing fences, a large 
portion of the present corner of the Green must have been 
occupied. We must remember, of course, that the present 
road in front of the Cogswell and Peabody residences i> 
comparatively modern. There was nothing more than a 
rutted driveway, which provided an approach to the 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 18T>, leaf 152. 

t Essex Co. Deeds, book 1SU, leaf 71, April 12, 1S09. 


We have mentioned that the ancient watch-house was 
set near the pound. That corner of the old Green was 
utilized for so many purposes that we are bewildered by 
any attempt at exact location. Thus in 1655, Hum- 
phrey Griffin had liberty to set up a M shamballs " or 
slaughter house, about twenty feet square, by the pound. 
This grant was followed by another, in 1664, to Major 
General Denison, " soe much ground by the pound and 
his own fence as 30 foot long and 20 foot broad to sett up 
a cow-house," and another of twelve feet " at the west end 
of his barn to the pound," in 1679.* To accommodate 
Thomas Fossey, the goal-keeper, " Four rods near the 
Prison, by Mr. Wilson's bam, formerly so called and 
bounded by stakes," were carved out of the old Green for 
his residence, in 1692, and, in 1703, Samuel Graves, Jr. 
was granted liberty to remove his hatter's shop, "and to 
sett it some place about ye pound, where the selectmen 
shall appoint, and ye sd Graves to remove sd shop off said 
Ground of ye Towne, whenever the Town shall see cause." 

In 1722 John Wainwright Esq. was desired to wait on 
the Justices of the Quarter Sessions Court and make sale, 
if .possible, of the Fossey house, as a residence for the 
jailer ; and the house, then in possession of Sam. Graves. 
He conferred with the Court as instructed, and Col. John 
Appleton, Dan 1 Rogers and Jno. Whipple were desired 
"to treat with said Fosdike's heirs ab* ye same and know 
the lowest Term it may be had for & whether y Town 
will give a Grant of y e Land where ye Prison is, & such 
addition of laird as may be necessary & y l Report thereof 
may be made to ye next Sessions at Salem. "f No report 
is recorded, but the County evidently came into posses- 
sion of the land, as it was deeded back to the Town in 
1771. It seems likely that the Fossey and Graves houses 
were on or near the land now owned by the heirs of Rev. 
D. T. Kimball. 

Very early in the eighteenth century, the question of 
an almshouse, or workhouse, as it was often called, was 
debated, and on Feb. 3, 1717, the town voted that "an 

* Denison owned the property now owned by the heirs of John Perkins and 
W. II. Graves, 
t General Sessions Ct. Records, March 27, 172-2. 


Alms-House or convenient House for ye Poor be built, 
To be a logg house of about 40 foot long, about 16 foot 
wide, about 6 foot high w th a flatt roof as may be sal- 
able. " It was voted in 1719, that it should be set "in ye 
lane towards Pindars," i. e. Loney's Lane, but evidently 
the attraction of the pound was too great to be overcome, 
as in 1731* we find mention of the " alms house adjoining 
to the Pound." But it was not an attractive place of 
residence for the poor, or there were few poor to be 
housed, and the spacious log house was available for other 
uses. So William Stone, who by reason of sickness was 
no longer able to support himself by fishing, asked leave 
to use a room there to teach reading and writing to the 
3^outh, and this was granted in the year 1722. Shortly 
before this, the Town voted that a school should not he 
kept in the Town House, and this offer of the debilitated 
fisherman may have offered a providential solution of the 

For some reason, the old Town seems to have been 
inclined to resort to many makeshifts in regard to a 
proper school building. As early as 1714 it was voted 
that " the watch-house should be improved during the 
Summer by some person who will undertake the teaching 
of young children to read;" and, in the next year, the 
query was, if there were not some woman, who was 
ready to make this use of the old watch-house. Again 
in 1731, the almshouse was resorted to, when Henry 
Spillar was granted the use of a room at the southerly 
end for "his teaching and instructing youth in reading, 
writing & cyphering." In 1733 he was granted £12 for 
his school-keeping. This almshouse seems to have be- 
come too old for service of any sort in 1770, when the 
location of a new one was debated at the same time the 
new prison was projected, and some proposed that it 
should be at the southeast end of the old county house, 
" provided the Towm will be moving the Pound and take 
down the Alms House which is now rotten, & settle the 
bounds between the Town land and Capt. Treadwell,"* 
but in 1784 the Selectmen were requested to sell it. 

Capt. Treadwell was the owner of the Denison prop- 

*Town Records. 


erty, which was owned later by Nathaniel Lord, Jr., and 
then by Mr. John Perkins, whose heirs still own the 
corner where his late dwelling stands. The Green origi- 
nally reached far into this lot, as we have noticed, and as 
late as about 1850, the present line was established. In 
the olden time, a stone wall enclosed it, and in 1702, 
when the new meeting house had been built, a spasm of 
kindly regard for the horses, during the time of service, 
possessed the hearts of the fathers, and they voted that 
sheds might be set up on the Green near the old meeting 
house, but their second thought was better, and Nicholas 
Wallis was allowed a place by this stone wall for a shed. 
The original vote permitted a shed to be built tc about 20 
foot from ye Watch House, southerly toward the old Meet- 
ing House." As the watch-house was near the present 
chapel, any approximation to a southerly direction from it 
would require the location of the second meeting-house and 
fort near the present roadway, on the southeast side of 
the meeting-house. 

Our survey cannot be completed without a glimpse at 
the small grass plot, in front of the Methodist meeting- 
house. Here the first Town-house was built. The order 
of the Town, Dec. 28, 1704, specified a building about 32 
feet long, about 28 feet wide, about 18 or 19 feet stud, 
M with a flat roof raised about 5 foot." A school-room was 
finished in the lower part, and the upper was used for a 
court-room and for town meetings. It was replaced by a 
new building, erected at the joint expense of Town and 
County, in 1793-94, a much more pretentious structure 
with a high belfry or steeple. It stood with its rear end 
close to the high ledge, which has been blasted to its pres- 
ent level, but which was originally as high as the eaves of 
the building itself. Thus, in close proximity to prison, 
stocks and whipping post, the Courts held their stately 
sessions from 1704 to 1854, when they ceased their sit- 
tings, and the house was sold and removed to the corner 
near the railroad station. It was utilized by Mr. James 
Damon for a hall and stores, and was totally destroyed by 
fire, April 14, 1894. Famous judges sat in the bar ; great 
lawyers, Webster, Choate and Story, made their pleas; 
momentous cases were decided under its roof. 


Near the old Town-house, at its easterly end, by vote of 
the Town, permission to erect a building, fifty feet long and 
twenty-five feet wide, was given to a number of subscribers 
in November, 1774, "for the encouragement of military dis- 
cipline," and during the cold days of winter the Minute Men 
were schooled in the manual of arms, in preparation for 
the war that was then regarded as inevitable, and, by a 
singular coincidence, the room in the neighboring brick 
building, occupied by the Post Office, served as a recruit- 
ing headquarters during the Civil War. 

Thus the Green is full of memories, from the earlier to 
the later times. Hither the hogs were driven in the morn- 
ing, and the swine-herd, Abraham War with Goodman 
Syinmes drove them to the town-commons ;* and, at the 
sound of the cow-herd Haniel Bosworth's horn, blown on 
the Green soon after sunrise, the cows of the neighborhood 
were gathered there, that they might be driven in a herd 
to the public pasture lands outside the town limits. f 
Great <mtherin2fs have assembled on its ledges and <rrassv 
slopes. From the ledge nearest the meeting-house, as 
the tradition is, Whitefield preached to thousands, hushed 
to solemn stillness. When Lafayette was welcomed, the 
meeting-house was filled with the throng of citizens who 
paid him honor. Here the militia gathered for their peri- 
odic trainings, and the training days were great days, with 
the pomp and parade of the military and the tents of fakirs 
and cheap showmen. Ordination days were grand occa- 
sions too, with their festal accompaniment of booths for 
eating and drinking. 

Happihv the noblest associations are the most constant. 
Hither the people have come to worship since the begin- 
nings of the town life, and here, the schoolchildren stray- 
ing a little from the old watch-house, the ancient almshouse, 
the town-house and the old gambrel-roofed school building 
that stood where the present Denison school now stands, 
have found a pleasant playground for two centuries. 

* Town Records, 1G53. t Town Records, 1661. 



It was recorded, in 1639, that Theophilus Wilson's 
house lot was purchased of John Sanders, and that it was 
bounded on the southeast by the lot of Robert Mosey. 
We rpay presume that Sanders and Mosey, or Muzzey, 
were the original grantees. The Sanders-Wilson prop- 
erty included the tract bounded by the Green, North Main 
and Summer streets, and, nearly enough for our present 
purpose, by a line extending from the chapel to Summer 
street. The Mosey or Muzzey property was bounded by 
this line, on the northwest, by Summer and County streets. 
Whether it ever included the remainder of the square 
bounded by Green street and the Green, is a matter of 
doubt. But we know that Major General Denison owned 
the lot bounded by Muzzey, County street, Green street 
and the Meeting House Green in 1648.* 

Theophilus Wilson, aged about eighty-eight years, as 
the deed recites, sold his dwelling, orchard and land to 
, John Lovell, July 29, 1689. f John Lovell, shoemaker, 
sold to his father, Thomas Lovell, a currier by trade, 
Feb. 8, 16944 The elder Lovell divided the lot, and 
sold William Donnton, mariner, the northeast portion, 
Aug. 1, 1695. § This lot was bounded by Main street, 
Summer street, then known as Annable's Lane, originally 
Stony street, and the former Muzzey property, then owned 
by Samuel Dutch. He exchanged the remainder for 
another estate, with his son, Alexander, Oct. 16, 1697. || 
Alexander Lovell conveyed " my old dwelling house and 

* Ipswich Deeds, book 1, leaf 149. f Ipswich Deeds, book 5, leaf 299. 

X Essex Co. Deeds, book 10. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 13, leaf 60. 

|| Essex Co. Deeds, book 20, leaf 91. . 



part of my homestead, which was Mr. Wilson's late of 
Ipswich" and about forty square rods of land to Samuel 
Chapman, mariner, Dec, 1715.* 

The deed to Chapman is the first to give measurements, 
and it informs us that the frontage on the Green was six 
rods lacking one foot, and that the southeast bound was a 
line extending from the Green to theDonnton land, about 
two and a half feet from the easterly end of the dwelling. 
This line coincides with the present dividing line between 
the Farley and Cogswell properties, and it defines the 
location of the old Theophilus Wilson house very satisfac- 
torily. Making allowance for gradual encroachment on 
the Green, the house stood, at least, a rod back from the 
present front fence, and about two feet from the fence 
which separates the two estates. 

This corner lot was sold by Chapman to Joseph Foster, 
Nov. 2, 1726, f and by him to Joseph and Jeremiah Per- 
kins, Jan. 26, 1726-274 It continued many years in the 
Perkins line. James Perkins ow*ned and occupied the 
southeast half of the house and land in 1795, and sold 
the same to Joseph Perkins of Newburyport, in February 
of that year,§ and a James Perkins bequeathed one undi- 
vided half of the whole estate to his sister, Susanna Ken- 
dall, and the other to his nephew, Isaac Perkins, in 1818. || 
Dr. George Chadwick purchased one half from the admin- 
istrator of Susanna Kendall, and the other from Francis 
Butler and wife of Farmington, Jan. 5, 1831 .^T Chadwick 
sold to Robert Farley, April 25, 1839,** who transferred 
it to Joseph K. Farley, April 29, 1842. ff Mr. Farley 
sold the old house,. which was removed to Pingree's Plain, 
and built the present mansion, which was occupied by his 
widow until her death. 

Alexander Lovell had built a new dwelling, probably 
before he sold the old Wilson homestead in 1715. He 
sold a part of his lot on the southeast side, bounded by 
the pound on the southwest, to Nathaniel Hovey, Nov. 3, 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 30, leaf 1ST. t Essex Co. Deeds, book 4S, leaf 195. 
t Essex Co. Deeds, book 49, leaf 206. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 15S, leaf 2G2. 
II Essex Co. Probate Records, book 393, leaf 332. 

U Essex Co. Deeds, book 200, leaf 161. ** Essex Co. Deeds, book 312, leaf 295. 
ft Essex Co. Deeds, book 332, leaf 47. 


1739,* and he gave a small lot fronting on the Green, 
eighteen feet front and forty feet deep, " 12 foot from the 
southeast end of my dwelling house," to his daughter 
Sarah Pulsipher, and her husband Joseph Pulsipher, Oct. 
21, 1746. f He bequeathed one-half of his house and land 
to Jonathan Wells, his son-in-law, and the other to Joseph 
Pulsipher. J Pulsipher or Puleifer acquired the other half 
by purchase Dec. 24, 1747, from William Puleifer and 
Mary his wife, daughter of Lovell,§ and Jonathan Wells. f 
Abraham Tilton sold the southeast half to Robert Per- 
kins March 7, 1761, || and the deed specified that the line 
of division began at the middle of the house, ran through 
the house and the middle of the well. This well is in the 
rear of Mr. Cogswell's residence. Its location indicates 
that the house, which Alexander Lovell built, was a little 
northwest of the present dwelling. Perkins sold land to 
the County for the new jail of which mention has already 
been made, If now owned by the heirs of Eev. David T. 
Kimball, Oct. 29, 1772,** and conveyed his title in the 
remainder of the estate to Stephen Lord, March 6, 1793. f f 
Lord sold to Thomas Kimball, mariner, April 23, 1 795, Jf 
•who also purchased from Sarah Saftbrd the small rectan- 
gular piece, eighteen feet by forty, which she had received 
from her father, July 16, 1796. § § One item of peculiar 
interest attaches to this deed. It defines the land in ques- 
tion as bounded by the Green on the southwest. The 
line then extended northeast by the land occupied by the 
prison, seventeen feet, and so on the same course, twenty 
three feet to Kimball's land. The conclusion seems nat- 
ural that the line of the Green at that time touched the 
present fence between the Cogswell and the Kimball prop- 
erties, seventeen feet from the northeast corner of the fence. 
The distance from this corner to the present line of the 
Green is sixty-one feet seven inches, or forty-four feet 
farther into the Green. As the line was indefinite, and un- 
marked by fences or bounds, encroachment was easy, and 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 88, leaf 277. t Essex Co. Deeds, book 106, leaf 90. 
$ Essex Co. Probate Records, book 327, leaves 306-309. 

§ Essex Co. Deeds, book 104, leaf 132. || Essex Co. Deeds, book 109, leaf 116. 
TT Cf. " The Meeting House Green." ** Essex County Deeds, book 130, leaf 247. 
ft Essex Co. Deeds, book 155, leaf 201. %\ Essex Co. Deeds, book 160, leaf 32. 
§§ Essex Co. Deeds, book 160, leaf 272. 


record remains of a grant, soon to be noted. Thomas 
Kimball sold to David Pulcifer, Nov. 6, 1798,* who ac- 
quired a small tract in the rear of Elizabeth Holland, 
July 30, 1812. f 

In the meantime, Sarah Safford, widow of Joseph Pul- 
cifer, of Campton, Moses Jewett of New Milford, Israel 
Eliot Pulcifer of Beverly, and Samuel Little of Beverly, 
executed a deed of the northwest half of the house with 
land to Aaron Perkins, Jun., cooper, Nov. 7, 1797, i who 
transferred it to Daniel Holland, March 13, 1802. § On 
the night of June 9, 1811, the house took fire and w;i> 
burned with most of its contents, and a boy, Abraham 
Burnham, who died at a good old age a few years sinew 
sleeping in the house was forgotten until the last moment. 
Captain Pulcifer proceeded at once to rebuild and made 
request that his line might be extended into the Green ten 
feet. In view of the great loss he had suffered, the town 
generously granted it,||and the widow Holland was equally 

Separate houses were now built by the widow Holland 
and Capt. Pulcifer. He sold his house and land to John 
How Board man, April 4, 182 6,U" and it came by inheri- 
tance to his son, Mr. Aaron Cogswell, the excellent school 
teacher for many years, and his grandson, Mr. John flo^ 
Cogswell, the present owner. Mrs. Holland in due time 
became Mrs. Gage, wife of Samuel N. Gage, of Rowley, 
but survived her second husband. The executor of her 
estate sold it to Aaron Cogswell, May 24, 1841,** and the 
house was removed by Mr. John H. Cogswell to the cor- 
ner of County and Green streets a few years since. 

Rev. David Tenney Kimball, who had recently begun 
his pastorate with the First Church, bought the land owned 
by the County and occupied as a prison on Jan. 1, 1808, 
and erected the spacious and comfortable parsonage which 
still stands. For many years the most liberal hospitality 
was dispensed. Miss Zilpah Grant and Miss Mary Lyon 
were much here, when the Female Academy was just 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 163, leaf 223. f Essex Co. Deeds, book 199, leaf 141. 

J Essex Co. Deeds, book 164, leaf 229. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 171, leaf 50. 

|| Town Records, Feb. 4, 1811. IT Essex Co. Deeds, book 241, leaf 161. 

** Essex Co. Deeds, book 326, leaf 165. 


beginning its noble work. Famous ministers tarried a 
little while as they travelled or exchanged with the worthy 
pastor, Lyman Beecher, Calvin Stowe, Leonard Woods, 
and many another. Catharine Beecher and Ann Hazel- 
tine Judson; N. P. Willis, Garrison, Rufus Choate, Caleb 
Cushing and Daniel Webster, tasted the good cheer. . 

William Donnton, we mentioned, bought the lot on the 
corner of North Main and Summer streets, in 1695. The 
deed mentions no building of any sort, only a plain hun- 
dred rods out of Mr. Wilson's houselot. Donnton built 
a home for himself, and it stood until a few years since, a 
low-roofed, big-chimneyed dwelling-house, picturesque in 
its simplicity, a venerable landmark, whose disappearance 
we may well regret. On Nov. 5, 1721, Robert Perkins and 
Elizabeth, his wife, one of the daughters of William 
Donghton, deceased, sold their interest in the estate to 
Joseph Holland, mariner, their "loveing brother-in-law."* 
The deed conveyed house, barn and outbuildings with a 
measurement on Annable's lane, of twelve rc^sPfiicT eight 
feet, to a stake. Holland was a fisherman, and had a 
privilege in a certain fishing stage, and flake-room, on the 

stage of William Wilcomb.f 

The executors of Mary Holland, widow of Joseph, sold 
the property to Dr. Francis Holmes, Jan. 1, 17654 After 
the death of Dr. Holmes, the estate was divided by order 
of the Probate Court. The homestead or a two-thirds 
interest was set ofF to his son, John. The widow had a 
right of dower in another house, which had been built 
where Mr. Say ward's house now stands, also in a house 
lot, which had been divided from the original lot on Anna- 
ble's lane. John Holmes solcl his interest in the home- 
stead to Joshua Blanchard of Boston, April 11, 1767, § 
who sold in turn to Ezekiel Dodge, Aug. 20, 1775. || 
Anna Dodge, widow and administrator of Ezekiel, sold 
the same two-thirds interest to Ezekiel Dodge, painter, 
July 5, 1789.^[ Ezekiel sold one half his interest to Anna 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 41, leaf 24. 

t Essex Co. Deeds, book 3S, leaf 271, 1721-2. 

t Essex Co. Deeds, book 10G, leaf 195. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 121, leaf 246. 

I| Essex Co. Deeds, book 135, leaf 53. ff Essex Co. Deeds, book 158, leaf 132. 

southward side of Jeffry's Neck, next adjoining to the 


Dodge, June 13, 1793.* Anna and Sarah Dodge, daugh- 
ters of Anna, sold their interest to Ezekiel, Sept. 24, 
1810. | Ezekiel sold the full two-thirds and one-fifth of 
remaining part to Manning Dodge, Charlotte and Mary 
Dodge, March 21, 18234- The heirs of Manning Dodge 
sold to Mr. Theodore F. Cogswell in 1888, April 4,§ and 
the house was torn down at once and the present residence 
of Mr. George E. Farley was erected on the same site. 
Mary Holmes, widow of Dr. Holmes, sold her equity in 
the house she occupied to her son, John, March 11, 1779. || 
He transferred it to Anna Dodge, April 30, 1794.* Man- 
ning Dodp;e sold it, with land, to John How Boarclman, 
Jan. 8, 1827. *jl He sold it to Manning Dodge again, Aug. 
25, 1832, who transferred it to Capt. John Lord 3d, on 
the same day.** It w r as purchased later by Dr. Isaac- -^s 
Flichtner, who built the house now occupied by Mr. Say- 
ward, in 1859-60. G. F. Flichtner bought the interest 
of the other heirs, April, 1880, -f-f and sold to Mr. Charles 
A. Say ward in 1881.1 J The old house was moved to 
Washington street, and is owned by the heirs of the late 
Michael Ready. 

When the Holmes estate was divided, mention was made 
of a house lot that had been staked off at the lower end 
of the lot on Annable's Lane. This remained in posses- 
sion of the Holmes heirs, and on June 10, 1803, Sarah 
Holmes, widow of John, sold it to Benjamin Kimball, Jun.§§ 
He built a house, and sold land and house, Sept. 5, 1803, 
to Elisha Gould. || || He sold to Capt. Daniel Lakeman, Oct. 
23, 1811. "flf Captain Lakeman sold the northwest half of 
the house with a narrow frontage to James Staniford May 
6, 1836.*** The remainder of the property was secured 
at a later date. It is owned still by the Staniford 

The deed of sale from the widow Mary Holland to Dr. 
Holmes gives the land of widow Elizabeth Fuller as the 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 158, leaf 133. | Essex Co. Deeds, book 190, leaf 264. 

t Essex Co. Deeds, book '230, leaf 293. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 1210, leaf 504. 

|| Essex Co. Deeds, book 157, leaf 214. <l Essex Co. Deeds, book 243, leaf 252. 

** Essex Co. Deeds, book 264, leaf 266. ft Essex Co. Deeds, book 1035, leaf 60. 

U Essex Co. Deeds, book 1051, leaf 124. §§ Essex Co. Deeds, book 172, leaf 48. 

Hii Essex Co. Deeds, book 174, leaf 172. Hir Essex Co. Deeds, book 1U5, leaf 14. 

*** Essex Co. Deeds, book 2<J0, leaf 216. 


southeast abutter (1755). There is a slight error as to 
the ownership at that time, as the widow Fuller sold her 
house and lot on Feb. 21, 1754 to Thomas Treadwell.* 
His widow retained some rooms in the house, and part of 
the land, by her right of dower, when the estate was sold 
to Isaac Dodge, July 30, 1767. f Col. Joseph Hodgkins 
sold the chamber and garret of the dwelling and two-thirds 
of the cellar, "being the whole of the dwelling of Thomas 
Treadwell, except what was set off and assigned to widow 
Esther Treadwell," to Samuel Stone, May 26, 1796. Stone 
bought the balance of the estate, Feb. 25, 1801, J from 
Dr. John Manning. Robert Farley was in possession later 
and sold to Ezekiel Dodge, Jim., May 14, 1823. § His 
daughter married Nehemiah Haskell, whose heirs still 
own the property. 

The Treadwell estate seems to have included the ad- 
joining property now owned by Dr. William H. Russell. 
Col. Joseph Hodgkins and his wife, Lydia, widow of 
Elisha Treadwell, deeded one-half the land and house to 
Stephen Low, and the other half to his wife, Sarah, on 
March 29, 1825. || It was inherited by his son, Winthrop, 
and by Dr. Russell from him. The Russell property is a 
part of the ancient Theophilus Wilson estate, but the Dan- 
iel Clark house and land was part of the second original 

Robert Muzzey, we have seen, appears to have been the 
original grantee of the second block of this square, but 
Matthew Whipple was in possession when he died, as the 
Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, and the other executors of Whip- 
ple's will, sold to Robert Whitman, for £5, a house and an 
acre of ground, bounded by Wilson and Denison, and pub- 
lic ways, May 2, 1648. IT Whitman sold it to William 
Douglass, cooper, 13 April, 1652.** Robert Dutch, fisher- 
man, was in possession in 1660, as a mortgage deed makes 
evident. ff No mention of a house is made in this deed, and 
the former cheap dwelling that had been bought with an 
acre of land for £5 in 1648 had entirely disappeared. In 
1676, Dutch conveyed to his son Samuel about a quarter of 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 107, leaf 158. f Essex Co. Deeds, book 151, leaf 19. 

t Essex Co. Deeds, book 170, leaf 52. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 233, leaf 157. 

|| Essex Co. Deeds, book 238, leaves 22, 23. IT Ipswich Deeds, book 1, leaf 149. 
** Ipswich Deeds, book 1, leaf 128. ft Ipswich Deeds, book 2, leaf 45. 


an acre, part of his "pasture," bounded by Denison on the 
south, and the highway on the east,* and he sold him the 
balance of the land on Dec. 12, 1683. f This deed speaks 
of his "homestead" as adjoining, and indicates that Samuel 
Dutch had built a house on the County street side of the 
lot. Dutch seems to have met with financial reverses in 
the year 1718, for in that year he mortgaged his dwelling 
to Joseph Boles and John Gains, J and divided his orchard 
into building lots, with an uniform frontage on Annable's 
Lane of three rods. The corner lot where Miss Sarah 
Caldwell's house now stands was sold to Samuel Harris, 
Nov. lst.§ Nathaniel Hovey bought the lot adjoining 
Lovell's land about midway of the Lane, Nov. 5, 1 7 IS i' ; 
and Richard Ringe the adjoining lot on the southeast on 
the same day. If Jonathan Pulcifer acquired the lot south- 
east of Ringe on Nov. 17th** and Deborah Lord, spinster, 
the next, Nov. 18, 1718. § Dutch died soon after, and 
his mortgagees sold his mansion-house, warehouse and 
part of his homestead, twelve rods in length on Dutch's 
Lane, as it was commonly called, now County street, April 
3, 1722 to Anthony Attwood.ff The remaining lot on 
Annable's Lane was sold to Jonathan Pulcifer, Nov. 7, 

Hovey enlarged his lot by the purchase of eleven square 
rods, from Alexander Lovell, in the rear of the land sold 
to William Donnton, in 1739. §§ It was owned by Capt. 
Nathaniel Kinsman, and by his son Capt. John Choate 
Kinsman. The latter sold the house and land to Warren 
Nourse, April 7, 1846, j| || who sold half of it to Anna New- 
ton, wife of Alclred Newton, April 18, 1846.TJ Daniel 
Clark bought one-half the house from Asahel H. Wildes, 
April 24, 1850.*** Mary P., wife of Daniel, acquired the 
other half, Feb. 30, 1878. ff f It is now owned by Mrs. 
Philip E. Clarke. 

The next of the original Dutch lots was sold by Richard 

* Ipswich Deeds, book 5, leaf 193. t Ipswich Deeds, book 5, leaf -231. 

X Essex Co. Deeds, book 3G, leaf 105. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 3C, leaf 11-. 

|| Essex Co. Deeds, book 33, leaf 260. IT Essex Co. Deeds, book 49, leaf 259. 

** Essex Co. Deeds, book 35, leaf 81. f| Essex Co. Deeds, book 40, leaf 76. 

tl Essex Co. Deeds, book 44, leaf 57. §§ Essex Co. Deeds, book 88, leaf 277. 

Hit Essex Co. Deeds, book 366, leaf 77. HIT Essex Co. Deeds, book 369, leaf 12; 

♦** Essex Co. Deeds, book 471, leaf 256. ttt Essex Co. Deeds, book 993, leaf 4. 


Ringe, heir of Richard, who had bought in 1718, with a 
house, to John Finder, Jun., Feb. 5, 1760.* His widow, 
Sarah, sold to Wm. Leatherland, Jan. 3, 1799. f By order 
of Probate Court, Chas. A. Say ward, as guardian of Jacob 
Leatherland, insane, sold the property, and it was pur- 
chased by Daniel Clark, Feb. 21, 18724 It is now owned 
by his son, Philip E. Clark, whose cabinet shop and un- 
dertaker's establishment occupies the site of the old house. 

We observed that Jonathan Pulcifer purchased the next 
lot in 1718, when the Samuel Dutch property was divided 
into house lots, and another in 1724. He seems to have 
owned a continuous frontage to the corner now occupied 
by Miss Sarah P. Caldwell's residence. His heirs appar- 
ently sold the house now owned by Theodore H. Howe to 
Richard Lakeman, May 14, 1796. § He sold to Daniel 
Lakeman, § and Daniel transferred to Jane Gould, wife 
of Elisha Gould, Oct. 23, 1811. || The Goulds sold to 
Elizabeth Fuller, Nov. 23, 1827,1" and Reuben Daniels 
sold it to Chas. II. Howe, May 16, 1867.** 

Bickford Pulcifer sold Jonathan Lakeman, a house and 
six square rods of land on Annable's lane, surrounded by 
hisland, Dec. 28, 1769. ft He acquired the next lot which 
was owned or occupied in 1745 by Solomon Lakeman,} J 
and in 1793, March 11, he bought of Bickford Pulcifer, 
the land that fronts on County street, then known as 
Dutch's lane, and later as Cross street, and extended back 
of the lots on Annable's lane. His heirs by mutual quit- 
claims divided his estate. His daughter Margaret, wife 
of Jedediah Chapman, received the house next to the 
Howe property, §§ and it is still owned by the Chapman 
heirs. His daughter Abigail, wife of Daniel Jewett, had 
possession of the adjoining house and land, since purchased 
by the heirs of Capt. Sylvanus Caldwell. The land on 
County street was quitclaimed to Lydia, wife of Isaac B. 
Shepard of Salem. || || 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 163, leaf 23. t Essex Co. Deeds, book 163, leaf 256. 

J Essex Co. Deeds, book 855, leaf 157. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 176, leaf 263. 

H Essex Co. Deeds, book 196, leaf 44. H Essex Co. Deeds, book 246, leaf 194. 

** Essex Co. Deeds, book 726; leaf 63. ft Essex Co. Deeds, book 158, leaf 72. 
Jt Essex Co. Deeds, book 87, leaf 169. 
§§ Essex Co. Deeds, book 266, leaf 280, June 23, 1832. 
till Essex Co. Deeds, book 266, leaf 129. 




The corner lot of the Dutch-Muzzey grant was bought 
as was remarked in 1718, by Samuel Harris. He -old i; 
to Joseph Bennett, May 8, 1723.* Bennett built >, re.-i 
dence and occupied it until his death. Samuel Ross,. J u 
one of the heirs, sold a third of a third part of the h 
and land to Joseph Lakeman Ross, Dec. 15, 1789. j ami 
he, with Mary, his wife and Mary Bennett, spinster, 
veyed the property to Daniel Holland, Oct. 10, 179 
He sold to Aaron Perkins, April 13, 1802, § who trans- 
ferred it to Capt. Sylvanus Caldwell, March 12, 1818. 
His daughter, Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, still occupies the 
comfortable old mansion. 

Samuel Dutch received from his father, Robert Dutch, 
about a quarter of an acre, in 1676. IF He bought the re- 
mainder of the lot in 1683, Dec. 12,** and as this deed 
mentions that the new purchase adjoined his homestead, it 
seems that he had built a dwelling prior to this date. We 
mentioned that in 1718 he sold his land in small building 
lots and mortgaged his house. The mortgagees sold it 
after Dutch's death to Anthony Attwood.jt Attwood sold 
to Capt. Stephen Perkins, %% and his executors conveyed 
it to Henry Morris, Jan. 20, 1733. §§ Morris sold to 
Richard Lakeman, Nov. 20, 1745 (book 87, leaf 169) and 
Lakeman to Bickford Pulcifer, March 18, 1761 (.book 
110, leaf 34). Pulcifer sold a quarter acre lot with the 
house, etc., to Nathaniel Perley, Feb. 23, 1774 (book 
132, leaf 193). Benjamin Dutch bought it of Perley, 
May 8, 1778 (book 147, leaf 242) and sold to John Dutch, 
May 27 (book 137, leaf 202). John Dutch conveyed it 
to Dr. John Manning, July 30, 1783 (book 148, leaf 80) 
who sold it to Rev. Ebenezer Dutch of Boxford, Feb. 12, 
1788 (book 147, leaf 124). 

The Rev. Ebenezer sold to his fellow clergyman, Rev. 
Levi Frisbie, Pastor of the First church, June 11, 1788 
(book 147, leaf 242) and in his hands, this property, 
which had been so long in swift transition, remained m 
quiet use as a parsonage for many years. He removed or 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 42, leaf 152. t Essex Co. Deeds, book 151, leaf 64. 

% Essex Co. Deeds, book 161, leaf 68. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 170, leaf 271. 

|| Essex Co. Deeds, book 217, leaf 41. 11 Ipswich Deeds, book 5, leaf 193.^ 

** Ipswich Deeds, book 5, leaf 231. tt Essex Co. Deeds, book 40, leaf 76. 

X\ Essex Co. Deeds, book 51, leaf 278. §§ Essex Co. Deeds, book 66, leaf 53. 


took down the old house and erected the present dwelling. 
Mr. Frisbie began to preach as a colleague with Rev. Na- 
thaniel Rogers in 1775, and was installed Feb. 7, 1776. 
It' he began his housekeeping when he purchased the house,- 
the new parsonage was the scene of a great sorrow, as his 
young wife died on Aug. 21, 1778, after an illness of only 
six days, in the thirty-first year of her age. He continued 
in the pastorate thirty years and died Feb. 25, 1806, hav- 
ing received Rev. David Tenney Kimball as a colleague. 
His widow, Mehitable, daughter of Rev. Moses Hale of 
Newbury, whom he married in 1780, survived him many 
years. She died in 1828, and bequeathed her estate to her 
niece, Hannah and nephew, Joseph Hale.* Joseph Hale 
sold it to Charles Bamford, March 2, 1842-f and it remains 
in the possession of his son, Charles W*. Bamford. The old 
house has been enlarged and changed. 

The third block in this square was owned by Major 
Daniel Denison in 1648, as appears from the deed of the 
Matthew Whipple property to Robert Whitman .$ But 
he sold his earlier house near the mill on the two acre tract 
now occupied by Mr. J. J. Sullivan, Dr. Bailey and 
others, on Jan. 19, 1641, § to Humphrey Griffin, and it is 
very probable that he acquired this lot and built his house 
near that date. 

Denison was a very conspicuous figure in the town and 
colony. He married Patience, daughter of Gov. Thomas 
Dudley. He was recognized as a military leader of excep- 
tional ability at once. He was commissioned Captain in 
1636-7, and in 1648, he was regarded as indispensable to 
the safety of the community to such a degree, that a pop- 
ular subscription was raised by one hundred and fifty-five 
citizens, "to allow Major Denison the sum of £24 7s. 
yearly, as long as he shall be their leader, to encourage 
him in his military helpfulness. "§ He was appointed 
Major General of the Colony, eleven years between 1652 
and 1680. In civic affairs, as well, he was very promi- 
nent. He was Representative to the General Court for 
many years, and was Speaker of the House in 1649 and 
1652, a Justice of the Quarter Sessions Court, and an As- 

* Probate Records, book 400, leaf 493. Felt's History of Ipswich, p. 240. 
t Essex Co. Deeds, book 329, leaf 2S7. X Ipswich Deeds, book 1,'leaf 149. 
§ Town Records. 


sistant from 1654 to 1682. He was a member of a Com. 
mittee to revise and correct the Colony laws, and wa« 
frequently a Commissioner for the adjudication of delicate 
public questions. 

His house was probably on or near the site of the resi- 
dence of the late W. II . Graves. It was destroyed by an 
incendiary fire May 3, 1665, which was suspected to he 
the act of a woman servant, who was charged with stealing 
from. Denison, and was sentenced to be whipped tea 
stripes for lying about it. A new house was erected, and 
here he lived until his death Sept. 20, 1682, at the age of 
seventy. His will subscribed "maim propria scripsi,Danie! 
Denison," with the inventory appended, is of especial in- 
terest. The inventory lacks that detail which is often 
found, and fails to give us a satisfjnng view of the various 
rooms of his mansion, but it is worth our notice. It was 
made on the 17th of October, 1682. 


Clothes, liunen and woollen 33-15-0 

Arms and horse furniture 12- 8-0 

G Beds with furniture 41- 0-0 

7 doz" of napkins, 6 £ 8 s table cloths 3 £ Towells 6 s etc 10- 5-0 

Sheets 4G £ 7 S chayres 3 £ cnshens l £ 10 s 50-17-0 

carpetts 1* 5 s pillow beers 3 £ stooles 16 3 tables 4 £ -7 s 0- 8-0 

Trunkes & chests 5 £ 6 s cuberd cloth 1 £ 10 s ete 7-12-0 

Dog-cobirons, brasse cobirons, tongs, fire-shovell, back for 
chimney, trammells, jacke, frying pan, spitts, bellows 
& other cobirons 10-lG-O 

Basketts and hatchett 14% a long candlestick 14 s 

a cup board 8 s 1-10-0 

boxes and cases with bottles, 1 £ 13 3 

looking glass with other small things 12 s 2- 5-0 

box-irons 8 s warming pans 18 s earthen ware 18 s 2- •J-'- 1 

yarne l £ 5 s 204 yds of linnen cloth 30 £ woolen cloth 2- 14 s 33-19-0 

Spinning wheels & woole 1 £ 
brazen ware 4 £ iron ware wooden ware 
books 3 £ 10 s 
The Dwelling house, orchard and out housing 
A farm at Chebacco* 
New Englaud inoneyes 

* Now owned by Herman H. Story, at Argilla. 









His daughter Elizabeth married Rev. John Rogers, who 
became President of Harvard College. She inherited the 
homestead, and sold it to her son, Daniel Rogers, then 
teacher of the Grammar School, Jan. 18, 1708-9.* He 
graduated at Harvard College in 1686. He was Repre- 
sentative in 1716, and became a Justice of the Quarter 
Sessions and General Sessions Courts. He served the 
town as Town Clerk and Physician. Returning from 
Salisbury where he had been holding Court, he lost his 
way in a blinding snowstorm, Dec. 1, 1723, and strayed 
out on the marshes, where he perished. His gravestone 
in the old burying ground recites the sorrowful story in 
a long and graphic Latin inscription. f His son, Daniel, 
minister of, Littleton, sold the ancestral property April 6, 
1759 to Capt. Nathaniel Tread well, { and it is to be noticed 
that the Denison mansion had disappeared at that time. 
The deed describes the property as an acre and a half of 
pasture land. It was inherited by Jacob Tread well, son 
of Nathaniel, and his heirs sold it to Nathaniel Lord 3d, 
familiarly known as "Squire Lord," Aug. 10, 1815. § 

The heirs of Nathaniel Lord, Jr. sold it to John Per- 
kins, April 28, 1855,|| and when it came into his posses- 
sion, it remained of the exact size of the original Denison 
estate, except a triangular piece, fourteen feet on County 
street, and ninety feet on his line, which Jacob Treadwell 

; had sold to John Dutch, March 9, 1779. IT Mr. Perkins 
built the house now owned by his heirs, and sold a piece 
abutting on the Bamford property to James M. Welling- 

l ton, Dec. 25, 1858.** Mr. Wellington moved a mill build- 
ing, erected by Mr. Hoyt near the dam of the upper mill 
on South Main street for veneer-sawing, and located it on 

r this site, where it was occupied in part as a residence by 
Mr. Wellington and in part as a shoe factory. 

Mr. William H. Graves purchased the corner and erected 
his residence. ff A stitching shop, which stood near the 
dwelling, was removed to a lot near the Wellington build- 

I * Essex Co. Deeds, boot 21, leaf 102. t Felt's History of Ipswich, page 202. 
J Essex Co. Deeds, book 177, leaf 132. § Essex Co. Deeds, book 208, leaf 11. 
II Essex Co. Deeds, book 571, leaf 258. IT Essex Co. Deeds, book 147, leaf 242. 
** Essex Co. Deeds, book 583, leaf 1G9. ft Essex Co. Deeds, book 636, leaf 222. 


ing a few years since, and converted into a dwelling now 
owned and occupied by George A. Schofield. 

The school-house was built in 1848, on the site of an 
ancient gambrel-roofed building, that had been used as a 
school for many years. 


- ' 



• \ 

- • . 



£.'*.-r* : .>* ' s>tfe».'^„^ tH',"; .:>.' -.<•*_ ..■■k^.v-. ■-. iML v.. . ! 


The Annual Meeting of the Society was held on Dec. 2, 
901, at the House of the Society. The following officers 
pere elected for the year ensuing : 

President. — T. Frank Waters. 
Vice Presidents. — John B. Brown, 

John Heard. 
Clerk. — John W. Goodhue. 
Directors. — Charles A. Say ward, 

John H. Cogswell, 

Edward Kavanagh. 
Corresponding Secretary. — John H. Cogswell. 
Treasurer .— T . Frank Waters. 
Librarian. — John J. Sullivan. 

The following Committees were chosen : 

On Histoeical Tablets. 

Charles A. Say ward, 
John H. Cogswell, 
John B. Brown, 
T. Frank Waters. 

Social Committee. 

Ralph W. Burnham, 
Edward Kavanagh, 
Mrs. J. J. Sullivan, 
Miss S. C. Whipple, 
Miss Lucy S. Lord, 
Mrs. E. F. Brown, 
Mrs. John E. Tenney. 

On Membeeship. 

John W. Nourse, 
Chester P. Woodbury, 
Ralph W. Burnham, 
Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown. 

The Reports of the Treasurer, Curator and President 
were read and ordered to be printed. 



I take pleasure in reporting a year of gratifying pros- 
perity, though not of phenomenal growth. Last year a 
special exhibit of Textiles was opened in July and con- 
tinued until September. This was widely advertised and 
the number of visitors reached the highest figures thus far 
attained. The state of Miss Gray's health rendered it im- 
possible for her to attempt anything of this nature this 
summer. It was deemed desirable as well to test the in- 
terest of the public in the House and its contents, without 
any special endeavor to bring it conspicuously into notice. . 
Accordingly the House was opened only during the reg- 
ular hours in the afternoon, and as Miss Gray felt unequal 
to the task of receiving visitors, Miss Alice M. Brown was 
engaged as care-taker and hostess. She performed her 
duties in excellent fashion, and w T e are sure that ail visitors 
were received hospitably and entertained very intelligently 
during the eleven w T eeks she remained in charge. 

The total number of visitors for the year ending Dec. 
1st, was 1008, considerably less than last year's record as 
would be supposed for the reasons just noted. Beside this, 
the summer season was not favorable. The visitor's book 
at the Essex Institute, Salem, and the diminished business 
of the professional guides in that city, indicate a marked 
falling off in the average number of visitors, and this is 
explained by the attractions of the Pan-American Fair at 
Buffalo, which led many to take their vacations in that 
quarter. But a goodly number found our House, and we 
may well be satisfied. 

The Report of the Curator, with tabulation of visitors, 
is appended to this report. 

The most distinguished visitors of the year were the 



senior Senator from Massachusetts, Hon. George F. Hoar 
and wife, who spent several hours in town by invitation of 
the Society. They were greatly interested in the House 
and in the work of the Society, and enjoyed as well a ride- 
about our town and a visit to the home and place of burial 
of Dr. Manasseh Cutler in Hamilton. Mr. Halliday of 
Boston, an expert authority in old houses, has repeated 
his visit and made interesting photographs. His opinion, 
given very enthusiastically, is that "there is nothing in the 
country that can touch it." Mrs. Alice Morse Earle, the 
famous writer on Colonial themes, and her sister, Miss 
Morse, spent several hours here, and a considerable num- 
ber of photographs of ancient pieces of furniture were car- 
ried away with them. . 

Four numbers of Miss Esther Singleton's " Furniture of 
our Forefathers," have been published by Doubleday, 
Page & Co., of New York. ■ In the third number of this 
series a full page was given to a photograph of our ancient 
Kitchen, with its unique furnishings, and another to the 
ancient mirror with inlaid olive-wood frame, presented by 
Mrs. Bonier. Drawings of chests, etc., in our possession, 
also found place, and eulogistic mention was made of the 
Kitchen as an architectural study. The New York Trib- 
une, in its Illustrated supplement of July 28, 1901, re- 
viewed the Singleton books, and honored us by selecting 
the picture of the Kitchen for full-size reproduction, the 
only illustration borrowed from the whole series. 

• In September, Miss Alice A. Gray, the Curator of the 
House since it was opened to the public, resigned her office 
and removed her possessions. This was due chiefly to the 
impaired state of her health, and the loss of her efficient 
housekeeper and assistant, Miss Julia Gutberlett. We 
contemplated this event with dismay, for Miss Gray's col- 
lection of antique furniture, pictures and bric-a-brac, had 
made the parlor a very beautiful room, and her rare taste 
had been manifest in the arrangement of the whole house. 
Her wide acquaintance had brought many interesting vis- 
itors, and some munificent gifts, the most notable of which 
was the splendid contribution of $1800 from Mrs. W. C. 
Loring, for the purchase of the corner lot, which has added 
so much to the value and beauty of our grounds. Long 


and patient inquiry bad failedto reveal a suitable successor 

available for this important office, but at the very last mo- 
ment, by rare good fortune, we found that our former fellow 
townsman, Mr. Ralph W. Burnbam, desired the position. 
Mr. and Mrs. Burnbam took possession at once, and 
brought an unrivalled collection of beautiful ancient ma- 
hogany furniture, and a large and costly collection of old 
china. Entering enthusiastically upon the work, they have 
re-arranged the upper rooms very tastefully, and with line 
effect, and are prepared to receive visitors at any reason- 
able hour. A reception was given by the Society to Mr. 
and Mrs. Burnham on Wednesday, November 20th, and 
other social events are in prospect. By this means we 
hope to quicken the interest of our members, and draw in 
many who have not yet joined our Society. 

The Society has now about one hundred and eighty act- 
ive members. A considerable enlargement is very desir- 
able. Popular interest is enhanced by a large body of 
members scattered over the whole community, who re- 
ceive and distribute the publications and come with their 
friends to the House. The enlargement of revenue accru- 
ing from this source provides the funds that are needed 
greatly for extending the work we wish to accomplish on 
many lines. I suggest that a Committee on Membership 
be elected, and that it shall be the duty of this Committee 
to make a special canvass for new members and report the 
names at intervals to the officers. 

Since the last annual meeting, the tenth number of our 
Historical Publications, entitled "The Hotel Cluny of a 
New England Village," has been distributed. The demand 
for our earlier publications has exhausted the editions, and 
no provision has been made for a reprint of the numbers, 
no longer in hand. Profiting by this experience, a much 
larger edition of the last issue was ordered, and the bulk 
of the expense was borne very generously by Mr. D. F. 

The question of the early enlargement of the scope of 
our publications is one that is confronting us with increas-. 
ing force. The great demand for genealogical material 
gives large and widely extended value to the vital statis- 
tics and other records of the town. The topography of 


the ancient town is of great interest. Biographical sketches 
of the famous men whose names adorn our annals, reprints 
of ancient publications, and pictures of buildings and lo- 
calities as they are to-day, all should be made. A quarterly 
or semi-annual publication of unique value could be issued, 
and those, whose opinion is authoritative, are sure that it 
would soon come to self-support. 

The financial status of the Society is excellent. Though 
the receipts, $649.04, have been smaller than usual, the 
completion of the House has enabled us to finish the year 
with a small balance in the treasury. All accounts inci- 
dent to House and grounds are now settled, and the orig- 
inal mortgage of $1600 is the only encumbrance on our 
. property. The Society would be helped very materially, 
if this CQuldbe removed, and some friends may eventually 
find the means. The interest, however, is not a heavy tax 
upon our resources, and certain building operations, the 
erection of a log-house, and the construction of a fac- 
simile of an ancient "ca^e," seem to make more immediate 
demands upon our funds. The yet larger scheme of acquir- 
ing the adjoining land and erecting a fire-proof memorial 
building for the use of the Society, must be kept constantly 
in mind. A broad-minded and generous descendant from 
old Ipswich stock may yet be found, who will count it a 
privilege to show his regard for the ancestral home by 
providing the requisite funds. 





California, - 



Dist. of Columbia, 







Kentucky, - 




Massachusetts, - 






New Hampshire,- 

New Jersey, - 

New York, 

North Carolina, 

North Dakota, 

Ohio, - 



Rhode Island, 

South Dakota, 



1900 im 





















3 -J 


























• 12 








































Texas, - 




Vermont, - 




Virginia, - 




West Virginia, - 


Wisconsin, - 




Washington, - 








Canada, - - 


China, - 


Cuba, - - - 


England, - 




Germany, - 


Holland, - 


Hawaii, - 




Ireland, - 


New Brunswick, 



Nova Scotia, - 



Quebec, -■.'.-.- 


Scotland, - - - 


Spain, - 


Sweden, - 








States represented, 




Cfounties represented, 




You will notice Massachusetts gained 282 in 1900 over 
1899, but lost 4y2 in 1901 due, no doubt, to the Pan 
American Exposition. Gain in States of 1900 over 1899, 
379. Loss in States in 1901 from 1900, 505. Also 
notice that the gain in States of 1900 is more marked in 
the inland States rather than the seaboard States, owing 
perhaps to the travel to the Paris Exposition, Boston be- 
ing the point of sailing, and the tourists upon their re- 
turn visiting points of interest here previous to returning 


Ralph Warren Burn ham. 

ENDING DEC. 1, 1901. 

T. Frank Waters in account with Ipswich Hist, Society. 


To fees, gifts, etc., $479 53 

House-fees, sale of pictures, etc., . . . 169 51 

Balance from 1900, 272 78 $92182 


House account. 

Furniture, . $56 66 

Care of grounds, . . . . . . 33 90 

Fuel, 28 00 

Mrs. Taylor, work, 27 00 

Miss Alice M. Brown, care of house, . . 33 00 

Kalph W. Burnham, Curator, .... 25 00 

Water bills, 8 95 

Miscellaneous, . 11 80 224 31 

Interest, . . . . . ... 70 00 

Insurance, 22 00 92 00 

Construction account, 335 97 

Total, house account, 652 2S 

Printing account. 

Publications, 192 59 

Miscellaneous, . 6 25 

Envelopes and postage, 13 29 

212 13 

Miscellaneous, . 19 49 

Balance in hand, . . . . . . 37 92 57 41 

$921 82 




DECEMBER 1, 1901. 

Daniel Fuller Appleton. Cox's "Suffolk, Topo- 
graphical Ecclesiastical and Natural History," pub. 
in 1700 (rebound). Monumental Inscriptions in 
the Parish of St. Matthew, in Ipswich, Eng., 1684. 
" Indian Battles," 1859. Pamphlet, " Defence of the 
Legislature of Mass.," 1804. "An Account of the 
Late Revolution in New England," 1689 (reprint). 
Catalogue of D. F. Appleton's Collection of Bibles 
and Prayer Books, 1899. Almanack, 1713, by Dan- 
iel Leeds ; printed by Will. Bradford, N. Y. Alman- 
ack, 1776, by Samuel Stearns; printed by Isaiah 
Thomas, Worcester. Constitution of the State of 
Mass. Washington's Farewell Address. 

Mrs. A. P. Bachelder. File of old Almanacs. Dash 

Bangor Public Library. Annual Report. 

J. Francis Patch LeBaron. Pamphlet, Register of 
the Society of the Sons of the Revolution of Florida. 

Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer. Chair owned by her great- 
grandfather, Col. Daniel Warner, who was the grand- 
son of Elder Philemon Warner, who went from 
Ipswich to Gloucester in 1710. The chair was prob- 
ably owned by the Elder. A mirror, with olive- 
wood inlays, which belonged to the family of Rev. 
John White, of Gloucester, who married the daugh- 
ter of Rev. John Wise of Chebacco. An Answer 
to Rev. John Wise's Essay on Taxation. A warm- 
ing pan, owned by Col. Warner. Piece of em- 
broidered bed-curtain. Fragment of curtain of a 



bed in which Gen. Washington slept in Newburyport. 
Pair of bellows, owned by Dr. Thomas Manning 
Books, etc. 

Mrs. William G. Brown. Turned legged table. Chairs, 

Cambridge (England) Univ. Library Keport, 1900. 

Thomas Carroll, Peabody. " Bands and Band Music 
of Salem." 

Anson L. Clarke. Sample of powder used in the 
Revolution by Ambrose E. Davis, and cartridge used 
in the Civil War. 

Benj. H. Conant, Wenham. Photographs of mile-stone-, 
with an historical sketch of these stones. 

Chas. W. Darling, Utica, N. Y. " Account of Impor- 
tant Versions and Editions of the Bible." 

Doubleday, Page & Co., N. Y. Three volumes. "The 
Furniture of our Forefathers," by Miss Esther Single- 

Old Eliot. Publications, 1901. 

Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. Historical Collections, 
quarterly numbers, 1901. 

Estate of Mrs. Mary Farley. A round tea-table. A 
skewer hook. 24 books. 

A. P. Foster, Waterbury, Vt. Flax. 

Estate of Harriet P. Fowler, Danvers. " Particulars 
of the death and burial of Chas. W. Giddings." 
Marker of the grave of C. W. Giddings. Funeral 

Curtiss C. Gardner, St. Louis, Mo. "Lion Gardiner 
and Descendants. 

Dr. E. S. Goodhue, Wailuku, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. 
" Beneath Hawaiian Palms." " The Anglo-American 

Thomas D. Gould. Quadrant used by Capt. Daniel 

Miss Alice A. Gray. Book, "Abraham Howard of 

Hon. George F. Hoar, M. C. " Oration at the celebra- 
tion of the Centennial of the Northwest, at Marietta, 
Ohio, April 7, 1888. "Oration on occasion of 
placing a tablet to the memory of Rufus Putnam, 
upon his dwelling-house at Rutland, Sept. 17, 1898." 


George Hovey. An engraving by G. G. Smith, Salem, 
Mass. " Massacre of the American Prisoners of War 
at Dartmouth Prison, April 6, 1815." Tomahawk. 

Ipswich Annual Report. 

The Kimball Family News. Topeka, Kansas. 

Miss Susan Kimball. Lignum-vitre pestle. Ancient 

Frederick J. Kingsbury, Waterbury, Conn. Author 
of the following pamphlets: "John Winthrop Jr." 
"The Tendency of Men to live in Cities." "The Reign 
of Law." " A Sociological Retrospect." "The Devel- 
opment of an Organized Industry." "Relative Value 
of the three Factors that produce Wealth." 

Mrs. W. H. Kinsman. Pair of ancient slippers. 

Lynn Historical Society. Report 1901. 

Manchester Historical Society. Historic Quarterly, 
Mar. 1901. 

James F. Mann. Two chairs. 

Marblehead Historical Society. Report Abbott Pub- 
lic Library, 1900-01. 

Nantucket Historical Association. " Proceedings of 
seventh annual meeting." "Bulletin No. 1. Nan- 
tucket Lands and Land-owners." 

New England Historic and Genealogical Society. 
Register, 1900, 1901. 

Miss S. Sophia Nourse. Pocketbook with name "Will- 
iam South wick His pocket-book," worked in cross- 

Miss Esther Parmenter, Rowley. A pair of blue satin 
slippers worn at the wedding of Eunice Harris Jewett 
of Rowley. A linen baby's-shirt with lace sleeves and 
edging, made by Eunice Harris Jewett for her son 
Harris Jewett. A black silk night-cap worn by Mary 
Harris Savage of Rowley while travelling by stage at 
night. Kid glove worn by Mrs. Mary Harris Savage 
about 1830, and black netted glove. Sampler, worked 
by Sarah B. Judkins of Rowley, in 1825, when nine 
years old. . . Her miniature, when three years 
old, is owned by the Society. Sampler, worked by 
Ann Ilsley when eleven years old. She was born 
Aug. 22, 1799, daughter of David and Anna Frazier 


Ilsley of Newburyport. Embroidered pocketbook 
or letter case, owned by David Ilsley, born Aug. -J 
1767. Colored lithograph: "The Mourning Piece" 
of Anna, wife of Daniel Ilsley, died Sept. 11, ISO! 
aged thirty- two years, daughter of John and Hepzihnb 
Frazier. (The Family Bible with records is owned l.\ 
the Society.) Knife, used by a member of the Ilsley 
family on a whaling cruise. 

Mrs. Mary Parsons, Lynnfield. Windsor chair. Foot- 
stove, foot-stool. 

PEABODr Institute. 49th Annual Report. 

Rev. A. P. Putnam, D.D. Address: "Gen. Israel Put- 
nam and Bunker Hill." 

Redwood Library, Newport, R. I. Annual report. 

Moses A. S afford, Kittery, Me. Autograph letter of 
Sir Win. Pepperrell, dated Nov. 26, 1718. 

Chas. A. Sayward. Seven Old Farmer's Almanacs and 
a newspaper 1849. 

Mrs. Louisa J. Sherburn. Two pictures. 

Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War, 
whose graves are marked by the Mass. Society of the 
Sons of the Revolution. Donor unknown. 

Mrs. Hannah Appleton Thayer. Fragment of an In- 
dia shawl, once owned and worn by Madam Hancock, 
wife of Gov. Hancock, and a skein of India sewing 
cotton, used by the daughters of Rev. Wm. Green- 
ough, of Newton, early in the nineteenth century. 

Topsfield Historical Society. Historical Collections, 
Vol. vi, 1901. 

University of State of New York. New York at Get- 
tysburg, 3 vols. Thi-ee volumes, "Report of the Ad- 
jutant General of the State of New York." ?f New- 
York in the Spanish American War." 

Western Reserve Historical Society. Archaeological 

Maynard Whittier. Pocket-book once owned by Dr. 
Bonier. Oak tree nail and pins, and wrought iron 
nail from Henry Wilson house. 

Frederic Willcomb. Calendars. Manuscript on death 
of Rev. Daniel Rogers. Epitaph for his tombstone. 
Leaflet, Washington coat of arms, and inscription 


of Lawrence Washington's tomb. Leaflets, copy of 
papers composed by Samuel Prince, of Hull and 
Sandwich, 1685. 

Wallace P. Willett, East Orange, N. J. Engraved 
portrait of Rev. John Murray, pastor of Presbyterian 
Church, Newburyport, who died March 13, 1793. 

Joseph Willcomb. Pair of bellows. 


Frederick J. Alley, 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley, 
Dr. Charles E. Ames, 
Daniel Fuller Appleton, 
Mrs. Susan A. K. Appleton, 
Francis R. Appleton, 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 
James W. Appleton, 
Randolph M. Appleton, 
Mrs. Helen Appleton, 
Dr. G. Guy Bailey, 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Baker, 
Miss Katharine C. Baker, 
Charles W. Bam ford, 
Miss Mary D. Bates, 
John A. Blake, 
John E. Blakemore, 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer, 
James W. Bond, 
Warren Boynton, 
Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 
Charles W. Brown, 
Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Carrie R. Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
Henry Brown, 
Miss Isabelle G. Brown, 
James W. Brown, 
John B. Brown, 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown, 
Miss Alice G. Burnham, 
Daniel S. Burnham, 
Frank T. Burnham, 
Ralph W. Burnham, 
Mrs. Nellie Mae Burnham, 
Fred F. Byron, 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell, 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell, 
Miss Lvdia A. Caldwell, 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 
Charles A. Campbell, 
Mrs. Lavinia Campbell, 


Edward W. Choate, 
Philip E. Clark, 
E. Harry Clegg, 
Miss Lucy C. Coburn, 
John H. Cogswell, 
Theodore F. Cogswell, 
Miss Harriet D. Condon, 
Rev. Edward Constant, 
Miss Roxie C. Cowles, 
Charles S. Cummings, 
Arthur C. Damon, 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Harry K. Damon, 
Mrs. Abby Danforth, 
George G. Dexter, 
MissC. Bertha Dobsou, 
Joseph D. Dodge, 
Harry K. Dodge. 
Mrs. Edith s/Dole, 
Rev. John M. Donovan, 
Arthur W. Dow, 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer,. 
George Fall, 
Miss Emeline C. Farley, 
Miss Lucy R. Farley, 
Joseph K. Farley, 
Benjamin Fewkes, 
John S. Glover, 
Dr. E. S. Goodhue, 
Frank T. Goodhue, 
John W. Goodhue, 
John J. Gould, 
James Graffum, 
Ralph H. Grant, 
Mrs. Eliza H. Green, 
Mrs. Lois Hardy, 
Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, 
George H. W. Hayes, 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard, 
Miss Alice Heard, 
John Heard, 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon, 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey, 



Gerald L. Hoyt, 
Miss Lucy S. Jewett, 
John A. Johnson, 
Miss Ellen M. Jordan, 
Edward Kavanagh, 
Charles M. Kelly, 
Arthur S Kimball, 
Fred A. Kimball, 
Rev. John C. Kimball, 
Aaron Kinsman, 
Miss Bethiah D. Kinsman, 
Miss Mary E. Kinsman, 
Mrs. Susan K. Kinsman, 
Curtis E. Lakeman, 
Mrs Frances C. Lakeman, 
G. Frank Langdon, 
Austin L. Lord, 
George A. Lord, 
Miss Lucy Slade Lord, 
Thomas II. Lord, 
Mrs. Lucretia S. Lord, 
Dr. George E. Mac Arthur, 
Mrs. Isabelle G. Mac Arthur, 
Rev. Frank J. Mc Connell, 
Mrs. Mary B. Main, 
James F. Mann, 
John P. Marston, 
Everard H. Martin, 
.Mrs. Marietta K. Martin, 
Miss Heloise Meyer, 
Miss Abby L. Newman, 
Mrs. Amanda Nichols, 
William J. Norwood, 
Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood, 
John W. Nourse, 
Charles H. Noyes, 
Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes, 
Mrs. Anna Osgood, 
Rev. Robert B. Parker, 
Rev. Reginald Pearce, 
Moritz B. Philipp, 
Augustine II. Plouff, 
Fred. H. Plouff, 
James H. Proctor, 
James E. Richardson, 
Mrs. Lucy C. Roberts, 
Miss Anna W. Ross, 
Fred. G. Ross, 
Mrs. Mary F. Ross, 

Joseph Ross, 

Mrs. Joan Ross, 

Joseph F. Ross, 

Mrs. Helcne Ross, 

Dr. William II. Russell, 

William S. Russell, 

Daniel Safford, 

Angus Savory, 

Charles A. Sayward, 

Mrs. Henrietta W. Sayward, 

George A. Schofield, 

Dexter M. Smith, 

Edward A. Smith, 

Miss Elizabeth P. Smith, 

Mrs. Harriette A. Smith, 

Henry P. Smith, 

Rev. R. Cotton Smith, 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaulding, 

Dr. Frank H. Stockwell, 

Mrs. Alice L. Story, 

Edward M. Sullivan, 

John J. Sullivan, 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 

Arthur L. Sweetser, 

John E. Tenney, 

Mrs. Annie T. Tenncv, 

Rev. William II. Thayer, 

Samuel H. Thurston. 

Miss Ellen R. Trask, 

Bayard Tuckerman, 

Charles S. Tuckerman, 

Francis H. Wade, 

Miss Martha E. Wade, 

Miss Nellie F. Wade, 

William F. Wade, 

Luther Wait, 

Miss Annie L. Warner, 

Mrs. Caroline L. Warner, 

Henry C. Warner, 

Rev. T. Frank Waters, 

Miss Susan C. Whipple, 

Fred G. Whittier, 

Mrs. Marianna Whittier, 

Miss Eva Adams Willcomb, 

Wallace P. Willett, 

Robert D. Winthrop, 

Chalmers Wood, 

Chester P. Woodbury. 


John Albree, Jr., Swampscott, 
William Sumner Appleton, Bos- 
Lamont G. Burnham, Boston, 
Eben Caldwell, Elizabeth, N. J., 

Luther Caldwell, Lynn, 

Mrs. Edward Cordis, Jamaica 

Charts W. Darling, Utica,N.Y., 
Elisha P. Dodge, Newburyport, 



Miss Caroline Farley, Cam- 
Frank C. Farley, So. Manches- 
ter, Conn., 
Miss Katherine S. Farley, So. 

Manchester, Conn., 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton, Cam- 
Jesse Fewkes, Newton, 
Reginald Foster, Boston, 
Augustus P. Gardner, Hamilton, 
Charles L. Goodhue, Spring- 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray, 
Miss Emily R. Gray, Sauquoit, 

Arthur VV. Hale, Winchester, 
Albert Farley Heard, 2d, Bos- 
Otis Kimball, Boston, 
Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston, 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball, Salem, 
Frederick J. Kingsbury, Water- 
bury, Conn., 
Miss Caroline T. Leeds, Boston, 
Miss Katharine P. Loring, Bos- 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring, Boston, 

Mrs. Elizabeth R. Lyman, Brook- 

Josiah H. Mann, Memphis, 'J 'enn, 
Miss Adeline Manning, Bohtoa, 
Henry S. Manning, New York, 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning, New 

George L. von Meyer, Rome 

Miss Esther Parmenter, Revere, 
Mrs. Mary S. C. Peabody, 
Frederic H. Riuge, Los Angeles, 

Richard W. Saltonstall, Boston, 
Denison R. Slade, Center Har- 
bor, N. H, 
Joseph Spiller, Boston, 
Miss Ellen A. Stone, East Lex- 
Miss Ann H. Treadwell, Jamaica 

Harry W. Tyler, Boston, 
Albert Wade, Alton, 111 , 
Mrs. George W. Wales, Bostou, 
George Willcomb, Boston, 
Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Bos- 



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I ..... - ... 









TABLETS, JULY 31,i902. 

Proceedings at the Annual Meeting 
Dec. i, 1902. 

Salem press: 

The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 



It was a day of note in the annals of Jpswich when 
Thomas Dudley and his good wife, Dorothy, came to 
occupy the generous grant of nine acres, which the Town 
had made in recognition of his making his residence here. 
He was already in his sixtieth year. In his young man- 
hood he had been a soldier of Queen Elizabeth ; relin- 
quishing the service of arms, he became steward of the 
estate of the Earl of Lincoln, then on the verge of 
bankruptcy and, in ten years, by rare business tact, freed 
it entirely from debt. He was profoundly impressed with 
the new Puritanism and cast in his lot unreservedly with 
the movement. L T nder the persecutions of Laud, life in 
old England became intolerable to the Puritans, and in 
1630, Dudle}^ embarked for the New World, accompanied 
by Simon Bradstreet, who had married his daughter Ann 
two years before. 

Dudley was made Deputy Governor and Winthrop, 
Governor of the new Colony before the ship sailed, and 
he held the office of Deputy Governor until 1634, when 
he was chosen Governor. He retired from that office in 
May ,3163 5, and came from Cambridge to take up his abode 
in Ipswich. Daniel Denison had married his daughter, 
Patience, and came with him probably, as the Town as- 
signed him land in the same year. Bradstreet delayed his 
coming, but in a year or two he had established his home. 
Dudle}' and Bradstreet were near neighbors, and a rare 
neighborhood indeed, it soon became. The political promi- 
nence of Dudley must have made his house a centre of 
influence. He became Deputy Governor again in 1637, 
and retained the office until 1640, when he became Gov- 
ernor. He was elected for a third term in 1645, and was 
Deputy Governor from 1646 to 1650, when he was 



elected for his fourth term, and continued as Deputy until 
1653. This astute politician, bold-spoken and irascible 
in manner, well-furnished with wealth, a lover of books, 
and possessed of a library of unusual size, was a notable 
addition to the Ipswich settlement. 

But the Bradstreet home was the centre of attraction 
above all others. Bradstreet himself was a man of 
singularly winning character, and an official constantly in 
the service of the Colony. His wife, Ann, while dwell- 
ing here, wrote the larger part of the poetry, which was 
hailed with rapture as the song of " The Tenth Muse." 
Nathaniel Ward, the famous minister of the Ipswich 
church, was a devoted friend and an admirer of her verse. 
John Norton, the scholarly teacher of the Ipswich church 
until he was summoned to his ministry in Boston, gave 
unstinted praise. Nathaniel Rogers and his son John, 
President of Harvard College for a feAv months before his 
death, were warm friends. Denison would have resorted 
naturally to the home of his sister-in-law ; Winthrop and 
Symonds, as well, to the home of their fellow-magistrate. 
The best and most intelligent life of the Colony illumined 
that home. 

Dudley remained in Ipswich about four years, it is 
commonly thought, and then removed to Roxbury. 
Bradstreet tarried longer. The frequent mention of his 
name in the Town Records makes it possible that he was 
here until about 1641. He was resident in Andover in 




" Att a meeting houlden in November [ ] was con- 
sented and agreed unto the length [ ] of Ipswitch 
should extend westward unto [ ] buiyinge place and 
Eastward unto a Cove of the River unto the plantinge 
ground of John Pirkeings the Elder." 

Thus the Town Record begins, and it defines the limit 
of the ancient settlement, from the old burying-place on 
the hill slope to the cove on East street, where the high- 
way borders on the tide- water. The warm southern slope 
of Town Hill was a favorite location, and the whole length 
of it between these bounds was allotted to the earliest 

The Town Record further informs us : 

"Their was Given and Granted to Thomas Dudley, 
Esq., in October, 1635, one parcell of ground contain- 
ing about nine acres, lyeinge betweene Goodman Cross 
on the West, and a lott intended to Mr. Broadstreet on 
the East, upon parcell of wch nine acres, Mr. Dudley 
hath built an house." 

Goodman Cross is thus shown to be the western 
abutter of Dudley, and as subsequent deeds make it cer- 
tain that only one house lot intervened between the 
burying place and the Dudley lot, we locate Cross with 
confidence on the lot adjoining the ancient cemetery on 
High street. The deed of Richard Hubbard to Symon 


Stacy, 1 July 5, 1671, locates Richard Kimball, Sen., ),, - 
though no record of his purchase remains. Simon Aduu 
son-in-law of Kimball, received the estate and sold h 
bounded by the burying-place on the northwest, specifvii 
that it was "formerly old father Kimball's" and that tin 
were a house and barn on the lot, to Shoreborne^VilM.n, 
June 6,1698. 2 Adams had sold a part of the land pr< 
viously to the Town, as the Town Record contain- i 
item, May 5, 1698, "Voted that £15 be allowed to Syim 
Adams for about half an acre of land to add to ye bun - 
ing-place as the selectmen shall agree to stake it out." 

During Wilson's ownership, the Town enlarged tli 
burying-place again by buying "a quarter and hull 
quarter of an acre," April 3, 1707. He sold the n 
\ mainder, which still contained about three acres, with tl 

house he then occupied, to Daniel Rogers, the school- 
master, "in the Long street, so called," July 18, 1709. 
Rogers was the son of Rev. John Rogers, jmd grand >< ;. 
of General! Denison. He attained a conspicuous plue< 
as judge, town clerk and physician. His tragic deal! 
in a snowstorm on the Salisbury marshes lends patho 
to his name. 4 As Mr. Rogers bought the Denison horn* 
stead in January, 1708-9, it is doubtful if he occupied 
the High street property, which he sold, in 1715 (Sept 
15) 5 , to Stephen Perkins, mariner. 

The executors of Captain Perkins sold the property, 
which included about two acres, as the deed specifies 
though no record of sale is found, to Edward Eveleth, • 
prominent citizen, Feb. 13, 1734, 6 who sold it the next 
year to Nathaniel Caldwell 7 (Dec. 3, 1735) . John Cald- 
well, son of Nathaniel, inherited his real estate.' 
Thomas Cross was the next owner, though the deed i >i 
purchase is not recorded. He sold to James Foster, 
Nov. 10, 1741. 9 This deed gives the north bound, "ex- 

1 Ipswich Records Deeds, book 3, leaf 253. 
a Essex County Deeds, book'12, leaf 89. 
' Essex County Deeds, book 21, leaf 103. 
.; * See Publications Ipswich Historical Society No. XI, page 35. 

6 Essex Couuty Deeds, book 27, leaf 205. 
8 Essex Co. Deeds, book 70, leaf 143. 

7 Essex Co. Deeds, book 70, leaf 243. 

8 Essex Co. Probate Records, book 322, leaf 365 (1738). 
• Essex Co. Deeds, book 82, leaf 247. 


tending one rod from the back side of the house towards 
the Town Hill, on land lately deeded to the Parrish for a 
burying-place." This was the third encroachment of the 
burying-ground, and nothing remained of the goodly 
original lot but the narrow strip separating the cemetery 
from the street. Mr. Foster lived in the house until his 
death, and his heirs, William Caldwell, Nathan Foster 
and Nathaniel Foster of Salem, sold the estate to Isaac 
Martin 1 of Gloucester. Martin sold to John Lawson 
the quarter acre lot with house and well, Nov. 15, 1769, 2 
who sold in turn to Samuel Lord, 3d, Gentleman, 3 Oct. 

I, 1772. 

Small as the lot was, it was yet further divided. Eight 
years after he bought it, Mr. Lord sold about eight square 
rods with half the house bounded by the burying-ground 
on the west, measuring forty-eight feet on the street, to 
Jonathan and William Galloway, Dec. 25, 1780. 4 The 
dividing line on the east passed through the house and 
the middle of the chimney. The Galloway heirs, Martha 
Coburn, Eliza Williams, Mary Widdecomb and Harriet 
Galloway, singlewoman, of Washington, D. C, sold their 
interest in this property to Andrew Russell, cabinet 
maker, April 20, 1847. 5 He lived on the other side of 
the street and had his shop for cabinet making on this 
spot. The old Galloway house is remembered in a 
ruinous state by the old people on High street. 

Andrew Russell sold to Francis and Lisette Ross, 
July 17, 1867, 6 who transferred it to Timothy B. Ross, 
the present owner, March 13, 1879. 7 The cabinet shop 
was remodelled into a house, and is the present resi- 
dence of Mr. Ross. The remainder of the house, known 
as the Galloway house, was sold by Samuel Lord, jr., to 
Polley Choate, seamstress, June 5, 1790. 8 She sold to 
Nath. Tread well. The deed is not recorded, but in 
Treadwell's deed to Elisha Gould, 9 Dec. 28, 1811, refer- 
ence is made to the deed of "Dolly" Choate given April 
25, 1803. Elisha Gould sold to Timothy Ross, jr., Oct. 

II, ISM. 1 ** 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 110, leaf 21. ■ Essex Co. Deeds, book 744, leaf 2.54. 
1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 127, leaf 11. » Essex Co. Deeds, book 1014, leaf 54. 

3 Essex Co. Deeds, book 122, leaf 209. 8 Essex Co. Deeds, book 108, leaf 25. 

« Essex Co. Deeds, book 133, leaf 278. • Essex Co. Deeds, book 20S, leaf 39. 

• Essex Co. Deeds, book 399, leaf 54. » Essex Co. Deeds, book 207, leaf 51. 



When Samuel Lord, 3d, bought, the eastern bound was 
the Lummus property; but when Samuel Lord, jr., 
sold to Polley Choate, it was bounded by Robert Stone's 
land. This was undoubtedly part of the original estate, 
as in Stone's deed to William Bobbins, Nov. 3, 1807, 1 of 
land and house, it w r as bounded by the burying ground on 
the north, Lummus on the east, and three rods and four 
feet on the street. Captain Bobbins sold to Timothy 
Harris of Rowley, July 8, 1812. 2 Timothy and Daniel 
Harris of Rowley sold to Daniel Caldwell, April 16, 
18283 who sold to William W. Rust, jr., blacksmith, on 
Dec. 13, 1851. 4 Caldwell's deed mentions that the 
property he sold was that which he bought of Timothy 
and Daniel Harris, and also a portion, which he bought 
of John Lord 3d, June 13, 1839. The latter deed was 
not recorded. The heirs of Rust own and occupy this 
estate. The house is first mentioned in Stone's deed, 


The second of the original lots is that which has already 
been referred to, as identical with that " given and granted 
to Thomas Dudley Esq. in October, 1635," "one parcell 
of ground containing about nine acres lyeing between 
Goodman Cross on the West and a lott intended to Mr. 
Broadstreet on the East. Upon parcell of w r ch. nine acres, 
Mr. Dudley hath built an house," with other lands, "all 
which premises aforesayd, with the house built thereon 
and the palinge sett up thereon, the sayd Thos Dudley 
Esq. hath sold to Mr. Hubbard and his heirs &tc."° 
Thos. Dudley is the redoubtable Governor Dudley, who 
removed his residence from Cambridge at this time, and 
removed to Roxbury in 1639. 6 

"Mr." Hubbard is undoubtedly Mr. William Hubbard, 
a prominent character in our early town history, feofiee, 
Deputy to General Court, and Justice of the Quarterly 
Court. He removed to Boston about 1662. He died in 
1670, leaving three sous, William, the Pastor of the 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 182, leaf 292. 
' Essex Co. Deeds, book 199, leaf 29. 
* Essex Co. Deeds, book 252, leaf 65. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 466, leaf 43. 
e Town Records. 

• Felt, History of Ip6wlch, p. 72. 


Ipswich church and Historian of the Indian wars, Richard 
and Nathaniel. Johnson's tribute to him was, "a learned 
man, being well read in State matters, of a very affable 
and humble behaviour, who hath expended much of his 
estate to helpe on this worke. Altho he be slow in speech, 
}^et is hee downright for the businesse." 1 His son, Richard, 
sold Symon Stacy the dwelling, and nine acres of land, 
bounded by High street on the southwest, by Richard 
Kemball's land on the northwest, and Robert Collins on 
the southeast, July 5, 167 1. 2 This house-lot was the 
largest ever granted by the town, and its size alone would 
identify it with the Dudley lot. 

The administrators of Captain Stacj^ William Baker 
and John Stamford, sold the homestead, bounded west by 
" Shoarborn " Wilson and east by Sergeant Robert Lord, 
to Jonathan Lummus, sen., June 18, 1712. 3 Lummus 
bequeathed his lands to his son Jonathan by his will, 
approved Aug. 17, 1728. 4 He bequeathed his son Daniel, 
"a small piece of land out of my homestead adjoining 
to his homestead, to make him a convenient way to his 
barn, and so to extend from the northerly end of his 
homestead, until it come to the cross fence as it now 
stands," and "the residue of the real estate, save a part 
of the house reserved for Margaret his daughter, to his 
son Jonathan." Approved, Sept. 25, 1769. 5 Jonathan, the 
third successive owner bearing this name, bequeathed the 
ancestral property, to his nephews, Isaac and Daniel 
^will approved, June 7, 1791) . 6 

Isaac quitclaimed to Daniel his interest in the western 
half of the estate, with half of the house, April 9, 1799, 7 
and a piece of land at the west corner of the homestead, 
beginning at an elmtree by the road, 3 rods, 13 feet north 
to the barn, 6 rods 14 feet west to the burying ground. 
Daniel was the son of Daniel mentioned in the will of 
the first Jonathan as his son. His father had already sold 

1 Felt, History of Ipswich, p. 75. 
s Ipswich Deeds, book 3, leaf 253. 
5 Essex Co. Deeds, hook 24, leaf 236. 

* Essex Co. Probate Records, book 316, leaves 378-80. 

* Essex Co. Probate Records, book 345, leaves 529-531. 

* Essex Co. Probate Records, book 360, leaf 476. 
' Essex Co. Deeds, book217, leaf 19. 


him one-half of his house and barn with a half acre of 
land, April 4, 1770. ^ 

The Committee appointed to divide the estate of Daniel 
Lummus, son of the first Daniel, assigned to the widow, 
Anna, the eastern half of the Daniel Lummus homestead, 
bounded by land of Samuel Baker ; to his son Daniel, the 
other half of the homestead, and to his daughter Anna, 
wife of John Hodgkins, jr., the eastern half of the house 
now known as the Low house, May 4, 1813 ; 2 at his 
mother's death, Daniel received her half of the house, and 
at his death (about 1843) his sister, Mrs. Anna Hodgkins, 
inherited it. She bequeathed it to her daughter, Mary, 
wife of George Wiliett. She left it to her children, 
George A. and Mary E. Wiliett, wife of George Tozer. 
'George Wiliett had sold a strip of land on the southeast 
corner, thirty-four by sixty-four feet, to Sophia A. Tyler, 
wife of James S. Tyler, June 2, 1873.3 Mr. Tyler re- 
moved the house that stood on the site of Mr. John A. 
Johnson's present residence, and placed it on this lot. 
The homestead is owned still by George A. Wiliett and 
William II. Tozer. The house is probably the original, 
built by Daniel Lummus before 1769. 

Isaac Lummus bequeathed the western half of the old 
Jonathan Lummus homestead to his nephews John and 
Abrahan, sons of Wm. Lummus (approved 1849) . 4 
Abrarn Lummus, son of Abraham, and other heirs sold 
to John C. Low, May 12, 1882, and it is described as 
still containing eight acres more or less. 5 It was sold by 
him to John B. Brown, and by Mr. Brown to Chester W. 
Bamford. The house has lately been remodelled. It 
was built in all probability during the Lummus owner- 
ship. The small piece adjoining the Wallis Rust land was 
sold by Capt. John Hodgkins to his son John, and sold 
by Caroline E. Hodgkins to Olive R. Ross, Nov. 5, 1869.C 

I am aware that some transfers of minor importance 
have been stated in a general way. My purpose is, not 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 126, leaf 1C. 
j » Essex Co. Probate Records, book 383, leaf 622. 

s Essex Co. Deeds, book S86, leaf 62. 
4 Essex Co. Probate Records, book 415, leaf 16. 

• Essex Co. Probate Records, book 1113, leaf 90. 

• Essex Co. Deeds, book 451, leaf 204: book 819, leaf 211. 


to establish the legal title of present owners, but to show 
that the original Lummus estate had a frontage on High 
street from the Wallis Rust property to the Samuel Baker 
estate, and that this is the identical nine acre grant to 
Governor Thomas Dudley. 


The next grant was in possession of . . . Rofe or Rolfe* 
in 1652 and Robert Collings, in 1654.2 Abraham Per- 
kins sold to Robert Lord, sen. "my dwelling house, 
barn etc and three and three quarters acres of land, which 
I lately purchased of Robert Collins of Haverhill," 
bounded by Simon Stacy on the west and John Caldwell 
on the east, April 11, 1682.3 The will of Robert Lord, 
sen., probated in 1683, bequeathed "to my youngest son, 
Nathaniel, my dwelling, barn, land w th the close I pur- 
chased of Thos. Lull which lieth on the other side of ye 
street . . . whereas I am out £40 for ye house I bought 
of Abraham Perkins, my will is that my grandchild, 
Robert Lord, Tertius, paying of y* £40 to me or my heirs, 
shall have said house, in which sd Robert now dwells. 4 " 

Robert Lord, blacksmith, left his estate to his son 
Samuel and his six daughters, by his will approved in 
1735. 5 Samuel Lord, sen., blacksmith, left certain lands 
to his only son Samuel, and mentions that the rest of his 
real estate was entailed by his father. His will was ap- 
proved in 1755. 6 In 1765, the estate was finally divided. 7 
The widow received her dower, which I do not find re- 
corded. The remaining two-thirds of the dwelling and 
so much of the land adjoining " to begin at the corner by 
Daniel Caldwell's land so running northwest by sd road 
57 feet to a stake, thence across the middle of the well 
up the Hill ward 65 feet to a stake, thence on a square C^5 
feet to a stake, thence on a square 55 feet to Daniel 
Caldwell's land," and a two acre piece above the widow's 

1 Caldwell Records. 

'Ipswich Deeds, book 2, pagel2S. 

8 Essex Co. Deeds, book 15, leaf 115. 

* Essex Co. Probate Records, book 304, leaves 16, 18. 

* Essex Co. Probate Records, book 320, leaves 177-178. 
6 Essex Co. Probate Records, book 333, leaves 217, 352. 

* Essex Co. Probate Records, book 343, leaf 499. 


thirds, was assigned to the daughter Mary Lord. About 
136 poles in the homestead, between the part assigned to 
Mary Lord and the Lummus property, was assigned to 
Samuel Lord. Martha and Abigail received other por- 
tions of the estate. 

Samuel Lord, the fourth, and others, legal heirs of 
Samuel Lord, blacksmith, sold to Samuel Baker, felt- 
maker, their father's homestead, with 5 rods 4 feet 
frontage, extending from the Lummus land to the well, 
Jan. 14, 1775. 1 Samuel Baker left the southeast half to 
the children of his son John Baker, the other half after his 
widow's decease to his daughters Elizabeth and Mary. 2 

Mary Lord sold to her brother-in-law, Elijah Boynton, 
husband of Martha, her share with all the upper part of 
the dwelling, Dec. 7, 1772-3 Elijah Boynton sold the 
same to Dr. John Manning, Aug. 14, 1782. 4 Samuel 
Lord, 3d, and Mary sold Samuel Lord, 4th, about six rods 
and half a house, fr beginning at the highway opposite 
the middle of the chimney of the house, on a line through 
the middle of the chimney," etc. , April 23, 1784. 5 Samuel 
Lord,;4th, conveyed the same to John Manning, Jan. 8, 
1787 6 and Dr. Manning thus became sole owner. He 
sold to Thomas Dodge, jr., Oct. 3, 1796 ; 7 Dodge, then of 
Londonderry, to John Cooper of Newburyport, Feb. 13, 
1815 ; 8 Cooper to Elizabeth Jewett, wife of Mark E. 
Jewett, March 8, 1828 ; 9 the Jewetts to William Eussell, 
June 5, 1833. 10 Lewis Titcomb and Sarah sold to Martha 
S. Eussell, a small piece on the corner of the lot, where a 
felt-maker or hatter's shop stood, June 9, 1851. n 

Martha S. Eussell sold to Daniel S. Eussell, May 17, 
1866. ^ He reconveyed it to Martha S. Eussell, Nov. 13, 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 140, leaf 40. 

J Essex Co. Probate Records, book 392, leaf 1. 

» Essex Co. Deeds, book 131, leaf US. 

« Essex Co. Deeds, book 140, leaf 23. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 137, leaf 212. 

6 Essex Co. Deeds, book 14G, leaf 200. 

7 Essex Co. Deeds, book 161, leaf 69. 

8 Essex Co. Deeds, book 206, leaf 177. 

9 Essex Co. Deeds, book 269, leaf 74. 
10 Essex Co. Deeds, book 307, leaf 256. 
» Essex Co. Deeds, book 4S6, leaf 20. 
12 Essex Co. Deeds, book 704, leaf 300. 


1872,i and she sold it on the same date to Carlton Copp. 1 
He sold to Mary A. Rutherford, the present owner, Oct. 
6, 1894. 9 The house now stands end to the street, but 
the deed of Samuel Lord, 4th, to Doctor Manning in 1784 
specifies aline of division, which shows that the old Samuel 
Lord house stood with its front to the street. It seems 
probable therefore that the house now standing was built 
since that date. 


It was specified in the record of Dudley's grant and 
sale, that his land lay between Goodman Cross's and "a 
lot intended for Mr. Broadstreet." 

The earliest owners of this adjoining lot, however, who 
are known to us, are a Rofe or Rolfe, who occupied or 
owned in 1652 and Robert Collins, who was in posses- 
sion in 1654. Bradstreet may have owned this lot and 
the adjoining one, or, it may be, he never owned the im- 
mediately adjoining lot, but settled on the one next be- 
yond, which came into the possession of the Caldwell 
family at a very early period. 

The one conclusive link of evidence that connects 
Bradstreet's name with this lot, is the record of Edward 
Brown's house-lot, of one acre, that it was bounded south 
east by the lot granted to William Bartholomew and 
northwest by the house-lot now in possession of Mr. 
Siinon Bradstreet (1639). 3 It may have been granted 
'originally to John Jackson, as his lot was "on the side of 
the hill next to Edward Brown's at six rod's broad" 

In connection with this record of Edward Brown's 
house-lot the deed of Richard Belts, published in the 
Caldwell Records, is of conclusive weight. 

"This present wrighting wittnesseth that Richard Betts 

of Ipswich and Joana his wife, of Ipswich in the County 

of Essex for and yn consideration of thirty pounds by 

bill and otherwise in hand payd before the sealeing 


1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 869, leaf 52. 
* Essex Co. Deeds, book 1424, leaf 482. 
8 Town Records. 


heereof Have Granted Bargained, & Sould and bye these 
presents doe fully Grant, Bargayne and Sell vnto Cor- 
nelius Waldo of the same Town and County, Marchant, 
all that his dwelling-house situate and being in Ipswich, 
aforesayd, with all the yards, fences and lands about it, 
haveing the house and land of Edward Browne toward 
the southeast, the house and land late .... Rofes 
(Daniel Rolfe?) toward the norwest, abutting on the 
street toward the southwest, and on the land of Thomas 
Lovell, toward the Noreast, etc. etc., 

this 14 th of September, 1652" 

Cornelius Waldo sold to John Caldwell for £26 "the 
house I bought of Eichard Betts the land of Edward 
Brown southeast, the street southwest, house and land of 
Robert Collings, northwest." Aug. 31, 1(554. l 

Thus it appears that Bradstreet was bounded southeast 
by Edward Brown in 1639, and that Betts, Waldo and 
Caldwell, were bounded by the same in 1G52 and 1654, 
and that the Bradstreet lot is identical with the Caldwell. 

It is generally believed that Mr. Bradstreet removed to 
Andover in 1644. He was certainly resident there in 
1647 as the deed of William Symons to Simon Bradstreet 
of Andover, makes evident. 2 

John Caldwell's will was proved Sept. 28, 1692.3 It 
gave his wife Sarah the use and improvement of all the 
estate during her widowhood, with the privilege of dis- 
posing of it or any part of it for her necessity, and if she 
married again, she should have her third part. After her 
decease, his son John was to have a double part, i. e. two 
parts out of eight, with the dwelling house if he desired 
it, paying to his brothers and sisters what belonged to 

The widow made her will, as follows : 

"having for many years past had supply of her ton 
Dillingham Caldwell, for ye supply of her necessities. & 
dureing her naturall life not knowing how or where to be 
better supplied and taken care of, he and his wife being 
att all times ready to supply his necessities." As he had 
advanced her £100 she deeded him the dwelling, barn, etc. 

» Ipswich Deeds, book 2, leaf 1-28. 
2 Essex Co. Deeds, book 1, leaf 35. 
8 Essex Co. Probate Record*, book 303, leaves 84-85; Inventory, leaf 1M. 


"with all the said homestead containing one acre more 
or less, bounded by Street on one end, the other end by 
land of Lovels, formerly ye one side bounded by land of 
Robert Lord, ye other side by land formerly Joseph 
Brown's except during sd Sarah's natural life, yt the use 
and Improvement of yt end of ye dwelling house wherein 
she keeps and lodges" (19 January 1709). John Cald- 
well quitclaimed to Dillingham. The widow died Jan. 
26, 1721-2, aged 87- 

Dillingham Caldwell was a weaver by trade, and a man 
of influence and wealth. He died Ma}'' 3, 1745, aged 
79 years. His will, dated Dec. 21, 1742, J left his widow 
the improvement of the easterly end of the dwelling, and 
provided for her maintenance very quaintly : 

"also I give unto my wife yearly and every year she 
shall remain my widow, ten bushells of Indian corn, two 
bushells of Rie, two bushels of Malt, one hundred pounds 
of pork, eighty pounds of beef, one barrel of cyder, a 
milch cow that shall be kept for her use, winter and sum- 
mer, and the calf such cow may bring, and four ewes 
kept for her use, summer and winter, and ye lambs such 
ews may bring, and six pounds of Flax Year, and so 
many apples as she shall want for her own use, and suf- 
ficient firewood for her use, brought to her door, cut and 
carried into her room, where we now dwell. Also two 
gallons of oyl." 

The estate, real and personal, not otherwise bestowed, 
was given to his son Daniel. He died childless and the 
house and land became the property of John, his only 
brother, and his heirs, Daniel, John and Elizabeth, wife 
of Capt. John Grow. 

John Caldwell, jun., sold to his son Daniel Caldwell, 
jun., mariner, the northwest end of the house, and an 
undivided half of the land, Oct. 31, 1797. 2 He was lost, 
probably on Ipswich bar, in November, 1804, at the age 
of 34 years, leaving two minor children, Daniel, six years 
old, and David II., 17 mos., who inherited his estate. 3 
Daniel died when about twenty years old, and David H. 

1 Essex County Probate Records, book 326, leaves 290-2. 

a Essex Co. Deeds, book 104, leaf 233. 

Trobate Records, book 376, leaf 117; book 373, leaf 421. 


inherited his half. David sold or transferred his in- 
terest to Daniel Smith, who died insane, but bought it 
back again, and his widow, Emmeline, sold it to Charlotte 
M. Jones, wife of William Jones, and daughter of Eliza- 
beth (Caldwell) Grow, the daughter of John, Feb. 4, 
1868. i 

John Caldwell occupied the eastern end of the house 
until his death, and his unmarried daughters, Lucy and 
Mary, made it their home until their death. Mary died 
Jan. 26, 1861, aged 84, and Lucy died in April, 1868, 
aged 85. Their niece, Eliza, daughter of Elizabeth 
Caldwell and Capt. John Grow, lived with them and re- 
ceived this part of the house at their death. She married 
Charles Dodge, and her interest in the house fell to her 
daughter, Harriet Lord Rogers Dodge. 

The age of the venerable mansion is uncertain. It can- 
not be assumed with any confidence that it is the original 
Bradstreet home. Unless there is positive reason for 
believing it to be of such great antiquity, the probabilities 
of the case point to a lesser age. A significant item in 
its history is that Richard Betts sold for £30 in 1652, 
and John Caldwell bought of Waldo for £26 in 1654. 
His will was proved Sept. 28, 1692, and the inventory ot 
the estate included 

House and lands at home and three acres of land £109-0-0 

Oxeu, cows, horses, sheep and swine 40-0-0 

Implements of husbandry, carts, plows 48-0-0 

Bedsteads, bedding linen 19-8-0 

The three "acres of land" are identical probably witb 
"foure acres be it more or less, within the Common fields, . 
neare unto Muddy River," which he bought of William 
Buckley and Sarah, his wife, Aug. 31, 1657 for £7, and 
which Buckley bought of Thomas Manning. 2 The home- 
stead was valued then at about £100, and for this sum the 
widow sold it to her son Dillingham. There is nothing 
to indicate any especial depreciation of the currency in 
the valuations of stock, tools, etc. in the inventory and 
the only way to explain the enhancement of value from 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 759, leaf 136. 2 Caldwell Records, p. 6. 


£26 in 1654 to £100 a half century afterward is to as- 
sume that John Caldwell replaced the house he bought, 
the house owned and occupied by the Bradstreets, with a 
new one of far greater value. But there seems no room 
for doubt that the Bradstreet home was on or near this 
spot, and the tablet has been located with confidence. 


The Edward Brown lot of one acre, southeast from 
Bradstreet, has already been mentioned. He had a son 
John, who resided in Wapping, England, in 1683, when 
he sold land in the common fields left by his father 
Edward. 1 The widow Sarah Caldwell's deed to Dilling- 
ham gives the eastern bound "land formerly Joseph 
Brown's." From the Probate Records, we learn that 
Joseph Brown died before 1694, and that his estate was 
divided to his sons, John and Benjamin, 2 in 1721. 

John Brown, Turner, granted in his will, proved in 
1758, to Elizabeth, his wife, "all the household goods 
she brought to me, and all the linnen shee hath made since 
I married her to be at her Disposal," to his son John, the 
improvement of the two lower rooms and the northeast 
chamber and some real estate, to his daughter Esther 
Adams, and the children of his daughter Mary Lord, the 
household goods, and all the residue of real estate to his 
son Daniel. 3 The house, barn and land were valued at 
£60. 4 

Daniel Brown, bequeathed the improvement of his 
property to his widow Hannah, during her life or until 
her second marriage. He made his nephew, Daniel Smith, 
his sole heir. The will was approved, Jan. 4, 1796. 5 
Daniel Smith's will, proved in 1844, provided for the 
division of his estate among his sons, Daniel Brown 
Smith, Thomas and Benjamin, and the Probate Record 
contains this interesting item: "Daniel Smith was a 

1 Essex Co. Deeds, book 4, leaf 534. 
a Essex Co. Probate Records, book 313, leaves 559,560. 
s Essex Co. Probate Records, book 335, leaf 229. 
« Essex Co. Probate Records, book 336, leaf 17. 
• Essex Co. ProbatetRecords, book 364, leaf 232. 


Revolutionary pensioner, that he died on the 28 th day oi 
January, 1844, that he left no widow, and that he left 
seven children and no more, viz. Daniel B., Thomas, 
Benjamin, Polly Lord, Elizabeth Tread well, Sarah Per- 
kins, & Anna Kimball, and that they all of. them are 
living and each of them is of full age." 1 

Thomas received the homestead, and occupied it until 
his death at a great age, when he bequeathed it to bis 
nephew Charles Smith, who removed the old buildings 
and built his present residence in the rear of the site of 
the homestead. Daniel B. received a part of the house-lot 
and built a house upon it, which he sold to his sou, 
Nathaniel P. Smith, March 1, 1866. 2 It is now owned 
and occupied by his widow. 

1 Essex Co. Probate Records, book 412, leaves 315, 316. 
* Essex Co. Deeds, book 707, leaf 16. 




On Thursday afternoon, July 31, 1902, at two o'clock, 
a goodly number of the members of the Historical So- 
ciety, with invited guests, and the citizens of the town, 
gathered about the ledge on the southeast side of the 
Meeting House, in which a bronze tablet had been in- 
serted. The President of the Society introduced Hon. 
Charles 'A. Say ward, who spoke as follows : 

We stand upon historic ground. No part of the ancient 
town has so many historical associations connected with it as the 
place where we are gathered. 

Two hundred and sixty-nine years ago, John Winthrop, Jr., 
and his twelve associates came through the wilderness from 
Boston and began the settlement of the town. Here they 
erected their first meeting house, which soon proved to be too 
small, and a larger and better building was erected. In 1700, 
this was found to be too small, and a more commodious building 
was erected. \\\ time this gave way to the fourth meeting house, 
which stood until 1846, when it was removed and the present 
building erected. 

To this place Governor Winthrop came from Boston on foot 
in order that he might "exercise by way of prophecy" the people 
who were without a minister at the time. Here preached 
Nathaniel Ward, Nathaniel Rogers, John Norton, Thomas 
Cobbett, William Hubbard, the celebrated historian of the 
Indian wars ; John Rogers, afterward president of Harvard 
college ; John Denison and a long line of able and eloquent 
ministers. Here the celebrated George Whitefield held great 
throngs entranced with his fiery eloquence. 

But the ministers and hearers were not entirely absorbed 
in purely religious work. The same men established the town 
government ; they built roads, established schools, cared for the 
poor, looked after the morals of the community, raised and 
drilled troops, not only for their own protection, but for the pro- 
tection of the colony. 

In the rear of this meeting house stood a fort ; across the 
street stood the prison, in front of which were the stocks ; 



and at the corner of the church, where the elm tree now stands. 
stood the whipping post. 

For many years the children gathered in the schoolhou-s* 
where the Denison schoolhouse now stands, across the way. 
and were educated to become worthy and useful citizens. 

So you see this spot is fragrant with memories of the past, 
and it is our duty to keep these memories fresh for coming gen- 
erations. I may reverently describe it in the language of the 
Lord when he addressed Moses at Mount Horeb and said unto 
him " Put off thy shoes from off thy feet for the place whereon 
thou standest is holy ground." 

Therefore the town, under the direction of the Ioswich His- 
torical Society, has secured proper inscriptions, setting forth 
some of the prominent historical facts concerning this spot, in 
order that coming generations may not forget the story of the 
early days of the town and its founders, and we are here today 
to unveil and dedicate the tablet which records some of these 
historical facts. 

By invitation of the President, Miss Ruth Appleton, 
daughter of Mr. Francis E. Appleton, and a lineal de- 
scendant of Samuel Appleton, one of the earliest settlers, 
then removed the flag which covered the bronze tablet. 
The inscription is as follows : 

Ipswich was settled in March, 1633. On this hill-top the first meet- 
ing-house was built and surrounded with a stone fort. The present 
edifice is the fifth which has occupied this spot. Nathaniel Ward, 
Nathaniel Rogers, John Norton, William Hubbard and Thomas Cobbett 
were the earliest in the long line of eminent ministers. 

The whipping-post, stocks and prison, were a few rods distant. 

Erected by the town in 1901. 

Nearly all .present walked or rode to the ancient Cald- 
well house on High street, in front of which a boulder 
had been set, bearing a tablet, which marks the site of 
the Simon Bradstreet dwelling. The ilasr which covered 
it was removed by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, a descendant 
from the Bradstreets. 

The inscription is as follows : 

Near this spot was the home of 

Simon Bradstreet 

Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 

1675-1686 and 1689-1692. 

His wife, Ann, daughter of Gov. Dudley, was 

the first American poetess. 

They lived in Ipswich, 1635-1644. 


A little farther along, in front of the old Lummus house, 
now owned by Mr. Chester W. Bamford, a granite slab 
had been ereeted, with a bronze tablet, marking the 
Dudley location. This was unveiled bv Augustine Jones, 
Esq., Principal of the Friends School, Providence, R. I., 
and a direct descendant from Governor Dudley. 

The inscription is : 

On tills lot, originally nine acres 

was the bouse of 

Thomas Dudley, 

Governor of 


1635, 1640, 1645 and 1650. 

He dwelt here 


. Returning to the Meeting-house of the First Parish, 
the Pastor of the Church, Rev. Edward Constant, offered 
prayer. Robert S. Rantoul, Esq., of Salem, President 
of the Essex Institute, was then introduced b} r the Presi- 
dent and spoke as follows : 

. It would be a pleasure, if we were at liberty to do so without 
neglect of other topics claiming our attention, to devote the 
hour to the memory of Simon Bradstreet. The speaker who 
stands forth in an ancient community like this, proposing to 
address himself to the historic past, is embarrassed first of all 
with a plethora of topics. Time limits us to the merest passing 
thought. Neither one of the three famous preachers we are 
to commemorate today can be dismissed without a reverential 
word — one of them a travelled scholar, the first compiler of 
our Statute Laws, his .resulting code well styled, in recognition 
of what laws ought to be, " The Body of Liberties;" one of 
them the fast friend of Conant and the early chronicler of our 
infant years; one of them, in 1662, an embassador plenipo- 
tentiary to the mother country at the most critical epoch of our 
colonial life. Again, the market-place of the ancient town, 
perched like the Acropolis upon its highest hill-top, girt round 
about with the Court House, the whipping-post, the stocks, the 
witchcraft prison and the meeting-house on either hand, — this 
spot demands commemoration and a history by itself. And 
the two Colonial Governors, neighbors in their Ipswich homes, 
father-in-law and son-in-law, each with his famous spouse, 
the one the dean of Winthrop's company and deputy-governor 
before they sailed ; the other, outliving all the rest and living 
to see the longest term of service among the colonial magistrates 
of his century, and to be recalled by Hutchinson, following 


Mather and writing a century later, as "The Nestor of New 
England," — what shall we say of these two men, both fitly to 
be honored in the services of today, except to plead the uttt*r 
inadequacy of the time to do justice to such a tempting field 
of thought I Indeed, one feels a sense of privation in being 
brought into the presence of personalities like these, — in 
having summoned up their august shades, only to wave their. 
aside with the u hail and farewell "the crowded, hour permits. 
They helped to make New England what it is. They are too 
human and too great to be simply marshalled in cold review. 
Each one of them claims his honorable notice and deserves his 
hour. And when I reflect that I am* not the only speaker 
bidden, nor is mine the only topic to be treated, I am assured 
of your indulgence if I leave to others the broader field 
embraced in this unique occasion, while I devote the little time 
allotted me to the name and memory of Bradstreet. 

To this I am impelled by a variety of motives. His career 
was certainly a very marked one. It was a long, a varied, 
and an honorable career. Savage, the learned editor and anno- 
tator of Winthrop's Journal, ranks him with Saltonstall and 
the Winthrops ; says he w T as one of the younger magistrate? 
when he was chosen a Commissioner of the United Colonies, 
and adds : " Perhaps the desert of none of our early rulers 
except the two Winthrops is equal to that of Governour Simon 
Bradstreet, whose labors equalled them both in duration ;" and 
again: "It has happened, that the talents of Governour 
Bradstreet have not been rated so highly as to me they seem to 
deserve, but the cause, probably, was his moderation in polities 
and religion. Our author [Winthrop] calls him a very able 
man. His contemporaries, in 1662, designed to send one of 
the ablest men in the country, as companion with Norton, to 
effect the difficult purpose of conciliating the crown ; and his 
success in that mission naturally dissatisfied some of the more 
eager spirits, whose disgust at the royal favour, thus obtained or 
promised, pursued Norton to the grave. The arguments about 
La Tour's business, and his defence of our titles to lands against 
Andros's pretensions, give honourable evidence of talents." 

It may be true that the Nestor Governor has not had entire 
justice done him, though Mather, in his Magnalia, singles him 
out, as he does William Bradford and John Winthrop, for a 
special chapter, and though Mather, while at issue with the 
Governor in the witchcraft troubles, speaks of him with unmixed 
and rather fulsome praise. Designating him as "Pater Patriae," 
he applies to him the Latin epitaph of the famous Roman 
lawyer, Simon Pistorius, which he translates thus : 

"Earth holds his mortal part : his honored name 
Shall put Time's impious hand to open shame," 


adding a Latin couplet of his own which he renders as follows : 

"Here lies New England's father ! Woe the day ! 
How mingles mightiest dust with meanest clay !" 

And Upham, in his exhaustive treatment of the witchcraft 
horror, says that Bradstreet was living, at the age of 90, at 
Salem during the witchcraft prosecutions in 1692, but, old as 
he was, and perilous as it was, he made known his entire disap- 
proval of them. " It is safe to say," adds Upham, " that, if 
he had not been superseded by the arrival of Sir William Phips 
as Governor under the new charter, they would never have taken 

Upham's treatment of Bradstreet's part in these transactions 
demands more space.* He says : 

At a Court of Assistants, on adjournment, held at Boston, on the 
20th of May, 1G80 : The Grand Jury having presented Elizabeth Morse, 
I . wife of William Morse, she was tried and convicted of the crime of 
witchcraft. The Governor, on the 27th of May, " after the lecture," 
in the First Church of Boston, pronounced the sentence of death upon 
her. On the 1st of June, the Governor and Assistants voted to re- 
prieve her "until the next session of the Court in Boston." At the 
said next session, the reprieval was still further continued. This 
seems to have produced much dissatisfaction, as is shown by the 
following extract from the records of the House of Deputies: — 

"The Deputies, on perusal of the Acts of the Honoured Court of 
Assistants, relating to the woman condemned for witchcraft, do not 
understand the reason why the sentence, given against her by said 
Court, is not executed: and the second reprieval seems to us beyond 
what the law will allow, and do therefore judge meet to declare our- 
selves against it, with reference to the concurrence of the honoured 
I magistrates hereto " 

The action of the magistrates, on this reference, is recorded as 
follows : — 

" 3d of November, 16S0.— Not consented to by magistrates. 

Edward Rawson, Secretary." 

The evidence against Mrs. Morse was frivolous to the last degree, 
without any of the force and effect given to support the prosecutions 
in Salem, twelye years afterwards, by the astounding confessions of 
the accused, and the splendid acting of the " afflicted children;" yet 
she was tried and condemned in Boston, and sentenced there on 
" Lecture-day." The representatives of the people, in the House of 
Deputies, cried out against her reprieve. She was saved by the 
courage and wisdom of Governor Bradstreet, subsequently a resident 
of Salem, where his ashes rest. . . . 
Things continued in the condition just described, — Mrs. Morse in 
< jail under sentence of death ; that sentence suspended by reprieves 

from the Governor from time to time, until the next year, when her 
husband, in her behalf and in her name, presented an earnest and touch- 
ing petition "to the houored Governor, Deputy -governor, Magistrates, 
aud Deputies now assembled in Court, May the 18th, 1631," that her 

*The passage printed in smaller typo was omitted in the reading. 





case might be concluded, one way or another. After referring to hoi 
condemnation, and to her attestation of innocence, she says, " Bv t] ••• 
mercy of God, and the goodness of the honored Governor. I tiir, 
reprieved." She begs the Court to -'hearken to her cry, a poor prisoner," 
She places herself at the foot of the tribunal of the General Court : •• i 
now stand humbly praying your justice in hearing my case, and to 
determine therein as the Lord shall direct. I do not understand law. 
nor do I know how to lay my case before you as I ought; for want 
of which I humbly beg of your honors that my request may not v 
rejected." The House of Deputies, on the 24th of May, voted to giv< 
her a new trial. But the magistrates refused to concur in the vote; 
and so the matter stood, for how long a time there arc, I believe, no 
means of knowing. Finally, however, she was released from prison. 
and allowed to return to her own house. . . . 

The cases of Margaret Jones, Ann Hibbins, ai.d Elizabeth Morse 
illustrate strikingly and fully the history and condition of the public 
mind in New England, and the world over, in reference to witchcraft 
in the seventeenth century. . . . The only real offence proved upon 
Margaret Jones was that she was a successful practitioner of medicine, 
using only simple remedies. Ann Hibbins was the victim of the 
slanderous gossip of a prejudiced neighbor; all our actual knowledge 
of her Deing her Will, which proves that she was a person of much • 
more than ordinary dignity of mind. . . . Elizabeth Morse appears to 
have been one of the best of Christian women. The accusations 
against them, as a whole, cover nearly the whole ground upon which 
the subsequent prosecutions in Salem rested. John Winthron passed 
sentence upon Margaret Jones, John Endicott upon Ann Hibbins. 
and Simon Bradstreet upon Elizabeth Morse. The last-named 
governor performed the office as an unavoidable act of official duty, 
and prevented the execution of the sentence by the courageous use o( 
his prerogative, in defiance of public clamor and the wrath of the 
representatives of the whole people of the colony. 

Dr. Palfrey, commenting on these events, endorses Upham*- 
view in these words: "He had steadfastly refused to order 
the execution of a convicted witch some years before the Salem 
tragedy ; he ia not known to have done anything to countenance 
the follies which had been rife in the last three months of his 
administration ; and there is every probability that, had be 
continued to be Chief Magistrate, the misery and shame which 
inaugurated his successor's government would have been 

Unless these phrases are misleading, here is a character 
which will reward our study. Two centuries have been spent 
in efforts to explain away and excuse away the abomination- 
of the witchcraft period, — to show that Boston led the way 
for Salem to follow, and that other parts of the world, both 
English speaking and of other tongues, were quite as culpable 
as we, and that religion and philosophy were both at fault 
rather than a lack of humanity. But if it is possible that we 
have in Bradstreet a magistrate who would, if he could, haw 
put a period to the whole miserable business, that is something 


much more to the point. If we can fairly claim for Bradstreet 
that he saw the hideous abomination in its true light, that he 
saw it at the time as we see it now, and as it was, and did what 
one man could, at the risk of both personal comfort and 
official prestige, to arrest the horror, and that he would gladly 
have done more, then we shall have placed this venerable 
public servant on a pedestal of his own, and shall have raised 
him to the unique rank not only of the man who deserves best 
of his own time, but of one whose insight and firmness and 
independence of mind put him quite in advance of his day, and 
entitle him to a good deal more than an equal share in the 
enduring honors of the Chief Magistracy of Massachusetts. 

Simon Bradstreet was born at Horbling, near Boston, in 
Lincolnshire, in March, 1603. He was the son of a Non- 
Conformist minister whose name he bore, and who was settled 
at Horbling, who had been a Fellow of Immanuel College, 
Cambridge, and who preached at different times both in England 
and in Holland. His grandfather Bradstreet is described as "a 
Suffolk gentleman of fine estate." "When a lad, Bradstreet had 
the advantage of good schooling until the age of fourteen, but 
the death of his father threw him then upon his own resources. 
Soon after, he became an inmate of the family of the Earl of 
Lincoln, the best family, in Cotton Mather's judgment, in all 
the peerage. How deeply enlisted in American colonization 
was the interest of this family is patent from the fact that one 
daughter, the Lady Arbella, had married Isaac Johnson of 
"Winthrop's party, that another daughter had married the son 
of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and that a third was the wife of 
John Humphrey, chosen first deputy-governor with "Winthrop, 
and yielding the place to Thomas Dudley, because he found 
himself unable to sail with the Winthrop party. In this noble 
family Bradstreet spent his next eight years under the tutelage 
of Thomas Dudley, who was his elder by a generation, and 
whose daughter he married just before the embarkation for 

!New England. Dudley was then steward of this great baronial 
estate, which the young Earl of Lincoln had just inherited, but 
much encumbered through the prodigality of his grandfather. 
Bradstreet next acted as tutor to a son of the Earl of Warwick, 
who was just entered at Immanuel College, and, after a year, 
returned to the service of the Earl of Lincoln, where he 
succeeded Dudley in the office of steward. This place he filled 
I to the lasting profit of the estate, later sustaining the same 
office in the service of the aged Countess of Warwick, a family 
also greatly interested in New England colonization. The 
Earl of Warwick had, about 1G23, one of the earliest patents 
for Massachusetts Bay, but resigned it to the actual settlers of 


the tract a year or two later. And the venerable Countess, his 
mother, was recognized in letters of acknowledgment from 
the General Court, in 1634, as a benefactress of this plantation. 
Hutchinson says that Lincolnshire contributed more valuable 
colonists than any part of England, save possibly London. 
While associated with this family Bradstreet married, in ICl'v 
Ann, the daughter of Thomas Dudley, and in 1629, having 
connected himself with the Winthrop party, in which Dudley 
had become deputy-Governor before leaving London, and lie 
had been chosen an assistant at Southampton, sailed, early 
in 1630, for New T England. Savage thinks he had studied law, 
and this is not unlikely, for the responsible position of steward 
of one of these vast estates might well demand it, a position of 
more social importance than its designation would at once import. 
Twenty odd years ago, I passed a summer near Warwick, 
and the old mediaeval stronghold, small as its population was. 
was then entitled, under the political system of England, to 
two seats in the House of Commons. Its eleven thousand 
people were so generally tenants of his Grace, the Earl of 
Warwick, and its burgesses were so generally dependent on 
the Earl for patronage and occupation, that the two seats in 
Parliament were traditionally held to be at that nobleman's 
disposal. Accordingly, one of his sons filled one of the seats 
and his steward the other. 

Bradstreet landed at Salem with Winthrop in June, 1G30. 
In company with the Governor, he pushed on at once in search 
of a site for the new capital- town, which was to defeat the 
designs of Oldham and Gorges on the Charles River Valley, 
singularly enough reaching Charlestown on the now historic 
seventeenth of June, and he was present at the first meeting 
of the Court of Assistants, held at Charlestown, on the twenty 
third of August, having taken the oath as Assistant, before the 
Governor and others, March 23, on board the Arbella. From 
this time on, through an unbroken period of sixty-two years, a 
period without parallel in our history before or since, he was in 
the continuous service, as a Magistrate, of the people of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay. By repeated spontaneous popular elections, 
and also by repeated honorable designations by appointment, 
this remarkable man was put forward as the one citizen of 
Massachusetts who, early and late, enjoyed the unqualified 
respect and trust of all his neighbors. He saw three generation's 
of men for his contemporaries. While it was true that no other 
magistrate approached him in length and variety of service, it 
was impossible that in all these years he should not fall under 
somebody's condemnation, but the criticisms upon him, as in the 
later cases of Washington and Lincoln, never ventured beyond 


j charges of slowness and indecision. No voice was raised to 
i question his integrity of purpose, and those who impugned 
his judgment and were impatient of his caution were never 
numerous enough or strong enough to compass his displacement. 
This can only be attributed, in such a case, to the clominancy 
of strong personal character. Had his administration been 
colorless and feeble, he might have escaped active antagonisms, 
but then, to hold his place, he must needs have been backed by 
a strong sustaining agency from without. At no time could he 
I rely on such support. The source of Bradstreet's strength was 
\ the unstinted confidence of his fellow colonists. 

Soon after the settlement at Charlestown, June 17, 1630, and 

I the resulting settlement at Boston, Sept.. 1,7, 1630, Bradstreet 

I seems to have had a hand, during the following spring, in the 

\ planting of Newetowne, which was a year or two later to be 

. called Cambridge and was, in 1638, incorporated as Cambridge, 

I . the college being then and there established. But, before 1636, 

Bradstreet seems to have interested himself in the building 

up of Ipswich, at a later date, according to Dr. Palfrey, second 

only to Boston in size and importance among the great towns 

of the colony. This growth is anticipated in what Wood says 

of Ipswich, before 1633, in his " New England's Prospect:" 

u Agowamme is nine miles to the North from Salem, which 

| is one of the most spatious places for a plantation, being neare 

the sea, it aboundeth with fish, and flesh of fowles and beasts, 

great Meads and Marshes and plain e plowing grounds, many 

good rivers and harbours and no rattle snakes. In a word, it 

is the best place but one, which is Merrimacke, lying 8 miles 

I beyond it, where is a river 20 leagues navigable, all along the 

river side is fresh Marshes, in some places 3 miles broad. In 

this river is Sturgeon, Sammon, and Basse, and divers other 

I kinds of fish. To conclude, the Countrie hath not that which 

this place cannot yeeld. So that these two places may containe 

\ twice as many people as are yet in new England : there being 

as yet scarce any inhabitants in these two spacious places." 

That Bradstreet made his residence at Ipswich, from the winter 

of 1635-6 until 1642, appears from Felt's history of the town. 

Savage, in his notes to Winthrop's Journal, places him there 

in 1644. But he seems to have been established at Andover, 

of which fine old town he is also the acknowledged founder, 

before the close of that year. 

During these years, Vane, Winthrop, Thomas Dudley, 
Bellingham, and Endecott had shared the chief-magistracy at 
different periods between them, and it is interesting to note 
that Bradstreet's father-in-law, Dudley,was a resident of Ipswich 
while he was Governor of the Colony and while his gifted 


daughter, the wife of Bradstreet, was living here as his r> :> 
neighbor. The Ipswich Appletons were also neighbors, :;! . , 
Palfrey thinks it probable that the revered preacher, Nathani 
Appleton, had sat on Bradstreet's knee. Bellingham, whi!« 
Governor in 1641, seems also to have resided in Ipswich, 
that time the centre of a rare group of remarkable men. 

Ann Dudley, the first wife of Governor Bradstreet, wss tl 
mother of his family. She died at Andover in September, 1G7_\ 
and Bradstreet left Andover soon after. He seems to have bet-u 
fortunate in his mate. She had married at sixteen, and wbi! 
she reared eight children, two of the four sons graduates of 
Harvard fitted partly by her care, had* time enough and gin 
• enough to write considerable volumes of prose and verse, — tbt 
first woman in America to challenge attention to her scholarship 
and the products of her pen. To her poetic fervor two of Ihm 
descendants, the poet Dana and the poet Holmes, may ovro 

I wish it were possible to give a passing word to tiu- 
pioneer among the unexplored possibilities of American letter- 
Tributes of affection for the honored Governor, her husband, 
are among the finest lines she ever wrote. One of them 
contains this outburst of womanly pride and ardor, in which 
no happily-married woman will fail to catch the true ring : 

" To my dear and loving Husband : 

" If ever two were one, then surely we; 
If ever man were loved by wife, then thee ; 
If ever wife were happy in a man, 
Compare with me, ye women, if you can ! 
I prize thy love more than whole Mines of Gold, 
Or all the riches that the East doth hold. 
My love is such that Rivers cannot quench, 
Nor aught but love from thee give recompense." 

From the Bradstreets the great Channing also and Wendell 
Phillips, the matchless orator, both trace descent. 

We need not lack acquaintance with Bradstreet's personal 
appearance and habits. His portraits hang in the State House, 
and at the Essex Institute, and there is an especially good one 
in the City Hall at Salem, where Endecott bears him company. 
— the first and the last of the Colonial Governors, and both a) 
times residents of Salem. His views of personal expendituiv 
were liberal. He had built a fine mansion at Andover which 
was burned, with his books and papers, in 1G66. His dress 
and bearing towards the end of his career are thus described in 
the language of a Jesuit Father, quoted in Winsor's Memorial 
History of Boston : " An old man, quiet and grave, dressed in 


black silk, tmt not sumptuously." Ado! Winsor adds his own 
estimate of the man in these words : " He seemed to concentrate 
in himself the dignity and wisdom of the first century of 

Bradstreet is accredited with much activity in the building up 
of Andover, almost a frontier settlement in those early decades, 
where he remained, faithfully discharging, as often as called on, 
sundry offices of the town, until 1672. There he owned much 
land and promoted many enterprises. He built the first mill 
on the Cochickewick, an Andover tributary of the Merrimack, 
in 1644. In September, 1638, he had been the chief proprietor 
in the founding of Salisbury; in 1656 he owned salt-works at 
Nahaiit ; and in 1674 owned the Rowley iron-works in a section 
of the town now incorporated as Boxford. He also owned 
estates in Topsfield, some of them, until recently, descending 
in the name. He had lands and dwelling-houses at Watertown, 
Cambridge and Boston. As early as 1639 he had a grant of 
five hundred acres of land near Governor Endecott's farm, 
now Da nvers. 

Time fails us to rehearse in more detail the value of Governor 
Bradstreet's life-services to this community. But no lover of 
the grand old Commonwealth, proud of her history, can be 
indifferent to them. The length of. his term of office is without 
a parallel. It began with the beginning of the State. He was 
chosen at the last meeting of the Court of assistants in Eng- 
land. It outlasted all those in conspicuous standing who came 
with Winthrop. Near half a century an Assistant, ten years 
Chief Magistrate, twent3 7 -four years a Commissioner of the 
Colonial Confederacy, he was thrown upon times when intense 
suspicion and jealousy of the home government were the rule, 
and periods of tranquillity and quiet prosperity were the excep- 
tion ; when border warfare with the Indians and French and 
Dutch gave way, from time to time, only to internal commotion 
and revolutionary turmoil. Bradstreet had need, day by day, 
for the sixty-two years of his official tenure, of a steadiness of 
purpose, a power of resistance, a wholesome self-assertion, a 
clear insight and perception, an unfailing judgment, which may 
well excuse the lack of those more show r y qualities his critics 
grudge him. His epitaph, placed by the Province on the 
monument in the old Salem graveyard, tells in stately Latin 
how he poised in an equal balance the Authority of the King 
and the Liberty of the People. That he did not lack energy 
at the age of forty-one appears from Winthrop's naming him 
with Ward and Symonds and Saltonstall of Ipswich, and with 
Hathorne of Salem, in the dangerous young Essex Cabal of 
1644. That he did not lack energy at the age of eighty-seven 
appears from the success of his expedition for the capture of 


Port Royal and the annexation of Nova Scotia, on which he 
sent a fleet while he was acting as Provisional Governor, with 
what Bancroft calls his Council of Safety behind him, at a 
time when every step taken was taken at his peril, and he 
might pay for it with bis head, whether success or failure 
attended the upheaval. Jacob Leisler, the usurping Governor 
of New York, was condemned to death and beheaded for his 
part in a like transaction. 

Bradstreet crowned his long career with a most extraordinary 
triumph. When we consider his extreme age, the risks sur- 
rounding the undertaking, and the readiness with which he 
might have found an excuse, had he sought an excuse, in his 
sixty years of unbroken and honorable service, — the picture of 
the brave old man, riding up King Street to wrest the Colony, 
its Magistracy and its Archives from the faithless hands of 
Andros, and to commit him to the stronghold of his own 
providing, is one well calculated to stir the blood of Ipswich 
men who proudly claim Bradstreet for a former townsman. Let 
me attempt to outline this historic picture. 

William of Orange, later William the Third of England, — the 
second invader of the name to enter England, — had landed at 
Torbay, November 5, 1688, in execution of an attempt upon 
the British crown. News travelled slowly then and, beyond 
vague rumors by the way of. Holland, nothing was known here 
of this startling fact until it reached us, in the April following, 
through the West India Islands, then in as close relations as 
was New England with Great Britain. Attempts like this are 
far from certain of success, — witness two such made by 
Napoleon III before he succeeded in climbing to the throne of 
France, — and there were several periods during this enterprise 
when it seemed doomed to failure. In fact no measure of success 
could be predicated of it before February, 1689, and at the 
time the dispntches which reached Boston announcing the 
Revolution had left England, the issue of it hung doubtful in 
the balance. But so thorough w r as the estrangement of the 
Colonies from the Mother Country, and so complete the 
readiness to profit by every possible event, that the slightest 
spark was enough to lire the magazine of public indignation. 
The people of Massachusetts Bay did not hesitate to take all 
chances, and to link their fate irrevocably, — sink or swim, — 
with the Revolt in England. Andros had been Governor here 
for three years, since he deposed Bradstreet and the Charter in 
1686, and he was known to be unscrupulous and grasping. 
He was just returning from an unsuccessful movement against 
the Indians of Maine. He seems to have known no more than 
the people of Massachusetts knew about the rising storm in 
England. On April 18, a fortnight after the first tidings of 


revolt reached Boston, upon secret preparation, the Town was 
early abroad. Thursday, weekly lecture- day, — this brought 
many from the surrounding towns to Boston, — was the day 
selected on which to try the issue. It was also Council day. In 

\ the morning, a patriot party seized the Captain of the "Rose" 
Frigate who ventured on shore at Long Wharf to report to the 
Governor, and held him prisoner. Wild rumors of movements 
of the Royal Regiments stirred the town. At nine, the drums 

j beat an alarm. A signal was displayed on Beacon Hill. 
Presently, marching up King Street, now State Street, straight 
for the Town House at its head, came the veteran who had 
never failed them, — Brad street, — the last of the Old Charter 
Governors ,-^with Danforth, the last deputy-governor, and the 
rest, proceeding under military escort to the Council Chamber, 
where they possessed themselves of the persons of the Royal 
Officers wiio had been summoned there, happily including 
among them the Castle jailer. All these they placed under 
lock and key. At high noon a proclamation was read to the 
people from the Eastern balcony looking down the street, 
declaring the objects and designs of the uprising. Proceed- 
ings like these sound more like Paris than like sober Boston. 
The proclamation detailed grievances, — it singled out and 
named the oppressors of the people, — it referred with jubilation 
to the hopeful movement of the Prince of Orange, — it professed 
loyalty to the British Crown and Parliament, — and it appealed 
to Heaven and to the common sense of justice in mankind. By 
two o'clock, twenty companies of militia were under arms in 
Boston and several more were waiting at Charlestown to cross 
the ferry. A summons for immediate surrender was presented 
to Andros, as he was tardily attempting an escape on board 
the Frigate lying at Long Wharf. Her ports were open, her 
colors all displayed, her guns trained upon the Town House 
and her decks cleared for action. The gig sent ashore for 
Andros was promptly captured by the party bearing the 
summons. But Andros made good his escape and reached the 
stronghold he had erected on Fort Hill. Vigorous preparations 
were then made to storm the palisado-fortress at the end of 
the Battery March, and to take the Governor in his retreat. 
Andros demanded a parley and this was refused. He then 
surrendered and was taken under close guard to the Town 
House. Nothing remained but to disable the Castle in the 
harbor and the Frigate at the wharf. It was now four o'clock. 
The final act in the drama was deferred until the morrow, 
when all this was promptly effected, bringing the successful 
issue of the struggle on the since historic 19th day of April, 
and Bradstreet was able to report to the Revolutionary party 
in England that it was "effected without bloodshed and without 


plunder." It must be remembered that the actors in this high- 
handed movement had absolutely no authority from anybody. 
The only warrant they had was derived from the knowledge 
that the people put confidence in their wisdom and in the 
integrity of their purposes. For a period of forty days after 
this, the British officers in Boston claimed to have uo trust- 
worthy confirmation of the success of the Prince, of Orange, ' 
aud it was only on the 29th day of the following month that 
William III was proclaimed King of England at Boston. 

In the narrative of this pivotal event I have followed pretty 
closely the authority of Dr. Palfrey, who is never dispose' 1 
to over-praise the Nestor Governor at any period of his career. 
Bancroft paints the picture on the same lines but his colors are 
more ornate. The records of the British State Paper Office, 
now in print, are accessible in our larger libraries, and the 
Boston Public Library has a choice, unique and most interesting 
and valuable collection of proclamations and broadsides issued 
during this exciting crisis. 

During his second term in the Chief Magistracy, lasting three 
years and ending in his ninetieth year, Bradstreet filled that 
honorable place to general acceptance. There may have been 
more picturesque figures in the life of that day, and there may 
have been more aggressive forces, — there were many younger 
and more ambitious aspirants in the political life of the Colony. 
But it is fair to say that, at each recurring period of popular 
election, no other man was seriously thought of for that trying 
post while the Nestor Governor could be retained. He was not 
inactive. Nova Scotia was conquered and annexed, and Canada 
was attacked, and his policy seems to have been to be able, 
if possible, to offer to the home government a confederacy 
stretching from the St. Lawrence to the Hudson, in considera- 
tion of the broader Charter rights to which the Province, now 
loyal to the new but not too friendly dynasty, believed herself 
entitled. New England grew in her general resources if not 
in her financial capacity, she grew in her population, she 
broadened in her political philosophy, and in her demands on 
the reigning dynasty in England. At last, in 1G92, Bradstreet 
was able, as he had long been ready, to surrender his high office 
to a new and younger governor, under a new and in some 
respects a better Charter, and to retire from a position of stress 
and peril to the five years of rest which he had earned so well, 
and which he passed at Salem, having married there, in 1 6 7 G , a 
niece of Governor Winthrop. On his death, March 27, 1697, 
says Palfrey, he was the last survivor of those founders who had 
been chosen to the Magistracy before they came from England. 
" When he emigrated he was twenty-eight years old ; he lived 
to complete his ninety-fifth year. The General Court voted to 


contribute a hundred pounds towards the expenses of his burial, 
in consideration of his long and extraordinary service." He 
was buried at Salem with a good deal of ceremony, and the 
diary of Chief Justice Sewall, one of his pall-bearers, details 
the unusual honors paid his memory. "He had been Secretary 
of the Colony," Palfrey adds, " an Assistant forty-six years, 
a Commissioner of the Confederacy twenty-four times, Agent to 
England, Deputy Governor and Governor. Not often has a 
human memory been laden with experiences more diversified. 
A youth passed amidst the refinements of old civilization, — 
then the destitution of a wilderness and conflicts with savage 
men, — the growth of a virtuous and vigorous Commonwealth, — 
its subversion, resurrection and reorganization under restricted 
but permanent conditions, — such was the outline of nearly a 
centu^'s events traced by the recollections of a leading actor 
in thern." 

New England must be rich indeed in the great characters of 
history if she can afford to forget so sound, so safe, so broad- 
minded, so sturdy a magistrate amongst her honored list as 
Simon Bradstreet! 

Following Mr. Rantoul, Chief Justice Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, spoke 
briefly, as follows : — 

We are told by scholars that the Greeks and Romans built 
. up their cities and their civilization on the worship of their 
ancestors and care for the shadowy needs of the dead. That 
ancient religion has vanished, but the reverence for venerable 
traditions remains. I feel it to my finger tips, but with just the 
change from personal and family story to the larger, vaguer, but 
not less inspiring belief that we tread a sacred soil. I have 
been too busy trying to account for myself to stop to account 
for my ancestors. I have the poems of Ann Bradstreet, that 
pale passion flower of our first spring, but I do not read them 
often, and I cannot say much more of Governor Dudley than 
that what I once wrongly thought his portrait, in modest form, 
hangs in m}' house. But I love every brick and shingle of the 
old Massachusetts towns where once they worked and prayed, 
and I think it a noble and pious thing to do whatever we ma}' 
by written word and moulded bronze and sculptured stone to 
keep our memories, our reverence and our love alive and to 
hand them on to new generations all too ready to forget. 

It may be that we are to be replaced by other races that 
come here with other traditions and to whom at first the great 


past of Massachusetts seems, as they sometimes proclaim it, but 
the doings in a corner of a little band of provincial heretics. 
But I am bold to hope that the mighty leaven that swelled the 
hearts of the founders of this Commonwealth still works and 
will work even under altered forms, — that their successors will 
keep the state what the founders made it, a hearthstone for 
sacred fire. 

We all, the most unbelieving of us, walk by faith. We 
do our work and live our lives not merely to vent and realize our 
inner force, but with a blind and trembling hope that somehow 
the world will be a little better for our striving. Our faith 
must not be limited to our personal task, to the present, or 
even to the future. It must include the past and bring all, 
past, present and future, into the unity of a single continuous 
life. We consecrate these memorials of what has been with 
the intent and expectation that centuries from now those who 
read the simple words will find their lives richer, their purposes 
stronger, against the background of that different past. 

From early days there have been built in the ports of Essex 
County, or drawn to them from neighboring towns, boats that 
were to seek from them new harbors across the barren sea. So, 
in altered guise, long may it be with us. Long may it be true, 
as it still is, that not only we, descendants of the stern old 
builders, but many others from afar who come here to launch 
their craft may send to all the havens of the world new 
thoughts and the impulses of great deeds. To the accomplish- 
ment of that prayer it is no slight help to feel that we have a 
past, to remember that many generations of men have stored 
• the earth — yes, this very spot — with electric example. Modest 
as they are, the monuments now unveiled seem to me trumpets 
which two hundred years from now ma}' blow the great battle 
calls of life, as two hundred years ago those whom the} 7 com- 
memorate heard them in their hearts. And to many a gallant 
spirit, two hundred years from now as two hundred years ago, 
the white sands of Ipswich, terrible as engulfing graves, lovely 
as the opal flash of fairy walls, will gleam in the horizon, the 
image of man's mysterious goal. 

Augustine Jones, A.M., of Providence, Principal of 
the Friends School, was the next speaker. 


It is now a year since I visited in England and Holland the 
homes and haunts of the New England Puritans and Pilgrims. 

I am sure no places can be more sacred or interesting than 
the humble dwellings and their neighborhood, where these heroic 


souls were nurtured : — the homes of Isaac and Arbella John- 
son, of Dudley, Bradstreet, Bradford and Brewster. We 
wander over the same permanent highways, familiar to them. 

Nothing perhaps affects us so much as the little village 
churches, some of them five hundred j T ears old, where these 
memorable fathers and founders were christened, and married, 
and where they learned to worship the living God. Thither 
their feet in childhood were turned, here they caught early 
thoughts of righteousness, which they built into the founda- 
tions of their work in the new world. Here is St. Botolphs, in 
Boston, Eng., with its perpendicular tower 300 feet high, the 
finest church in its day, which Rev. John Cotton left, to minister 
in a desolate cabin, with a straw thatched roof, in Boston, Mass., 
furnishing forever an illustrious example of devotion to duty, 
and obedience to conviction. 

We are assembled today upon one of the spots made notable 
by these same historic personages. My friends, it is good for 
us to be here. It is a noble work to cherish every spot made 
bright by the presence of the founders of Massachusetts. 
Edward Everett said, "I reverence, this side of idolatry, the 
wisdom and fortitude of the revolutionary and constitutional 
leaders, bat I believe we ought to go back beyond them all, for 
the real framers of the commonwealth." 

• Governor Thomas Dudley, a Puritan second only to Gov- 
ernor John Winthrop in founding the Colony of Massachusetts, 
and in its history from 1630 until 1653, was born at North- 
ampton, England, in the year 1576. He was without doubt, 
descended from John Sutton, the first Baron Dudley of Dudley 
Castle. He was therefore connected by blood with the Duke 
of Northumberland, Lord Guilford Dudley and Sir Philip 
.Sidney. We are not, however, unmindful that the greatness of 
Governor Dudley arose not from his distinguished ancestry but 
from his life work. Far above "The boast of heraldry, the 
pomp of power," is the imperishable renown, of being one of 
the foremost among the founders of this great state, dedicated 
to liberty, to the freedom of human thought, to the worth and 
excellence of individual character. 

His youth was spent in the midst of wealth, luxury and 
splendor. The Comptons were not Puritans, they intensely 
enjoyed the good things of life. Here, in all the excess of 
fashion and joviality, Dudley in robust youth and even to vig- 
orous manhood took his leading share. When, in later years, 
he was Governor of Massachusetts, a Puritan of Puritans, with 
grave responsibilities, in peril from enemies at home and abroad, 
and above all with a burning zeal for the welfare of Zion, when 
"All his serious thoughts had rest in heaven," how often he 


must have recalled those frivolous days at Compton-Winyates 

and Ashby Castle ! He survives in the memory of men, because 
he had served mankind, while the gay throng who joined him in 
the dance are forgotten. Here is an answer to those persons, 
who allege that he was not w r ell bred. 

He resided for nearly fourteen years, from 1616, at, or near, 
ancient Sempringham, in Lincolnshire. He was very success- 
ful in the management of the estates of the Earl of Lincoln. 
He discharged great debts, to the amount of one hundred 
thousand dollars, and left the estate prosperous. Perhaps 
one of the most marvelous features in it, after all, was that he 
acquired such an ascendency over the Earl, that he allowed him 
to restrain his expenditures. He was entrusted even with the 
delicate service of procuring a match between the daughter of 
Lord Say and the Earl. Dudley conferred enduring immortality 
lipou this lady, by writing to her a letter from his desolate home 
in Boston, Mass., which will be thoughtfully and gratefully read 
by citizens of the United States forever, while the brilliant 
women, who were her companions in society, will be forgotten. 

The time had arrived in 1630 when he was to make his pil- 
grimage to America, never to return. He had no need to 
make a business adventure over the ocean, he was now retired 
from business, and was one of the most affluent men in the 
Colony in America. If the indispensable things of life did not 
draw him from the comfort and luxury of Old England, what 
were the motives? Certainly nothing less than the desire for 
civil and religious liberty, for himself and his posterity. So 
soon as he w T as assured that the Massachusetts charter would 
go to America with them, and that the possibilities of a pure 
church and noble state lay before them, he consulted not with 
flesh and blood, but joined in the adventure. Mather says 
"The times began to look black and cloudy upon the Non-con- 
formists, of which Mr. Dudley was one to the full." The king 
was glad to get rid of them ; freedom to worship God was 
before them. " The Puritans," says Lowell, "were the most 
perfect incarnation of an idea that the world has seen." 

Dudley had twenty- three years before him ; they were a 
glorious remnant of life, full of self sacrificing privations, upon 
which he entered "with firmness in the right, as God gave him 
to see the right." The most important emigration to America, 
wiiich was ever made (it saved the Pilgrims at Plymouth) and 
it is sometimes said, which has ever been made in the history 
of the world, was about to be undertaken, and Dudley was to 
have a leading part in it. 

They sailed from Southampton March 22, 1630, in the ship 
Arbella. Dudley had been elected Deputy Governor, an office 


which he held subsequently thirteen different years. He was 
Governor four years, nnd President of the Commissioners of 
the United Colonies three years. They issued upon their de- 
parture a letter to the Church of England, full of loyalty to 
her, which some persons have thought to have been insincere, 
but they were destined to meet soon with many instructive les- 
sons, which would rapidly lead them to independency. They 
took with them the Charter of Massachusetts, which act of 
transfer has been criticised, but it has recently been ascertained 
that before their departure, the clause confining the govern- 
ment to England had been removed from it by agreement, and 
their action thoroughly justified. 

They arrived in America in June, 1630. They were not sat- 
isfied with Salem as a permanent home, because of the loss 
there of eighty emigrants before their arrival. They dwelt in 
Charlestown for a short time, but some of them, including 
Winthrop and Dudley, spent their first winter in Boston. They 
entered on the 13th day of July into the Covenant of the 
First Church of Boston, and chose Rev. Mr. Wilson as their 
teacher. Their mode of church institution was not in accord 
with the Church of England. It was like the method of the 
Separatists in the Plymouth Colony. The earlier church at 
Salem was possessed with the same independency. 

" Hail to the spirit which dared 
Trust its own thoughts before yet 
Echoed him back by the crowd !" 

It has been asserted also, that their government was a Theoc- 
racy, that is to say a government, or organized system of 
priests like the Hebrews. This was never true of the govern- 
ment of Massachusetts. Ministers were not allowed positions 
in the civil government. They were consulted, as the Supreme 
Court now is, by the executive, as to the meaning of law. They 
were a body most learned as to the meaning of Scripture ; and 
the Bible was their statute book. It might as well be claimed 
that the judiciary and not the executive rules the state. That 
none but church members possessed the franchise has been re- 
garded as important and as establishing a Theocracy, but every 
government is arbitrary and guided b} 7 policy in extending the 
franchise to citizens. It is declared not to be a constitutional 
right guaranteed to anybody even at the present time. The 
Christian religion always has been fundamental in the govern- 
ment, the whole common law rests upon it, as a foundation, 
but that is no reason why the government should be denomi- 
nated a Theocracy. 

One of the first difficulties these people had to encounter was 


Roger Williams, who is generally said to have been banished to 
Rhode Island, but no act of banishment was ever enforced upon 
him. He was to have been sent to England ; but, to avoid this, 
he went voluntarily to Rhode Island. The teachings of Williams 
were then believed, in Massachusetts, to be subversive of law 
and order. He was at the head of his own government in 
Rhode Island only a little over .two years, and that period was 
long after Dudley and Winthrop were gone. A careful exami- 
nation will lead one to sympathize with the executive of Mas- 
sachusetts and with its efforts to save its holy experiment of 

The career of Thomas Dudley in England, before he came to 
America at the age of fifty-four, was highly creditable, and 
was fully sustained by his life and subsequent character here. 
He belonged to that immediate age, after the Bible came to 
the English common people. He delighted in the preaching 
|. . of the greatest and most learned Puritan divines, both in Eng- 

land and America. The government of Massachusetts was 
substantially organized, as we at present know it, while Dudley 
and Winthrop were still living, so that we may well regard it, 
as the work of these early founders, and their associates. 
Mr. Dudley was a Puritan of the Cromwell, Pym and Hampden 
school of men. They were indeed associated personally in 
several matters ; they were all God-fearing, honest, reliable and 
trustworthy. No other family had such a hold on the govern- 
ment and the high places of power before or since, as the 
Dudleys held in Massachusetts in its first century. 

It has been said, that these men had no conception of the 
magnitude of the foundations they were laying, that they were 
building better than they knew. It is not that the greatness of 
• the superstructure was revealed to them. But the generic quality 

of the government came from their hands completely outlined, 
and their descendants have only wrought out in detail the con- 
ception and ideal of the fathers. 

We may reasonably cherish the thought, that so long as 
government by the people interests mankind, that so long as 
men study and search for immemorial freedom in democratic 
Athens, or in the mountains of Switzerland, or along the dykes 
of Holland, the Puritans of England and Massachusetts will 
be regarded as the crowning glory of all which went before 
them. Royalty overwhelmed them in Europe ; it was only in 
New England that they survived and advanced to ultimate 

It is a question whether, if Rev. Thomas Hooker and Gov- 
ernor Haynes and other Cambridge people had not emigrated 
to Connecticut in 1635, Governor Dudley and his family and 


friends would have removed to Ipswich. Dudley went soon 
after his first term as Governor. Hooker and Cotton were 
antagonistic and so were Winthrop and Haynes. Dr. John Eliot 
says, u had Hooker been called to the Church in Boston, and 
Mr. Haynes had no rival in Winthrop, it is most probable they 
would have continued with their people in Massachusetts," and 
the emigration which interests us today would not have taken 
place. These dispersions were all of the greatest importance 
in the settlements. Dr. George E. Ellis says that the Antino- 
inian troubles in Massachusetts were the cause. Cotton Mather 
says that the country soon found need of Dudley's wisdom and 
joyously welcomed bis return to Roxbury near to Boston, a 
little before his second election as Governor. 


The Annual Meeting of the Ipswich Historical Soviet \ 
was held on Monday evening Dec. 1, 1902, at the EnusY 
of the Society. The following officers were electei tor 
the year ensuing : 

President. — T. Frank Waters. 
Vice Presidents. — John B. Brown, 

Francis R. Appleton. 
Clerk. — John W. Goodhue. 
Directors. — Charles A. Say ward, 
John II. Cogswell, 
John W. Nourse. 
Corresponding Secretary. — John II. Cogswell. 
Treasurer. — T. Frank Waters. 
Librarian. — John J. Sullivan. 

The following Committees were chosen 

On Historical Tablets. 

Charles A. Say ward, 
John II . Cogswell, 
John B. Brown, 
• T. Frank Waters. 

Social Committee. 

Ralph W. Burnham, 
Chester P. Woodbury, 
Edward Constant, 
Mrs. Charles A. Say ward, 
Mrs. John J. Sullivan, 
Miss Susan C. Whipple, 
Miss Bertha Dobson, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Miss Anna W. Ross. 


annual report. 41 

On Membership. 

John W. Nourse, 
Ralph V> r . Burnham, 
Roberts. Kimball, 
Mrs. Harriet E. Xoyes, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown. 

The Reports of the Treasurer, Curator and President 
were read and ordered to be printed. 

It was voted that a Life Membership be established and 
that the admittance fee be fifty dollars. 


The most interesting event in the history of the past 
year is the purchase of the remainder of the lot of land, 
including the old barn, which has been an unsightly and a 
somewhat dangerous neighbor. The removal of this 
building will enhance the appearance of our house and 
grounds very materially, and ample room is provided for 
the erection at some future date, and an early one, we 
hope, of a Memorial Building. Such a building is needed 
already to allow room for the expanding collections, and 
to provide proper accommodations for meetings and social 

The price paid for this land was large, and we regret 
• that the mortgage debt of the Society is increased to 
$3,500. But the wisdom of the purchase will not be 
questioned, since the acquisition of this land is of vital 
importance. Although the sum needed for payment of 
. interest is increased to $140 per year, this is a very 
reasonable rental for a property that is so finely situated 
and so admirably adapted to our use. The Treasurer's 
report assures us as well, that no heavy burden will be 
entailed by this investment. The revenue from member- 
ship fees and incidental gifts during the past year has 
been $486.53, and the income from the House, from door 
fees and the sale of pictures, etc., has added $162.11, 
making the total receipts $648.64. The House receipts 
were only six dollars smaller than last year, and the 
number of visitors exceeded by nearly a hundred the 
recorded list of the previous year. There seems no 
reason to believe that the number of visitors will not re- 
main as large at least in the future. The income from 
yearly dues is larger each year. Notwithstanding some 


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unusual expense for painting, papering, varnishing of 
floors and the like, a balance of two hundred and thirteen 
.'v ... dollars remains in the treasury. 

Apart from the financial strength that accrues from a 
large membership, it is gratifying to our pride that our 
Society has attained a position in the community that 
renders membership desirable. It numbers now about 
two hundred and fifteen active members, each of whom 
pays an annual due, and forty-six honorary members. 
Many are non-residents who are interested in the Town 
as the home of their ancestors, and many more are resi- 
dent for the summer only. One of our number, Dr. E. 
Si Goodhue, is the Government Physician in Wailuku, 
in the island of Maui, in the Hawaiian group ; another, 
Mr. Joseph K. Farley, resides in Lihue, Kauai, in the 
same group, and some are found upon the Pacific coast. 

Our House is always a source of enthusiastic delight to 
visitors, who appreciate its architectural value. Cultured 
people from many towns and cities in our Commonwealth 
and from twenty-eight other States, have visited the House 
during the past year, and their verdict is always the same : 
that the House is the most remarkable specimen of the 
earliest architecture they have ever seen. So eminent an 
authority as the Hon. George Sheldon of Deerheld, who 
has been a life-long student of the antique and has 
gathered an unrivalled collection of old-time treasures, 
after a minute inspection, gave the House unstinted'praise 
as the finest of ancient buildings of our colony, and com- 
plimented the Society on the excellence of its exhibit. 

To promote acquaintance with the House and its con- 
tents an occasional free day has been advertised. It was 
opened in this way on the twenty-second of February, and 
also on July thirty-first. Notwithstanding the opportunity 
thus afforded to those who are not members, or who 
might be deterred by the usual admittance fee, only two 
hundred and fifty-one residents of Ipswich were recorded 
during the year. As familiarity always breeds contempt, 
we presume that this neglect is likely to continue. But 
any scheme that would tend to popularize it with our 
townspeople, would be for the advantage of the Society. 
Those who come always express surprise, and confess to 
new interest. 


The courtesies of the House were also extended to the 
Ipswich Woman's Club, the North Bridge Chapter of the 
Daughters of the Revolution from Salem, the Historical 
Class of the Crombie Street Church, Salem, and the Con- 
vention of Ep worth Leagues. 

The Social Committee gave an antique supper which 
proved an admirable social occasion and may have intro- 
duced many to the House for the first time. Miss E. 
Agnes Constant is entitled to the sincere thanks of the 
Society for the delightful benefit concert given on Thanks- 
giving evening in the Town Hall, which netted twenty 
dollars for our treasury. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph W. 
Burnham, who have done so much for the House, removed 
to Philadelphia early in September, but we hope for their 
return for the summer of 1903. Miss Abbie M. Fellows 
very kindly served as resident curator for a few weeks, 
and Mrs. Colman Tyler began her work as curator pro 
tern., in October. Each and all have kept the House with 
the nice painstaking care which is a theme of constant 
praise, and a cordial welcome has been given to all visi- 
tors, though they may have come at inconvenient hours. 

By the liberality of the Town, funds were provided for 
the erection of brorze tablets, this year. One is bolted 
to the ledge on Meeting House Hill, and tells briefly the 
date of the settlement, and the points of interest that 
centre there. Another marks the site of Simon and Ann 
Bradstreet's dwelling, and a third, the site of Governor 
Dudley's residence. The exercises of dedication were 
held on July, 31st, when Hon. Robert S. Rantoul of 
Salem, Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Augus- 
tine Jones, Esq., Principal of the Friends' School, 
Providence, R. I., delivered appropriate and eloquent 
addresses. Other localities deserve similar honor, and a 
continuance of the work should be made. 

Now that the heavy expense of repairing and restoring 
the House has been fully met, we may face with courage 
and high ambition the task, not merely of extinguishing- 
the debt but of securing funds for the erection of the 
Memorial Building to which allusion has been made. 
Many people of wealth and refinement have sprung from 
Ipswich ancestry. It is so much in fashion in these days 
to give generously for libraries and memorials in the old 


family home, that no apology is needed to explain any 
appeal that may be made for this purpose. 

The great names of Winthrop and Dudley and Salton- 
stall, of the famous ministers, of the soldiers Denison and 
Samuel Apple ton, of the patriots of 1687, John Wise 
and his associates, and the grand deed they accomplished 
in the Ipswich Town Meeting, the names of soldiers in 
many wars, and of citizens who won honor for themselves in 
the quiet affairs of civil life, — all need to be grouped har- 
moniously and chiselled in stone or bronze, as an eternal 
memorial of their fair fame, and an illuminating and in- 
spiring appeal to high living in each succeeding generation. 
Such a Hall of Fame would be an educational factor of 
great value, and a constant source of pride in our town 
and its history. The expansion of our work that would 
follow easily and naturally from it would raise our Society 
to unique and broad distinction. Before another twelve 
months have passed, shall we not witness a substantial 
beginning of this great and honorable enterprise ? 


ENDING DEC. 1, 1902. 

The total number of names of visitors entered in the 
Visitors' Book was 1097. 

The total number of residents of Ipswich recorded was 
251 and the number of residents in the state of Massa- 
chusetts, not including residents of Ipswich was 533. 
The total of Massachusetts visitors was 784. 

The remainder were residents of nearly every state in 
the Union, as will appear from the following tabulation, 
covering four years. 

1899 1900 1901 1902 

Alabama, 2 

Arkansas, 1 

California, ------ 4 6 2 4 

Colorado, 3 1 1 5 

Connecticut, 9 17 3 ' 5 

Dist. of Columbia, - - - - 4 6 13 23 

Florida, 2 1 1 2 

Georgia, 1 1 2 

Illinois, ------ 12 38 32 33 

Indiana, - 4 2 2 

Iowa, 1 1 7 4 

Kansas, 3 

Kentucky, 3 4 1 

Louisiana, 2 3 11 1 

Maine, 12 19 13 10 

Maryland, 6 4 8 9 

Massachusetts, 918 1200 708 784 

Michigan, 9 8 4 2 

Minnesota, 6 16 12 4 

Missouri, 5 9 6 8 

Montana, 1 

Nebraska, 1 1 3 








New Hampshire, 21 

New Jersey, 14 

New York, 42 

North Carolina, .... o 

North Dakota, 

Ohio, 6 


Pennsylvania, 38 

Rhode Island, 4 

South Dakota, .... o 

Tennessee, - 

Texas, 2 

Vermont, 6 

Virginia, ..... 5 

West Virginia, 

Wisconsin, - 3 



New Brunswick, 1 

Nova Scotia, 2 

1,134 1,513 1,008 1052 

On February 22, the House was opened to the public 
and 31 names of visitors were recorded. 

On February 28, an old-fashioned supper was served 
and about 175 were present. No names were recorded 
on this occasion. 

The Ipswich Woman's Club held a Reception to officers 
of other Clubs on April 14, and 64 names were recorded. 
The North Bridge Chapter of the Daughters of the 
Revolution from Salem were entertained on June 5. 
Thirteen members were present. Twenty members of 
the Historical Class of the Crombie Street Church, Salem, 
were entertained on July 23. 

On July 31, the day of the Dedication of the bronze 
Tablets, 62 visitors recorded their names, and on Sept. 1, 
48 delegates to the Convention of Epw T orth Leagues 
visited the House. 

Ralph W. Burnham, Curator. 











































ENDING NOV. 29, 1902. 

T. Frank Waters in account with Ipswich JBist. Society, 


To Balance from 1901, - $37 92 

To door fees, sale of books and pictures, - - 1G2 11 

To 'annual fees, gifts, etc., ----- 46623 

To receipt from Concert, Nov. 27th, ... 2030 

$686 56 
To House account, 
Care of grounds, ------ 23 05 

Care of house, ------- 26 96 

Fuel, ... 24 85 

Furniture account, 59 80 

Hardware, paint, etc., 2 years, - - - - 16 70 

Repairs, 24 10 

Water bill, -.----.. is 39 

Interest on mortgage, ------ 64 00 

Fire-extinguisher, ------ 12 00 

Photographs, ------- is 18 

288 03 

To Printing account 

Printing, ? - 115 80 

Postage, stationery, etc., ----- 23 57 

139 37 

Miscellaneous, --.-.-. 45 63 

Cash on hand, - 213 53 

$686 56 


DEC. 1, 1902. 

Daniel Fuller Appleton. Life and Speeches of Rufus Choate in 
2 vols. 

Miss Georgianna Appleton. Boston. Harvard College Plate made by 
Enoch Wood & Sons. 

Albert 1). Burnham. Indian pestle. 

Mrs. Walter Chapman. List of names. 

Benjamin H. Conant. Wenham Town Report, 1901. Catalogue of 
Wenham Public Library. 

Doubleday, Page & Co., New York. Miss Esther Singleton's " Fur- 
niture of our Forefathers," Nos. 5 to 8. 

Mrs. Josiah Dudley and Miss S. Louise Holmes. Ancient deeds. 
Dr. Daniel Dana's sermon on death of Mr. Benjamin Moody, 1802. 

Old Eliot. ■ 1902. 

Mrs. Robert Farley. China tea-pot. 

Rev. J. Edward Flower, London, Eng. Photograph of Stocks on 
the Village Green, Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire, England, 
Drawing of the Stocks and Whipping Post, Portskewett, near 
Chepston, Monmouthshire, England. Photograph of "Ye Ancient 
Ducking Stool," Leominster Priory Church, England. 

Miss Elizabeth W. Gardner, Salem. Two hand-woven towels An 
Oration delivered at Ipswich, April 29, 1783: "On account of 
the Happy Restoration of Peace," by Rev. Levi Frisbie. 

Joshua B. Grant. Edward Everett's address at the erection of 
a monument to John Harvard, Sept. 26, 1828. Mr. Eliot's sermon 
at the Ordination of Mr. Joseph McKean, and other pamphlets. 

Dr. Samuel A. Green, Secretary Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Pamphlet. Two Narratives of the Expedition against Quebec, A.D. 
1690, under Sir William Phips : one by Rev. John Wise of Ips- 
wich, the other by an unknown author. 

George F. Hovey. Two pamphlets. 

Miss S. Louise Holmes. File of The New York Independent, Jan. 
12, 1854 to Dec. 27, 1855. Five Commissions of Henry S. Holmes, 
signed by Gov. Levi Lincoln. Loan, a white silk bridal bonnet. 

Ipswich Public Library. Duplicates of Ipswich Seminary Cata- 



Miss Bethiah Kinsman. Straw hat worn in West Indies, pocket 
books, etc., owned by her father, William Kinsman. 

Clarence Newman. Temperance pledge with list of names. Small 
trunk owned by William Oakes. Lock from old Ipswich Jail. 

Estate of Benjamin Newman. Collection of minerals. One old 
circular plane. A foot stove. 

New Yoke State Library. Calendar of Council Minutes, 16G8-1783, 
Public papers of George Clinton, first Governor of New York. 
Vol. v. 

Miss Hannah M. Peatfield. History of New England by Hannah 
Adams, 1807. Biography of the principal American Military and 
Naval Heroes, 2 vols. 1821. 

Miss Margaret Peatfield. Three old books. 

Records of the Court of Assistants of Massachusetts Bay, 
Vol. i. 

Charles H. Eicker. An old-fashioned door lock. A tinder box 
A sand shaker. A roasting iron. 

Timothy B. Ross. Piece of metallic fringe, used in decorating a 
triumphal arch that spanned Choate Bridge, when Lafayette 
visited Ipswich, June, 1824, preserved by Asa Andrews, Esq. 

George A. Schofield. Manual General Court, 1902. 

Col. Nath. Shatswell. Souvenir, First Regiment of Heavy Artil- 
lery, Mass. Vol., dedication of monument, May 19, 1901. 

Hon. Geo. Sheldon, Deerfield. Vol. m. History and Proceedings 
of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Assoc. Pamphlets: "The 
Little Brown House on the Albany Road " ; "Flint-lock or Match- 
lock in King Philip's War" ; "The Flint-lock used in Philip's 

Edward A. Smith, Salem. Ancient Tapestry, wrought by Priscilla 

E. N. Spinney, Shelburne Falls. Ancient papers, Howe and Proctor 

Robert C. Wtnthrop, Jr., Boston. Copies of papers in suit of 
Elizabeth, wife of Rev. Antipas Newman, of Wenham, daughter 
of John Winthrop, Jr., to recover Salt House property, Royal 
side, Beverly, 1677. 

Proceedings of State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1902. 


Dr. Charles E. Ames, 
Daniel Fuller Appleton, 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton, 
Francis 11. Appleton, 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 
James W. Appleton, 
Randolph M Appleton, 
Mrs. Helen Appleton, 
Miss S. Isabel Arthur, 
Dr. G." Guy Bailey, 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Baker, 
Miss Katharine C. Baker, 
Charles W. Bam ford, 
Miss Mary D Bates, 
John A. Blake, 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer, 
James W. Bond, 
Warren Boynton, 
Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 
Charles W. Brown. 
Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Carrie R. Brown, 
'Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
Miss Isabelle G. Brown, 
James W. Brown, 
Mrs. Lavinia A. Brown, 
Miss Alice G. Burn ham, 
Daniel S. Burnham, 
Ralph W. Burnham, 
Mrs. Nellie Mae Burnham, 
Fred F. Byron, 
Miss Joanna Caldwell, 
Miss Lydia A. Caldwell, 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 
Charles A. Campbell, 
Mrs. Lavinia Campbell, 
Edward W. Choate, 
Philip E. Clarke, 
Mrs. Mary E. Clarke, 
Miss Lucy C. Coburn, 
John H. Cogswell, 
Theodore F. Cogswell, 
Arthur W. Conaut, 
Miss Harriet D. Condon. 

Rev. EdAvard Constant, 
Miss Roxie C. Cowles, 
Charles S. Cummings, 
Rev. Temple Cutler, 
Arthur C. Damon* 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Everett G. Damon, 
Harry K. Damon, 
Mrs. Abhy Danforth, 
Mrs. Grace Davis, 
Mrs. Howard Dawson, 
George G. Dexter, 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson, 
Harry K. Dodge, 
Rev. .John M. Donovan, 
Mrs. Sarah B. Dudley, 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer, 
George Fall, 
Miss Emeline C. Farley, 
Mrs. Emma Farley, 
Miss Lucy K. Farley, 
Miss Abbie M. Fellows, 
Benjamin Fewkes, 
James E. Gallagher, 
John S. Glover, 
Frank T. Goodhue, 
John VV. Goodhue, 
John J. Gould, 
Miss Harriet F. Gove, 
James Graffum, 
Mrs. Eliza PL Green, 
Mrs. Lois Hardy, 
Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, 
George H. W. Hayes, 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard, 
Miss Alice Heard, 
John Heard, 

Mrs. Louise S. Hodgkins, 
Miss S. Louise Holmes, 
Charles G. Hull, 
Miss Lucy S. Jewett, 
John A. Johnson, 
Miss Ellen M. Jordan, 
Albert Jovce, 
Charles M. Kelly, 




Fred A. Kimball, 

Robert S. Kimball, 

Miss Bethiah I). Kinsman, 

Miss Mary E. Kinsman, 

Mrs. Snsan K. Kinsman, 

Dr. Frank W. Kyes, 

Mrs. Georgie C. Kyes, 

Curtis E. Lakeman, 

J. Howard Lakeman, 

G. Frank Langdon, 

Mrs. G F. Langdon, 

Austin L. Lord, 

George A. Lord, 

Miss Lucy Slade Lord, 

Thomas H. Lord, 

Mrs.Lucretia 8. Lord, 

Walter E. Lord, 

Dr. George E. Mac Arthur, 

Mrs. Isabelle G. Mac Arthur, 

James F. Mann, 

John P. Marston, 

Everard H. Martin. 

Mrs. Marietta K. Martin, 

Miss Abby L. Newman, 

Mrs. Amanda Nichols, 

William J. Norwood, 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood, 

John W. Nourse, 

Charles II . Noyes, 

Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes. 

Rev. Reginald Pearce, 

I. E. B. Perkins, 

Miss Carrie S Perley, 

Angus 1 , ine II. Plouff, 

James H. Proctor, 

James S. Robinson, Jr. 

Mrs. Anna C. C. Robinson, 

Rev. William H. Rogers, 

Miss Anna W. Ross, 

Fred. G. Ross, 

Mrs. Mary F. Ross, 

Joseph Ross, 

Mrs. Joan Ross, 

Joseph F. Ross, 

Mrs. tlelene Ross, 

Dr. William 11. Russell, 

William S. Russell, 

William W. Russell, 

Daniel Safibrd, 

Emma Safibrd, 

Angus Savory, 

Charles A. Say ward, 

Mrs. Henrietta W. Say ward 

George A. Schofleld, 

Amos E. Scotton, 

Dexter M. Smith, 

Mrs. Olive P. Smith, 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaukling, 

George W. Starkey, 

Dr. Frank H. Stockwell, 

Mrs. Sadie B. Stockwell, 

Edward M. Sullivan, 

John J. Sullivan, 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 

Arthur L. Sweetser, 

John E. Tenney, 

Mrs. Annie T. Tenney, 

Samuel H. Thurston, 

Miss Ellen 11. Trask, 

Francis H. Wade, 

Miss Nellie F. Wade, 

Miss Emma E. Wait. 

Luther Wait, 

Rev. T. Frank Waters. 

Mrs. Adeline M. Waters, 

Miss Susan C. Whipple, 

Fred G. Whittier, 

Mrs Marianna Whittier, 

Miss Eva. Adams Willcomb, 

Chester P. Woodbury, 


Frederick J. Alley 

Mrs. Mary G. Alley 

Henry Brown* 

John B. Brown* 

Mrs. Lucy T. Brown* 

Frank T. Burnham . 

Rev. Augustine Caldwell 

Eben Caldwell 

Miss Florence F. Caldwell 

Ruius Choate 

E. Harry Cleg£ 

Dr. Richard H~ Derby 

. Hamilton, Mas>. 

Melrose, Mass. 
. Chicago, HI- 

So. Framingham, Mns>. 

Eliot, Me. 

Elizabeth, N. J- 

. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Essex. M:i>^- 

Gloucester, Mass, 

. New York, N. V. 

* Summer home in Ipswich. 



Joseph D. Dodge 
Mrs. Edith S. Dole . 
Arthur W. Dow* 
Joseph K. Farley 
Sylvanus C. Farley . 
Dr. E. S. Goodhue , 
Samuel V. Goodhue 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon 
Key. Horace C. Hovey 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey 
Gerald L. Hoyfc* 
Mrs. May Hoyt* 
Miss Julia Hoyt* 
Lydig Hoyt* 
Edward Kavanagh 
Arthur S Kimball 
Kev. John C. Kimball 
Rev. Frederic J Kinsman 
Mrs. Caroline E. Le Baron 
Mrs. Mary 73. Main . 
Miss Ileloise Meyer 
Mrs. Anna Osgood* . 
Rev. Robert B. Parker* 
Moritz B. Philipp* . 
Benjamin W. Pierson 
Fred. H. Plouff, 
A. Davidson Remick 
James E. Richardson 
Mrs. Lucv C. Roberts 
Mrs. E. M. H. Slade . 
Edward A. Smith 
Miss Elizabeth P. Smith 
Mrs. Harriette A. Smith* 
Henry P. Smith 
Rev. R. Cotton Smith* 
Mrs. Alice L. Story 
Rev. William H. Thayer* 
Bayard Tuckerman* 
Charles S. Tuckerman* 
Charles H. Tweed 
Miss Laura B. Underhill* 
Miss Martha E. Wade 
Miss Annie L. Warner 
M~s. Caroline L Warner 
Henrv C. Warner 
Wallace P. Willett . 
Mrs. Elizabeth Willett 
Robert D. Winthrop 
Chalmers Wood* 

Lynn, Mass. 
Newbury, Mass. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Lihue, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands. 
Alton, 111. 
Wailuku, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. 
Salem, Mass. 
Forest Grove, Ore. 
Newburyport, Mass. 
Lake Mohonk, N. Y. 
New York, N. Y. 

Essex, Mass. 

Oberlin, O. 

Sharon, Mass. 

Middlebury, Conn. 

Chardon, O. 

Middletown, Conn. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Orange, N. J. 

Providence, R. I. 

New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Mass. 

it a 

Salem, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Salem, Mass. 

«( 14 

New York, N. Y. 

Salem, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 

Essex, Mass. 

Southboro, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Mass. 

New York, N, Y. 

Somerville, Mass. 
Swampscott, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 


John Albree. Jr. 
William Sumner Appleton 
Miss Lucy Ham matt Brown 
Mrs. Edward Cordis 

Swampscott, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
(i it 

Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

* Summer home in Ipswich. 



Charles W. Darling 
Miss Caroline Farley 
Frank C. Farley 
Mrs. Katherine S. Farley 
Mrs. Eunice W. Feiton 
Jesse Fewkes . 
Reginald Foster 
Augustus P. Gardner 
Charles L. Goodhue 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray, 
Miss Emily R. Gray 
Arthur W. Hale 
Albert Farley Heard, 2d 
Otis Kimball 
Mrs. Otis Kimball 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball 
Frederick J. Kingsbury 
Miss Caroline T. Leeds 
Miss Katherine P. Loring 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring 
Mrs. Elizabeth R. Lyman 
Josiah II . Mann 
Miss Adeline E. Manning 
Henry S. Manning 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning 
George von L. Meyer 
Miss Esther Parmenter 
Mrs. Mary S. C. Peabody, 
Frederic II. Riuge 
Richard M. Saltou stall 
Denison R. Slade 
Joseph Spiiler 
Miss Ellen A. Stone 
Miss Ann II Treadwell 
Harry W. Tyler 
Albert Wade 
Edward P. Wade 
George Willcomb 
Robert C. Winthrop, Jr. 

Utica, N.Y. 

Cambridge, Mass. 
So. Manchester, Conn. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Newton, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Springfield, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

Sauquoit, N. Y. 

Winchester, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Water bury, Conn. 

Boston, Mass. 

. Brookline, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

. New York, N. Y. 
(< t« << 

Rome, Italy. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Boston, Mass. 

Center Harbor, N. H. 

Boston, Mass. 

East Lexington, Mass. 

Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Alton, 111. 

Boston, Mass. 

PUB1 W I HO ■'■■ OF : }}£ . 



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. IBEX GS AT TH! ' ■. ' ! 

DECEMBER ?. 1903- 





* V. 





I'diiilu^iiifciiuiiiluil [Ui»liL; 5 !UhB. 

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December 7,1903. 

Salem Vvces: 
The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 


OF IPSWICH, APRIL 13, 1903. 


The history of the various industrial arts of New 
England, is a subject which comes within the scope and 
province of the Historical Society of this old manufact- 
uring town. Ipswich, one of the old mother towns of 
New England, is also the mother of two industrial chil- 
dren, of which I propose to offer a few items of interest 
before this Honorable Society at this time. These two 
industries seem to have been born own sisters of the same 
family of the useful arts in our mother country England 
and were also twin children in Ipswich, during the decade 
from 1822 to 1832, when one, the liner and more beauti- 
ful, died a most unnatural and distressing death, and the 
other has grown more healthy, vigorous and prosperous, 
as the years have rolled on, up to the present day. 

These two textile children of Ipswich, are the Manu- 
facture of Hosiery and the Weaving of tine Laces by Ma- 

To understand the cause of this diversity of success in 
these two well projected, and well started schemes of la- 
bor, we must make a concise review of the origin and de- 
velopment of the machines connected therewith, and also 
give a sketch of that predecessor of the art of weaving 
line cloths, the earlier art of spinning fine thread. 


There are pictures cut in flat relief upon some of the 
monuments and temples of ancient Egypt, more than 



four thousand years before the Christian era, which rep- 
resent among other occupations of that early people, 
the spinning of thread and the weaving of cloth. There 
are also representations on the monuments of prehistoric 
Central America, of women operating with the primitive 
loom and spinning apparatus. Squier's Nicaragua, Vol. 1 , 
has a representation (copied from an ancient Mexican 
manuscript) of a woman weaving, and also of another 
woman spinning. Ancient records in China carry back 
the art of spinning and weaving to an antiquity dis- 
credited by many modern historians. These useful arts 
are prehistoric ; they date before any written history. 

About 550 B. C, Herodotus records, " Amasis the first 
plebeian King of Egypt, sent as a present to the Grecian 
temple at Lindus, a linen corslet of wonderful work- 
manship, each thread of which contained 300 filaments 
clearly to be distinguished. Figures were woven into the 
pattern of the linen and it was adorned with gold and 
cotton." Cotton was then a costly material lately introduced 
from India into Egypt and was used along with gold for 
the enrichment of the linen of this corslet. This is said 
to be the first historic reference to spinning and weaving : 
but there are in the Hebrew Bible references which may 
be older even than this. See Proverbs xxx, 19, Exodus 
xxxv, 25.* Spinning is alluded to by Homer. 

The implements of the spinners' art have been devel- 
oped from a very simple and crude beginning. The first 
spinning implement was probabty only a pebble stone 
taken from the ground, uncut and unfashioned in any way. 
The filament of wool or grass, or perhaps the inner bark 
of some fibrous plant or tree, was tied to it and twirled 
around with the hand, then doubled back, and by the 
returning whirl of the rock, was made into a double and 
twisted string fit for the bow of a hunter. Then came to 
the front the oldtime skillful inventor, some aboriginal 
Edison or Marconi, and improved this simple device by 
cutting a knob upon one end of the pebble for the con- 


♦Exodus xxxv: 25, " And all the women that were wise-hearted did spin with 
their hauds, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue and of purple, 
and of scarlet and of fine linen." 


venience of fastening upon it the thread already spun, and 
of winding the same while another length could be added. 
This method of spinning with a rock is even brought 
down to the present day in some of the aboriginal tribes. 
The Alaskan Indian, and some tribes of the Laplanders 
use a rock similar to the abundant Indian net sinkers, so 
called, or plummet formed stones, which are seen in all 
collections of Indian implements. 

From the primitive spinning rock, the next advance in 
the development of the implements of the spinners' art was 
the ancient spindle whorl, which is a round flat stone with 
a hole perforated in the centre to admit a wooden spindle. 
This spindle had a hook at the upper end up'on which to 

Fig. 1. 
Iudiau Spinning 
rock, from In- 
dian.[Mound in 
Ipswich, Mass. 

Fig. 2. 

Spinning whorl, 

from ancient 

Troy, A. D. 1184 

fasten the thread, after that already spun had been wound 
upon the spindle. This was used in connection with the 
distaff, which is a staff of wood fastened to the girdle, on 
which was bound the wool, flax or fiber which remained 
linspun. The spindle whorl or weight was intended to 
give the proper momentum to the spindle, as shown in 
Egyptian, Mexican, Chinese, East Indian, Central Amer- 
ican and Grecian representations of spinning. By this 
ancient method thread for fine lace was spun. 

Dr. Henry Schliemann, who excavated the buried cities 
of ancient Troy and Tyrins, found in Troy, as many as 
22,000 spindle whorls of stone and tei'ra cotta, once used 
by the women of that ancient city. In Mycenum and 
Tyrins, he found them also in great abundance. In his 
works published in 1870-71 and 1873, he illustrates 180 



different designs of ornamental spinning whorls, found by 
him. The markings pictured on these are probably the 
marks of ownership. The accompanying pen copy of the 

picture of a French fisherman's 
wife, spinning, gives a correct 
idea of the ancient method of 
spinning. The painting is by 
W. Slatterill. 

From pictures cut upon the 
rock temples of ancient Egypt, 
it seems that there was an in- 
termediate stage of the devel- 
opment of the spindle, between 
the simple rock and the metallic 
spindle whorl, of the spinners of 
ancient Greece and Rome, in 
which the weight is carried at the top of the spindle to 
give momentum. 

In 1530 there was published a work called Dictionary of 
Palsgrave, in which is this phrase, "I spynne upon a 
Eock." Aubrey tells us that " in Wiltshire the nuns of 

Fig. 3. 

Maya woman spinning, from 

Nicaragua, A. D. 1500. 

Fig. 4. 
Egyptians Spinning, from Monuments in Ancient Thebes, Egypt, B.C. 4000. 

St. Marys came forth with their rocks to spin." From 
the "Book of Days" I copy this: fr St. Distaffs day, 
January 7th. The ordinary spindle was a turned pin of a 
few inches in lenjrth having: a hook or nick at the small 


or upper end to fasten the thread and a load of some 
sort at the lower end to make it hang rightly. In very 
early times and among such rude nations as the Laps until 
more recent times the load was a stone, many examples 
of which are in museums now." I take from another 
work called "Every Day Book :" "January 7 th . St. Dis- 
taff's Day, or Eock Day. This day was so called in honor 
of the rock which is a distaff held in the hand from whence 
wool is spun by twirling a ball below." That ball may 
have been a rock, for Aubrey says, in a book called 
w The Natural History of Wiltshire :" " In old time they 
used to spin with rocks. In Staffordshire they use them 
still." In Scotland, when lads and lassies came together 
to spend a social evening, each lassie brought her spinning 
apparatus or rock, and the assemblage was called a "rock- 
ing." "On Fasten-e'en we had a rockin'. "* 

A German writer also calls it " Rocken, " a French writer 
" Je file au roche." I have seen the picture of an Abys- 
sinian woman which was drawn by a traveller in that 
country, in which she is shown as spinning with a crotched 
knot of wood, with her thread wound upon it ; this she 
is twirling in the same manner as the lassies, in the 
time of Robert Burns, did with their rocks. 

It would seem as if in Scotland the ancient name of 
"spinning rock," still clung to the spinning apparatus, 
even after the distaff and wheel were introduced, for we 
have, in the quaint verses of Robert Burns, several refer- 
ences to the rock in connection with the wheel. In "The 
Lass of Ecclefechan." 

" gat ye me \vi' naething? 
Rock and reel and spinnin wheel, 
A mickle quarter basin." 

and again in "Bessy and her spinnin wheel," 

"O leezeme on my spinnin wheel, 
O leeze me on my rock and reel ;" 

* Burns mentions the spinning rock in another of his verses "The Weary Pund 
o' Tow:" 

"Quoth I For shame ye dirty dame, 
Gae spin your tap o' tow ! 
She took the rock and wi' a knock 
She brak it o'er my pow." 




The next stage in the art is the wheel. There is in the 
British Museum a MS. written early in the fourteenth 
century, in which are several representations of a woman 
spinning with a wheel. From the Dictionary of Origins, 
we have : " A spinning wheel is said to have been in- 
vented in 1533 by a citizen of Brunswick, England," 
The first spinning wheel was called a "Tarn."* 

Some of these ancient spinners, by 
hand methods, were extremely skill- 
ful in the manipulation of the wheel. 
Aubrey says, in Book of Days, "In 
the year 1745, a woman of East 
Dareham spun a single pound of wool 
into a thread 84,000 yards long, 
nearly 48 miles, upon a spinning 
wheel. Since that time a young lady 
of Norwich, England, has spun a 
pound of combed wool (or worsted) 
into a thread 168,000 yards long and 
another 203,000 yards, nearly 115 
miles ; this thread if woven would 
make 200 yards of yard-wide muslin." 

When the ladies of Ipswich are using thread number- 
ing 100 or 150 they think it fine sewing. I had a letter 
sent me by a former editor of the Ipswich Chronicle, in 
which was contained a sample of cotton thread he had 
obtained from the Willimantic Cotton Mills, as a sample 
. of the finest thread spun in this country. This was No. 250. 
The sample of the thread used by the factory, which wove 
lace in Ipswich seventy-five years ago and some of which I 
have brought for your inspection, is No. 3G5, three ply 

Fig. 5. 

Spinning Wheel, 
A. D. 1530. 

* The spinning wheel of the fourteen century, called a " Tarn," was a simple 
wheel with a crank upon one side of the axle upon which it turned, and a spindle 
similar to the spindle used with the spindle whorl of the earlier times projecting 
from the opposite axle, upon which the liber was twisted by the turning of the 

The spinning wheel with its independent spindle driven by a band from the 
larger wheel did not develop until nearly a century after the " Tarn" came into 
use. Thus we have the progressive stages in the spinner's art: 1st, the rock; 2d 
the plummet-formed rock; 3d, the spindle whorl of ancient Troy and Egypt; 
4th, the tarn; 5th, the colonial spinning wheel; 6th, the modern spinning-jenny, 
and ring spinning machine turned by power. 


linen thread. It rivals in fineness the work of the spider 
or the silkworm. 

As the introduction of lace weaving into this country in 
1820, and into this town of Ipswich in 1822, came to grief 
through the dependence of that art, upon the preliminary 
art of spinning extremely fine thread, we have given thus 
far, our attention to the implements for making the thread 
from which lace and cloths were woven in old times. 


I must now go back in time, and take up the evolution 
and development of the art of weaving hosiery, as that also 
leads into the lace, and into the hosiery industry of this 
town of Ipswich. 

There were no woven stockings in England prior to 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The art of knitting stock- 
ings is supposed by some to have originated in Scotland, 
about A. D. 1500. Howell's History of the World, printed 
in 1680, says that " Henry the Eighth wore cloth stock- 
ings except there came from Spain by chance a pair of 
silk stockings." Spain therefore claims the art. 

The first stockings knit in England were made by 
William Kyders in 1564. He had seen a pair of Italian 
knit stockings which he borrowed and copied. The first 
stocking machine was invented in 1595 by William Lee, 
a student in the college in Cambridge, England. Having 
broken a law of that institution by taking to himself a 
wife, he was expelled, and she, to keep them from starva- 
tion, like a true woman took up the then fashionable art 
of knitting stockings as a means of support. While 
watching her nimble fingers and clicking needles, he de- 
vised a machine which would knit all the stitches around 
the stocking in about the same time in which she was 
making a single stitch. This was in Nottingham in 1595. 
He applied to Queen Elizabeth for a patent, but could not 
obtain one, neither would King James grant a monopoly, 
as the pretext of taking work from the poor by the ma- 
chine was offered in opposition. He therefore carried it 
to France. He established his machines at Rouen, but the 


political troubles, which resulted in the murder of Henry 
IV of France, his patron, destroyed Lee's prospects there. 
He was proscribed as a Protestant, and was obliged to seek 
concealment in Paris, where he died in poverty and dis- 
tress. Lee's brother and all the workmen but two returned 
to London, in 1621. These two retained a machine, 
which was afterwards sold to go to Venice for £500 ; but 
it could not be kept in repair, and the art came to a stand 
in that city. 

England thereafter became the sole custodian of the 
art of making hosiery by machine. A patent was ob- 
tained in 1663. The Corporation for the working of this 
art established itself in London, and its work was carried 
on in Nottingham, Leicester and Derby, where subordi- 
nate companies were formed, and these towns became 
the center of the hosiery industry in England. These 
stockingers of Nottingham, about 1768, began to make 
open-work with various devices attached to the stocking 
machine in imitation of pillow lace. One named Hammon 
was so successful that others were led to attempt lace 
making. In their leisure hours, they amused themselves 
trying to make the true hexagon mesh, a thing not yet 
accomplished by machinery. 

In 1782 the "warp machine " was introduced by which 
a number of threads, corresponding to the number of 
needles, was wound upon a warp beam and this was at- 
tached to the ordinary stocking machine, which had hither- 
to used but a single thread. This, with the Dorson wheels 
attachment, which admitted a greater variety in the orna- 
mentation of the work, and also the tickler attachment to 
the stocking machine, invented about the same time, 
brought into the markets of England a great quantity of 
cheap material in imitation of the more expensive pillow 

, These experiments in making open-work upon the 
stocking machines, by the stocking weavers of Notting- 
ham, created an intense feeling of jealousy among the 
pillow-lace makers of Nottingham and the surrounding 
towns. It occasioned the formation of labor societies, or 
guilds, as the labor unions were at that time called, and 


the lace guild assumed a right to make upon the pillows 
all lace used in the British dominions, and they resolved 
to maintain this assumed right by force if necessary. 


The origin of the manufacture of pillow lace is lost in 
the dim obscurity of the past. It may well be called one 
of the fine arts as it has exercised the refined taste and 
exquisite skill, of many of the most excellent minds since 
the beginning of history. 

The monuments of ancient Egj^pt show female figures 
clothed in a fabric similar to modern lace, in which the 
outlines of the form are seen through the dress. Lace 
was worn by the ladies of ancient Greece and Rome. 
It is spoken of in English history in 1483. In 1614 the 
manufacture of lace was carried on in Nottingham and 
Bedfordshire in England. Some of the products of the 
pillow were extremely delicate and expensive. Almost the 
entire population of these towns was more or less inter- 
ested in lace making upon the pillow, at this time. 

The pillow for making lace was a cushion covered with 
a strip of parchment upon which a pattern was drawn. 
To form the mesh, pins w r ere stuck into the pattern. To 
each pin, a thread was attached, Avound upon a spool or 
bobbin. The bobbins were allowed to fall down on each 
side of the pillow, and were changed from side to side and 
intertwisted as the work progressed. As the meshes were 
made they were secured by pins, until the next meshes 
were made, and so on across the width of the piece of 
the lace. A piece of lace one inch wide would have fifty 
or sixty bobbins and threads, which would make twenty- 
five or thirty meshes, 625 meshes to each square inch, or 
22,000 meshes to the yard. The different kinds of 
lace were called Brussels, Mechlin, Valenciennes, Lisle, 
Xlencon blonde and Alencon point. 

As 1 have before mentioned, it is said that lace was 
made by machines as early as 17(58 by a stocking weaver 
named Hammon and his success led other stockingers to 
attempt making imitation lace on the stocking machines. 



The warp machine for making imitation lace was intro- 
duced in 1782. In 1799 the first bobbin-net was made by 


Also two plans of the fabric, before and after it is stretched into 
proper shape, full size. 

— . __„,,.—_ . 

■ • - -^-. V ■ !» ■ ■. «»! » .» W j , .». .W 

gi,w«: rrrnn ~*~- r~~~ ■ ' 


machinery. By these machines the stocking weavers made 
an inferior quality of lace, and could undersell the pillow 
lace makers, whereby the demand for this kind was in- 
creased and Nottingham became the center of a thriving 
trade in this class of goods. No successful attempt to 
make the true bobbin-net lace with the hexagonal mesh, 
Avas made until 1809, when Mr. Heathcoat patented a ma- 
chine, which is said to have been suggested by a workman 
making fish nets. The idea occurred to him that, by using 
parallel warp threads and threads wound upon bobbins 
arranged to pass through between and twist around the 
threads of the warp, the true hexagonal mesh could be 
produced b} r machine. 


To illustrate the action of the lace machine, I have 
made a rough drawing of the working parts of the machine, 
showing the manner in which the bobbins of the weft 
traversed from the comb on one side of the warp threads 


A is a beam near the bottom of the machine upon which the warp 

threads are wound. 
Bl and B2 are the bobbins in their carriages upon which the 

threads of the weft are wound. 
Jl and J 2 are combs into which the carriages with their bobbins 

traverse from the teeth of the comb on one side to the teeth 

of the opposite comb which are marked Jl and J2. These 

comb bars also traverse endwise. 
I and I are push-bars which are bolted to a swinging frame 

which pushes the carriages and their bobbins from the teeth of 

one comb to those of the opposite comb. 
Gl and G2 are points which enter the mesh as it is formed and 

close it to its proper size. 
El, E2, and F are tension rollers to draw the finished lace from 

the machine as it is woven before it is wound on the lace 
/ beam which is marked D, on the plan. 
LI and L2 are supplementary push bars which engage and hold 

the bobbin carriage at certain stages of the work. 
K1K2 are guides to conduct the warp threads into a proper position i 

the machine. 
H H Swinging frame to which push bars I I are fastened. 




into the comb upon the opposite side of the warp threads, 
and then side wise, like the change in a cotillion called "Back 
to back." This movement was repeated three times and then 
the bobbin and its carriage passed on again to repeat their 
"Back to back" movements with the next thread of the 

The partners in this textile cotillion, numbering, for yard 
wide lace, one thousand weft threads, and one thousand 
warp threads, all moved simultaneously and a yard of yard- 


Bobbin Carriage, full size. 

Fig. 5. 


Lace Bobbin, full size. 


The Bobbin and Bobbin Carriage marked B 1 and B 2 on Plan of the Lace Machine. These 
bobbins are wound with, and carry the threads of the weft through and around the threads of 
the warp to form the mesh or stitch of the Lace. 

wide lace could be woven in the time taken to make by 
pillow, six inches of one-inch-wide lace. The warp beam 
upon which the threads of the warp were wound was 
placed near the bottom of the machine. These threads 
first passed through guide needles, then upwards to the 
* center upon which the swinging frame of the push bars 
swung, near which the lace mesh was formed (marked H). 
The finished lace was then wound upon a beam near the 
top of the machine. This forward and back movement 
of the carriages with their bobbins, and this right and left 



movement of the combs containing them were repeated 
to the end of the piece of yard wide lace woven. There 
was also a row of pointed needles upon each side near the 
place where the twist of the mesh was formed. Those 
upon one side entered below the twist last formed and, 
rising, closed it up, then held it until the next twist was 
formed, when the needles on the other side engaged in 
the same manner, each of these working alternately, and 
the size of the mesh conformed to the sectional size of 
the needles or points. The lace was therefore called ff Point 
net lace" as the size of the mesh was governed by the size 
of the points of the machine which made it. There were 
two other machines which came out about this time vary- 
ing somewhat, but using the same general arrangement of 
parts. This machine was successful and so far affected the 
pillowlace makers, that they organized themselves into a 
society to suppress by force the making of lace by ma- 

The lace makers and stocking weavers who came to 
Ipswich in 1818 and 1822 were men who were employed 
in the two factories of Mr. Heathcoat in Nottingham in 
1816, in making lace upon the new lace machines, and 
were subject to the enmity, annoyance and crime of this 
Secret Society. 


It has been truly said that history repeats itself. I 
will quote an account of the Luddite labor troubles in 
Nottingham, which influenced the lace weavers to emigrate 
to this country, in 1818—22,* 

" The Luddite riots in Nottinghamshire, England, com- 
menced March 11, 1811 and continued through a period 
of live years. The first was at Arnold, near Nottingham, 
where the unemployed stocking knitters were, for a paltry 
sum, employed to sweep the streets, and do menial work. 
By the 11th of March, their patience being exhausted, they 
assembled at midnight and smashed 60 frames, and 2(H) 

* "Book of Days, March 11, page 357." 



other frames were destroyed in a similar manner during 
the succeeding three weeks. 

" These riotous stockingers assumed the name of Lud- 
dites, a name said to be derived from a boy named Ludlam, 
who, when his father, a framework weaver, in Lei- 
cestershire, ordered him to 'square his needles, ' took his 
hammer and beat them into a heap." 

The usual plan of operation was to assemble at night 
armed with swords and pistols, hammers and axes, under 
the leadership of one man who was styled "Ned Ludd." Each 
man was distinguished by a number, instead of name, 
and all were disguised. They proceeded to the place of de- 
struction and those armed with weapons surrounded and 
guarded the place, while those With hammers entered and 
smashed the needles and sinkers of the frames with un- 
sparing hands. When this destruction was completed, they 
would reassemble at a short distance and call a roll of the 
numbers, each answering to his number. If all were there 
a pistol was fired and, removing the black handkerchiefs 
from their faces, they departed to their homes, keeping 
the most profound secrecy- 

To detect the ringleaders of these rioters, the Govern- 
ment organized a secret committee, which was supplied 
with a large sum of money, for the purpose of obtaining 
information, but in spite of these efforts the devastations 
continued from time to time. 

On Sunday night Nov. 10, a party of Luddites pro- 
ceeded to the village of Bulwell, to destroy the frames of 
Mr. HoIIings worth, who, in anticipation of their visit, as- 
sembled some of his friends with fire arms to defend 
the property. Many shots were fired, and one John 
Westly w r as mortally w T ounded, which so enraged the mob 
that they forced an entrance, and soon destroyed not only 
the frames, but every article of furniture about the place. 
Soon after that at Sutton, 37 frames were destroyed. 
The military took several prisoners here, four of whom 
w r ere committed for trial. On Sunday Nov. 24, at Bask- 
ford, 34 frames were destroyed, and 11 more the following 
day. On Dec. 6, a proclamation ordered all persons to- 
remain in their homes after 10 o'clock, and all public 


houses closed, and the streets were patrolled by police and 
military. Notwithstanding these precautions, there were 
36 frames destroyed in the villages around Nottingham, 
during the next six days. 

A reward of £50 for the apprehension of any of the 
offenders was offered by the Government, but this only 
excited these men to further deeds of daring. They 
began to rob and plunder, declaring they could not starve 
in a land of plenty. On the 30th of July, 1812,'lhese labor 
troubles had compelled no less than 4,348 families, 15,350 
persons, nearly one-half of the inhabitants of Nottingham, 
to be applicants for relief out of the poor rates. A large 
subscription was raised to offer more liberal rewards for 
the suppression of these daring outrages, and seven of 
the rioters were apprehended and sent to Botany Bay, or 

In March, 1812, an Act of Parliament was passed, mak- 
ing it an offence punishable with death to break a stocking 
or lace machine. In April, a Mr. Trentham, a manufac- 
turer, was shot while standing at his own door; but the 
wound did not prove fatal. The offender was never 
brought to justice, although £600 were offered for his 
apprehension. These riotous proceedings continued until 
October 1816, when they finally ceased. 

Upwards of 1000 stocking frames and a number of lace 
machines were destroyed by these organized stocking 
knitters and pillow-lace makers in Nottinghamshire alone ; 
and in Derby, Leicestershire and York counties, also 
there were many destroyed. One of Mr. Heathcote's fac- 
fories was entered by the Luddites. The machines were 
all destroyed, and the watchman shot and killed. 

Many of the skilled workmen, who had formerly been 
employed by him in making machine lace, being thrown 
out of employment, resolved to emigrate to this country, 
and to start for themselves this new industry in this 
free country, leaving behind them, forever, these trouble- 
some conditions of the trade, in which they had passed 
the early part of their lives, to take with them the tools 
of their trade, and to become naturalized citizens of the 
country of their adoption. This resolution was carried 




out to the letter. They could not do otherwise. Thev 
arrived in 1818-20 and 1822. 

Many of the hosiery weavers as well, thrown out of em- 
ployment by this wholesale slaughter of their stocking 
frames, not finding sufficient protection from riotous mobs 
of unemployed stocking knitters and pillow-lace- weavers, 
resolved to emigrate to America. Had the wealthy 
gentlemen and nobility of England devoted the funds 
collected to punish these poor knitters to charitable 
efforts to furnish employment for them, at more than 
starvation prices, these labor outrages could not have 

Prior to 1818 there were no stocking machines in this 
country, although strenuous efforts were made to get 
them. In 1776 the Committee of Safety had appropriated 
£300 to Mr. Coxendfer of Maryland, Frederic County, to 
establish a stocking factory, and the Society of Arts in 
New York had offered a prize of £10 for the fust three 
stocking frames of iron set up in that year. The prizes 
were not claimed. 

The British government, ever extremely careful of its 
textile industries was especially so of its hosiery, and of its 
newly introduced lace manufacture at Nottingham. . In 
order to keep these in England, excessive duties had been 
put upon the exportation of the machinery required in 
these industries. These had been from time to time in- 
creased, until they amounted to actual prohibition. 

Every obstacle was placed in the way of skilled workers 
in these branches of industry, to prevent them from leav- 
ing the country, and especially their emigration to the 
United States of America. A penalty of £40 for the ex- 
portation of a stocking machine existed till 1788. It was 
then increased from time to time till it amounted to a pro- 
hibitory duty and the penalty for exporting lace machinery 
in 1818 amouuted to an excessive tine of £500, much 
beyond the means of the ordinary workman to pay, and 
transportation for a term of years if payment was not 
made. The agitation of the labor question, at about this 
time, and the recent Luddite troubles furnished a pre- 
text for extremely stringent laws in this respect. 


In the face of all this, as we have said, some of the 
better class of the lace weavers and stocking weavers 
resolved to come and bring the tools of their trade with 
them, even if these excessive fines had to be paid. The 
first delegation of these men had enough of King George's 
pictures in yellow metal, in their pockets, to brave the 
consequences. It is an open secret, that some of these 
golden pictures were actually used to facilitate the trans- 
portation of the tools and effects ot these skillful men to 
America. I have heard it boldly said that the bobbins, 
points, guides and needles of lace stocking machines came 
into Boston in 1818 and 1822, secreted in pots of good 
Yorkshire butter. Whether these pots of butter paid an 
export duty to the British Government I am unable to 

The first stocking machine, which reached this part of 
the country, came out of England from Liverpool, in 
1818. Some incidents in the history of this machine are 
interesting. It was first bought in Nottingham, then 
packed in two boxes and sent to a framesmith to be re- 
paired and repacked for its trip to America. It was then sent 
to Liverpool and left upon the wharf where an old brig 
was lying, being laden with salt stowed loosely in bulk. 
It was taken by a stevedore and placed upon the 
keelson away up in the bows of the ship, and packed deep 
in the salt. The brig dropped down to the mouth of 
the harbor, and was overhauled and inspected thoroughly 
(as they thought) by the Custom House men. Trunks and 
boxes were inspected and long sticks run into the salt but 
these two boxes with the adventurous machine escaped 

Its passage in the brig, which was destined to a south- 
ern port, was a stormy one. She was driven out of her 
course several times, by adverse winds, for over sixty 
days. Then, when some miles outside of Massachusetts 
Bay, she was spoken by a schooner bound for Boston, to 
which the machine and its adventurous owners were 
transferred, and the brig, with her lost reckoning rectified, 
and her mechanical " Jonah " not overboard, but reshipped 
on an American schooner, went on her southbound way 


rejoicing, no doubt. The schooner arrived in Boston on 
Sept. 4, 1818. The boxes were put upon a produce wagon, 
carted to Watertown, and carefully unloaded at a little 
house by the river, near the present Etna Mills. AVhen 
the boxes were opened it was found that one of the most 
important parts of the machine was missing. Its sinker 
bar and all its sinkers had been left behind in England. 

By the ingenuity and skill of one of its owners, these 
were replaced during the first winter in its new home ; 
then it was used under the management of its two owners, 
six hours on and six hours off, through the day and night, 
for the greater part of its two first years in this country. 
It was then there came the lace makers, and the starting 
of the Lace Factory in Watertown, which gave it a long 
time of rest, but it finally reached Ipswich to do duty 
while the New England lace company was getting a foot- 
hold in this good old town. 

This machine was brought to Ipswich in 1822 by Ben- 
jamin Fewkes and George Warner, its joint owners. I 
have been told that the first pair of stockings, woven upon 
this machine in Ipswich, were made by Mr. Benjamin 
Fewkes, Sr., in the kitchen of a house, which then stood 
upon the site of the present South Congregational meet- 
ing house. 

The successful transfer of this first stocking machine 
furnished a clew to others, who were anxious to get the 
lace machines introduced into this country. The essential 
and more delicate parts of the lace machines were brought 
over concealed in the effects of the lace weavers from 
Heathcoat's factories, who came in numbers soon after this 
time. In this, instance the more bulky heavy bars and 
frame work of the lace machines w T ere constructed here, 
from drawings and ideas of skilled machinists who came 
over about the same time. A factory was brought into 
successful operation in Watertown near the Newton bound- 
dary line, by the capital engaged in the enterprise, and the 
lace machines were in working order in the spring of 1820, 
where they continued till 1822. 

A gentleman of Ipswich, Mr. Augustine Heard, and 
others, becoming interested in the enterprise, the machines 

- • • ""f"CT 


were removed to Ipswich, and located in the building 
nearest the mill dam and foot bridge, on the south side 
of the river in 1824. This company was called the Boston 
and Ipswich Lace Company. Another rival company, of 
which Dr. Thomas Manning and others were promoters 
and stockholders, was started in 1828. This was called 
the New England Lace Company. This new company 
located itself upon the old Dr. Manning homestead on High 
street, the site of the residence of the late Joseph Ross, 
Esq. This building has been remodelled and beautified 
with architectural elegance by the its recent proprietor. 
The west front room was used for the weaving room ; the 
front chamber over this was used for warping, winding 
and mending the lace ; the rear lower rooms, west, were 
used for washing and for a machine shop. The east rooms 
were the residence of Mr. Clark the superintendent. Mr. 
Fewkes was a stockholder and worked in each of these 
three factories. 

The names of the persons employed by this lace enter- 
prise in Ipswich were as follows : — 

Sup't, John Clark ; machinists, James Peatfield, Joseph 
Peatfield, Sanford Peatfield ; lace weavers, Benjamin 
Fewkes, Samuel Gadd, George Gadd, James Clark, John 
Trueman,Mr. Watts, George Warner, Samuel Hunt, Sr., 
John Morley, James Cartwright, Sr., Charles Bamford, 
Sr.,and Mr. Harrison. The warpers and winders were 
young men and boys as follows: Thomas and William 
Gadd, William and Henry Fewkes, Samuel Hunt, Jr., 
Charles Bamford, Jr., and others. There were also em- 
ployed many women and girls, mending, embroidering and 
washing lace, who were mostly the wives and daughters 
of the workmen and some others of Ipswich birth whose 
names 1 am unable to give. 

The managers of the lace enterprise also made an effort 
looking to the introduction of a silk industry in Ipswich. 

Mr. Augustine Heard (I have been told), who was one 
of the first movers of the Lace Company, imported from 
China in one of his vessels some eggs of the mulberry 
Moth (Bombyxmori). The transportation of the eggs 
was accomplished by packing them in small silk bags which 
were worn about the person of the Chinaman who brought 


them. This was done to ensure the proper temperature 
for them on the voyage, as the temperature during some 
of the colder days was too low to ensure their safe 
transportation without this precaution. These were put 
in charge ot Mr. Clark the superintendent of the lace fac- 
tory, and a room was set apart for them in the factory 
ard kept at the proper temperature to hatch the eggs. 
Prior to this time, a nurseryman in Newton, Mr. William 
Kendrick, had planted a large stock of white mulberry 
trees (Morus alba), a native tree of China, and had ad- 
vertised the same largely in all the papers of the day. In 
fact a furor for silk raising had been created, not unlike 
the celebrated Tulip mania in Holland several years 
previous. Great quantities of these trees were sold and, 
among others, Dr. Manning became interested. He had 
the side hill in the rear of the Old Manning homestead 
graded and terraced, and planted with these trees of the 
white mulberry. When the eggs of the mulberry moth 
came into town these trees had attained two or three years 
of growth. 

When the writer was a small boy, I think it was in the 
spring of 1832, his father took him with others to the 
lace factory, now the estate of the late Joseph Ross, 
to see the machines weaving lace. Mr. Clark escorted the 
party through the works, showing and describing the 
different machines and processes by which the lace was 
woven, cleansed, mended and wrought, to get it into a 
marketable condition. He then took them into a room 
set apart from the others, in which were a number of cases 
containing trays, the bottoms of which were made of lace. 
These were covered with young and tender green leaves, 
upon which were innumerable worms like caterpillars, 
all voraciously eating the leaves. In some of the trays 
the w r orms were as large as an ordinary appletree caterpil- 
lar, nearly one and a half inches long. From this size 
they varied, in other trays, to about one quarter of an 
inch in length. Each tray seemed to be occupied with 
similar worms representing different ages of the hatch. 
Mr. Clark said the larger worms were fed with the older - 
leaves, while the younger required the more delicate, 
younger foliage. As I remember their appearance, the 


more mature and larger worms, scattered over the green 
leaves, were of a golden yellow color. In some of the 
trays the worms had nearly finished eating and would 
soon begin to spin their cocoons. He also showed the 
party cocoons all formed and showed how readily the silk 
could be unwound from the cocoon in one continuous 
thread. The temperature of the room in which these 
silkworms were kept was much higher than that of other 
rooms. He then escorted the party out through the gar- 
den in the rear of the factory to a terrace at the foot 
of the hill where the young mulberry trees were growing 
and showed them where the tender leaves had been 
gathered. I cannot tell how many seasons this experiment 
was continued ; probably it was abandoned at the time the 
lace works closed, I think in the winter of 1832-3. 

• This Company continued its factory in operation till 
1832, when it failed to procure the usual supply of 
thread, which had been imported from England. Linen 
thread of sufficient fineness for the work could not at that 
time be spun in this country, owing chieiiy to the dry 
atmosphere. It was. always spun by secret methods in 
damp cellars in England and France. The British govern- 
ment, finding that the lace machines and workmen had 
really escaped to this country, and that lace was being- 
woven from imported thread, put an excessive export duty 
upon thread, and allowed manufactured lace to go out free. 
This ruined the industry of lace weaving in Ipswich, and 
its promoters lost their investment. 

Finding themselves out of employment, the lace-makers 
returned to their old business of weaving hosiery. Many 
of them went to Germantown, Pa., where some imported 
frames were in use, and others to Portsmouth, N. H., 
where some frames had been introduced, during the term 
of the lace industry in Ipswich. Some of the most skill- 
ful remained in Ipswich, and in 1832, the Peatiield 
brothers made for Mr. Benjamin Fewkes two new stock- 
ing frames, which were the first made in New England, 
and I think the first made in this country. He began the 
manufacture of hosiery in a small shop on High St. near 
his dwelling. Mr. George Warner established a similar 
shop on the site of the Damon Block, directly opposite 

I 1 


the B. & M. R. R. station. He bought the interest of Mr. 
Fewkes in the original machine, but sold it to Mr. John 
Bilson, with whom it went back to Newton in 1840. Mr. 
Samuel Hunt, Sen., began work in a shop on East St. in 
the rear of his dwelling, and Mr. Charles Bamford, Sen., 
in the shop still standing in the rear of his dwelling, the 
old Frisbie house on County St. Each of these stocking 
makers had only two machines. 

It is said that Timothy Bay ley, of Albany was the first 
to put power to the Lee frame, in 1831. I know that in 
1 834 James and Sanford Peatiield of Ipswich had a rotary 
warp frame in successful operation in the Old Saw Mill 
building by the Cove in Ipswich. Jesse Fewkes at that 
time was their "Winder Lad" and can vouch for the age 
of this great improvement in warp machines. They also 
invented a round knitting machine in 1841 or about that 

The Census Report of 1900 says, "The only stocking 
factory in the United States in 1831 was the Newburyport 
Hose Manufacturing Company." Ipswich I think is en- 
titled to the credit of manufacturing stockings by ma- 
chine nine years prior to this first recorded date, and in 
1833 there Avere four well-started hosiery manufactories in 
this town. It is true that these were small but they were 
the seed from which has grown a mighty creation, a tex- 
tile giant. The total amount invested in this industry in 
the United States in 1900 was $95,482,556. There were 
employed in that year 69,829 machines, operated by 
83,387 ^'persons and the value of its production for that 
year was $95,482,566. In Massachusetts alone the capi- 
tal employed was $6,288,675. There were 6,667 work- 
men employed and 5,003 machines, and they produced 
$6,620,257 worth of hosiery goods, in 54 establishments 
or factories. 

The American inventor has made great improvements 
on the old English method of hosiery making. The 
American "Latch Needle" which came out somewhere 
in the forties of the last century, was a most simple and 
effective device, which completely revolutionized the 
machines for the manufacture of hosiery. The Lee stock- 
ing frame had remained for nearly 250 years in practically 

- *^^i 


the same stage of development; all improvements on the 
original device during this time had been merely accesso- 
ries to the old machine, but the introduction of the latch 
needle made possible the rotary knitting machine and, 
consequently, automatic action in all its parts, and steam 
power for its motive. 

The census of 1900 gives the entire number of Latch 
needle machines in this country at that time as 55,816, 
while the entire number of machines weaving hosiery 
with the old-fashioned Beard needle was 14,013, which 
fact speaks well for the American inventor's work. 

The more beautiful and artistic industry, the weaving 
of fine laces by machines, has never recovered in Ipswich 
form the disastrous failure it experienced and it remains 
an unexplored but inviting field of industr}' on this side 
the Atlantic. 



At the very beginning of the settlement of our Town, 
a grist mill was an imperative necessity, and at the first 
Town meeting of which definite record remains in 1634, 
"Itt is concluded and consented unto that Mr. John Spen- 
cer and Mr. Nicholas Easton shall have libertye to build 
a Mill and a Ware uppon the Town River, about the falles 
of it uppon this condicon, that they shall pte with an equal 
share of theire Fish to all the inhabitants of this Town if 
they bee demanded att five shill. a thousand more or less 
according to the com on price of the Countrye." The 
"Falls" alluded to, were probably only rapids, but various 
allusions to removing rocks about the dam indicate that 
in its natural state, our River ran rapidly in a rock}^ bed, 
where the large dam stands, and lower down, in the rocky 
gulch by the saw mill. This was the natural location for 
a dam, and the fish "ware" was established for the taking 
of the shad and alewives which ascended the stream 
in great numbers. The original grantees left the Town, 
perhaps before the dam and grist mill were built, and 
Mr. Richard Saltonstall, son of Sir Richard, and one 
of the most important citizens of our Town succeeded 
to the grant. The dam was constructed at about the 
place where the new dam stands, we may suppose, and 
the grist mill was probably near the spot now occupied 
by the old stone mill. For many years, Mr. Saltonstall en- 
joyed a monopoly of the business. Corn was brought to 
mill from the whole great township to be ground into In- 
dian meal, the great food staple of the time. At length 
complaints were made about the miller, that he was un- 
skillful, and disobliging, and a communication from the 
"Worshipful Richard Saltonstall Esq." then in England 
was received and entered on the Town Record in 1671, 
promising that a skillful and acceptable miller, should be 



sent. But there were many apparently, who were not so 
easily satisfied, and the Town declared that the number of 
inhabitants was too great for one Indian corn mill. In ref- 
erence to this demand, Mr. Saltonstall asked and received 
liberty in April 1682, to build another grist mill, near 
Sergeant Clark's. Thos. Clark owned and occupied the 
northeast corner of Summer and Water Sts. by the river 
side, and the scheme of a mill contemplated a dam across 
the river at this point, and the utilizing of the tides. The 
privilege was granted "provided he have gates eighteen or 
twenty feet wide, to let up canoes or boats loaded into the 
cove and to let out boats and canoes when the tide serves." 

Jonathan Wade and others opposed this, and the reason 
may have been that he had received in 1673, "that little 
island of rocks at the falls, in exchange for so much to 
enlarge the highway by the windmill* provided he hinder 
no man from taking away loose rocks, nor hinder fish 
ways, nor making of a bridge, nor prejudice the mills," 
and in 1649, he had received permission to set up a saw 
mill, which may have been built at this point. Cornet 
Whipple had also received permission in 1673 to build a 
fulling mill, "at the smaller falls, by Ezekiel Wood ward's 
house," provided Mr. Saltonstall's grist mill at the upper 
falls and another fulling mill already begun, at the upper 
fall probably, were not "prejudiced." A dam lower down 
the river naturally threatened the privileges of the mills 
on the island. Nothing resulted from this scheme of a 
tide mill, and in 1686, as the need of another mill was 
increasingly pressing, the selectmen granted liberty to 
any one to build a grist mill at the falls, "by or near Good- 
man Rust," "provided they damnify not the upper grist 

In March 1686/7, "Sar. Nicholas Wallis" received per- 
mission " to improve the water by damming in the river 
against his own land, not exceeding three foot for the 
building a fulling mill or mills, provided he do it within 
a year and a half." He lived near the present Norwood 
mills. In 1667, for the convenience of this neighbor- 

* The windmill was built undoubtedly on " Wind-mill Hill." The date of its 
erection is not known. 



hood, " John Addams, Nath. Addams, Samuel Addams, 
Joseph Safford, Nicholas Wall is and Thomas Stace, upon 
consideration of there building a bridge over the river at 
there own expense," were "freed from working in the 
common highway for 7 years to come." A corn mill was 
erected as well, perhaps by John Adams, as John Adams, 
Sen., conveyed his property to John, Jun., including 
" half the land the corn mill stands " in April, 1698. The 
deed mentions " the little dam." The grist mill and a 
saw mill, known as "Adams's Mills," were sold by the 
widow to Paul Dodge in 1750. 

His son Barnabas succeeded him, and David, son of 
Barnabas, sold to Ammi Smith in 1827, and the Smith heirs 
to Caleb and Jerome Norwood in 1868. The sawing of 
fine veneers was carried on with success. The fulling 
mill was operated by the Warners, and William Warner 
added a carding machine prior to 1794. This property 
was conveyed by the Warner heirs to Ammi Smith, in 
1858. The water power once utilized for the fulling and 
scouring mill, and the carding of wool, is now used by 
the isinglass factory. A saw mill also is still in use- 

In the year 1687, Nehemiah Jewet was granted leave 
to dam the Egypt River and build a grist mill, and in 
1691, Thomas Boreman received permission to seta grist 
mill on Labour-in- vain Creek, provided he built within 
two years. The mill on Egypt river was built, near the 
residence of Mr. John Tenney, and some faint remains 
are still visible. There is no evidence of which lam 
aware, that Mr. Boreman ever built. 

The presumption is rather against this, as Col. Salton- 
stall, son of Richard, received permission anew in June, 
1695, to utilize the location by Sergeant Clark's. Renewed 
opposition was made to this project in a written document 
signed by many, who protested that this grant should not 
be voted. 

" 1. Because it stops a navigable river. 

" 2. Because it will damnifie Col. Saltonstall's grant. 
(t. e. the upper mill privilege, I presume). 

" 3. Because severall other places which will answer ye 
Town's ends are proposed, which will do less damage to 


Apparently no further steps were taken by Col. Salton- 
stall, as permission was granted March 24, 1696, to Ed- 
mund Potter and others to set up a dam and grist mill on 
Mile Brook, "not to damnify Col. Appleton's saw-mill." 
The grist mill was located on the spot where the old mill 
still stands on the Oliver Smith farm. Col. Appleton's 
saw mill was a little to the eastward of the bridge over 
Mile River. Still there was a cry for a mill by Sergeant 
Clark's, and again, on Nov. 4, 1696, it was voted, " Two 
or three persons that are so minded shall have liberty to 
erect a mill and raise a dam across }*e River by or near ye 
house where John Clark, Carpenter, formerly lived." 
But no mill was built, and eventually the 'privilege at the 
Lower Falls was improved by Robert Calef who received 
permission in March 1714/15. 

William Dodge purchased the mill and privilege at the 
Lower Falls, but he was not content and in 1730, he re- 
peated the old plea for a location "at the end of Green 
Lane," "near Sergeant Clark's formerly so called." He pro- 
posed to build a dam with gates 20 feet wide to permit 
boats to pass, and then "throw 7 up his works at the Falls 
and remove the grist mill he had lately built there down 
to the place petitioned for." This was negatived and no 
further attempt w T as made to place a mill at this spot. 

The Saltonstall heirs continued to hold an interest in the 
upper Mills until 1729. In that year they sold to John 
Waite and Samuel Dutch, their interest in two grist mills 
and a fulling mill, dye-house, house for the miller etc., 
and a saw mill w T hieh had been built on the east side of the 
river, near the residence of Mr. Clark Abell. Dutch sold 
his interest in the grist mills and fulling mill, to Waite. 
In 1746, Benj. Dutch bought of Philemon Dean a half in- 
terest in the mill property. The mills had been operated 
for man} 7 years by Michael Farley and his sons, and they 
acquired ownership. He had come from England in 1675, 
as a skilled miller, to take charge, and his immediate de- 
scendants w r ere concerned in the mills for more than a 
hundred and fifty years. 

Grist mills and saw mills had now been erected to meet 
the needs of the people, but before the century ended a 
new enterprise of a different character engaged the atten- 

: vi» 


tion of our town's folk. Cloth of every kind was still 
woven on hancllooms. Not a few men were weavers by 
trade, and they produced the necessary woolen and linen 
fabrics, for such as could not weave for themselves, and 
their work was probably upon the finer quality of broad- 
cloths and other fine fabrics for the expensive garments 
of the gentry. But the great bulk of woolen and cotton 
or linen stuffs, homespun cloths, flannels, quilts, blankets, 
towelling, and table linen, and plain cotton for family 
wear, were made by the busy housewives on the family 

In 1785, Edmund Cartwright, an Oxford graduate and 
a minister of the Established Church, exhibited in Eng- 
land a power-loom, which he had invented. It was a rude 
machine, but it embodied an idea of the profoundest sig- 
nificance. It established the fact that the slow and labo- 
rious hand labor at the loom, was destined to give place 
to the more rapid and economical work of machines. His 
invention met the fate of all great and revolutionary dis- 
coveries. The introduction of it was vehemently opposed 
as disastrous to the handicraft of multitudes, and a mill 
which had been erected and fitted up with 500 of his • 
looms was maliciously burned down. There was living 
in Ipswich at that time a man of remarkably progressive 
mind, Dr. John Manning. He had introduced inocula- 
tion as a preventive of small pox some years before, on 
his return from England, and had faced a storm of cal- 
umny and reproach for his determined conduct in inocu- 
lating some members of his own family. He was quick to 
see the great value of Cartwright's invention, and in 1792, 
only seven years after the invention was exhibited, he had 
received a grant of a piece of land, where Caldwell's 
Block stands today, that he might erect a building for a 
woolen manufactory. Mrs. Elizabeth Brown's house was 
sacrificed, but the public was greatly benefited. The 
mill was erected, and the manufacture of coarse cloths 
and blankets was begun in 1794. The business proved 
'unprofitable and was given up in 1800, but this modest 
venture is a towering landmark in the industrial history 
of our town and of the Commonwealth. Dr. Manning's 
woolen factory must have been one of the earliest of tex- 


tile manufactories on this side the Atlantic. The build- 
ing was subsequently purchased by Mr, Stephen Coburn 
and was destroyed by fire. 

The decade 1820 to 1830 was a period of extraordinary 
interest in industrial affairs. For many years the mak- 
ing of pillow lace had engaged the leisure of girls and 
women. It was a local industry, as it would seem, and its 
origin is unknown. Referring to Ipswich in 1692, a 
writer says, " Silk and thread lace of an elegant and last- 
ing texture are manufactured in large quantities by women 
and children and sold for use and exportation."* The 
industry had attained such large proportions in 1790 that 
more than 40,000 yards of lace were produced each year, 
according to Mr. Felt, the annalist of our Town. 

In 1824, the Boston and Ipswich Lace Co. was incor- 
porated with a capital of $150,000. The house near the 
Foot Bridge, still known as the old Lace Factory, was 
bought and the manufacture of machine lace was begun. 
The New England Lace Co., with a capital of $50,000, 
was established in 1827, on High St., in the building 
now included in the Joseph Ross homestead. Mr. 
Fewkes has told the story of the inception of these indus- 
tries and their untimely ruin, in lucid fashion. The 
Boston and Ipswich Co. closed its affairs in 1827, and 
the New England in 1833. But the ancient industry of 
pillow lace manufacture had been completely supplanted, 
and never attained its former volume. 

The influx of skilled English artisans that has been of 
the greatest industrial value to our Town began probably 
about the year 1822, when Benjamin Fewkes and George 
Warner came with their " frame" for the machine knitting 
of hosiery. Mr. Fewkes' confident assertion that stock- 
ings were knit in old Ipswich in 1822, suggests that 
Ipswich men were in the van of this great industry, as 
Dr. Manning had been with his power looms in the 
woolen manufacture. But the lace-making and stocking- 
knitting were to be supplemented by another fruitful in- 
dustry. Joseph Farley, the last in the line of millers, 
was not content with the ancestral business of grinding 

*Mr. M.V. B. Perley in his History of Ipswich, in History of Essex County 
Mass., Boston, 1878. 



corn. He conceived the scheme of utilizing the water 
power, hitherto used for the grist mills and fulling mill 
and the saw mill, for a cotton mill. A company was or- 
ganized and work was begun on an extensive scale. 

A new dam was built in 1827, an ancient ford way 
across the river near the old Lace Factory was closed by 
permission of the Town, and the stone mill was erected at 
large expense. The machinery was started in 1830. In 
1832 it had 3000 spindles and 2G0 looms. It spun Nos. 
30 and 32 yarn, used 80,000 lbs. of cotton, made 450,000 
yards of cloth annually, worth from 9 J to 10 cents. It 
employed on an average 18 males and 63 females.* The 
Ipswich Manufacturing Company, with Joseph Farley as 
its President, operated boldly. The lower grist mills, 
and other buildings on the Island were secured. Land on 
Elm St. was bought, and permission of the owners of the 
estate now owned by Mr. Clark Abell was secured, pre- 
liminary to building a canal from the River above the 
upper dam, across the Heard estate to the river. The 
Asa Andrews estate and the old Lace Factory were 
purchased and other lands, including the saw mill.f But 
financial difficulties arose, and in 1836 Mr. Farley con- 
veyed his interests to ■ the Company. In 1846, a new 
Company, known as the Dane Manufacturing Co., pur- 
chased the mills and other properties from, the Ipswich 
Manufacturing Co. The manufacture of drilling was 

Meanwhile the hosiery manufacture and kindred indus- 
tries were coming into greater prominence. The four 
small manufactories, mentioned by Mr. Fewkes, in which 
stockings were knit on hand frames, were supplemented 
by a larger industry, as early as 1834. In a building, 
erected by the Heards at the Lower Mills, James Peat- 
field and his brother Sauford, were engaged in knitting 
shirts and drawers upon a warp frame, invented by James, 
at least as early as that year. 

Encouraged by their success, the Peatfield brothers 
bought the land in 1840, and proceeded to build the brick 

♦Felt : Hist, of Ipswich, p. 101. 

[This old saw mill fell into ruin, but a new building for vecncr sawing was 
built by Mr. Benjamin C. Hoyt, about 1843. Tbis was removed by Mr. James M. 
Wellington about the year 185'J, to its present location on County Street. 


factory, now known as " Hayes Tavern." It was equipped 
with machinery invented by James, and began at once a 
prosperous business in the production of underwear. Mr. 
Geo. W. Heard was the warm friend of the enterprise 
and advanced money for the new manufactory. But the 
business had been established only a few years, when Mr. 
Heard was obliged to go into bankruptcy and the Peat- 
fields were hopelessly involved. Mr. Heard began the 
knitting business in the building at the Lower Mills about 
1845, with Mr. Jabez Mann as Superintendent. He se- 
cured the help of Mr. James Glover, who came from 
England with a long warp machine. Mr. John Birch 
and other skilled workmen were engaged as well. 

The Peatiield brothers lost their building and business 
for a time, but recovered in a few years. San ford Peat- 
field sold his share of building and land, but James Peat- 
field began the manufacture of the nets then in vogue for 
women's wear, and continued it profitably for years. In 
a building in the rear of the brick one, which was re- 
moved from the County House land, a new corporation, 
known as the Lincoln Manufacturing Co., carried on a 
business first of weaving flannel, and later of hosiery 

At Willowdale, within the bounds of Hamilton, Dr. 
Thomas Manning had built a dam in 1829 and a wooden 
saw mill. The mill was soon burned and another was 
erected, which was used in part for the sawing of ve- 
neers and for turning. The more permanent stonebuild- 
ings, the factory and the boarding-house on the hill slope, 
were in process of erection, and about the year 1834, the 
looms were installed and the weaving of woolen goods be- 
gan. The factory w T as owned by Dr. Manning and it was 
i called "Manning's Mills." During the War of the Kc- 
bellion hosiery machinery was in operation and in 1804, 
there were manufactured 55,000 pairs of army socks and 
woolen goods to the value of $135,000. 

The hosiery making gave way to the manufacture of 
blankets, by the Willowdale Manufacturing Co., and many 
houses had been erected for the operatives. The Mill was 
destroyed by fire, January 12, 1884, and was not rebuilt. 
The stone house has been taken down and except a tern- 


porary use of a wooden building built on the ruins of the 
old mill, no use has since been made of the water power 
at this spot. 

The decade 1860 to 1870 was the period of another 
great advance in the textile industry of the Town. In 
1863, Henry L. Ordway and Sylvanus F. Canney bought 
a piece of land on County St., intending to establish a 
saw mill. It was proposed that a yarn mill should be 
erected instead. A capital stock of $40,000 was secured, 
about half in our Town, and the Company was organized 
with N. W. Pierce and George G. Cohnan of Boston, 
Joseph Ross, Capt. Thomas Dodge and Henry L. Ord- 
way of Ipswich as Directors, and the firm of Pierce, 
Hardy & Co., as selling agents. 

After about five years, the Corporation decided to use 
its yarn. The capital was increased to $50,000, knitting 
machinery was introduced and the manufacture of hosiery 
was begun. A few years of great prosperity followed. 
The capital was increased to $75,000, and the building 
was enlarged and equipped with the most improved ma- 
chines. The work produced was of the finest quality, 
and the most skilful operatives earned ten and twelve 
dollars a week. Employment was also furnished to three 
shops, where skilled English hosiery makers worked on 
hand frames. Burrows & Hunt, Chas. Bamford & Son, 
employing eight men, and John Birch, with twelve men in 
his employ, were constantly engaged on work for this 
Mill. The stockholders rejoiced in ten per cent, divi- 
dends, and ninety per cent, of the original investment had 
been paid to investors, when sudden calamity befell this 
prosperous and promising business. The great fire in 
Boston in the fall of 1873 consumed a large amount of 
finished goods. The insurance companies were bank- 
rupt and only 38 cents on a dollar were realized by the 
Company. From this time the business was conducted 
in the face of great difficulties, but with less and less suc- 
cess, until the doors were closed in January, 1885. 

The manufacture of cotton cloth was continued in the 
Stone Mill until 1868 or thereabout. In that year, Mr. 
Amos A. Lawrence of Boston having purchased for 
$70,000 the mills and other property owned by that cor- 


poration, transferred the property to the Ipswich Mills 
Co. The cotton looms were removed and hosiery ma- 
chinery was introduced. For a time, business was con- 
ducted at a loss. The Company was unfortunate in 
its superintendents, and the secret of profitable man- 
ufacture was not attained. The loss was so great, that 
Mr. Lawrence was on the verge of abandoning the enter- 
prise, when a } r oung Nottingham manufacturer, Mr. Ev- 
erard II. Martin, was chosen superintendent. With his 
coming, an era of prosperity dawned, and for many years, 
this Corporation has been the chief industrial enterprise 
of the town. When reverse overtook the Woolen Mills, 
that property was purchased and has since been operated 
by the Ipswich Mills. The plant has been enlarged from 
time to time, and all branches of the business, even to 
the making of the paper boxes, and the wooden shipping 
cases, are now carried on, and a branch Mill is operated 
in South Boston. At present, the superintendent is Mr. 
Harry B. Brown. About 800 operatives are employed. 
The annual product is estimated at a million dollars, and 
the pay roll is from eight to ten thousand dollars a week. 

The hand frame business prospered for many years. 
James Glover manufactured nets, the Hal lams produced 
fine knit goods, and single frames were operated here and 
there by a few expert workmen. But this line of manu- 
facture has become unprofitable, and at the present time 
it is said that the hand frame weaving which began with 
the operation of the English loom, in 1822, has ceased and 
the whole textile production of the Town is the output 
of the Ipswich Mills. 

The saw mills, once numerous, have suffered similar 
decline. The Island, granted to Jonathan Wade, became 
a busy centre of industry. A fulling mill, two saw mills 
and a grist mill nourished in the 18 th century. A manu- 
factory of knit goods was added in the 19 th century. 
This building was used as a saw mill by the Damon heirs 
and was burned some years ago. A single building, used 
for a grist mill, originally, now stands unused. One 
small saw mill and one grist mill, are the only represen- 
tatives today of these ancient and important industries. 



The Annual Meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society 
was held December 7, 1903, at the House of the Society. 
The following officers were elected. 

President. — T. Frank Waters. 
Vice Presidents. — John B. Brown, 

Francis R. Appleton. 
Directors. — Charles A. Say ward, 

John II. Cogswell, 

John W. Nourse. 
Clerk. — John W. Goodhue. 

Correspond^ Sec. and Treasurer. — T. Frank Waters. 
Librarian. — John J. Sullivan. 

Social Committee. 

Mrs. J. J. Sullivan, 
Mrs. Chas. A. Say ward, 
Mrs. Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Miss Susan C. Whipple, 
. Miss Lucy Slade Lord, 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson. 

The Committee was authorized to add three members 
of their own choosing. 





The year just closed has been devoid of any striking 
features, yet it has been full of interest. 

Our House continues to attract large numbers of visi- 
tors, who arc always enthusiastic in their admiration .of 
the ancient mansion. By a singular coincidence, the 
number of names recorded is very uniform. In 1901, 
there were 1,008 names, in 1902, 1,052, and in 1903, 
1,097. The gain, though slight, is gratifying. Of these, 
only 173 were names of Ipswich citizens. 483 were resi- 
dents of other cities and towns in Massachusetts, and 402 
were from other States, including representatives from 
nearly every State, and a few from foreign lands- The 
most noteworthy of our foreign visitors was Ali Kuli 
Khan of Teheran, Persia, who appended, to his well writ- 
ten English autograph, the indecipherable signs and sym- 
bols of his native language. 

The small number of Ipswich visitors is hardly a fair 
test of the interest of our town's folk. Many come to the 
house on social occasions, when names are not registered, 
and it is encouraging to note that the names of our mem- 
bers and town's people are invariably recorded with the 
names of strangers. This indicates that visiting friends 
are brought to the House, and reveals a real appreciation 
of its interest and value. 

The Woman's Club utilized the House on March 6th, 
for their Reception to Visitors. The Old South Chapter 
of the D. A. R. came on May 26, and the South Boston 
Chapter of the D. R. on June 13th. The large Art 
Class of Mr. Dow came for an evening lecture by the 
President on July 31st. The most significant gathering, 
however, was the Annual Meeting of the Daniel Hovey - 
Association on Aug. 6th. By permission of the Society, 

* I' (35) 

36 president's report. 

a fine bronze tablet had been placed on the wall of the 
Cabinet Room, bearing this inscription : 


loviug and reverent 



Daniel Hovey 

born in England 1618 

died in Ipswich, 1692 

This tablet is erected 

by his descendants ♦ 

at the beginning of the 

twentieth century. 

He was 

a patriotic citizen 

a righteous man 

and a 

sincere and consistent 


Services of dedication were held on that day. We wel- 
come this as a forerunner of other memorials, which will 
come in due time, we hope, and which will enhance the 
interest and value of our rooms in marked degree. 

By the kindness of Mr. Alvin Langdon Coburn of Bos- 
ton, a photographic artist of rare skill, an exhibition of 
his photographs of old houses in this vicinity, and other 
specimens of his art, was held in September. 

The usual suppers were spread, and in addition, a Mid- 
summer Tea was devised, to afford opportunity for a 
gathering of the summer contingent, many of whom are 
members of the Society. This was largely attended, and 
resulted in a handsome addition to our Treasury. 

On nearly all these occasions, as well as the suppers, 
our Social Committee served most appetizing lunches, 
and our Society is greatly indebted to the ladies of this 
Committee for their enthusiasm and zeal. It is a source 
of especial gratification to them that the receipts from 
these spreads have amounted to a total of S142. A por- 



president's report. 37 

tion of this has been spent wisely in purchasing an abun- 
dant supply of plated ware of good quality for table ser- 
vice and some necessary kitchen ware. 

The financial record of the year has been encouraging. 
The total receipts were $747.38 against 1648.64 in 1902 
and .$649.04 in 1901. Membership fees contributed 
$408.50 to this sum. Door fees amounted to $143.98, 
the sale of photographs brought $9.26 and the revenue 
from publications amounted to $19.82. A venture has 
been made also with a line of stationery which has been 
fairly remunerative. 

The expenses of the year have been unusually large. 
The necessity of providing an acting curator last winter, 
and the high price of fuel enlarged the house expenses 
materially. A substantial fence, strong though not beau- 
tiful, has been built around our grounds to prevent the 
constant travel across our land. An old-fashioned well- 
sweep has been erected, and the chimneys have been 
topped out to help the draught. 

These are all permanent improvements, and we need 
not anticipate any further expense in this direction. Not- 
withstanding these expenditures, the year has closed with 
$142.25 in hand, and only one small account is outstand- 

By the kindness of the late Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
always a sincere friend of the Society, a legacy of $500 
will be paid by her executors within a few months. The 
balance already in hand, added to this legacy will enable 
f. - the Society to make a considerable reduction in the debt 
before another year has passed. 

By the death of Daniel Fuller Appleton, Esq., the So- 
ciet} r has lost a generous and enthusiastic friend. He has 
always encouraged new measures and contributed liberally 
to the funds needed to accomplish them. His gifts to the 
Library have been of exceptional value. The ancient 
manuscripts and rare books, intrinsically valuable, and of 
especial interest to Ipswich, which he has bestowed, will 
be a lasting memorial of his regard. 

We regret to announce that Mr. and Mrs. Ralph W. 
Burnham have ceased to be our curators. Mr. Burnham's 


38 president's report. 

collection of rare china and beautiful old furniture has 
added greatly to the attractiveness of the House. He 
has always proved an affable host, and he has done 
especially good service for the Society during the last 
year by a carefully written description of the House with 
excellent illustrations, which was published in the Sep- 
tember number of "The House Beautiful." Mrs. Burn- 
ham has been an official of ideal excellence, painstaking 
in her care of the rooms, gracious in her welcome of visi- 
tors, and ready at all times to sacrifice her own conven- 
ience, if the Society could gain any advantage. The 
Society was singularly fortunate in securing their services 
at the time when Miss Gray removed her furnishings, 
and we have reason to regret their departure sincerely. 
Mr. Burnham's furniture will remain until spring and in 
the meantime, a vigorous effort should be made to secure 
the permanent furnishing of the Parlor. Our Town is 
rich in fine antiques, and it would seem that some gener- 
ous, public spirited people might contribute pieces of 
furniture that would restore again the glory to Israel. 

Mr. and Mrs. Washington Pickard were installed in 
the House by Mr. Burnham, as substitute care-takers be- 
fore his business affairs led him to decide on removal. 
They will continue in charge through the winter. 

The Bay State League of Historical Societies of Essex 
and Middlesex, has been organized during the past year, 
and this Society has become a member. Conference with 
the representatives of other Societies at the meetings 
of this body has made it plain that few Societies have ac- 
complished as much as ours in securing permanent homes 
for themselves and rousing a stronger historic spirit in their 
communities. I have had the pleasure of a careful inspec- 
tion of the great collections of the Concord Historical So- 
ciety, and the unrivalled Museum of the Deerfield Society, 
the life-work of Hon. George Sheldon, the venerable 
President. Our Society may never attain such wealth of 
historic treasures as these, but our House is of unique and 
unapproachable value. As the burden of our mortgage 
is lightened, we may soon have larger funds for the' 
work of publication, and when our Memorial Hall is 

r - - — -™ - " " , 

president's report. 39 

erected on our land near by, we shall have room for a col- 
lection, which will be worthy of our ancient and honored 

The gradual increase of our membership will furnish us 
an increasing working fund, and some rich and generous 
friends, proud of their Ipswich blood, will soon rise up, 
we trust, to bestow on us a building for memorial, and 
for use, which will enable us to make our Society all that 
we desire. Already our Home has come to wide recog- 
nition. The finest tribute to its value has recently been 
paid by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. This 
Society wished to establish an historical, museum in the 
fine building erected for its use and a colonial kitchen was 
a principal item of their plan. The Secretary, Mr. Reuben 
G. Thwaites, formerly of Dorchester, arranged for the 
construction of such a room within the long east hall of 
the Museum. The "Madison Democrat" of February 4, 
1904, reports the results of his efforts. 

"After a visit of inspection early in November, to the 
several ancient houses in the neighborhood of Boston, 
which are now maintained as museums, he decided to take 
as a model the kitchen of the Whipple homestead in the 
quaint and beautiful old town of Ipswich, this carefulfv- 
restored building being now the property of the Ipswich 
Historical society. Ideas were also obtained at other old 
houses particularly the famous Hancock-Clark house at 
Lexington, and the much visited Antiquarian house at 
Concord ; and numerous photographs were obtained of all 
of these." 

" The attempt to produce in our museum the general ef- 
fect of the Ipswich kitchen has been eminently successful. 
Prof. Joseph Jastrow, president of the Madison Art asso- 
ciation, early became interested in the project and from 
beginning to end devoted to it much time and thought. 
To him is due a large share of the credit attaching to the 
artistic result. The old oak beams of the original, now 
blackened with age (for the Whipple house was built " in 
part at least before 1642") , have been carefully reproduced ; 
the spacious fireplace, constructed of blackened brick ob- 
tained from Indiana, looks as though it had seen centuries 

i ■ ! 


R ~1 


president's report. 

of service ; and the walls and shelves are hung with just 
such articles of the olden time as would have been daily 
needed in a kitchen of our forefathers in colonial days. 
Interesting, indeed, are the two fagades, front and rear — 
the former being fitted with a two-seated porch ; while 
opening through the latter is the sort of battened door 
used in ancient days, and fastened by a wooden latch with 
the latch-string hanging without." 

Photographs of this kitchen have been received, which 
show a remarkably fine reproduction. We anticipate an 
increase of interest in our venerable House from this 




Dec. 1: 1902-Dec. 1, 1903. 

Total names registered, - - - - - 1097 

Ipswich residents, ------- 173 

Other towns and cities in Massachusetts, 483 

From other states, ------- 402 

Total registration, - - - - 1899 1,134 

----- 1900 1,513 

" - - - - - 1901 1,008 

----- 1902 1,052 

----- 1903 1,097 


ENDING DEC. 1, 1903. 

T. Frank Waters in account tvith Ipswich Historical Society. 

Membership fees, --------- $408 50 

House account : 
Fees at door, - - - - - - $143 98 

Sale of Photos, * 9 26 

Sale of publications, - 19 82 

Sale of stationery, - 6 70 

Suppers and Teas (Feb. supper $39.34 ; Old South 

D. A. R., $15.06; South Boston D. R. $10.80; 

Midsummer Tea, $42.65 ; Tea and Pho. exhibition 

$9.50; Dec. supper, $26.20) - - - - 143 55 

323 31 323 31 
Gustavus Kinsman, one half fence, ... 1552 

747 33 
Balance, June 1902, 215 02 

$962 35 
Running expense of house, 
including fuel, care of grounds, 

and repairs, - - $152 53 

Work on chimneys, 17 25 

Plated ware, etc., 39 00 

Fence and well sweep, .'.-'.--■■- 84 53 

140 78 140 78 

Printing account, ------- 131 63 

Interest account, - Ill 08 

Stationery, postage, etc., ----- 32 77 

Incidentals, - 36 04 

Cash in hand, 142 50 

747 33 
Cash, June 1902, 215 02 

$962 35 

— i 



DECEMBER 1, 1903. 

John Albree, Jr. The Traditions of the Old Weavers 

American Antiquarian Society. Proceedings, 1903 . 

Daniel Fuller Appleton. Magnalia Christi Americana, 
by Cotton Mather, A.M. London, 1702. A Di- 
rectory for the Publique Worship of God throughout 
the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ire- 
land, with an Ordinance of Parliament taking away 
the Book of Common Prayer. London, 1644. A 
View of the new Directory and a Vindication of the 
ancient Liturgy of the Church of England. Second 
Edition. Oxford, 1646. 

Brookline (The) Magazine. 

Rufus Choate- Bible — carried at the battle of Bunker 
Hill by Francis Merriiield (Loan). 

Philip E. Clarke. First Principles of Astronomy and 
Geography. Isaac Watts, D.D. London, 1736. 

Benjamin H. Conant. Wenham Town Report, 1902-3. 

Dudley (Gov. Thomas) Family Association. Pam- 
phlet No. 1. Governor Thomas Dudley. 

Mrs. Ellis. Old Flag of William Chapman, with 18 Stars. 

Essex Institute. Historical Collections, 1903. 

Friend. Cane owned and carried by Daniel Webster. 

John S. Glover. Cane made from a piece of the 
Kearsarge, with a head, turned from a fragment of 
the old Constitution. 

Mrs. John S. Glover. Veil from the brig Falconer, 
wrecked on Ipswich Beach. Taken from the wreck 
by David Spiller. Given by him to Mrs. William 
Rust, mother of Mrs. Glover. 

Luther S. Herrick. Beverly Annual Reports. 

Augustine Jones. Life of Governor Thomas Dudley. 
George Fox in New England in 1G72. William 
Rotck of Nantucket. 

Kimball Family News. 

Mrs. Edward P. Kimball. Woven Rug. 

Howard Lane. Paper Weight, Eliery House. 



Manchester Historic Association, Manchester, N. H. 

The Historic Quarterly. 
Medford Historical Society. Historical Register, 

Vol. VI : No. 2. 
Oneida Historical Society. Transactions, 1903. 
Peabody Historical Society. Exercises attending the 

unveiling of the tablet at the Birthplace of George 

Mrs. Richards. Part of old Lamp. 
Nathan P. Sanborn. Capt. John Glover and his Ma r- 

blehead Regiment. 
Charles A. Sayward. Deed of John Rogers, 1693. 
George Sheldon. Publications of Poquumtuck Valley 

Association. Vols, i and n. 
Charles C. Smith. Memoir of William Sumner Ap- 
ple ton. 
Mrs. Ellen M. Smith. Works of Rev. John Flavel- 

Vol. i. London, 1701. 
J. G. R. Smith. MS. Sermons by Rev. Nathaniel 

Rogers. Commission of Capt. Samuel Rogers, 1 739. 

Deeds — Norton to Wise, 1723. Continental 

money. Essex Gazette — 1771 — with an account of 

the Boston Massacre. 
Topsfield Historical Society. Publications. Vols, vm 

and ix. * 

Bayard Tuckerman. Palfrey's History of New Eng- 
land. Calefs AVonders of the Invisible World.' 
William P. Upham. John Cotton's, "Moses His Ju- 

Daniel Wade. Supplement to the Year Book of 1899, 

of the Society of Sons of the Revolution in the 

State of New York, 1903. 
Watertown Historical Society. Memorial discourse 

on the Life and Character of its late President, Rev. 

Edward A. Rand. 
Mrs. Joseph Willcomb. Indian Implements collected 

by the late Capt. Joseph Willcomb. 
Oliver C. Willcomb. Willcomb Family, Sketch of 

History of Ipswich. 
Wisconsin State Historical Society. Memorial 

Volume 1901. 


Dr. Charles E. Ames, 

Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton, 

Francis It. Appleton, 

Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 

James W. Appleton, 

Randolph M Appleton, 

Mrs. Helen Appleton, 

Miss S. Isabel Arthur, 

Dr. G. Guy Bailey, 

Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 

Mrs. Elizabeth II. Baker, 

Mrs. Ellen B. Baker, 

John H. Baker, 

Miss Katharine C. Baker, 

Charles W. Bam ford, 

Miss Mary D. Bates, 

John A. Blake, 

Mrs. Caroline E. Bonier, 

James W. Bond, 

Warren Boynton, 

Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 

Charles W. Brown, 

Edward F. Brown, 

Henry Brown* 

Mrs. Carrie It. Brown, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 

Miss Isabelle G. Brown, 

Mrs. Lavinia A. Brown, 

Robert Brown, 

Miss Alice G. Burnham, 

Ralph W. Burnham, 

Mrs. Nellie Mae Burnham, 

Fred F. Byron, 

Miss Joanna Caldwell, 

Miss Lvdia A. Caldwell, 

Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 

Charles A. Campbell, 

Mrs. Lavinia Campbell, 

Edward W. Choate, 

Philip E. Clarke, 

Mrs. Mary E. Clarke, 

Miss Lucy C. Coburn, 

Sturgis Coffin, 2d, 

John H. Cogswell, 

Theodore F. CogsAvell, 

Arthur W. Conant, 

Miss Harriet I). Condon, 
Rev. Edward Constant, 
Miss Roxie C. Cowles, 
Rev. Temple Cutler, 
Arthur C. Damon, 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Everett G. Damon, 
Harry K. Damon, 
Mrs. Abby Danfortli, 
Miss Edith L. Daniels, 
Mrs. Grace F. Davis, 
Mrs. Howard Dawson, 
George G. Dexter, 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson, 
Harry K. Dodge, 
Rev. John M. Donovan, 
Mrs. Sarah B. Dudley, 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer, 
George Fall,. 
Miss Emeline C. Farley, 
Mrs. Emma Farley, 
Miss Lucy It. Farley, 
Miss Abbie M. FelloAvs, 
Benjamin Fewkes, 
James E. Gallagher, 
John S. Glover, 
Frank T. Goodhue, 
John W. Goodhue, 
William Goodhue, 
John J. Gould, 
Miss Harriet F. Gove, 
David A. Grady, 
James Graftum, 
Mrs. Eliza II. Green, 
Mrs. Lois H. Hardy, 
George Harris, 
Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, 
George II. W. Hayes, 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard, 
Miss Alice Heard, 
John Heard, 

Mrs. Louise S. Hodgkins, 
Miss S. Louise Holmes, 
Charles G. Hull, 
Miss Lucy S. Jewett, 





John A. Johnson, 

Miss Ellen M. Jordan, 

Albert Joyce, 

Charles M. Kelly, 

Fred A. Kimball, 

Robert S. Kimball, 

Miss Bethiah D. Kinsman, 

Miss Mary E. Kinsman, 

Mrs. Susan K. Kinsman, 

Dr. Frank W. Kyes, 

Mrs. Gcorgie C. Kyes, 

Curtis E. Lakeman, 

J. Howard Lakeman, 

G. Frank Langdon, 

Mrs. G. F. Langdon, 

Austin L. Lord, 

George A. Lord, 

Miss Lucy Slade Lord, 

Thomas H. Lord, 

Mrs. Lucretia S. Lord, 

Walter E, Lord, 

James F. Mann, 

Everard II. Martin, 

Mrs. Marietta K. Martin, 

Miss Abby L. Newman, 

Mrs. Amanda K. Nichols, 

William J. Norwood, 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood, 

John W. Nourse, 

Charles H. Noyes, 

Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes, 

Rev. Reginald Pearce, 

I. E. B. Perkins, 

Miss Carrie S. Perley, 

Augustine H. Plouff, 

James H. Proctor, 

James S. Robinson, Jr. 

Mrs. Anna C. C. Robinson, 

Rev. William H. Rogers, , ■ 

Miss Anna W. Ross, 

Fred. G. Jioss, 

Mrs. Mary F. Ross, 

Joseph F. Ross, 

Mrs. Helene Ross, 

Dr. William H. Russell, 

William S. Russell, 

William W. Russell, 

Daniel Saflbrd, 

Emma Saflbrd, 

Angus Savory, 

Charles A. Say ward, 

Mrs. Henrietta W. Say ward, 

George A. Schofleld, 

Amos E. Scotton, 

Dexter M. Smith, 

Mrs. Olive P. Smith, 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaulding, 

George W. Starkey, 

Dr. Frank H. Stock well, 

Mrs. Sadie B. Stockwell, 

Miss Lucy Belle Story, 

Edward M. Sullivan, 

John J. Sullivan, 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 

Arthur L. Sweetser, 

Andrew S. Thomson, 

Samuel H. Thurston, 

George W. Tozer, 

Miss Ellen R. Trask, 

Francis H. Wade, 

Jesse H. Wade, 

Miss Nellie F. Wade, 

Miss Emma E. Wait, 

Luther Wait, 

Rev. T. Frank Waters, 

Mrs. Adeline M. Waters, 

Miss Susan C. Whipple, 

Fred G. Whittier, 

Mrs. Marianna Whittier, 

Miss Eva Adams Willcomb, 

Chester P. Woodbury . 


Frederick J. Alley 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley 
John B. Brown* 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown* 
Frank T. Burnham . 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell 
Eben Caldwell 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell 
Mrs. Luther Caldwell 
Miss Mira E. Caldwell 

Hamilton, Mass. 
«< t. 

. Chicago, 111. 

So. Framingham, Mass. 

Eliot, Me. 

Elizabeth, N. J. 

. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lynn, Mass. 

♦Summer home in Ipswich. 



Rufus Choate 
Alexander B. Clark 
Mrs. Edward Cordis 
Dr. Richard II. Derby 
Joseph D. Dodge 
Mrs. Edith S. Dole . 
Arthur W. Dow* 
Joseph K. Farley 
Sylvan us C. Farley . 
Edward B. George 
Dr. E. S. Goodhue . 
Samuel V. Goodhue 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon 
Rey. Horace C. Hovey 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey 
Gerald L. Hoyt* 
Mrs. May Hoyt* 
Miss Julia Hoyt* 
Lydig Hoyt* . 
Albert P. Jordan 
Edward Kavanagh . 
Arthur S. Kimball . 
Rev. John C. Kimball 
Rev. Frederic J. Kinsman 
Mrs. Mary B. Main 
Mrs. Frances E. Markoe 
Miss Heloise Meyer 
Mrs. Anna Osgood* 
Rev. Robert B. Parker* 
Moritz B. riiilipp* 
Bowing W. Pierson 
Fred. H. Plonff, 
A. Davidson Remick 
James E. Richardson 
Mrs. Lucv C. Roberts 
Mrs. E. M. H. Slade 
Edward A. Smith 
Miss Elizabeth P. Smith 
Mrs. H&rriette A. Smith* 
Henry P. Smith 
Rev. R. Cotton Smith* 
Mrs. Alice L. Story 
Rev. William II. Thayer* 
Miss Ann H. Treadwell 
Bayard Tuckerman* 
Charles S. Tuckerman* 
Charles H. Tweed 
Miss Laura B. Underbill* 
Miss Martha E. Wade 
Mrs. Caroline L. Warner 
Henry C. Warner 
Wallace P. Willett 
Mrs. Elizabeth Willett 
Robert D. Winthrop 
Chalmers Wood* 

Essex, Mass. 
. Peabody, Mass 
Jamaica Plain, Mass. 
. New York, N. Y. 
Lynn, Mass. 
Newbury, Mass. 
. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Lihue, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands. 
Alton, 111. 
Rowley, Mass. 
Wailuku, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. 
Salem, Mass. 
Forest Grove, Ore. 
Newbury port, Mass. 
Lake Mohonk, N. Y. 
. New York, N. Y. 

Fresno, California. 

Essex, Mass. 

Oberlin, O. 

Sharon, Mass. 

Middlebury, Conn. 

Middletown, Conn. 

Philadelphia, Penn. 

. Hamilton, Mass. 

Orange, N. J. 

. Providence, R. I. 

. New York, N. Y. 





. Cambridge, 


. New York 

,N. Y 



. New York 

N. Y 




D. C 



. Southboro, 


Jamaica Plain, 


. New York 

N. Y 



. New York 

N, Y 

. Somerville, 


' Swampscott, 


East Orange, N. J. 
!'■ New York, N.Y. 

♦Summer home in Ipswich. 




Mrs. Alice C. Berais 

Colorado Springs, Col. 


John Albrce, Jr. 
Miss Lucy Hammatt Brown 
Charles W. Darling 
Miss Caroline Farley 
Frank C. Farley 
Mrs. Kathcrine S. Farley 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton 
Jesse Fewkes . 
Reginald Foster 
Augustus P. Gardner 
Charles L. Goodhue 
Miss Emily R. Gray 
Arthur VV. Hale 
Albert Farley Heard, 2d 
Otis Kimball 
Mrs. Otis Kimball 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball 
Frederick J. Kingsbury 
Miss Caroline T. Leeds 
Miss Katherine P. Loriug 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring 
Mrs. Elizabeth R. Lyman 
Josiah H. Mann 
Miss Adeline E. Manning 
Henry S. Manning 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning 
George von L. Meyer 
Miss Esther Parmenter 
Mrs. Mary S. C. Peabody 
Frederic H. Ringe 
Richard M. Saltonstall 
Denisou R. Slade 
Joseph Spiller 
Miss Ellen A. Stone 
Harry W. Tyler 
Albert Wade 
Edward P. Wade 
George Willcomb 
Robert C. Winthrop, Jr. 

Swampscott, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Utica, N. Y. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

So. Manchester, Conn. 









N. Y. 

Salem, Mass. 

Waterbury, Conn. 

Boston, Mass. 

. Brookline, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

. New York, N. Y. 

(< (< < < 

Rome, Italy. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Boston, Mass. 

Center Harbor, N. H. 

Boston, Mass. 

East Lexington, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Alton, 111. 

Boston, Mass. 



■ : 



- ' . 



■ - " ■' ■ 

60 57